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Things that usually or always happen General or scientific facts and definitions Instructions in situations
Possible situations in present or future and their results in present or future
Make sentences. Choose from the boxes.
Choose the correct form of the verb. If I don’t feel/won’t feel well tomorrow, I stay/I’ll stay at home If the weather is/will be nice tomorrow, we can go to the beach. It will be hard to find a hotel if we arrive/will arrive late. The alarm will ring if there is/will be a fire. I am/will be surprised if they get/will get married. Do you go/Will you go to the party if they invite/will invite you? If I am/will be late this evening, don’t wait for me. What shall we do, if it rains/will rain. I’ll be able to understand you, if you speak/will speak slowly. If he will be working/is working on Friday, he isn’t be able /won’t be able to go with us.
Complete using the correct form of the verb in the box: If she ___ at five o’clock, she’ll be there by half past seven. We___ you if we have any problems. It might not be a good idea to go out tonight if you ___ an important test in the morning. If you ___ ill all day, you shouldn’t come to the club tonight. If you ___ my wallet, call me on my mobile immediately! Let’s get a different DVD if you ___ that one already. If Sean ___ so hard lately, he’ll welcome the chance to have a few days off. If you’re going into town, ___ a video for tonight while you’re there! If you see Carol tonight, ___ to say hello from me! Don’t feel you have to come if you ___ to. leaves will call are taking have been find/see have seen/got has been working get/you could get don‘t forget don‘t want
Conditional sentences may be introduced by the conjunctions: if, in case, as/so long as, provided (that), unless, suppose.
Choose the correct word or phrase. Six month from now I’ll be at university unless/ if I decide to take a year off first. We’d better leave early tomorrow unless/ in case there’s a lot of traffic when we get to Doncaster. You can watch the film as long as/ in case you promise to go straight to bed when it finishes. Let’s go to Mirabella’s tonight unless/ if you haven’t been there before. Unless/ So long as I’ve still got my health, I don’t mind how poor I am! You’d better take a sweater with you if/ in case it gets cold tonight. Do what you like provided/ unless you don’t make any noise. I’m not going to worry unless/ as long as she hasn’t called by midnight.
Impossible, unlikely or hypothetical conditions in the present or future and their result in the present or future Advice
Give the right form of the verb in brackets. If I knew his address I (give) it to you. If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes. I could tell you what this means if I (know) Greek. He might get fat if he (stop) smoking. If he knew that it was dangerous he (not come). I (keep) a horse if I could afford it. What would you do if the lift (get) stuck between two floors. I (not go) there if I were you. You couldn’t have so much trouble with your car if you (have) it served regularly. I f I (live) near my work I (be) never late If I knew his address I would give it to you. If he worked more slowly he wouldn’t make so many mistakes. I could tell you what this means if I knew Greek. He might get fat if he stopped smoking. If he knew that it was dangerous he wouldn’t come. I would keep a horse if I could afford it. What would you do if the lift got stuck between two floors. I wouldn’t go there if I were you. You couldn’t have so much trouble with your car if you had it served regularly. I f I lived near my work I would be never late
Write sentences using the second conditional. Example: I don’t want to buy that CD, so I’m not going to. - If I wanted to buy that CD, I would. I don’t live alone, so I don’t get lonely. Don’s got such a lot of homework that he’s not going to play football tonight. I can’t swim, so I’m not going scuba diving with Terry. We’re not going to order a pizza because we don’t have enough money. We’re not staying in the same hotel, so we can’t share a room. I’m not you, but I think you should call Anthony right now! I can’t come because I have to help my dad with something. I don’t go to bed as late as you, so I’m able to get up early in the morning. If I lived alone, I’d get lonely. If Don’s got such a lot of homework, he’s not going to play football tonight. If I could swim, I’d go scuba diving with Terry. We’d order pizza if we had enough money. If we were staying in the same hotel, we could share a room. If I was/were you, I’d call Anthony right now! I’d come if I didn’t have to help my dad with something. If I went to bed as late as you, I wouldn’t be able to get up early in the morning.
