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Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым

« Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 1



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

ELECTRICITY

It is impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity: economic and social progress will be turned to the past and our daily lives completely transformed. Electrical power has become universal. Thousands applications of electricity such as lighting, electrochemistry and electrometallurgy are longstanding and unquestionable. With the appearance of the electrical motor, power cables replaced transmission shafts, gear wheels, belts and pulleys in the 19 th century workshops. And in the home a whole range of various time and labour saving appliances have become a part of our everyday lives. Other devices are based on specific properties of electricity: electrostatics in the case of photocopying machine and electromagnetism in the case of radar and television. These applications have made electricity most widely used. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. The generator - a new compact source of electricity was also developed there. The generator replaced the batteries and other devices that had been used before. Electric lighting come into wide use at the end of the last century with the development of the electric lamp of Thomas Edison. Then the transformer was invented, the first electric lines and networks were set up, dynamos and induction motors were designed. Since the beginning of the 20 th century the successful development of electricity has begun throughout the industrial world. The consumption of electricity has doubled every ten years. Today consumption of electricity per capita is an indicator of the state of development and economic health of a nation. Electricity has replaced other sources of energy as it has been realized that it offers improved service and reduced cost. Electricity is the efficient source of some of the most recent technological advances such as the laser and electron beams. Truly electricity provides mankind with the future.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите на русский язык интернационализмы.

electricity, plan, type, kilometers, electron, position, progressive, origin, unique, laser, deviation, solar system, base, radius, expert, theory, instrument, problem, interesting, circular

  • Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

  • Найдите синонимы и антонимы для следующих слов, переведите их на русский язык

recent, unlikely, to apply, below, field, to result in, easy, useless, difficult, disadvantage, to get, above, sufficient, enough, latest, to lead to, likely, to use, useful, sphere, to obtain, advantage

  • Найдите в тексте существительные, соответствующие следующим словам

to design, to develop, to invent, to become, to replace, to set up, to base



  • Определите к какой части речи относятся следующие слова

resist, resistance, resister; store, storage, storable; physics, physicist, physical; theory, theorist, theorize, theoretical

  • Напишите исходную форму слова

owned, possibility, less, replacing, tinier, boundaries, matches

  • Переведите на английский язык следующие группы слов:

экспериментальная работа ученых, достижения наших ученых, область науки, значение исследовательской работы, достижения науки, развитие науки, очень важно для промышленности, решать важные проблемы









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите следующие числа

3.725; 14. 810; 40 %; 1. 125; 980.325; 1.111. 111

2.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

3.Определите функцию глагола to be в следующих предложениях и переведите их на русский язык.

1. Electronics is becoming very important to engineers in various branches of industry. 2. Automation is to be introduced into all production processes which is of decisive importance in the rapid economic development of our country. 3. The nucleus of the atom is in its center.

4.Дайте краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на следующие вопросы

1. Is this an atomic power station? 2. Are these power stations supplied with atomic fuel? 3. Are all the elements common on the earth? 4. Are you a research worker? 5. Do you work in the field of physics? 6. Did you achieve good results in your research work? 7. Are there more than a hundred different atoms. 8. Have you made any successes in your research work? 9. Is this experiment being made in your laboratory?

5.Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите каждое на русский язык.

1. Thousands applications of electricity such as lighting, electrochemistry and electrometallurgy are longstanding and unquestionable. 2. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. 3. Electricity provides mankind with the future.















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на следующие вопросы

1. Is it impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity? 2.What is electricity? 3. What industrial applications of electricity do you know?4. Where was the generator developed? 5. When did the electrical motor appear? 6. Who invented the electric lamp? 7. What was the first industrial application of electricity? 8. When did the successful development of electricity begin? 9. What is the consumption of electricity? 10. Can you imagine our life without electricity? Why?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Electricity has many useful properties: it is clean and generates no by- products. It has many important applications in industry as well as in our homes.































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 2



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

NUCLEAR POWER? WELL, YES

Although nuclear reactors have generated electricity commercially for more than 40 years and nearly 400 now in operation, two major accidents- in the US in 1979 and Chernobyl in the USSR in 1986- have put industry under a radioactive cloud. In the popular imagination, reactors are nuclear bombs, even if they don’t explode, they go on accumulating waste that will finally cause a global catastrophe. As the result, an energy source once considered as the fuel of the future became questionable. But not everywhere. Nuclear power provides nearly a quarter of the electricity generated in the industrialized Western world by the 24- member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. France more than 76% of electric power is nuclear- generated, in Belguim- 62%, Sweden-50%, Germany, Spain and Finland come in at one third, Japan- a little less, Britain, the US and Canada – under 20%. Some countries have no nuclear power plants at all and don’t want any. Not only the strong emotions of fear have worked against nuclear power. Energy demand grew more slowly than expected in the past decade. Prices of oil and coal have reduced. However, energy prices can rise. Moreover, supplies of fossil fuel are limited, while energy needs and tide can’t meet the increasing requirements. Besides, nuclear power doesn’t add to global warming. All this causes the people to believe that the world can’t live and work without nuclear power.





II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите следующие интернационализмы

atmosphere, material, sphere, practical, activity, experiment, radioactivity



  • Переведите на русский язык следующие группы слов одного корня

to divide, division, divisible, divisibility, indivisible; to solve, solution, soluble, insoluble; to achieve, achievement; to speed up, speed, speedy; to design, design, designer; to improve, improvement; efficiency, efficient



3. Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных путем прибавления суффиксов –ic, -al, -ous и переведите их на русский язык

science, basis, economy, technique, industry, origin, number, variation

4.Определите к какой части речи относятся исходные слова

constituent, scientific, probably, property, various, ancient, presence, structural



5.Переведите следующие эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений

для того чтобы, решение проблемы, уделять внимание, благодаря, впереди, осуществить, выдвигать, например, ссылаться на, современные удобства

6. Составьте всевозможные словосочетания, переведите их на русский язык

Measures, solve, become, changes, a success, develop, take, the center of, a program, make, pollution, achieve, investments, have, bring about, suffer from, a problem, study, carry out, an effect on













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Переведите глаголы и стоящие после них послелоги

to give- to give off- to give out, to come- to come from, to move- to move in, to set- to set up, to work- to work on, to find- to find out, to look- to look at- to look for

2.Напишите три основные формы следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык.

to know, to heat, to make, to mean, to be, to do, to become, to take, to put, to bring, to leave, to fly, to show

3.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в соответствующем времени и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.They never ( to get up) late. 2. They take the lift when they ( to go up) to the ship. 3. Electronics ( to become) increasingly important in all branches of production. 4. Weather sputniks, sputniks for radio and television and a number of other interplanetary devices ( to build) now. 5. Some of the materials ( to find) in the crust of the earth ( to be) very important. 6. Without atmosphere there ( to be) no clouds, no rains, no running water and no wind. 7. A molecule ( to be) a compound consisting of two or more atoms.

4. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus

( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите каждое на русский язык.

1.The two scientists Lodygyn and Yablochkov were the first in Russia to work in the field of electrical engineering is well- known.2. One of the main advantages of electricity is that it does not pollute the environment. 3. The transformer was invented in the 19 th century. 4. Our power stations have been connected by high voltage transmission lines into several networks.



IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1. Ответьте на вопросы

1. What are two major accidents of using nuclear power? 2Where does electricity generate? 3. Nuclear power doesn’t add to global warming, does it? 4. How many years have nuclear reactors generated electricity commercially ? 5. Do nuclear power provide nearly a quarter of the electricity ? 6. How many per cent of nuclear power do countries in the world generate?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Electricity has many useful properties: it is clean and generates no by- products. It has many important applications in industry as well as in our homes.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 3





I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

HOW IS THE CURRENT TRANSMITTED TO THE DISTANT PLACES?

Electricity power is generated at power stations. How is the current transmitted to the distant places? Thick wires usually carry it across the country, and still pylons hold the wires above the ground. The pylons are so high that nobody can touch the wires at the top. The wires are not usually made of copper, they are made of aluminum. Thirty wires put together from one thick cable. Aluminum is so light that the pylons can easily hold the cables up. It would not be cheap to drive very large currents through these cables. Large currents need very thick wires. If thin wires were used, they would get hot or melt, and so the currents ought to be as small as possible. Can we send a lot of electricity power if we use a small current? We can do so if the voltage is high. We need a small current and a high voltage; or a large current with a low voltage. A small current is cheaper because the wires need not be thick. The result is that the voltage has to be very high. The pressure in aluminum cables may be 132, 000 volts, and this is very high. The voltage of a small battery which we carry in our pockets is usually between 1 and 9 volts. A car battery has a voltage of 6 or 12 volts. In a house the pressure in the wires may be 230 volts, or something like that. Even 230 volts is high enough to kill a person, so what would happen if we touched one of the aluminum cables? The high voltage would drive a heavy current through the body to each. The wires are placed high up so that nobody could touch them. When they lead down to a house or a railway, the voltage is made lower. We have to separate the wires from the pylons, and we do this with insulations.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1. Переведите следующие интернационализмы

atmosphere, material, sphere, practical, activity, experiment, radioactivity

2. Образуйте производные слова от отрицательных префиксов – un, -im, переведите их на русский язык

material, limited, usual, natural, perfect, mobile, qualified, known, possible, necessary

3.Переведите следующие слова с префиксом - re

rename, reopen, renew, renewable, non-renewable, renewal

4.Определите к какой части речи относятся производные слова

recent, recently; replace, replacement; economic, economical, economically; vary, variety, various; complete, completely; pollute, polluter, pollution, pollutant

5.Напишите существительные, соответствующие следующим словам и переведите их на русский язык

to discover, to invent, to found, physical, technical, important, to achieve, to grow

6.Составьте возможные словосочетания

lead, down to, the wires, copper, a car, large, power, thick, hold, a house, stations, transmitted, made of, cables, currents, voltage, battery, the current, high

7.Определите к какой части речи относятся следующие слова

dangerous, automotive, impossible, present, nature, enroll, useful, public, average, current, calculate, usefulness











III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

  • Напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе

lamp, month, achievement, word, branch, theory, industry, contribution



  • Напишите существительные в единственном числе

tools, societies, territories, industries, theories, technologies, countries



  • Найдите сказуемое в каждом предложении , переведите на русский язык.

1.The electronic industry produces several types of minicomputers. 2. The air in many cities has been polluted by traffic and industry. 3. Mankind has never experienced changes in life and work on such a scale. 4. The main tendency of our life is that computers are being used in all spheres of technology, science and everyday life. 5. Today one of the most important problems is that big cities are polluted.

  • Определите время и залог глагола- сказуемого.

1.The wires are not usually made of copper, they are made of aluminum.2. A car battery has a voltage of 6 or 12 volts. 3. The wires are placed high up so that nobody could touch them. 4. A small current is cheaper because the wires need not be thick. 5. In near future these high-capacity units will be used more and more at our power stations.5. The transformer was invented and the first electric lines and networks were set up at the end of the 19 th century.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите каждое на русский язык.

1.Thousands applications of electricity such as lighting, electrochemistry and electrometallurgy are longstanding and unquestionable. 2. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. 3. Electricity provides mankind with the future.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на следующие вопросы

1. Where is electricity power generated ? 2. Can nobody touch the wires ? 3.Can we send a lot of electricity power if we use a small current? 4. What kind of wires do large currents need? 5.How many volts has a voltage of a car battery? 6. What is the pressure in aluminum cables? 7. The wires lead down to a house or a railway, don’t they? 8. How is the current transmitted to the distant places?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

We need a small current and a high voltage; or a large current with a low voltage. A small current is cheaper because the wires need not be thick. The result is that the voltage has to be very high.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 4



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.



