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Physical Facts Total Area: 78.772 sq km Urban Area: 3% of total Mountains: Ben Nevis-1,344 m. Ben Macdhui-1,309 m. Braeriach-1,296 m. Cairn Toul-1,291, Cairn Corm-1,244 in Lochs: 2% of total area, over 31,400: Lomond -71 sq km. Ness -56. Awe-38, Maree-29, Morar-27, Tay-26. Rivers: Tay-193 km long, Spey-172, Clyde- 171, Tweed-156, Dee-137, Don-132, Forth – 105. Islands: Approx 800,130 inhabited
People Facts Population: ~ 5.15 million, 48% male, 52% female Urban areas: Glasgow~700,000; Edinburgh~400,000; Aberdeen -200,000; Dundee -150,000. Citizens born outside Scotland: Total~10%: England-6.5%, N. Ireland-0.5%, Irish Republic-0.4%. Wales -0.3%, Rest of Europe-0.5%, Indian SubC-0.4%, Canada, Oz, NZ, SA - 0.3, USA 0.2%, SE Asia -0.2%. Religion: Roman Catholic 14.0%, Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) - 13.0%. Episcopal 1.0%. Other Christian-1.5%, Muslim-0.5%, Hebrew-0.1%.
Flag St. Andrew is believed to have died on a diagonally transversed cross, which the Romans sometimes used for executions. The cross St. Andrew was crucified on has been adopted as the national flag of Scotland, later incorporated into the Union Flag. The blue stands for the sky.
Emblem The thistle is the national emblem of Scotland. A legend tells of how a group of Scots were sleeping in a field when a group of Vikings crept up to attack. Fortunately one of the Vikings stood on a thistle, whose pickles penetrated through to his foot and made him yell with pain. His cries woke the sleeping Scots who were able to fight off their attackers. It is said that from this day the thistle has been adopted as Scotland’s national emblem.
Foreign tourists. What do they see? Edinburgh Castle; Kelvingrove Gallery and Museum, (Glasgow); Royal Botanic Gardens, (Edinburgh); Royal Museum of Scotland, (Edinburgh); National Gallery of Scotland, (Edinburgh); Glasgow Botanical Gardens; Edinburgh Zoo; Scottish United Services Museum, (Edinburgh); Museum of Transport, (Glasgow); Deep Sea World, N. Queensferry, Fife; Stirling Castle; New Lanark Industrial Village; Holyrood Palace, (Edinburgh); Urquhart Castle, Loch Ness; Glenturret Distillery, Crieff, Perthshire.
Fringe Festival The Edinburgh Festival from the start inspired people to put on shows of their own without the official Festival and soon these grew into Festival Fringe. Held up against the official Edinburgh International Festival, The Fringe Festival is a youthful, impetuous, attention seeking hanger-on.
Highland Games The games which are now celebrated in the Highlands first started in Celtic times and were always held in front of the king. Competitors were held to find the strongest and fastest men to the body-guards and messengers. Essential to the modern games are the events such as putting the stone, throwing the hammer ,tossing the caber, running and jumping, playing the bagpipes and dancing traditional Highland dances.
Scotsmen`s hobby Scottish people like to dance very much. They say that they dance better than English people. Glasgow (the biggest city of Scotland) has more dancing schools than any other European city. A lot of people enjoy Scottish dancing. There are dances for groups of people and there are some other dances - more difficult ones - which are only for one or two people.
What Scotsmеn wear A Scotsman’s traditional clothes are socks, shoes, a kilt, a tie, a jacket and a bonnet. Now people in Scotland wear a kilt but very seldom. They put on their traditional clothes only on holidays and wear them with pleasure. Scottish people wear just the same , the English.
Clans Every Scotsman belongs to a clan. A clan is a family group: all the people of the same family belong to the same clan. Everybody with the name MacGregor is a member of the MacGregors clan; everybody called Finaly is a member of the Farquharson clan. (You see that the family name and the name of the clan are sometimes different.). There are about 300 different clans in Scotland.
Tartans A tartan may be in different colours. It is used for clothes. Each clan has its own special tartan. By the tartan you can learn which clan the man belongs to. Tartan is as much a part of Scottish tradition as anything else. Today, there are more than 3,700 named tartans, and new ones are being designed almost daily. Wendy Wood, Scottish patriot and nationalist said: “Assuredly we must cut out coat to suit our cloth and the cloth is tartan. ”
Edinburgh Mela Melas first came to Britain in the late 80s. In 1995 people from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and other traditions of the sub-continent established a Mela in Edinburgh. Chinese, African and other groups were also involved. The Edinburgh Mela is not an attempt to recreate a South Asian Mela, but a bringing together of many aspects of South Asian traditions (and other cultures) into a modern Scottish environment - to make something beautiful and natural. A Mela in Edinburgh is a collective celebration of the colorful costumes of the people, their arts and crafts, and the bazaar filled with the aromas of the east. Traders sell clothes, fabrics, jewellery, handcrafts and many other items.
Saint Andrew`s Day St. Andrews Day is on 30 November. On this day, Scots all around the world celebrate their national day. St. Andrew’s Day is connected with Advent, which begins on the nearest Sunday to 30 November. St. Andrew’s Day marks the opening of Christmas Markets. St. Andrew’s Day is often a celebration of general Scottish ness with traditional food, music (especially bagpipes) and dancing. Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Greece and Russia and was Christ’s first disciple. St. Andrew was one of the Twelve Apostles (disciples of Jesus) and brother of Simon Peter (Saint Peter). He was a fisherman by trade, who lived in Galilee (in present-day Israel.)
Scottish names If a man is called Jock MacTarvish, it is clear that he is a Scotsman. A lot of Scottish family names begin with “Mac” or “Mc” - like MacDonald, MacMillian or McHale. And Jock is a popular Scottish name for John or Jack. A lot of people in England call any Scotsman Jock even if his name is Peter or David. (Remember Russian Ivan or German Fruitz.) Politician Margo MacDonald
Scottish character English people say that Scottish people do not like to spend money. Scottish people say that they like spending money on their friends and visitors - not on themselves. People say that Scotsman work hard: many good doctors and engineers come from Scotland.
Эта презентация выполнена учениками под руководством учителя Тантыбаровой Натальей Сергеевной. Целью данной презентации является: 1) познакомить учащихся со страной изучаемого языка - Шотландией.
Эта страна богата традициями. Особенный интерес представляет для детей праздник "Горские игры", которые имеют некоторые сходства с нашим национальным праздником "Эль-Ойын": 1) популярны не только среди местного населения; 2) проводятся одинаковые конкурсы такие, как конные скачки, поднимание тяжестей , спортивные состязания, конкурс национальных костюмов, блюд ... Разнообразие узоров тартан каждого клана просто поражают. Вот бы и у нас каждое родовое племя (сооки) имело свой особый чегедек с соответствующим символом, цветом, узорами и т.д.
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