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Francis Drake is known today as one of the most legendary Privateers in history Автор: Игнатьева Юлия Владимировна МБОУ СОШ №7 г.Елизово
I. Early years The boy spent his time looking at the ships in Plymouth Harbour [’hɑ:rbər] and talking to the seamen. They told him long stories about sea adventures. Francis Drake was born in Plymouth [’plɪməɵ], a seaport and the largest town in the south of England.
At the age of fifteen Francis was taken on a small ship where he worked for some years. The boy learned the duties of a sailor (матрос) very soon and did his work well. When Drake was twenty-five he became the mate (помощник капитана) on the ship.
II. Why did Francis Drake become a privateer? Drake's first sea-fight took place on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean in 1567. A small fleet (флот) of six English ships was attacked by Spanish men-of-war (военный корабль). Four of the English ships were burnt and only two of them came back to England.
Drake asked the king of Spain to pay him for his ships but was refused.
In 1572, when Drake was 32 years, he organized the first expedition to the shores of the New World, and began to rob (грабить) Spanish ships and settlements.
It is worth to say that Drake was not a pirate, he was a privateer (корсар).
In fact, Drake was instructed to explore the Pacific coast, to attack the Spanish settlements, to rob as much as possible and to claim (провозглашать) new lands for England. In 1577 Queen Elizabeth I asked Drake to lead the expedition to the New World. The official purpose of the expedition was exploration (исследование).
III. Drake traveled around the world Five ships left Plymouth to sail around the world. Three years later, only one ship, the Golden Hind (Золотая Лань), returned to England.
In the Pacific, Drake robbed many ships and burned several towns along the Pacific coast of North America. He landed on the coast and claimed the land for England. He called it New England.
Also Drake made the discovery that between South America and Antarctic Region there is a water way. This Strait was later named after him. Nowadays it is called - the Drake Strait (Пролив Дрейка).
Drake sailed west across the Pacific Ocean. After 62 days, they reached the Philippines. Then they sailed across the Cape of Good Hope at the bottom of Africa and finally reached England in 1580.
Queen Elizabeth I came to visit him on the Golden Hind she made him a knight (рыцарь). Since then he has got the right to be called Sir Francis Drake. THE END