Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
fulfilled : Sergey Sirotkin Ilya Kosarev Alexander ZUYKOW Presentation English 2011 year Kovernian Comprehensive School №2
Oliver Cromwell April 25, 1599, Huntingdon - September 3, 1658, London) - leader of the English revolution, the outstanding military leader and statesman, in 1643-1650 - lieutenant-general of the parliamentary army, in 1650-1653 - lord-general, in 1653-1658 . - the lord protector of England, Scotland and The Republic Of Ireland.
Was born in the family of a poor puritan landowner in Cambridge. He studied at the parish school Huntingdon, in 1616-1617 g. "in college Sydney Sussex, Cambridge, which was recently founded the college with a strong puritan spirit. Before the war, Oliver Cromwell was a squire-landlord. After he threw the faculty of law of the university of Cambridge, Oliver had to marry the daughter of a landowner. After the wedding Cromwell engaged in agriculture in his estate. Cromwell was a zealous protestant, leader of the roundhead stock of the puritans. Winged words were the words of Oliver Cromwell, addressed to the soldiers during the transition through the river: "trust In God, but the powder keep dry!".
In the beginning of the English civil war, Cromwell led a detachment of the sixty-riders as the captain. Later this group was transformed into a famous cavalry, which, in turn, served as the basis of his army of a New model. Leadership talent Cromwell was revealed in a series of battles, especially in the battle of Marston-Mura (1644). His troops invariably won supporters of the king. It is the army of Cromwell defeated broke Charles I in the decisive battle of neyzbi June 14, 1645. As the leader of the parliamentary puritan coalition and the commander of the army of the New model, Cromwell defeated king Charles I, putting an end to the claims of the monarch on the absolute power.
Oliver Cromwell, having certain powers, and abolished the upper house of parliament and appointed a council of his military colleagues-protestants. When a new leader, Oliver Cromwell, were published the following decrees: the prohibition of duels in the army, the legal status of civil (without the rite of the wedding) marriages, the transition of all of the royal property to the state treasury. Cromwell also received the title of generalissimo. However, took power into their own hands (received the new title of lord protector), Cromwell began to make a truly "iron" the procedure for actually establishing a dictatorship.
He brutally suppressed the rebellion in Ireland and Scotland. Exactly one year later, on 3 September 1651 the British under the walls of Worcester under the command of Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scots. Divided the country into twelve military governments headed by accountable to him personally, general-majors. Introduced the protection of the main roads. Established system of collection of taxes. Money, and considerable, all the reforms he has collected from the defeated supporters of the king.
During his reign of Oliver Cromwell made peace with Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, France, Portugal. He continued the war with his old enemy of England - Spain. Once in the country to make the order, Cromwell approved the emergence of a new parliament. Oliver Cromwell nobly refused to accept the crown, and was given the honor of himself to appoint a successor, the new king.
Until the death of the possessed popular with the people, including the image of the "national "policy in contrast to the respectable gentry and the king. Of particular importance in this case there was such a feature of Cromwell, as the absolute integrity. Also it is important to note that Cromwell was always under and often changed the place of the night.
Until the death of Cromwell's England was a republic. After his death the lord protector became his eldest son, Richard, and the Oliver was buried with great pomp. However, it was then the country started this chaos, chaos and disorder. The deputies afraid of the prospects of such a situation in the country and quickly called to the throne of the son of recently executed their king Charles I Charles II. After that Cromwell's body was dug out of the grave and strung up on the gallows, as it was to do with the state traitors.