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Vincent van Gogh Выполнили Жданова Валерия и Егубова Полина
Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Post-Impressionist painter. He was a Dutch artist whose work had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. His output includes portraits, self portraits, landscapes and still lifes, fields and sunflowers. He drew as a child but did not paint until his late twenties; he completed many of his best-known works during the last two years of his life. In just over a decade, he produced more than 2,100 artworks, including 860 oil paintings and more than 1,300 watercolors, drawings, sketches and prints.
Van Gogh created many self-portraits during his lifetime. He was a prolific self-portraitist, who drew and painted himself more than 43 times between 1886 and 1889. In all, the gaze of the painter is seldom directed at the viewer; even when it is a fixed gaze, he appears to look elsewhere. The paintings vary in intensity and color and some portray the artist with beard, some beardless, some with bandages – depicting the episode in which he severed a portion of his ear.
Although Van Gogh is best known for his landscapes, he seemed to have believed that portraits were his greatest ambition. He said of portrait studies, "The only thing in painting that excites me to the depths of my soul, and which makes me feel the infinite more than anything else."
The series of Flowering Orchards, sometimes referred to as the Orchards in Blossom paintings, were among the first groups of work that Van Gogh completed after his arrival in Arles, Provence in February 1888. The 14 paintings in this group are optimistic, joyous and visually expressive of the burgeoning Springtime.
Van Gogh painted several versions of landscapes with flowers, including his View of Arles with Irises, and paintings of flowers, includingIrises, Sunflowers. lilacs and roses. Some reflect his interests in the language of color, and also in Japanese ukiyo-e woodblock prints.
The Starry Night, June 1889
Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, August 1888
Bedroom in Arles, 1888
The Red Vineyard, November 1888