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Vladimir in the Great Patriotic War 1941 - 1945
Vladimir before the war
Frontal area A few military units were situated in this area. Our region sent 3 armoured trains, 19 000 horses, 252 tractors and 3 000 cars to the Red Army. The citizens of Vladimir did their best to help the front. All peaceful enterprises were turned into military ones and produced necessary things for the front. 2 000 workers of the plant “Avtopribor” made mine fuzes, instrumentation for planes, cars and motorbikes. Textile industy produced cloth, bandage and gauze. 88 hospitals were opened in Vladimir and they accepted 250 000 wounded soldiers whereas the population of Vladimir in 1941 was about 60 000 people.
The Glory of Vladimir 156 citizens of Vladimir were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. 51 of them got this title posthumously. 20 citizens became full Cavaliers of the order of Glory.
Nobody is forgotten, Nothing is forgotten!
BEREZIN ALEXANDER DMITRIEVICH Years of life (1895-1942) Alexander Dmitrievich Berezin was born in 1895 in Vladimir in a working class family. In June 1941, he was appointed a deputy commander of the 22nd Army. In January 1942, Alexander Berezin was awarded the Order of the Red Banner for courage, heroism and bravery. Died on July 5, 1942 and was buried in a military grave. In 1985, in honor of the 40th anniversary of the Great Victory one of the streets of Vladimir was named after Alexander Dmitrievich Berezin.
EVGENIY IVANOVICH PICHUGIN Pichugin Evgeniy Ivanovich was a Pilot of the 441st Aviation - Fighter Regiment, Lieutenant. Born in 1922 in the village of Shumash, Ryazan region, later moved to the city of Vladimir. He studied at the railway school №4, graduated from the Chkalov Military Aviation School named after Voroshilov. He made 82 combat missions during the Great Patriotic War and was killed in the fashist attack on March, 19, 1942. In 1943 lieutenant Evgeniy Ivanovich Pichugin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin (18 October 1908 - 11 March 1982) was a Soviet aviator, awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1934 for the rescue of SS Chelyuskin crew. In World War II he successfully commanded an air brigade, air division, and air corps, reaching the rank of Airforce Colonel General and Air Army commander after the war. From 1960-1971, General Kamanin was the head of cosmonaut training in the Soviet space program. He recruited and trained the first generation of cosmonauts, including Yuri Gagarin, Gherman Titov and Alexei Titov.
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin Order of the October Revolution Order of the Red Banner Order ofSuvorov Order of Kutuzov Orderof the Red Star
NIKOLAI FRANTSEVICH GASTELLO A Russian aviator, Hero of the Soviet Union, Nikolai Gastello was born in Moscow on May 6, 1908. By the time Germany attacked the Soviet Union on June 22 of 1941, Gastello was a squadron leader in a long-range bomber regiment. On June 26 a pair of aircraft led by Gastello bombed German position near the village of Dekshany in Belarus. Gastello's bomber was reportedly hit by flak. He then directed the doomed aircraft into a German Panzer column, performing the first "fire taran" of the German-Soviet War.
YURI BORISOVICH LEVITAN A Soviet radio announcer famous for his wartime reports of the battles on Radio Moscow, which usually began with "Attention, Moscow is speaking.” His voice announced battlefield victories, air raid warnings, and the surrender of Germany to the Soviets on May 9, 1945. He also announced the first public acknowledgment of Stalin's death, and the first manned space flight. His voice was instantly recognizable by the Soviet public.
ALEKSEI IVANOVICH FATYANOV А.I. Fatyanov is a famous Soviet poet whose songs were very popular in the 1940 — 1970-s. He was born in the village of Maloye Petrino, Vladimir Region. Just before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Aleksei was called up for military service. In June of 1941 the Company was dislocated to Bryansk air force garrison. He met the war there. Every day he performed before the soldiers reciting poems, singing songs and chastooshkis.
ALEKSEI IVANOVICH FATYANOV Without any exaggeration Aleksei Fatyanov performed his feat of arms: he created the whole list of songs of the highest art expressiveness. His songs were accepted and sung by Russian people all over the country. «Соловьи» «На солнечной поляночке», «Где ж ты, мой сад», «Давно мы дома не были», « Где же вы теперь, друзья – однополчане?»" – all these songs have become a song memorial to the Great Patriotic War.
NIKOLAI SOKOLOV-SOKOLYONOK Nikolai Aleksandrovich Sokolov-Sokolyonok was born in Moscow on November, 19, 1900, then moved to Vladimir. Took part in the Civil War, studied in the Air Force Academy named after N. Zhukovskiy. He tested new planes and participated in their construction. In 1941-1942 he was the Deputy Commander of the Red Army in the rear, then the head of the Air Force Academy. Since 1970 Nikolai Aleksandrovich Sokolov-Sokolyonok is the honorable citizen of the city of Vladimir. Died on April 26,1977.
VASILISIN SERGEI DMITRIEVICH Vasilisin Sergei Dmitrievich was born in Vladimir on June, 28, 1910. He was a professional sportsman. Since the beginning of the Great Patriotic War he was the political leader of the company of the 325th infantry regiment, then was sent to the Karelian front. Took part in the operation near Murmansk in July 1941 where he became the Commander of the regiment. Sergei Dmitrievich was seriously wounded, but did not leave the battlefield. Died on 2 August when he was blown on the mine.
Memory Book of the Vladimir Region
279 397 people of the Vladimir Region were taken to the army during 1941 – 1945. 68 584 died in battles and hospitals. 64 589 people were missing. 1053 died in captivity. 134 000 of our countrymen defending our Motherland didn’t come back home. Almost every second … Some Tragic Facts
Memorials to the Great Patriotic War