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THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES МБОУ Большееланская СОШ Учитель английского языка – Евдокимова Ю.С
Common comparative and superlative forms: We use the comparative when comparing one person or one thing with another. We use the superlative when comparing one person or one thing with more than one.
THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
Adjectives like hot (big, fat, sad, wet) double the consonant:
Adjectives like nice ( fine, large, safe) add –r, -st
Adjectives like busy, happy we use –I in place of -y
Note: Some two or more syllable adjectives like happy ( clever, common, narrow, pleasant, quite, simple, stupid) have two comparative or superlative forms: - either with –er/est: She is cleverer than you. She is the cleverest person I know. Or with more/the most: She is more clever than you. She is the most clever person I know.
Comparative and superlative forms often confused: 1. Further and father refer to distance: London is five miles further/father. Further (Not “father”) can mean in addition: There is no further information. 2. We use elder/ the eldest before a noun only with reference to people in a family: My elder son/ the eldest child. We use older/the oldest for people and things: He is older than me. This book is older. 3. Lesser is formed from less but is not true comparative. We cannot use than after it. Lesser means “not so great” and we use in fixed phrases like: The lesser of two evils.
4. Latest/last: I bought the latest ( i.e. most recent) edition of today’s paper. I bought the last ( i.e. final) edition of today’s paper. 5. The comparative and superlative of little is smaller/smallest: A small/little boy , a smaller/smallest boy.
Exercises Ex.1. Give the comparative and superlative of the falling adjectives: Polite, happy, glad, complete, grey, dry, free, merry, uncomfortable, hot, thin, accurate, narrow, sweet, bad, fat, big, clumsy, miserable, simple, expensive, low, sad, good, older, beautiful, fit, much, considerate, dark. Ex.2. Use the adjectives in the comparative and superlative degree. 1. His poems are popular. ( his novels) / His poems are more popular than his novels. 2. My room’s cold. ( the kitchen)/ …. 3. My garden is nice. ( school garden)/… 4. Your hair is dark. ( your brother’s hair)/..
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