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English is in the process of constant changes Павленко Валентина Александровна МАОУ «СОШ № 4», г. Ялуторовск
Foreign languages in my life
The aim of my work is to analyze word formation in Modern English
METHODS theoretical methods – reading, choosing and analyzing literature. practical methods – making a survey of data. communicative methods – a) talks with my parents, friends and classmates; b) sociological surveys of my friends and classmates.
Suffixes usually change the word class of the base word! Suffixes survive - survival; arrive - arrival; try - trial... combine - combination; accuse - accusation; image - imagination... employ - employment; move - movement; arrange – arrangement... work - worker; sing - singer; win - winner... carry - carriage; use - usage; pack - package... perform - performance; insure - insurance; entry – entrance; differ – difference; prefer - preference... Noun formation -al -ation -ment -er -age -ance/ -ence
national - nationality; feminine - femininity; curious - curiosity... Noun formation -ity king - kingdom; free - freedom; wise - wisdom... -hood dark - darkness; fit - fitness; weak - weakness... -ness neighbour - neighbourhood; man - manhood; parent - parenthood... -dom relation - relationship; friend - friendship; champion - championship... -ship novel – novelist; art - artist; piano - pianist... -ist actor – actress; prince - princess; waiter - waitress... - ess true - truth; grow- growth; weigh – weight... -th/ -t study - student; serve - servant; assist - assistant... -ant/ ent
Adjective formation care - careful; beauty - beautiful; delight - delightful... -y tall - tallish; dark - darkish; green - greenish... -ish sleep - sleepy; rain - rainy; fun - funny... -ful use - useless; shame - shameless; hair - hairless... -less electric – electrical; nation - national; emotion - emotional... -al fame – famous; fury - furious; poison - poisonous... -ous create – creative; attract - attractive; act - active... -ive accept - acceptable; agree - agreeable; access - accessible... -able/ ible
Verb formation -en identity - identify; solid - solidify; example - exemplify... apology - apologise; tranquil - tranquilise; sympathy - sympathise... -ise/ -ize -ify regular - regulate; circular - circulate; domestic - domesticate... -ate deep - deepen; wide - widen; short - shorten...