TELEGRAPH

Benjamin Franklin, an American who is famous for his interesting and useful inventions, published his ideas about electricity in 1752. Scientists in many countries became interested in this wonderful form of energy. They wanted to find the answer to a very important question: could the electricity be used to develop a fast, efficient system of long- distance communication? Experiments proved that electricity could travel instantly over a very long piece of wire. But a note that was written on a piece of paper couldn’t be put into wire. How could electricity be used to send a message? A Danish scientist discovered that electricity could move a needle from left to right and that the needle could be pointed at letters on a piece of paper. Then a German government worked made up a code system that could be used with an electric needle. In 1837 two English scientists sent a message by electric telegraph for a distance of more than 1,6 kilometers. On May24, 1844, the first long- distance message was sent by telegraph for 64 kilometers. Telegraph companies were formed in many cities. By 1861 telegraph wires stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Atlantic Telegraph Company which was organized in 1856wanted to try to lay a cable on the floor of the Atlantic ocean. The 4, 000 kilometer cable broke three times. Each time a new cable had to be made. Finally, on July 27, 1866, the first transatlantic message was sent from Newfoundland to Ireland. Later cables were laid to Central and South America. After 1900 transpacific cables were laid to Asia and Australia. At last news and business information could be sent instantly to almost every country in the world.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

business, information, cable, telegraph, system, company, energy, messages

  • Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

Simple- simply, common- commonly, general- generally, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly

  • Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

  • Найдите в тексте существительные, соответствующие следующим глаголам и переведите их на русский язык

to find, to send, to make up, to travel, to stretch, to use

  • Составьте возможные словосочетания

distance, sent by, ideas, made up, was written, electricity, published, be put, message, a code system, travels instantly, in form of energy, into wire, telegraph, on a piece of paper

  • Дайте исходную форму следующих слов

Easier, better, creating, biggest, cried, according, companies, less, much

  • Образуйте от следующих слов

- глаголы

usage, indication, difference, large, changeable, subdivision, measurable

- существительные

deep, dangerous, realize, powerful, perform, noiseless, lighten













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Переведите на английский язык следующие порядковые числительные

Первый, второй, третий ,четвертый, пятый, пятнадцатый, двадцатый, двадцать третий, сотый

3.Напишите во множественном числе

1.This scientist works in the field of physics. 2. I don’t know the structure of this substance. 3. An atom is a very, very small particle of matter.4. That man has a good knowledge of mathematics.

4.Вставьте much или many, little или few

1 ….scientists study the structure of matter. 2. We haven’t … time for the experiments, we shall be able to make very … of them. 3. There were … theories on the nature of heat. 4. There is … water in this cup.

5. Напишите следующие предложения в утвердительной форме.

1. Did you begin to study the theory of the structure of mater? 2. He did not understand the importance of this work. 3. Will you use the results of this discovery in your work? 4. This scientist does not experiment on this substance.

6. Определите время и залог глагола- сказуемого.

1.Scientists in many countries became interested in this wonderful form of energy. 2. In 1837 two English scientists sent a message by electric telegraph for a distance of more than 1,6 kilometers.3. Later cables were laid to Central and South America. 4. The 4, 000 kilometer cable broke three times. 5. There will be many interesting reports at the conference. 6. There was much activity among the experiments in the field of nuclear research.















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на следующие вопросы

1. Who published the first ideas about electricity ? 2. Who became interested in form of energy? 3. When was the first message sent by electric telegraph for a distance? 4. What was the Atlantic Telegraph Company organized ?5. What did a Danish scientist discover ? 6. When were cables laid to Central and South America?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Benjamin Franklin, an American published ideas about electricity. Scientists wanted to know the electricity be used of long- distance communication.

















































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 5


I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

LASER

Laser, one of the most sophisticated inventions of man, produces an intensive beam of light of a very pure single color. It represents the fulfilment of one of the mankind’s oldest dreams of technology to provide a light beam intensive enough to vaporize the hardest and most heat- resistant materials. It can indeed make lead run like water, or, when focused, it can vaporize any substance on the earth. There is no material unamenable to laser treatment and laser will become one of the main technological tools quite soon. The application of laser in industry and science are so many and so varied as to suggest magic. Scientists in many countries are working at a very interesting problem: combining the two big technological discoveries of the second half of the 20 th century- laser and thermonuclear reaction- to produce a practically limitless source of energy. The laser beam must heat the fuel to the required temperature so quickly that the plasma does not have time to disintegrate . The laser’s most important potential may be its use in its use in communications, the intensity of a laser can be rapidly changed to encode very complex signals. In principle, one laser beam, vibrating a billion times faster than ordinary radio waves, could carry the radio, TV and telephone messages, of the world simultaneously. In just a fraction of a second, for example, one laser beam could transmit the entire text of the Encyclopedia Britanica. Besides, there are projects to use lasers for long distance communication and for transmission of energy to space stations, to the surface of the Moon or to planets in the Solar system. There is no doubt that in time these projects will be realized and the laser beam will begin operating in space as well.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы

structure, temperature, detail, energy, technology, battery, transformation, mass, magnetic, mechanism, atom, practical, effect, horizontal, physics

2.Образуйте однокоренные слова с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im- ex- :

destruction, to deform, economy, effect, responsible, possible, important

3.Найдите в тексте прилагательные соответствующие следующим существительным

source, potential, discoveries, tools, inventions, materials, problem, dreams

4.Дайте исходные формы слов и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

biggest, best, given, flies, drying, worst, men, better, feet, second, third

5.Образуйте от следующих слов

- глаголы

indication, changeable, difference, usage, large, subdivision

- существительные

dangerous, deep, realize, lighten, powerful, noiseless

- прилагательные

to indicate, to use, to change, to realize, to control, to distant, to reduce

















III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Определите, чем выражено определение, переведите предложение

1. One of the problems scientists are working at is to transmit energy to space stations by using lasers. 2. Laser provides a light beam intensive enough to vaporize the hardest and the most heat- resistant materials. 3. The laser’s most important potential use may be its long distance communication applications.

2. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите их на русский язык

1.Lasers have been used to weld pieces of titanium- with no other source of power. 2. The fantastic genius of man invented one of the first useful tools for ultrasonic experiments about 100 years ago. 3. Ultrasonic equipment can machine glass, ceramics, and hard materials.

3. Определите время и залог глагола сказуемого

1. The Earth is getting warmer because of the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. 2. It is evident that electricity will be the energy of the future. 3. Electric power has become universal.4. Our power stations have been connected by high voltage transmission lines into several networks.

4.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в соответствующем времени и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.They never ( to get up) late. 2. They take the lift when they ( to go up) to the ship. 3. Electronics ( to become) increasingly important in all branches of production. 4. Weather sputniks, sputniks for radio and television and a number of other interplanetary devices ( to build) now. 5. Some of the materials ( to find) in the crust of the earth ( to be) very important. 6. Without atmosphere there ( to be) no clouds, no rains, no running water and no wind. 7. A molecule ( to be) a compound consisting of two or more atoms.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы



  • What does the word” laser” mean? 2. What is the laser, is it a device or some phenomenon? 3. What can be done by means of a laser? 4. What can a laser do? 5. Where can it be used? 6. What light is produced by a the laser? 7. What other uses of laser do you know? 8. What prevents putting into effect the projects to use lasers more widely in space?



  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

In the next few years laser will become one of the main technological tools. There are projects to transform lunar radiation into beams.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 6



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

NOT-TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY

It known that much is being done in the world today for the development of non- traditional sources of energy. Without them the Earth cannot support its present population of 5 billion people and probably 8 billion people in the 21 st century. Now we are using traditional power sources, that is oil, natural gas, coal and water power with the consumption of more than 50 billion barrels per year. It is evident that these sources are not unlimited. That is why it is so important to use such renewable sources of energy as the sun, wind, geothermal energy and others. Research is being carried out in these fields. One of the most promising research is the development of power stations with direct transformation of solar energy into electricity on the basis of photo- effect. It was Russia that was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery of 32, 000 volts and effective area of only 0,5 sq.m which made it possible to concentrate solar radiation. This idea is now being intensively developed in many countries. However, the efficiency of a solar power station is considerably reduced because of the limited time of its work during the year. But it is possible to improve the efficiency of solar power stations and traditional ones- thermal, atomic and hydraulic. Today some engineers are working at the problem of developing electric power stations with the use of a thermal- chemical cycle. In Kamchatka there are geothermal power stations operating on hot water- steam mixture from the depths of about a kilometer. That different wind energy plants are being developed is also well- known. It is important that all these advances in new sources of energy and improving the old ones help to solve the energy problem.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите следующие интернационализмы

atmosphere, material , sphere, practical, activity, experiment, radioactivity

  • Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

3. Заполните пропуски антонимами выделенных слов

1. There is a limited supply of fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal on the earth, but a supply of natural uranium is….

2. Cheap impure coal produces much more CO2 than …. coal of high quality.

3.It is evident to all that an old inefficient power station is more dangerous to the environment than a …. power station.

  • Определите, к какой части относятся производные слова и переведите их.

Invent- inventor- inventive- invention

Transform- transformer- transformation

Effect- effective- effectively

Possible- impossible- possibly- possibility

Vary- variety- various

5. Переведите следующие эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений

для того чтобы, решение проблемы, уделять внимание, благодаря, впереди, осуществить, выдвигать, например, ссылаться на, современные удобства













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите следующие числа

3.725; 14. 810; 40 %; 1. 125; 980.325; 1.111. 111

2. Поставьте some, any, no или их производные и переведите предложения

1. There are… important works in the field of physics in our laboratory. 2. Have you … books on your speciality? 3. Did you write … about your experimental work? 4. For many centuries man did not know … about the structure of mater. 5. Is there … in the laboratory now?

3.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов

to do, to be, to make, to know, to read, to write, to see, to go, to give, to find

4. Определите время и залог глагола сказуемого

1.Now we are using traditional power sources, that is oil, natural gas, coal and water power with the consumption of more than 50 billion barrels per year. 2. Today some engineers are working at the problem of developing electric power stations with the use of a thermal- chemical cycle. 3. It was Russia that was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery of 32, 000 volts. 4. Research is being carried out in these fields. 5. That different wind energy plants are being developed is also well- known.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите их на русский язык

  • At the end of the nineteenth century scientists discovered most of the chemical elements. 2. The word “ atom” came from the Greek word “ indivisible”. 3. Atoms make up all the elements and compounds in the world.

6. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus ( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.



IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

  • Ответьте на вопросы

  • What not- traditional renewable source of energy do you know ? 2. What power sources are people using now? 3.What is one of the most promising research in the direct transformation of solar energy? 4. What country was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery ? 5. What problem are some engineers working today ?6. What kind of stations are there in Kamchatka?

  • Выразите свое мнение к проблеме.

The Earth cannot support its present population of 5 billion people and probably 8 billion people in the 21 st century. So scientists find not- traditional renewable source of energy.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 7



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

SOLAR LIGHT BY NIGHT

Most people living in towns consider it a usual thing that streets are lit at night. But street lights need a power supply therefore distant areas with no source of electricity remain in darkness until the sun comes up again. With new appliances now offered by several British firms, many distant places could be lit with solar- powered street lights. It may seem strange that the lamps can use the power of the sun which shines by day when the lamps are needed at night but they work by using energy accumulated during the day from a solar panel. The solar panel produces electricity which charges a battery. When the sun goes down, the battery power is then used for lighting. Each lamp has its own panel so the system can be used for one individual light or a number of them. In the Saudi Arabia a motorway tunnel miles from any power supply is lit day and night by solar- powered devices. The solar panels provide power during the day and charge batteries which accumulate enough power to light the tunnel at night. The generation of electricity by batteries is still expensive but the advantage of sun- powered lamps is that they can bring light to areas distant from any other power supply. There is one more advantage of solar power: not only it is unlimited, but also its use does not pollute the environment. That is why it is very important to develop devices which make it possible to transform solar power into mechanical or electric forms of power.





II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Дайте перевод на русский язык следующих интернациональных слов

public, future, model, decade, motor, private, fuel, calculate, engine, to project, automatically

2.Дайте исходную форму слов от следующих

easier, better, creating, biggest, cried, accordingly, companies, much, less

  • Дайте для следующих слов

- синонимы

consequently, quality, to start, nowadays, research, a means, manufacture, possess, to occur, to use, certain, numerous, to substitute

-антонимы

distant, to stop, few, to reduce, unusual, dependence, invaluable, minimum

  • Найдите русские слова от соответствующих английских

исследовать- exploration, explorer, to explore

точно- exactness, exactly, exact, exaction

направлять- to navigate, navigable, navigation

ширина- wide, width, widely, widen

  • К какой части речи относятся следующие слова

resist, resistance, resister; store, storage, storable; theory, theorist, theorize, theoretical; physics, physicist, physical

  • Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных

industry, magnet, independent, absence, weight, preparation, variety

  • Составьте словосочетания от следующих слов

Panels, forms, powered, charge, accumulated, electric, lamps, at night, areas, light, batteries, power, supply, distant, the solar, solar, the tunnel, using energy

  • Подберите существительные к следующим глаголам

To transform, to develop, to form, to charge, to use, to accumulate, to supply

III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

2.Определите функцию глагола to be в следующих предложениях и переведите их на русский язык.

