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Note: Some two or more syllable adjectives like happy ( clever, common, narrow, pleasant, quite, simple, stupid) have two comparative or superlative forms: - either with –er/est: She is cleverer than you. She is the cleverest person I know. Or with more/the most: She is more clever than you. She is the most clever person I know.
Comparative and superlative forms often confused: 1. Further and father refer to distance: London is five miles further/father. Further (Not “father”) can mean in addition: There is no further information. 2. We use elder/ the eldest before a noun only with reference to people in a family: My elder son/ the eldest child. We use older/the oldest for people and things: He is older than me. This book is older. 3. Lesser is formed from less but is not true comparative. We cannot use than after it. Lesser means “not so great” and we use in fixed phrases like: The lesser of two evils.
Exercises Ex.1. Give the comparative and superlative of the falling adjectives: Polite, happy, glad, complete, grey, dry, free, merry, uncomfortable, hot, thin, accurate, narrow, sweet, bad, fat, big, clumsy, miserable, simple, expensive, low, sad, good, older, beautiful, fit, much, considerate, dark. Ex.2. Use the adjectives in the comparative and superlative degree. 1. His poems are popular. ( his novels) / His poems are more popular than his novels. 2. My room’s cold. ( the kitchen)/ …. 3. My garden is nice. ( school garden)/… 4. Your hair is dark. ( your brother’s hair)/..
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