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The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-government federal state. It has six states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and two internal territories - the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. It is situated in the southwestern of the Pacific Ocean. The area of this country has 7000000 square kilometers. Australia is the largest island in the world and the smallest continent.
Nearly 20 millions people live in Australia. The capital of the country is Canberra, this city became a capital in 1927. Federal government works in Canberra in the government buildings. There are no industrial plants in the town. The population of Canberra is about 300 000 people.
The Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef, lies a short distance off the north-east coast and extends for over 2,000 kilometers. Mount Augustus, claimed to be the world's largest monolith, is located in Western Australia. At 2,228 metres Mount Kosciuszko on the Great Dividing Range is the highest mountain on the Australian mainland
By far the largest part of Australia is desert or semi-arid lands commonly known as the outback. Great deserts cover nearly 2 000 000 square kilometres. Australia is the flattest continent, with the oldest and least fertile soils, and is the driest inhabited continent.
Test Choose the right word. 1. The capital of Australia is ... a) Sydney b) Melbourne c) Adelaide d) Canberra The nearest continent to Australia is ... Africa b) Asia c) Europe d) America 3. New Zealand is to the ... of Australia north b) south c) east d) west 4. Australia is divided into .. . states and two territories. a)5 b)6 c)4 d)3 5. Australia's population is about ... million people. a) 18 b) 58 c) 118 d) 158 6. Tasmania is sometimes called the ... isle. a) pear b) apple c) apricot d) peach 7. In Australia winter comes in ... a) December b) January c) June d) July
Answers 1d, 2b, 3c, 4b, 5a, 6b, 7d.
Why is Australia so different from other countries?
Millions of years ago, Australia became cut off from the rest of the world. Its wildlife has developed in a different way than on other continents. That's why the Australian animals and plants are so unique today. Probably, due to its geographical position (south of the Equator), and landscapes, Australia's population is very small.
a regent bowerbird
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