1.Electronics is becoming very important to engineers in various branches of industry. 2.Automation is to be introduced into all production processes which is of decisive importance in the rapid economic development of our country. 3. The nucleus of the atom is in its center.

3. Определите время и залог сказуемого и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.Electronics is becoming increasingly important in all branches of production. 2. The scientists are successfully solving important problems of mathematics, electronics, and medicine. 3. More and more is being learnt about outer space and the conditions for life there. 4. During the work on his discovery the scientist observed that a small electrical current was flowing. 5.He rightly concluded that some electrons were moving through the vacuum. 6. Within several years nuclear power plants will be generating a great amount of electrical power.

4. Определите, чем выражено определение и переведите предложения

1. The solar panel produces electricity which charges a battery.2. Each lamp has its own panel so the system can be used for one individual light or a number of them. 3. The generation of electricity by batteries is still expensive but the advantage of sun- powered lamps is that they can bring light to areas distant from any other power supply.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам

1.But street lights need a power supply therefore distant areas. 2. The solar panels provide power during the day and charge batteries which accumulate enough power to light the tunnel at night. 3. Solar power does not pollute the environment.





IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста



  • Ответьте на вопросы

  • Do street lights need a power supply? 2. What new appliances do several British firms offer? 3. What does the solar panel produce?4. Why is the generation of electricity by batteries still expensive ? 5. What do charge batteries accumulate? 6. Where do charge batteries accumulate enough power to light? 7. Why is very important to develop devices which make it possible to transform solar power into mechanical or electric forms of power?



  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

There is one more advantage of solar power: not only it is unlimited, but also its use does not pollute the environment. That is why it is very important to develop devices which make it possible to transform solar power into mechanical or electric forms of power.





























Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 8



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.



THE ENERGY POTENCIAL OF RUSSIA

Modern methods of communication use electric power. Electric power is generated at power stations. Russia has a powerful energy system with the world’s largest power stations. The output of power has risen by nearly 150% in the last ten years. Some 1, 111,000 million kWh of electricity was produced, according to plan, in 2000, and the total capacity of all power stations will go up to the 220, 000, 000 kW. At present the greatest part of all the country’s power capacity is thermal, and most of it comes from the big stations. The capacity of the generating units at these stations has been increased in the postwar years which made it possible to build high and super- high- capacity power stations. Russia has the highest aggregate capacities at thermal power stations in the world. About one third of all he power generated in Russia comes from thermal electric stations with capacities of 1, 000, 000 to 3, 000, 000 kW each. Even bigger stations, of up to 4, 800, 000 kW, are now being built. Each of these stations can produce as much electric power as Austria or Argentina. Generating units, new types are now being installed at thermal power stations. The first units of 500, 000 and 800, 000 kW capacity have already been built and installed. In near future these high- capacity units will be used more and more at our power stations.





II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы

structure, temperature, detail, energy, technology, battery, transformation, mass, magnetic, mechanism, atom, practical, effect, horizontal, physics

2.Найдите слова с отрицательным значением и переведите их на русский язык

true, unusual, important, incapable, usual, untrue, detected, intention, imagine, disadvantage, disappearance, unimportant, include, impossible

3.Найдите антонимы следующих слов

simple, untrue, begin, reliable, efficient, close to, true, complete, low, disadvantage, far from, sophisticated, high, unreliable, advent, inefficient



4.Определите к какой части речи относятся следующие слова

quality, qualitative, quantity, quantitative, quantitatively; pure, purity; manufacture, manufacturer; superconductive, superconductivity, superconductive



5.Определите какой частью речи являются выделенные слова, переведите словосочетания на русский язык



this means that, this means, new means, this increases, nothing increases, its increase, these results, this results in, both results, it results from

6.Подберите существительные к следующим глаголам

to use, to generate, to aggregate, to produce, to build, to transform, to accumulate













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Переведите на английский язык следующие порядковые числительные

Первый, второй, третий ,четвертый, пятый, пятнадцатый, двадцатый, двадцать третий, сотый

3.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

4. Определите время и залог сказуемого и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.Electronics is becoming increasingly important in all branches of production. 2. The scientists are successfully solving important problems of mathematics, electronics, and medicine. 3. More and more is being learnt about outer space and the conditions for life there. 4. During the work on his discovery the scientist observed that a small electrical current was flowing. 5.He rightly concluded that some electrons were moving through the vacuum. 6. Within several years nuclear power plants will be generating a great amount of electrical power.

5.Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus ( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.









IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

  • Ответьте на вопросы

  • What kinds of methods does electric power use?2. Where is electric power generated ? 3. What country has a powerful energy system with the largest power stations? 4. Russia has the highest aggregate capacities at thermal power stations in the world, hasn’t it?

  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

Russia has the highest aggregate capacities at thermal power stations in the world.



































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 9



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

THE HISTORY OF THE LITTLE THINGS

Until the beginning of the seventeenth century mankind had little understanding of the structure of the material world. Man believed that stones were stones, fire was fire, and water was simply water. Now we know that all kinds of substances consist of very small invisible particles- atoms. They make up all the elements and compounds that exist in the world, the air that man breathes, the ground on which he walks , man’s food. Their interactions provide the energy that man uses. The determination of the exact nature of nature was a very difficult and understanding problem. For a hundred years some of the best men of science on earth thought of it, and today many scientists do a lot of research. The word “ atom” came from the Greek and means “ indivisible”. The ancient Greeks studied the structure of matter and noted that it is possible to divide and further subdivide stone until the particles become like powder, which they thought was the limit of divisibility. The same was true for other common substances, such as wood or water or minerals. They called these smallest particles atoms. It was at the beginning of the nineteenth century that the scientists first established experimentally the atomic theory of the structure of matter. They found that the simple forms of matter were chemical elements which consisted of atoms- particles of very small size. At the end of the nineteenth century scientists achieved a great quantity of information on the atomic structure of matter and the general nature of atom. They discovered most of chemical elements and found that the atoms of each element were different in chemical and physical properties from the properties of other elements. A further discovery was the atoms combine in small numbers and form units of matter or molecules and that in all substances the atoms and molecules are in a state of rapid motion. Besides, some fundamental chemical characteristics became clear. One of these was that atoms group according to their atomic weights into eight groups of chemical properties of which are similar.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите на русский язык следующие интернационализмы

substance, laser, magnetic, materials, expert, experiment, principle, temperature, acceleration, convection

  • Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

simple - simply, experimental- experimentally, general- generally, common- commonly, chemical- chemically, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly.

  • Найдите в тексте синонимы к следующим словам и переведите их на русский язык

humanity, matter , to supply, many, usual, during, to reach, amount, quick, similar.

  • Найдите антонимы следующих слов и переведите их на русский язык

recent, to result in, below, useless, easy, field, useful, sphere, difficult, sufficient, likely, latest, ton lead to, to use, to obtain, to get, useless, to apply

5.Подберите глаголы к следующим существительным

make up, to mean, to establish, to achieve, to form, to use, to call, to have

6.Образуйте прилагательные от существительных

absence , industry, variety, preparation, independence, weight, general























III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

  • Напишите степени сравнения от следующих прилагательных, наречий

little, simple, small, difficult, good, great, early, possible, far, much, important, bad

2. Образуйте Past Indefinite/ Simple от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to do, to find, to say, to be, to make, to give, to know, to have, to become, to begin, to understand, to arise, to come, to think.

3.Напишите следующие предложения в утвердительной форме и переведите их на русский язык

1.Did you begin to study the theory of the structure of matter? 2. He did not understand the importance of this work. 3. Will you use the results of this discovery in your work? 4. This scientist does not experiment on this substance.

4.Напишите во множественном числе

  • This scientist works in the field of physics. 2. I don’t know the structure of this substance. 3. An atom is a very, very small particle of matter. 4. That man has a good knowledge of mathematics.

5.Напишите краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на следующие вопросы

1.Do you work in the field of physics? 2. Is this young man an engineer? 3. Did you make a lot of research last year? 4. Did you achieve good results in your research work? 5. Have you an idea of the true structure of nature? 6. Are you a research worker?

6.Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения

1.At the end of the nineteenth century scientists discovered most of the chemical elements. 2. The word “ atom” came from the Greek word “ indivisible”. 3. Atoms make up all the elements and compounds in the world.



7. Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.The smallest particles that we see through a microscope are much larger than the molecules. 2. Lighter molecules move with greater speeds than heavier molecules. 3. Water is one of the most common things in our life. 4. From the earliest times people dreamed of air flights.



IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

  • Ответьте на вопросы



1.What do all substances consist of? 2. Where does the word “ atom” come from? 3. When did scientists first establish experimentally the atomic theory of the structure of matter? 4. What are atoms like? 5. What properties of elements did scientists discover at the beginning of the 19 th century?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

It was at the beginning of the nineteenth century that the scientists first established experimentally the atomic theory of the structure of matter. Atoms make up all the elements and compounds that exist in the world.































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 10



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

DIRECT CONVERSITION OF ENERGY TO ELECTRICITY

Our life is revolving around electricity and its many uses. We have come to take it for granted. Much has been written on the progress achieved in producing electricity. Most cases have dealt with direct conversion of energy to electricity. What are such processes? Are they new? Will one of the methods be used in place of the present ones for generating electricity? Will the cost of electricity be less? These and other questions will be answered and answers will depend very much on whether one is considering electricity from the standpoint of the few watts for a satellite in space or the millions of watts for even a small city. First let us be sure we all understand what electricity is and the common means by which it is produced. We now define electricity or electric current using the atomic theory according to which all matter is made up of tiny particles or atoms. Atoms contain electrons which are negatively charged, protons which are positively charged and neutrons which have no charge. The electrons are in the outer part of the atom band free to move from one atom to another. When these electrons move in one direction an electric current results. A good conductor of electricity is a material in which the electrons readily move from atom to atom. An insulator or poor conductor on the other hand is a material in which the electrons are more strongly bound to the atom and, therefore, do not move freely. Common sources of electricity are batteries and power plants. Energy is converted into electricity, and the chief energy source is heat from fuel. But the heat is not directly converted into electricity , it is first used to generate steam which turns the turbine operating an electrical generator. Electricity flows through transmission lines to houses, factories, etc. Now the generation of electricity by this process is very uneconomic. Actually only about 40 per cent of the heat in the fuel including nuclear energy is converted into electricity , while the remaining part is generally lost bin the cooling process.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите на русский язык интернационализмы

electricity, conversion, atomic, negatively, direction, conductor, readily, insulator, greatly, electrical, economic, generation, electronic, converter.

  • Найдите слова с отрицательным значением и переведите их на русский язык

true, unusual, important, incapable, usual, untrue, detected, intention, imagine, disadvantage, disappearance, unimportant, include, impossible

3. Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

4.Определите часть речи следующих слов

use, much, conversion, in place of, to generate, usual, to be made of, readily, poor, quantity, power plant, energy, to be converted, for instance, chief, actually, generally, to connect, to raise, at present, a lot of

3. Переведите следующие словосочетания на русский язык

fuel source, satellite functions, energy conversion, protest meeting, production process, motor industry, surface weather conditions, city water supply, manned space flight program, wind direction, air masses, night shift

4.Найдите русские слова соответствующие английским

устанавливать- installment, installation, install

различие, разница- differ, difference, different

применимый- application, applicable, apply

эффективно- efficient, efficiency, efficiently

усилитель- amplify, amplifier, amplification





III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

2. Определите, чем выражено определение и переведите предложения

1. The solar panel produces electricity which charges a battery.2. Each lamp has its own panel so the system can be used for one individual light or a number of them. 3. The generation of electricity by batteries is still expensive but the advantage of sun- powered lamps is that they can bring light to areas distant from any other power supply

3.Дайте краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на вопросы

1.Have you made any successes in your research work? 2. Will you able to finish your work in time? 3. Is this an atomic power station? 4. Has this article dealt with direct conversation of energy into electricity? 5.Are these power stations supplied with atomic fuel? 6. Is this experiment being made in your laboratory?

4. Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.The amount of heat a body contains is something quite different from its temperature. 2.When heat waves from the sun reach the atmosphere, they speed up the motion among the gaseous molecules.3. A transformation of radiant energy into heat energy results. 4.More heat is required to boil a big vessel than a small one. 5.When we heat a substance, its molecules are speeded up. 6.Land heats up more quickly than water but loses its heat by radiation more rapidly.

5. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus ( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation.

6. Поставьте вопросы к выделенной части предложения.

1.Common sources of electricity are batteries and power plants. 2.Energy is converted into electricity, and the chief energy source is heat from fuel.

IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

  • What is electricity? 2. How is electricity produced? 3. How is electricity defined in terms of the atomic theory? 4. What is a conductor of electricity? 5. What is an insulator? 6. What are the common sources of electricity?



  • Дайте свои идеи к следующей проблеме

Actually only about 40 per cent of the heat in the fuel including nuclear energy is converted into electricity , while the remaining part is generally lost bin the cooling process.



































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 11


I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

THE INTERNET

The Internet is a global network with millions and millions of computers and people connected to one another where each day people worldwire exchange an immeasurable amount of information, electronic mail, news, resources and, more important, ideas. It has grown at a surprising rate. Almost everyone has heard about it and an increasing number of people use it regularly. The current estimate is that over 70 million people are connected, in some way, to the Internet- whether they know it or not. With a few touches at a keyboard a person can get access to materials in almost everywhere. One can have access to full- text newspapers, magazines, journals, reference works, and even books. The Web is one of the best resources for up-to- date information. It is a hypertext- based system by which you can navigate through the Internet. Hypertext is the text that contains links to other documents. A special program known as “ browser” can help you find news, pictures, virtual museums, electronic magazines, and print Web pages. Internet TV sets allow you to surf the Web and have e- mail while you are watching TV, or vice versa. Imagine watching a film on TV and simu etaneousaly accessing a Web site where you get information on the actors of the films. The next genetation of Internet – enabled television, will incorporate a smart- card for home shopping, banking and other interactive services. Internet- enabled TV means a TV set used as an Internet device. The Internet is a good example of a wide area network. For a long- distance or worldwide communications, computers are usually connected into a wide area network to form a single integrated network. Networks can be linked together by telephone lines or fibre – optic cables. These cables require little physical space, they are safe as they don’t carry electricity, and they avoid electromagnetic interference.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

public, computer, The Internet, to control, to use, useful, calculate, average, dangerous, impossible, automotive, present

2. Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных путем прибавления суффиксов –ic, -al, -ous и переведите их на русский язык

science, basis, economy, technique, industry, origin, number, variation

3.Определите к какой части речи относятся исходные слова

constituent, scientific, probably, property, various, ancient, presence, structural

4.Дайте для следующих слов

- синонимы

consequently, to start, nowadays, quality, research, a means, manufacture, possess, to occur, to use, certain, to substitute, numerous

- антонимы

distant, to stop, few, to reduce, unusual, dependence, invaluable, minimum



5.Дайте исходную форму следующих слов

easier, better, creating, biggest, cried, according, companies



6.Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных и переведите их на русский язык

industry, absence, weight, preparation, variety, magnet, independence



7.Подберите к следующим глаголам существительные

to connect, to exchange, to use, to send, to require, to be linked

8.Составьте всевозможные словосочетания и переведите их на русский язык

link up to, contain, connect, replace, exchange news, send a signal, take the place of, transmit, indicate, communicate, possess, make it illegible, to read, own, make it difficult and impossible, have



III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

2.Определите функцию глагола to be в следующих предложениях и переведите их на русский язык.

1.Electronics is becoming very important to engineers in various branches of industry. 2.Automation is to be introduced into all production processes which is of decisive importance in the rapid economic development of our country. 3. The nucleus of the atom is in its center.

3.Напишите краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на следующие вопросы

1.Do you work in the field of physics? 2. Is this young man an engineer? 3. Did you make a lot of research last year? 4. Did you achieve good results in your research work? 5. Have you an idea of the true structure of nature? 6. Are you a research worker?

4. Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.With a few touches at a keyboard a person can get access to materials in almost everywhere. 2. A special program known as “ browser” can help you find news, pictures, virtual museums, electronic magazines, and print Web pages. 3. Internet TV sets allow you to surf the Web and have e- mail while you are watching TV, or vice versa. 4. The Internet is a good example of a wide area network. 5. For a long- distance or worldwide communications, computers are usually connected into a wide area network to form a single integrated network.

5. К выделенной части предложения поставьте вопрос

1. Internet TV sets allow you to surf the Web. 2.Networks can be linked together by telephone lines or fibre – optic cables.3.Over 70 million people are connected to the Internet.







IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What is a global network with millions computers and people connected to one another ? 2. How many people are connected to the Internet? 3. Which is called a special program to find news? 4. Where does Internet TV set allow you to surf ?5. By what are networks linked together ?

2. Дайте свои идеи к следующей проблеме

Networks can be linked together by telephone lines or fibre – optic cables. These cables require little physical space, they are safe as they don’t carry electricity, and they avoid electromagnetic interference.































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 12





I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

THE PEACEFUL ATOM

The recent achievements of science in nuclear physics are truly brilliant. Scientists have not only explained the structure of the atomic nucleus but have also found ways of splitting it. The discoveries of physicists have a very great effect on science and on the life of mankind. Tremendous energy is released when the atomic nucleus is split. This energy is millions of times greater than that produced by ordinary chemical reactions. Scientists have not only studied the reaction of atomic nucleus fission but they have opened the way to the fusion of atomic nuclei. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations. When this problem is solved it will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy, for these are atoms of heavy hydrogen in the molecules of water of seas and oceans. But here we again come up against the question of how these new sources of energy will be utilized. Used for peaceful purposes only, atomic and, in the near future, thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. It can be used “ to warm up” the Far North, to irrigate deserts, and the electricity regions far from other sources of power. Used for peaceful purposes, this energy will improve the life of man, control the water level of seas, change the direction of ocean current and the course of rivers, and so on. Another peaceful application of atomic energy deals with the radiations and radioactive substances. They are find a growing application in industry, agriculture, medicine and scientific research in common knowledge. The invisible radiations radioactive isotopes are giving out are becoming a means for control and automation in industry, they act as catalysts in chemical processes , and are a powerful factor in biology and medicine. Finally, these same radiations may be used for mankind small- size, long- lived sources of electric current.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

science, atom, peace, reaction, electricity, power, molecules, future, life, hydrogen, factories, energy, stations, discovery

  • Найдите в тексте синонимы к следующим словам

to break up, humanity, liberate, usual, to provide, to make better, to apply, energy, aim, emit, speed up, all over the world, several, method

  • Найдите в тексте антонимы к следующим словам

near, old, after, natural, uncommon, unable, impossibility, unhappiness

4. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты к следующим словам и словосочетаниям

Поддаваться, русло реки, решать проблему, и так далее, во всем мире, управляемая термоядерная реакция

5. Найдите слова с отрицательным значением и переведите их на русский язык

true, unusual, important, incapable, usual, untrue, detected, intention, imagine, disadvantage, disappearance, unimportant, include, impossible

6.Подберите к следующим глаголам существительные

to find, to discover, to open, to have, to control, to irrigate, to be turned

7. Образуйте прилагательные от существительных

absence , industry, variety, preparation, independence, weight, general









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Participle II следующих глаголов

to do, to be, to make, to know, to read, to write, to see, to go, to give, to find

2.Поставьте some, any, no или их производные и переведите предложения

1. There are… important works in the field of physics in our laboratory. 2. Have you … books on your speciality? 3. Did you write … about your experimental work? 4. For many centuries man did not know … about the structure of mater. 5. Is there … in the laboratory now?

3.Дайте краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на следующие вопросы

1.Is this an atomic power station? 2. Are these power stations supplied with atomic fuel? 3. Are all the elements common on the earth? 4. Are you a research worker? 5. Do you work in the field of physics? 6. Did you achieve good results in your research work? 7. Are there more than a hundred different atoms? 8. Have you made any successes in your research work? 9. Is this experiment being made in your laboratory?

4. Определите время и залог глагола сказуемого

1. Uranium is mostly used as an atomic fuel. 2. Scientists have not only studied the reaction of atomic nucleus fission. 3. `It will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy. 4. Atomic will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. 5. This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. 6. Scientists are working to develop the peaceful uses of nuclear power.7. Many problems of nuclear physics have been solved using the cyclotron.



5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения

1.The discoveries of physicists have a very great effect on science and on the life of mankind. Tremendous energy is released when the atomic nucleus is split. This energy is millions of times greater than that produced by ordinary chemical reactions.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What new source of energy was discovered in the 20 th century? 2. What is the new source of energy? 3. What the capacity of atomic power plants will be? 4. When did scientists discover the way of splitting the atom? 5. Can our scientists create elements artificially? 6. Where is atomic energy used for peaceful purposes? 7. Do our scientists work on the solution of the problem of controlled fusion?



2.Выразите свои идеи к следующей проблеме



The recent achievements of science in nuclear physics are truly brilliant. The discoveries of physicists have a very great effect on science and on the life of mankind. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations.





























Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 13





  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

Electricity in our everyday lives


Electricity plays a huge part in our everyday lives. The devices all plug into a source of electricity and an electric current runs from your wall socket down the wire and into the appliance. Inside each of the appliances are loops of a special mixture of metals. The basic idea behind any toaster is simple. A toaster uses infrared radiation to heat a piece of bread. 'Infrared' is a particular kind of light. The most common way for a toaster to create the infrared radiation is to use 'nichrome', a nickel -based wire wrapped back and forth across a mica sheet. Electricity cannot pass through this special metal very easily. The metal slows down the electrons and 'holds up' the current flowing through it. This is called the 'resistance' of the metal. Electricity 'flows' or moves through some things better than others do. The measurement of how well something conducts electricity is called its resistance. Resistance in wire depends on how thick and how long it is and what it is made of. A piece of metal can be made to act like a heater. When an electrical current occurs, the resistance causes friction and the friction causes heat. The higher the resistance, the hotter it can get. So, a coiled wire that is high in resistance, like the wire in a hair dryer, can be very hot. When the resistance of a metal is higher, the metal will get hot because of the friction of the electrons in the current of electricity. As the electricity is forced through the wires, the wires begin to heat up and glow very hot. If you look inside your toaster (careful), you'll see those coils or wire glowing orange. It is those coils or loops of wire that cause the bread to go brown, making your toast. A torch, a portable radio, mobile phone, television remote control, your wristwatch, all of these run on batteries. Can you imagine your life without these things? Life would certainly be a lot more difficult. Electricity runs the motors that in turn run most modern machinery. Assembly machines, conveyor belts, baking ovens, copying machines, printers, all these things need electricity in order to run. Most trains use overhead electric wires to operate, airplanes rely on electronic instruments in order to function, even ocean liners need electricity for their navigation instruments. Eve in deep space, shuttles, satellites and spacecraft depend on electricity in some form or another.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

control, metal, electricity, energy, light, heat, power, processor, machine, idea, radiation, source, radio, difference

  • Найдите в тексте прилагательные, соответствующие следующим существительным

radiation, way, idea, flowing, machinery, lives, dryers, energy, current, wire

  • Дайте исходные формы слов и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

better, higher, lives, coiled, relied, flowing, easily, heavily, luxuries, freezers, infrared, made

4.Дайте для следующих слов

- синонимы

consequently, to start, nowadays, quality, research, a means, manufacture, possess, to occur, to use, certain, to substitute, numerous

- антонимы

distant, to stop, few, to reduce, unusual, dependence, invaluable, minimum

5.Образуйте от следующих слов

- глаголы

indication, changeable, difference, usage, large, subdivision

- существительные

dangerous, deep, realize, lighten, powerful, noiseless

5.Составьте словосочетания из следующих слов

Causes heat, all these things, is forced, around us, in order, the resistance, through the wires, causes friction, to function, the friction, in the world

III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

  • Образуйте Past Participle от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to make, to cause, to do, to be, to freeze, to run, to have, to see, to become, to force

  • Определите функцию выделенных слов в следующих предложениях

1.A toaster uses infrared radiation to heat a piece of bread. 2. Most trains use overhead electric wires to operate.3 Electricity cannot pass through this special metal very easily.4. When the resistance of a metal is higher, the metal will get hot because of the friction of the electrons in the current of electricity.