Complete each sentence. Use either I or II Conditional Sue doesn’t ride a bike to school, because she doesn’t have one. If Sue... Chris will pass his exams, but he has to work hard. If Chris... John isn’t fat, because he doesn’t eat a lot. If John... Ellen doesn’t have a car, so she walks to work. If Ellen... Ali’s English will improve, but he has to practise. If Ali... Pat won’t be late but she has to hurry. If Pat... Rita doesn’t like swimming so she doesn’t go to the beach. If Rita... Paulo will get better, but he ahs to take his medicine. If Paulo... David doesn’t get up early because he lives near the school. If David... Carol will catch the bus but she has to leave now. If Carol... If Sue had a bike, she would ride to school. If Chris works hard, he’ll pass his exam. If John ate a lot, he would be fat. If Ellen had a car, she wouldn’t walk to work. If Ali practises, his English will improve. If Pat hurries, she won’t be late. If Rita liked swimming, she would go to the beach. If Paulo takes his medicine, he will get better. If David didn’t live near the school, he would get up early. If Carol leaves now, she will catch the bus.
Complete each sentence. Use will or would and the present or past simple We’re going to the beach after school. If you (want) to come with us, I (ask) my mum if it’s OK. I always ride my bicycle to work. If I (win) the lottery, I (get) a taxi every day instead! It’s amazing! Everyone in the class passed the exam! If I (be) the teacher, I (be) really pleased. It is a very easy machine to use. If you (place) the fruit in the top, the juice (appear) at the bottom ready to drink. We’ve been waiting for almost an hour now. If they (not come) soon, we (not see) the start of the concert. Look at the sky! If it (start) raining, the race (finish) early. want, will ask won, would get were/was, would be place, appears don’t come, will not see starts, will finish
Rewrite each comment beginning as shown. Do not change the meaning. Supposing you had wings, what would you do? – What would you do if you had wings? Why don’t you leave now. That’s what I’d do. - If __________________________________. Imagine you lived on Mars. How would you feel? – How __________________________? I think you should buy a bike. That’s what I’d do. – If _______________________________. Imagine you were rich. What would you do? - ____________________________________? Supposing Jim came with us, what would you say? – What______________________? Why don’t you take the bus. That’s what I’d do. – If_______________________________. Imagine you owned a robot. What would you do? – What__________________________? What would you do if you had wings? If I were you, I’d leave now. How would you feel if you lived on Mars? If I were you, I’d buy a bike. What would you do if you were rich? What would you say if Jim came with us? If I were you, I’d take the bus. What would you do if you owned a robot?
Hypothetical conditions in the past and their results in the past
Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence. If you phoned/had phoned me yesterday, I had given/would have given you the news. If you took/would have taken more exercise, you might feel/felt better. If Tim drove/had driven more carefully, he wouldn’t have crashed/didn’t crash. If you had come/came to see the film, you had enjoyed/would have enjoyed it. If I’d known/I would know it was your birthday, I would send/would have sent you a card. If people had helped/helped one another more often, the world might be/was a better place. If our team had scored/scored more goals, we had won/could have won. If you would have worn/wore a coat, you wouldn’t get/didn’t get wet. had phoned, would have given took, might feel had driven, wouldn’t have crashed had come, would have enjoyed I’d known, would have sent helped, might be had scored, could have won wore, wouldn’t get
Conditional sentences may express real or unreal condition.
Choose the correct variant.
Краткое описание документа:
Наклонение (mood) — это форма глагола, которая определяет отношение действия к действительности, а именно, является ли действие, представленное в предложении, реальным, желаемым, проблематичным или нереальным. Субъективное отношение говорящего к тому, что сообщается в предложении, выражается при помощи таких средств, как модальные слова (modal words), модальные глаголы (modal verbs), наклонения (moods). В английском языке существует три наклонения: изъявительное (indicative mood), повелительное (imperative mood) и сослагательное (subjunctive mood). Нас будет интересовать последнее наклонение, так как условные предложения в английском языке образуются именно с использованием этого типа наклонения. Несмотря на то, что у английского сослагательного наклонения существует три разновидности – непосредственно сослагательное (subjunctive mood), условное (conditional mood) и предположительное наклонения (suppositional mood) – оно, как правило, рассматривается в комплексе (более подробно смотрите в статье «Сослагательное наклонение в английском языке»). А значит, и условные предложения в английском языке мы рассмотрим с учетом всех особенностей, присущих всем трем разновидностям сослагательного наклонения.
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