3.Определите время и залог сказуемого



1.Electricity plays a huge part in our everyday lives. 2.Early man relied on fire for the luxuries of light, heat and cooking. 3.The resistance causes friction and the friction causes heat.4. Electricity not only plays a big part in our lives at home, but it is extremely important for all the things that go on in the world around us.5. Most trains use overhead electric wires to operate.

4. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus ( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.

5.Поставьте вопросы в выделенным словам в следующих предложениях

1.A toaster uses infrared radiation to heat a piece of bread. 2.Early man relied on fire for the luxuries of light, heat and cooking. 3.Ocean liners need electricity for their navigation instruments.













IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы



  • Does electricity play a huge part in our everyday lives? 2. Why do the daily routines rely heavily?3. Can you imagine your life without electricity? 4. When will the metal get hot? 5. Where is the electricity forced ? 6. Why do the wires begin to heat up ?



  • Дайте свои идеи к следующей проблеме



Most trains use overhead electric wires to operate, airplanes rely on electronic instruments in order to function, even ocean liners need electricity for their navigation instruments.





























Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 14



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

The Sun

We consume energy in dozens of forms. Yet virtually all of the energy we use originates in the power of the atom. Nuclear reactions energize stars, including our Sun. The energy we capture for use on Earth comes largely from the Sun or from nuclear forces local to our own planet. Solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy in a single square meter to illuminate five 60-watt lightbulbs if all the sunlight could be captured and converted to electricity. Sunlight is by far the predominant source, and it contains a surprisingly large amount of energy. On average, even after passing through hundreds of kilometers of air on a clear day, solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy in a single square meter to illuminate five 60-watt lightbulbs if all the sunlight could be captured and converted to electricity. The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface, powering titanic transfers of heat and pressure in weather patterns and ocean currents. The resulting air currents drive wind turbines. Solar energy also evaporates water that falls as rain and builds up behind dams, where its motion is used to generate electricity via hydropower. Most Americans, however, use solar energy in its secondhand form: fossil fuels. When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. We can recover that energy months or years later by burning wood, which breaks the bonds and releases energy as heat and light. More often, though, we use the stored energy in the much more concentrated forms that result when organic matter, after millions of years of geological and chemical activity underground, turns into fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, or natural gas.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

gas, energy, electricity, heat, light, turbines, way, meter, square, radiation, atom power, nuclear, idea

2.Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

3.Найдите в тексте существительные соответствующие следующим прилагательным

burning, chemical, nuclear, own, concentrated, solar, organic, enough, titanic, fossil, secondhand

4.Дайте исходные формы слов и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

chemical, dozens, use, comes, converted, stored, millions, trapped

5.Подберите слова, словосочетания

to illuminate, to electricity, reaches Earth, in secondhand form, lightbulbs, energize stars, use solar energy, solar radiation, nuclear reactions, converted



6.Определите какой частью речи являются выделенные слова, переведите словосочетания на русский язык



this means that, this means, new means, this increases, nothing increases, its increase, these results, this results in, both results, it results from























III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Переведите на английский язык следующие порядковые числительные

Первый, второй, третий ,четвертый, пятый, пятнадцатый, двадцатый, двадцать третий, сотый

3.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

4.Определите время и залог сказуемого.

1.Nuclear reactions energize stars.2. Most Americans, however, use solar energy in its secondhand form.3. The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface. 4. When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. 5.After passing through hundreds of kilometers of air on a clear day, solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy.



5.Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам в следующих предложениях



1.The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface. 2.When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. 3. Sunlight is by far the predominant source, and it contains a surprisingly large amount of energy.























IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What do energize stars? 2. Where do Americans use the solar energy? 3. How does the solar radiation reach Earth? 4. What does the Sun’s energy warm? 5. What forms of the stored energy do we use? 6.Where do we capture the energy on the Earth?



2.Выразите свои идеи к следующей проблеме

The energy we capture for use on Earth comes largely from the Sun. The Sun’s energy warms enough the planet’s surface, powering titanic transfers of heat pressure in weather patterns and ocean currents.



































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 15



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.



Disadvantages of the nuclear plants

Despite the high level of sophistication of the safety systems of nuclear power plants the human aspect has always an impact. Facing an unexpected event or managing a nuclear accident we don't have any guarantee that decisions we took are always the best. Two good examples are Chernobyl and Fukushima. The Chernobyl nuclear accident is, by far, the worst nuclear accident in the history. Different wrong decisions during the management of the nuclear plant caused a big nuclear explosion. Referring to the Fukushima nuclear accident, the operations done by the staff were highly questionable. Fukushima nuclear accident is the second worst accident in the history. One of the main disadvantages is the difficulty in the management of nuclear waste. It takes many years to eliminate its radioactivity and risks. The constructed nuclear reactors have an expiration date. Then, they've to be dismantled, so that main countries producing nuclear energy could maintain a regular number of operating reactors. They are built about 80 new nuclear reactors during the next ten years. Nuclear plants have a limited life. The investment for the construction of a nuclear plant is very high and must be recovered as soon as possible, so it raises the cost of electricity generated. In other words, the energy generated is cheap compared to the cost of fuel, but the recovery of its construction is much more expensive. Nuclear power plants are objectives of terrorist organizations. Nuclear power plants generate external dependence. Not many countries have uranium mines and not all the countries have nuclear technology, so they have to hire both things overseas. Current nuclear reactors work by fission nuclear reactions. These chain reactions is generated in case control systems fail, generating continuous reactions causing a radioactive explosion that would be virtually impossible to contain. Probably the most alarming disadvantage is the use of the nuclear power in the military industry. The first use of nuclear power was the creation of two nuclear bombs dropped on Japan during World War II. This was the first and the last time that nuclear power was used in a military attack. Later, several countries signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, but the risk that nuclear weapons could be used in the future will always exist.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

military, nuclear, industry, power, accident, explosion, management, radioactivity, time, weapon, plant, history, risk

2.Найдите в тексте слова с отрицательным значением и переведите их на русский язык

3.Дайте исходную форму от следующих слов

worst, takes, decisions, were, second, weapons, used, countries, dropped, was, causing, organizations, best

4.Найдите в тексте прилагательные соответствующие следующим существительным

accident, dependence, reactors, plant, waste, weapons, countries, power, disadvantage, technology, level, examples, mines, countries, decisions

5.Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты к следующим словам и словосочетаниям

Производство атомной энергии, во- первых, террористические организации, к сожалению, во время Второй мировой войны, атомные реакторы, в последнее время, цепная реакция, атомные бомбы скинутые на, риск атомных взрывов, работать в полной безопасности, могут быть использованы в будущем

6.Составьте словосочетания из следующих слов

a radioactive explosion, in the history, generate, have, to cause, the use of the nuclear power, the creation, the management, nuclear technology, in the military industry, the worst nuclear accident, of two bombs, of nuclear waste, external dependence



III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to have, to manage, to take, to sign, to be, to cause, to produce, to do, to generate

3.Определите функцию глагола to use в следующих предложениях

1. The risk that nuclear weapons could be used in the future will always exist. 2. The first and the last time that nuclear power was used in a military attack.3. The most alarming disadvantage is the use of the nuclear power in the military industry.

4. Поставьте соответствующий актикль в следующих предложениях

1. …Chernobyl nuclear accident is …worst nuclear accident in …history. 2. …current nuclear reactors work by… nuclear reactions. 3. But … risk that nuclear weapons could be used in … future will always exist.4.  Different wrong decisions during … management of … nuclear plant caused … big nuclear explosion.5. One of … main disadvantages is the difficulty in the management of… nuclear waste.6. … first and … last time … nuclear power was used in a… military attack.

5.Определите время и залог сказуемого в следующих предложениях

1. Nuclear plants have a limited life.2. Main countries producing nuclear energy could maintain a regular number of operating reactors.3. Nuclear power plants generate external dependence. 4. Several countries signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. 5. These chain reactions is generated in case control systems fail. 6. Facing an unexpected event or managing a nuclear accident we don't have any guarantee that decisions we took are always the best.

6. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам

1. The most alarming disadvantage is the use of the nuclear power in the military industry.2. Later, several countries signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.3. The Chernobyl nuclear accident is, by far, the worst nuclear accident in the history.

 

IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What are the worst nuclear accidents in the history? 2.How many nuclear reactors are built during the next ten years? 3.  Nuclear plants have a limited life, don’t they? 4. Was nuclear power used in a military attack in the last time? 5.Nuclear power plants generate external dependence, don’t they? 6.  How many countries have nuclear technology? 7. How do current nuclearHYPERLINK "http://nuclear-energy.net/nuclear-reactor" HYPERLINK "http://nuclear-energy.net/nuclear-reactor"reactors work?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

One of the main disadvantages is the difficulty in the management of nuclear waste. It takes many years to eliminate its radioactivity and risks.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 16



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

Advantages of nuclear power

In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations. When this problem is solved it will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy, for these are atoms of heavy hydrogen in the molecules of water of seas and oceans. But here we again come up against the question of how these new sources of energy will be utilized. Used for peaceful purposes only, atomic and, in the near future, thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. It can be used “ to warm up” the Far North, to irrigate deserts, and the electricity regions far from other sources of power. The generation of electricity through nuclear energy reduces the amount of energy generated from fossil fuels (coal and oil). Less use of fossil fuels means lowering greenhouse gas emissions (CO2 and others).Currently, fossil fuels are consumed faster than they are produced, so in the next future these resources may be reduced or the price may increase becoming inaccessible for most of the population. Another advantage is the required amount of fuel: less fuel offers more energy. It represents a significant save on raw materials but also in transport, handling and extraction of nuclear fuel. The cost of nuclear fuel (overall uranium) is 20% of the cost of energy generated. The production of electric energy is continuous. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. It reduces the price volatility of other fuels such as petrol. This continuity benefits the electrical planning. Nuclear power does not depends on natural aspects. It's a solutions for the main disadvantage of renewable energy, because the hours of sun or wind does not always coincide with the hours with more energy demand. It's an alternative to fossil fuels, so the consumption of fuels such as coal or oil is reduced. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. By reducing the consumption of fossil fuels we also improve the quality of the air affecting the disease and quality of life.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

  • Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

demand, hours, oil, climate, energy, air, fuels, power, nuclear, population, power, humanity, atomic, electricity, history, plants

2.Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных путем прибавления суффиксов –ic, -al, -ous и переведите их на русский язык

science, basis, economy, technique, industry, origin, number, variation

3.Образуйте антонимы от следующих слов

advantage, good, few, low, powerful, crease, accessible, less

  • Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

simple - simply, experimental- experimentally, general- generally, common- commonly, chemical- chemically, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly.

  • Подберите к следующим глаголам существительные из текста

to use, to reduce, to depend, to coincide, to improve, to warm up

  • Дайте исходную форму от следующих слов

scientists, controlled, sources, utilized, used, less, generating, best, hours, benefits, affecting, fuels, global























III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Past Participle от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to make, to use, to do, to be, to control, to run, to have, to see, to become, to force

2.Определите функцию выделенных слов в следующих предложениях

1. New sources of energy will be utilized. 2. The production of electric energy is continuous. 3. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time.4. In the near future, thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. 5. Thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations.

3.Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. 2. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations.3. Electricity plays a huge part in our everyday lives. 4. Early man relied on fire for the luxuries of light, heat and cooking. 5. Electricity not only plays a big part in our lives at home, but it is extremely important for all the things that go on in the world around us. 6. Less fuel offers more energy. 7. The production of electric energy is continuous. 8.A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. 9. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. 

4.К выделенным словам поставьте вопрос

1. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations.2. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. 3. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. 

















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1.What will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy? 2 . What can be used “ to warm up” the Far North? 3. What improves the quality of the air affecting the disease and quality of life ? 4. Fossil fuels are consumed faster, aren’t they? 5.Why is the price becoming inaccessible for most of the population? 6. What does another less fuel offer? 7. What is the cost of nuclear fuel ? 8.The production of electric energy is continuous, isn’t it?



  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме



In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations. When this problem is solved it will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy.































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 17



  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

Energy Saver

Energy Saver provides homeowners with tips for saving money and energy at home and on the road. You can make your home more comfortable and easier to heat and cool -- while you save money. We bring you the latest information on energy-saving, efficient technologies. We even give tips for using clean, renewable energy to power your home. Right in your own home, you have the power to save money and energy. Saving energy reduces our nation's overall demand for resources needed to make energy, and increasing your energy efficiency is like adding another clean energy source to our electric power grid.

This guide shows you how easy it is to cut your energy use at home and also on the road. The easy, practical solutions for saving energy include tips you can use today -- from the roof and landscaping to appliances and lights. They are good for your wallet and for the environment -- and actions that you take help reduce our national needs to produce or import more energy, thereby improving our energy security.

Some of the tips are simple to do. Others require more effort and investment, but promise big savings over the years. Check out the tips and make improvements that will contribute to your energy bottom line and make our planet healthier and cleaner! An energy-efficient home will keep your family comfortable while saving you money. Whether you take simple steps or make larger investments to make your home more efficient, you'll see lower energy bills. Over time, those savings will typically pay for the cost of improvements and put money back in your pocket. Your home may also be more attractive to buyers when you sell. The 115 million residences in America today collectively use an estimated 22.5% of the country’s energy. Unfortunately, a lot of energy is wasted through leaky windows or ducts, old appliances, or inefficient heating and cooling systems. When we waste energy in our homes, we are throwing away money that could be used for other things. The typical U.S. family spends at least $2,200 a year on home utility bills. You can lower this amount by up to 25% through following the Long Term Savings Tips in this guide. The key to these savings is to take a whole-house approach -- by viewing your home as an energy system with interdependent parts. For example, your heating system is not just a furnace -- it's a heat-delivery system that starts at the furnace and delivers heat throughout your home using a network of ducts. Even a top-of-the-line, energy-efficient furnace will waste a lot of fuel if the ducts, walls, attic, windows, and doors are leaky or poorly insulated. Taking a whole-house approach to saving energy ensures that dollars you invest to save energy are spent wisely.


II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

time, important, saving, power, pay, investment, security, resources, sell, energy, money, electricity, comfortable

2.Дайте исходную форму следующих прилагательных

more comfortable, best, least, easier, latest, less, worse, higher, much, healthier, cleaner

3. Дайте исходную форму от следующих слов

improving, needs, lower, viewing, dollars, saving, steps, residences, renewable

4.Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных

industry, preparation, weight, independence, magnet, absence, general

5. Найдите в тексте слова с отрицательным значением, переведите их на русский язык

6. Составьте всевозможные словосочетания

practical solutions, is wasted through, to bring, to throw away, a lot of fuel, save, energy, more comfortable, the power, to save money, to make, to cut, waste, a lot of energy, money, the latest information, make home, for saving money

7. К следующим существительным подберите прилагательные из текста

using, power, heat, furnace, system, information, source, energy









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Past Participle от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to save, to make, to pay, to do, to become, to throw, to waste, to practice, to have, to be, to cut, to bring

2.Напишите следующие числа и даты на английском языке

$2,200 , 80 %, in 19 th century, in 2015 ,the 115 million residences

3.Поставьте где необходимо артикль

energy Saver provides … homeowners with tips for …saving money and energy. 2. Check out … tips and make … improvements that will contribute to your energy . 3. Over time, those savings will typically pay for … cost of … improvements and put … money back in … pocket. 4.When we waste … energy in our homes, we are throwing away … money that could be used for other things.5. Taking … whole-house approach to saving … energy ensures that dollars you invest to save …energy are spent wisely.



4.Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.An energy-efficient home will keep your family comfortable while saving you money.2. The typical U.S. family spends at least $2,200 a year on home utility bills.3. Unfortunately, a lot of energy is wasted through leaky windows or ducts, old appliances, or inefficient heating and cooling systems.4. Even a top-of-the-line, energy-efficient furnace will waste a lot of fuel if the ducts, walls, attic, windows, and doors are leaky or poorly insulated.5. We even give tips for using clean, renewable energy to power your home.

5.К выделенной части предложения поставьте вопросы

1.When we waste energy in our homes, we are throwing away money that could be used for other things.2. Over time, those savings will typically pay for the cost of improvements and put money back in your pocket. 3. Your home may also be more attractive to buyers when you sell.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What does Energy Saver provide homeowners? 2. What is the latest information on energy-saving? 3. Our national needs to produce or import more energy, thereby improving our energy security, don’t they? 4. Will an energy-efficient home keep your family comfortable while saving you money? 5. What are the simple steps to make home more efficient? 6. By what is heating system start at?

2. Выразите свои идеи к следующей проблеме

Saving energy reduces our nation's overall demand for resources needed to make energy, and increasing your energy efficiency is like adding another clean energy source to our electric power grid.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 18


  • Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.



The Sun’s Energy

What is the source of the sun’s energy? It’s a critical question, because light and heat from the sun are the basis of all life on earth. Sunlight drives plant live via photosynthesis, and animals survive by eating plants. Almost all microscopic forms of life survive by using energy of sunlight. Where does the energy come from to keep the surface temperature of the sun at 6, 000 degrees? To a scientist living in the 18 th or 19 th centuries, before electrical appliances, the most likely approach the understanding the sun’s energy would be to make the analogy to a fire. When something burns( wood or carbon) there is a chemical reaction between the material and the oxygen in air. Not knowing what the chemicals in the sun are , one could still assume there is some chemical reaction going on that produces heat, and keeps the sun hot. The problem is how long would it be before the burning chemicals are all used up and the fire goes out, just as logs burning in a fireplace will all turn to ash within a few hours? It is not difficult to arrive at a rough answer to that question, since we know the sun’s mass. Assuming the mass is all something like carbon, one can calculate the sun’s lifetime to be about 50, 000 years. About 1850, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz proposed that the source of the sun’s energy could be gravitation- that is, the universal gravitational force that every piece of the sun exerts on every other piece. Helmholtz was able to estimate how long the sun, given its mass, could continue producing energy this way. His conclusion was about 20 million years, much longer than the estimate based on chemical burning, and closer to estimates at that time of the earth’s age.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

gravitation, temperature, surface, chemical, power, Earth, reaction, mass, energy, physicist, time, age

2. Дайте для следующих слов

- синонимы

consequently, to start, nowadays, quality, research, a means, manufacture, possess, to occur, to use, certain, to substitute, numerous

- антонимы

distant, to stop, few, to reduce, unusual, dependence, invaluable, minimum

3.Найдите слова с отрицательным значением и переведите их на русский язык

true, unusual, important, incapable, usual, untrue, detected, intention, imagine, disadvantage, disappearance, unimportant, include, impossible

4.Найдите в тексте существительные, соответствующие следующим глаголам

to estimate, to drive, to burn, to calculate, to propose, to produce, to base

5. Образуйте антонимы от следующих слов

advantage, good, few, low, powerful, crease, accessible, less

6. Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

simple - simply, experimental- experimentally, general- generally, common- commonly, chemical- chemically, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly.

7.Составьте всевозможные словосочетания

logs, the basis, to make, the analogy, of all life on Earth, the energy, to keep, in air, calculate, sunlight, to a fire, the oxygen, burning in a fireplace, the sun’s lifetime, drives plant live, the surface temperature, come from









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Past Participle от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to make, to burn, to drive, to be, to have, to keep, to invent, to live, to come

2.Образуйте степени сравнения от следующих прилагательных

easy, good, little, bad, comfortable, old, important, large, big, low

3.Поставьте где необходимо соответствующий артикль

1.Helmholtz was able to estimate how long … sun, given its mass, could continue producing energy this way.2…. Light and… heat from … sun are … basis of all life on earth. 3. Almost all microscopic forms of … life survive by using energy of … sunlight. 4. Where does … energy come from to keep … surface temperature of … sun at 6, 000 degrees?

4. Выпишите из текста притяжательные существительные , переведите их на русский язык.

5.Определите время и залог сказуемого в следующих предложениях

1.It’s a critical question. 2. His conclusion was about 20 million years. 3. About 1850, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz proposed that the source of the sun’s energy could be gravitation.4. Sunlight drives plant live via photosynthesis, and animals survive by eating plants.5. His conclusion was about 20 million years, much longer than the estimate based on chemical burning.

6. Поставьте все виды английских вопросов к следующим предложениям.

1. About 1850, the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz proposed that the source of the sun’s energy could be gravitation. 2. Almost all microscopic forms of life survive by using energy of sunlight.3. Light and heat from the sun are the basis of all life on earth.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What is the source of the sun’s energy? 2. How do animals survive? 3. Where does the energy come from? 4. What was the understanding the sun’s energy of scientists in the 19 th century? 5. What is a chemical reaction when something burns? 6. What did Helmholtz propose? 7. What was his conclusion? 8. What is the gravitation?

2. Выразите свои идеи к следующей проблеме

Light and heat from the sun are the basis of all life on earth. Assuming the mass one can’t calculate the sun’s lifetime.







































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 19



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

NUCLEAR POWER? WELL, YES

Although nuclear reactors have generated electricity commercially for more than 40 years and nearly 400 now in operation, two major accidents- in the US in 1979 and Chernobyl in the USSR in 1986- have put industry under a radioactive cloud. In the popular imagination, reactors are nuclear bombs, even if they don’t explode, they go on accumulating waste that will finally cause a global catastrophe. As the result, an energy source once considered as the fuel of the future became questionable. But not everywhere. Nuclear power provides nearly a quarter of the electricity generated in the industrialized Western world by the 24- member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. France more than 76% of electric power is nuclear- generated, in Belguim- 62%, Sweden-50%, Germany, Spain and Finland come in at one third, Japan- a little less, Britain, the US and Canada – under 20%. Some countries have no nuclear power plants at all and don’t want any. Not only the strong emotions of fear have worked against nuclear power. Energy demand grew more slowly than expected in the past decade. Prices of oil and coal have reduced. However, energy prices can rise. Moreover, supplies of fossil fuel are limited, while energy needs and tide can’t meet the increasing requirements. Besides, nuclear power doesn’t add to global warming. All this causes the people to believe that the world can’t live and work without nuclear power.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите следующие интернационализмы

atmosphere, material, sphere, practical, activity, experiment, radioactivity



2.Переведите на русский язык следующие группы слов одного корня

to divide, division, divisible, divisibility, indivisible; to solve, solution, soluble, insoluble; to achieve, achievement; to speed up, speed, speedy; to design, design, designer; to improve, improvement; efficiency, efficient



3. Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных путем прибавления суффиксов –ic, -al, -ous и переведите их на русский язык

science, basis, economy, technique, industry, origin, number, variation

4.Определите к какой части речи относятся исходные слова

constituent, scientific, probably, property, various, ancient, presence, structural



5.Переведите следующие эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений

для того чтобы, решение проблемы, уделять внимание, благодаря, впереди, осуществить, выдвигать, например, ссылаться на, современные удобства

6. Составьте всевозможные словосочетания, переведите их на русский язык

Measures, solve, become, changes, a success, develop, take, the center of, a program, make, pollution, achieve, investments, have, bring about, suffer from, a problem, study, carry out, an effect on









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Переведите глаголы и стоящие после них послелоги

to give- to give off- to give out, to come- to come from, to move- to move in, to set- to set up, to work- to work on, to find- to find out, to look- to look at- to look for

2.Напишите три основные формы следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык.

to know, to heat, to make, to mean, to be, to do, to become, to take, to put, to bring, to leave, to fly, to show

3.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в соответствующем времени и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.They never ( to get up) late. 2. They take the lift when they ( to go up) to the ship. 3. Electronics ( to become) increasingly important in all branches of production. 4. Weather sputniks, sputniks for radio and television and a number of other interplanetary devices ( to build) now. 5. Some of the materials ( to find) in the crust of the earth ( to be) very important. 6. Without atmosphere there ( to be) no clouds, no rains, no running water and no wind. 7. A molecule ( to be) a compound consisting of two or more atoms.

4. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus

( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите каждое на русский язык.

1.The two scientists Lodygyn and Yablochkov were the first in Russia to work in the field of electrical engineering is well- known.2. One of the main advantages of electricity is that it does not pollute the environment. 3. The transformer was invented in the 19 th century. 4. Our power stations have been connected by high voltage transmission lines into several networks.



IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1. Ответьте на вопросы

1. What are two major accidents of using nuclear power? 2Where does electricity generate? 3. Nuclear power doesn’t add to global warming, does it? 4. How many years have nuclear reactors generated electricity commercially ? 5. Do nuclear power provide nearly a quarter of the electricity ? 6. How many per cent of nuclear power do countries in the world generate?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Electricity has many useful properties: it is clean and generates no by- products. It has many important applications in industry as well as in our homes.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 20



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

ELECTRICITY

It is impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity: economic and social progress will be turned to the past and our daily lives completely transformed. Electrical power has become universal. Thousands applications of electricity such as lighting, electrochemistry and electrometallurgy are longstanding and unquestionable. With the appearance of the electrical motor, power cables replaced transmission shafts, gear wheels, belts and pulleys in the 19 th century workshops. And in the home a whole range of various time and labour saving appliances have become a part of our everyday lives. Other devices are based on specific properties of electricity: electrostatics in the case of photocopying machine and electromagnetism in the case of radar and television. These applications have made electricity most widely used. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. The generator - a new compact source of electricity was also developed there. The generator replaced the batteries and other devices that had been used before. Electric lighting come into wide use at the end of the last century with the development of the electric lamp of Thomas Edison. Then the transformer was invented, the first electric lines and networks were set up, dynamos and induction motors were designed. Since the beginning of the 20 th century the successful development of electricity has begun throughout the industrial world. The consumption of electricity has doubled every ten years. Today consumption of electricity per capita is an indicator of the state of development and economic health of a nation. Electricity has replaced other sources of energy as it has been realized that it offers improved service and reduced cost. Electricity is the efficient source of some of the most recent technological advances such as the laser and electron beams. Truly electricity provides mankind with the future.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1Переведите на русский язык интернационализмы.

electricity, plan, type, kilometers, electron, position, progressive, origin, unique, laser, deviation, solar system, base, radius, expert, theory, instrument, problem, interesting, circular

2.Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

  • Найдите синонимы и антонимы для следующих слов, переведите их на русский язык

recent, unlikely, to apply, below, field, to result in, easy, useless, difficult, disadvantage, to get, above, sufficient, enough, latest, to lead to, likely, to use, useful, sphere, to obtain, advantage

  • Найдите в тексте существительные, соответствующие следующим словам

to design, to develop, to invent, to become, to replace, to set up, to base



  • Определите к какой части речи относятся следующие слова

resist, resistance, resister; store, storage, storable; physics, physicist, physical; theory, theorist, theorize, theoretical

  • Напишите исходную форму слова

owned, possibility, less, replacing, tinier, boundaries, matches

  • Переведите на английский язык следующие группы слов:

экспериментальная работа ученых, достижения наших ученых, область науки, значение исследовательской работы, достижения науки, развитие науки, очень важно для промышленности, решать важные проблемы









III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите следующие числа

3.725; 14. 810; 40 %; 1. 125; 980.325; 1.111. 111

2.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

3.Определите функцию глагола to be в следующих предложениях и переведите их на русский язык.

1. Electronics is becoming very important to engineers in various branches of industry. 2. Automation is to be introduced into all production processes which is of decisive importance in the rapid economic development of our country. 3. The nucleus of the atom is in its center.

4.Дайте краткие утвердительные и отрицательные ответы на следующие вопросы

1.Is this an atomic power station? 2. Are these power stations supplied with atomic fuel? 3. Are all the elements common on the earth? 4. Are you a research worker? 5. Do you work in the field of physics? 6. Did you achieve good results in your research work? 7. Are there more than a hundred different atoms. 8. Have you made any successes in your research work? 9. Is this experiment being made in your laboratory?

5.Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите каждое на русский язык.

1.Thousands applications of electricity such as lighting, electrochemistry and electrometallurgy are longstanding and unquestionable. 2. The first industrial application was in the silver workshops in Paris. 3. Electricity provides mankind with the future.















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на следующие вопросы

1. Is it impossible to imagine our civilization without electricity? 2.What is electricity? 3. What industrial applications of electricity do you know?4. Where was the generator developed? 5. When did the electrical motor appear? 6. Who invented the electric lamp? 7. What was the first industrial application of electricity? 8. When did the successful development of electricity begin? 9. What is the consumption of electricity? 10. Can you imagine our life without electricity? Why?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Electricity has many useful properties: it is clean and generates no by- products. It has many important applications in industry as well as in our homes.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 21



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

Advantages of nuclear power

In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations. When this problem is solved it will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy, for these are atoms of heavy hydrogen in the molecules of water of seas and oceans. But here we again come up against the question of how these new sources of energy will be utilized. Used for peaceful purposes only, atomic and, in the near future, thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. It can be used “ to warm up” the Far North, to irrigate deserts, and the electricity regions far from other sources of power. The generation of electricity through nuclear energy reduces the amount of energy generated from fossil fuels (coal and oil). Less use of fossil fuels means lowering greenhouse gas emissions (CO2 and others).Currently, fossil fuels are consumed faster than they are produced, so in the next future these resources may be reduced or the price may increase becoming inaccessible for most of the population. Another advantage is the required amount of fuel: less fuel offers more energy. It represents a significant save on raw materials but also in transport, handling and extraction of nuclear fuel. The cost of nuclear fuel (overall uranium) is 20% of the cost of energy generated. The production of electric energy is continuous. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. It reduces the price volatility of other fuels such as petrol. This continuity benefits the electrical planning. Nuclear power does not depends on natural aspects. It's a solutions for the main disadvantage of renewable energy, because the hours of sun or wind does not always coincide with the hours with more energy demand. It's an alternative to fossil fuels, so the consumption of fuels such as coal or oil is reduced. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. By reducing the consumption of fossil fuels we also improve the quality of the air affecting the disease and quality of life.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

demand, hours, oil, climate, energy, air, fuels, power, nuclear, population, power, humanity, atomic, electricity, history, plants

2.Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных путем прибавления суффиксов –ic, -al, -ous и переведите их на русский язык

science, basis, economy, technique, industry, origin, number, variation

3.Образуйте антонимы от следующих слов

advantage, good, few, low, powerful, crease, accessible, less

4. Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

simple - simply, experimental- experimentally, general- generally, common- commonly, chemical- chemically, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly.

5.Подберите к следующим глаголам существительные из текста

to use, to reduce, to depend, to coincide, to improve, to warm up

6.Дайте исходную форму от следующих слов

scientists, controlled, sources, utilized, used, less, generating, best, hours, benefits, affecting, fuels, global























III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Образуйте Past Participle от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to make, to use, to do, to be, to control, to run, to have, to see, to become, to force

2.Определите функцию выделенных слов в следующих предложениях

1. New sources of energy will be utilized. 2. The production of electric energy is continuous. 3. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time.4. In the near future, thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations. 5. Thermonuclear energy, will fundamentally improve the life of all nations.

3.Определите время и залог сказуемого

1.This energy will be turned to the welfare of humanity. 2. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations.3. Electricity plays a huge part in our everyday lives. 4. Early man relied on fire for the luxuries of light, heat and cooking. 5. Electricity not only plays a big part in our lives at home, but it is extremely important for all the things that go on in the world around us. 6. Less fuel offers more energy. 7. The production of electric energy is continuous. 8.A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. 9. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. 

4.К выделенным словам поставьте вопрос

1. In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations.2. A nuclear power plant is generating electricity for almost 90% of annual time. 3. This reduction of coal and oil consumption benefits the situation of global warming and global climate change. 

















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1.What will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy? 2 . What can be used “ to warm up” the Far North? 3. What improves the quality of the air affecting the disease and quality of life ? 4. Fossil fuels are consumed faster, aren’t they? 5.Why is the price becoming inaccessible for most of the population? 6. What does another less fuel offer? 7. What is the cost of nuclear fuel ? 8.The production of electric energy is continuous, isn’t it?



  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме



In many countries scientists are experimenting on nuclear fusion reactions in controlled installations. When this problem is solved it will give mankind an inexhaustible source of energy.





























Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 22


I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

LASER

Laser, one of the most sophisticated inventions of man, produces an intensive beam of light of a very pure single color. It represents the fulfilment of one of the mankind’s oldest dreams of technology to provide a light beam intensive enough to vaporize the hardest and most heat- resistant materials. It can indeed make lead run like water, or, when focused, it can vaporize any substance on the earth. There is no material unamenable to laser treatment and laser will become one of the main technological tools quite soon. The application of laser in industry and science are so many and so varied as to suggest magic. Scientists in many countries are working at a very interesting problem: combining the two big technological discoveries of the second half of the 20 th century- laser and thermonuclear reaction- to produce a practically limitless source of energy. The laser beam must heat the fuel to the required temperature so quickly that the plasma does not have time to disintegrate . The laser’s most important potential may be its use in its use in communications, the intensity of a laser can be rapidly changed to encode very complex signals. In principle, one laser beam, vibrating a billion times faster than ordinary radio waves, could carry the radio, TV and telephone messages, of the world simultaneously. In just a fraction of a second, for example, one laser beam could transmit the entire text of the Encyclopedia Britanica. Besides, there are projects to use lasers for long distance communication and for transmission of energy to space stations, to the surface of the Moon or to planets in the Solar system. There is no doubt that in time these projects will be realized and the laser beam will begin operating in space as well.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы

structure, temperature, detail, energy, technology, battery, transformation, mass, magnetic, mechanism, atom, practical, effect, horizontal, physics

2.Образуйте однокоренные слова с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im- ex- :

destruction, to deform, economy, effect, responsible, possible, important

3.Найдите в тексте прилагательные соответствующие следующим существительным

source, potential, discoveries, tools, inventions, materials, problem, dreams

4.Дайте исходные формы слов и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

biggest, best, given, flies, drying, worst, men, better, feet, second, third

5.Образуйте от следующих слов

- глаголы

indication, changeable, difference, usage, large, subdivision

- существительные

dangerous, deep, realize, lighten, powerful, noiseless

- прилагательные

to indicate, to use, to change, to realize, to control, to distant, to reduce

















III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Определите, чем выражено определение, переведите предложение

1. One of the problems scientists are working at is to transmit energy to space stations by using lasers. 2. Laser provides a light beam intensive enough to vaporize the hardest and the most heat- resistant materials. 3. The laser’s most important potential use may be its long distance communication applications.

2. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите их на русский язык

1.Lasers have been used to weld pieces of titanium- with no other source of power. 2. The fantastic genius of man invented one of the first useful tools for ultrasonic experiments about 100 years ago. 3. Ultrasonic equipment can machine glass, ceramics, and hard materials.

3. Определите время и залог глагола сказуемого

1. The Earth is getting warmer because of the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. 2. It is evident that electricity will be the energy of the future. 3. Electric power has become universal.4. Our power stations have been connected by high voltage transmission lines into several networks.

4.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в соответствующем времени и переведите предложения на русский язык

1.They never ( to get up) late. 2. They take the lift when they ( to go up) to the ship. 3. Electronics ( to become) increasingly important in all branches of production. 4. Weather sputniks, sputniks for radio and television and a number of other interplanetary devices ( to build) now. 5. Some of the materials ( to find) in the crust of the earth ( to be) very important. 6. Without atmosphere there ( to be) no clouds, no rains, no running water and no wind. 7. A molecule ( to be) a compound consisting of two or more atoms.











IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы



  • What does the word” laser” mean? 2. What is the laser, is it a device or some phenomenon? 3. What can be done by means of a laser? 4. What can a laser do? 5. Where can it be used? 6. What light is produced by a the laser? 7. What other uses of laser do you know? 8. What prevents putting into effect the projects to use lasers more widely in space?



  • Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме

In the next few years laser will become one of the main technological tools. There are projects to transform lunar radiation into beams.

































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 23



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

NOT-TRADITIONAL RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY

It known that much is being done in the world today for the development of non- traditional sources of energy. Without them the Earth cannot support its present population of 5 billion people and probably 8 billion people in the 21 st century. Now we are using traditional power sources, that is oil, natural gas, coal and water power with the consumption of more than 50 billion barrels per year. It is evident that these sources are not unlimited. That is why it is so important to use such renewable sources of energy as the sun, wind, geothermal energy and others. Research is being carried out in these fields. One of the most promising research is the development of power stations with direct transformation of solar energy into electricity on the basis of photo- effect. It was Russia that was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery of 32, 000 volts and effective area of only 0,5 sq.m which made it possible to concentrate solar radiation. This idea is now being intensively developed in many countries. However, the efficiency of a solar power station is considerably reduced because of the limited time of its work during the year. But it is possible to improve the efficiency of solar power stations and traditional ones- thermal, atomic and hydraulic. Today some engineers are working at the problem of developing electric power stations with the use of a thermal- chemical cycle. In Kamchatka there are geothermal power stations operating on hot water- steam mixture from the depths of about a kilometer. That different wind energy plants are being developed is also well- known. It is important that all these advances in new sources of energy and improving the old ones help to solve the energy problem.

II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите следующие интернационализмы

atmosphere, material , sphere, practical, activity, experiment, radioactivity

2.Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

3. Заполните пропуски антонимами выделенных слов

1. There is a limited supply of fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal on the earth, but a supply of natural uranium is….

2. Cheap impure coal produces much more CO2 than …. coal of high quality.

3.It is evident to all that an old inefficient power station is more dangerous to the environment than a …. power station.

  • Определите, к какой части относятся производные слова и переведите их.

Invent- inventor- inventive- invention

Transform- transformer- transformation

Effect- effective- effectively

Possible- impossible- possibly- possibility

Vary- variety- various

5. Переведите следующие эквиваленты следующих слов и выражений

для того чтобы, решение проблемы, уделять внимание, благодаря, впереди, осуществить, выдвигать, например, ссылаться на, современные удобства













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите следующие числа

3.725; 14. 810; 40 %; 1. 125; 980.325; 1.111. 111

2. Поставьте some, any, no или их производные и переведите предложения

1. There are… important works in the field of physics in our laboratory. 2. Have you … books on your speciality? 3. Did you write … about your experimental work? 4. For many centuries man did not know … about the structure of mater. 5. Is there … in the laboratory now?

3.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов

to do, to be, to make, to know, to read, to write, to see, to go, to give, to find

4. Определите время и залог глагола сказуемого

1.Now we are using traditional power sources, that is oil, natural gas, coal and water power with the consumption of more than 50 billion barrels per year. 2. Today some engineers are working at the problem of developing electric power stations with the use of a thermal- chemical cycle. 3. It was Russia that was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery of 32, 000 volts. 4. Research is being carried out in these fields. 5. That different wind energy plants are being developed is also well- known.

5. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным членам предложения и переведите их на русский язык

  • At the end of the nineteenth century scientists discovered most of the chemical elements. 2. The word “ atom” came from the Greek word “ indivisible”. 3. Atoms make up all the elements and compounds in the world.

6. Образуйте предложения в соответствующей временной форме страдательного залога.

1. Heat ( to be radiated) by the sun to the earth, by the land, the sea, and the air ( to be affected) differently by this radiation. 2. The positive particle in the nucleus ( to be given) the name of the “ proton”. 3. We ( to be shown) a number of experiments illustrating the presence of high- energy particles in the cosmic radiation. 4. The theory which K. Tsiolkovsky arrived at ( to be based) on experimental work. 5. Lead ( to be acted) upon by the oxygen of the air.



IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1.What not- traditional renewable source of energy do you know ? 2. What power sources are people using now? 3.What is one of the most promising research in the direct transformation of solar energy? 4. What country was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery ? 5. What problem are some engineers working today ?6. What kind of stations are there in Kamchatka?

2. Выразите свое мнение к проблеме.

The Earth cannot support its present population of 5 billion people and probably 8 billion people in the 21 st century. So scientists find not- traditional renewable source of energy.































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 24



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.



TELEGRAPH

Benjamin Franklin, an American who is famous for his interesting and useful inventions, published his ideas about electricity in 1752. Scientists in many countries became interested in this wonderful form of energy. They wanted to find the answer to a very important question: could the electricity be used to develop a fast, efficient system of long- distance communication? Experiments proved that electricity could travel instantly over a very long piece of wire. But a note that was written on a piece of paper couldn’t be put into wire. How could electricity be used to send a message? A Danish scientist discovered that electricity could move a needle from left to right and that the needle could be pointed at letters on a piece of paper. Then a German government worked made up a code system that could be used with an electric needle. In 1837 two English scientists sent a message by electric telegraph for a distance of more than 1,6 kilometers. On May24, 1844, the first long- distance message was sent by telegraph for 64 kilometers. Telegraph companies were formed in many cities. By 1861 telegraph wires stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Atlantic Telegraph Company which was organized in 1856wanted to try to lay a cable on the floor of the Atlantic ocean. The 4, 000 kilometer cable broke three times. Each time a new cable had to be made. Finally, on July 27, 1866, the first transatlantic message was sent from Newfoundland to Ireland. Later cables were laid to Central and South America. After 1900 transpacific cables were laid to Asia and Australia. At last news and business information could be sent instantly to almost every country in the world.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

business, information, cable, telegraph, system, company, energy, messages

2.Дайте перевод прилагательных и образованных от них наречий

Simple- simply, common- commonly, general- generally, similar- similarly, rapid- rapidly

3.Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

4.Найдите в тексте существительные, соответствующие следующим глаголам и переведите их на русский язык

to find, to send, to make up, to travel, to stretch, to use

5. Составьте возможные словосочетания

distance, sent by, ideas, made up, was written, electricity, published, be put, message, a code system, travels instantly, in form of energy, into wire, telegraph, on a piece of paper

6.Дайте исходную форму следующих слов

Easier, better, creating, biggest, cried, according, companies, less, much

7.Образуйте от следующих слов

- глаголы

usage, indication, difference, large, changeable, subdivision, measurable

- существительные

deep, dangerous, realize, powerful, perform, noiseless, lighten













III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Переведите на английский язык следующие порядковые числительные

Первый, второй, третий ,четвертый, пятый, пятнадцатый, двадцатый, двадцать третий, сотый

3.Напишите во множественном числе

1.This scientist works in the field of physics. 2. I don’t know the structure of this substance. 3. An atom is a very, very small particle of matter.4. That man has a good knowledge of mathematics.

4.Вставьте much или many, little или few

1 ….scientists study the structure of matter. 2. We haven’t … time for the experiments, we shall be able to make very … of them. 3. There were … theories on the nature of heat. 4. There is … water in this cup.

5. Напишите следующие предложения в утвердительной форме.

1. Did you begin to study the theory of the structure of mater? 2. He did not understand the importance of this work. 3. Will you use the results of this discovery in your work? 4. This scientist does not experiment on this substance.

6. Определите время и залог глагола- сказуемого.

1.Scientists in many countries became interested in this wonderful form of energy. 2. In 1837 two English scientists sent a message by electric telegraph for a distance of more than 1,6 kilometers.3. Later cables were laid to Central and South America. 4. The 4, 000 kilometer cable broke three times. 5. There will be many interesting reports at the conference. 6. There was much activity among the experiments in the field of nuclear research.















IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на следующие вопросы

1. Who published the first ideas about electricity ? 2. Who became interested in form of energy? 3. When was the first message sent by electric telegraph for a distance? 4. What was the Atlantic Telegraph Company organized ?5. What did a Danish scientist discover ? 6. When were cables laid to Central and South America?

2. Выразите свое мнение к следующей проблеме.

Benjamin Franklin, an American published ideas about electricity. Scientists wanted to know the electricity be used of long- distance communication.













































Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное учреждение Республики Крым « Феодосийский политехнический техникум»

Контрольная работа № 2


по дисциплине « Иностранный язык»

для студентов 1 курса заочной формы обучения

Специальность 08. 02. 09 « Монтаж, наладка и эксплуатация

электрооборудования промышленных и гражданских зданий»


ВАРИАНТ 25



I.Прочитайте текст, дайте его письменный перевод.

The Sun

We consume energy in dozens of forms. Yet virtually all of the energy we use originates in the power of the atom. Nuclear reactions energize stars, including our Sun. The energy we capture for use on Earth comes largely from the Sun or from nuclear forces local to our own planet. Solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy in a single square meter to illuminate five 60-watt lightbulbs if all the sunlight could be captured and converted to electricity. Sunlight is by far the predominant source, and it contains a surprisingly large amount of energy. On average, even after passing through hundreds of kilometers of air on a clear day, solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy in a single square meter to illuminate five 60-watt lightbulbs if all the sunlight could be captured and converted to electricity. The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface, powering titanic transfers of heat and pressure in weather patterns and ocean currents. The resulting air currents drive wind turbines. Solar energy also evaporates water that falls as rain and builds up behind dams, where its motion is used to generate electricity via hydropower. Most Americans, however, use solar energy in its secondhand form: fossil fuels. When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. We can recover that energy months or years later by burning wood, which breaks the bonds and releases energy as heat and light. More often, though, we use the stored energy in the much more concentrated forms that result when organic matter, after millions of years of geological and chemical activity underground, turns into fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, or natural gas.



II. Выполнение лексических заданий, работа со словарем

1.Переведите интернационализмы на русский язык

gas, energy, electricity, heat, light, turbines, way, meter, square, radiation, atom power, nuclear, idea

2.Образуйте антонимы с помощью префиксов de-, in-,dis-, un-, im-, ex- :

include, known, possible, cover, definite, form, explained, visible

3.Найдите в тексте существительные соответствующие следующим прилагательным

burning, chemical, nuclear, own, concentrated, solar, organic, enough, titanic, fossil, secondhand

4.Дайте исходные формы слов и определите, к каким частям речи они относятся

chemical, dozens, use, comes, converted, stored, millions, trapped

5.Подберите слова, словосочетания

to illuminate, to electricity, reaches Earth, in secondhand form, lightbulbs, energize stars, use solar energy, solar radiation, nuclear reactions, converted



6.Определите какой частью речи являются выделенные слова, переведите словосочетания на русский язык



this means that, this means, new means, this increases, nothing increases, its increase, these results, this results in, both results, it results from























III. Выполнение грамматических заданий

1.Напишите степени сравнения следующих прилагательных

little, small, simple, good, difficult, great, early, large, important, bad, much, far

2.Переведите на английский язык следующие порядковые числительные

Первый, второй, третий ,четвертый, пятый, пятнадцатый, двадцатый, двадцать третий, сотый

3.Образуйте Participle II следующий глаголов и переведите их на русский язык

to call, to be, to make, to know, to write, to see, to give, to build, to find

4.Определите время и залог сказуемого.

1.Nuclear reactions energize stars.2. Most Americans, however, use solar energy in its secondhand form.3. The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface. 4. When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. 5.After passing through hundreds of kilometers of air on a clear day, solar radiation reaches Earth with more than enough energy.



5.Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам в следующих предложениях



1.The Sun’s energy warms the planet’s surface. 2.When sunlight strikes a plant, some of the energy is trapped through photosynthesis and is stored in chemical bonds as the plant grows. 3. Sunlight is by far the predominant source, and it contains a surprisingly large amount of energy.























IV. Выполнение упражнений на понимание содержания текста

1.Ответьте на вопросы

1. What do energize stars? 2. Where do Americans use the solar energy? 3. How does the solar radiation reach Earth? 4. What does the Sun’s energy warm? 5. What forms of the stored energy do we use? 6.Where do we capture the energy on the Earth?



2.Выразите свои идеи к следующей проблеме

The energy we capture for use on Earth comes largely from the Sun. The Sun’s energy warms enough the planet’s surface, powering titanic transfers of heat pressure in weather patterns and ocean currents.


















































































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