«Волгоградская Государственная Академия
Повышения квалификации и переподготовки работников образования»
Кафедра иностранных языков и методики их преподавания
«Контрольно- измерительные материалы ЕГЭ
по английскому языку 11 класс.
Выполнил: учитель английского языка МБОУ «Зеленовская СОШ» Шульпекова О.И.
Проверил: кандидат педагогических наук, доцент кафедры иностранных языков Кошелева В.И.
Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из пяти разделов, включающих 46 заданий.
Раздел 1 (Аудирование) включает 15 заданий, из которых первое - на установление соответствий и 14 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из трёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 1-30 минут.
Раздел2 (Чтение) включает 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания на установление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх предложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 2-30 минут.
Раздел 3 (Грамматика и лексика) включает 20 заданий, из которых 13 заданий с кратким ответом и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх предложенных. При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом вы должны самостоятельно записать ответ в соответствующем месте работы. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение Раздела 3-40 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий каждого из этих разделов не забывайте переносить свои ответы в Бланк ответов №1.
Раздел 4(Письмо) состоит из 2-х заданий и представляет собой небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения). Рекомендуемое время на выполнение этого раздела работы -60 минут. Черновые пометки делаются прямо на листе с заданиями (они не оцениваются), и только полный вариант ответа заносится в Бланк ответов №2.
Чистое время проведения экзамена на одного человека (без учёта времени ожидания и инструктажа)-160 минут.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество баллов.
Раздел 1. Аудирование.
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей буквой , только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
A. Good books can transport you to other worlds.
B. It’s nice practice to give away books that you have already read.
C. In some cases it is not bad to watch a screen version of the book.
D. The difficult language of some writers can hide a good story.
E. A good mixture of mental stimulation is good.
F. Old novels are not worth reading.
G. Traditional reading will never stop.
Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-True), какие не соответствуют(2-False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа(3-Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
A1Tim went to Italy on holiday with his parents.
A2True 2) False 3) Not stated
It’s rather dangerous to drive in Italy.
A3True 2) False 3) Not stated
The Learning Tower looked less impressive than Tim had expected.
A4True 2) False 3) Not stated
Tim was afraid of climbing the Tower.
A5True 2) False 3) Not stated
The Old Bridge in Florence looks like The Tower Bridge in London.
A6True 2) False 3) Not stated
Tim was unable to communicate with Italians because his Italian wasn’t very good.
A7True 2) False 3) Not stated
Tim tried different kinds of pizza in Italy.
True 2) False 3) Not stated.
В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1,2 или3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Christine thinks that life on a houseboat is…
especially romantic in the summer.
not as romantic as people think.
A9romantic if you have a nice boat.
The family’s social life has got better…
thanks to having a huge kitchen.
because the boat is so large.
as they have so many visitors.
A10When it was stormy…
the children were afraid.
they all left the boat.
A11nothing got broken .
Things on the boat feel damp…
unless you light the oven.
If the weather gets cold.
A12as there is a slight leak.
Benny gets paid double to grind flour…
because he works twice as fast as his brothers.
because he’s the eldest of three boys.
A13because he finds it harder than the others.
Other parents don’t mind their children staying on the houseboat because…
they always wear life jackets.
they are always with Christine.
A14they know how much they love it.
What does Christine say about the future?
she’d like to move to a proper house.
It’ll be easier when the boys leave home.
they might use the boat for travelling.
По окончании выполнения заданий В1и А1-А14 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов № 1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В1, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1расположено в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 2. Чтение.
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
Solving the mystery
Capturing the Magic
The Great Scottish Outdoors
Guidebooks on Scotland.
A highly informative reading, this book is a must for those wishing to explore the Western Isles. It is packed with essential information such as ferry timetables and descriptions of B&Bs, and also includes useful tips on how to fit in with the local way of life and dress suitably for the Scottish weather. Particularly interesting is the section on ‘music festivals of the north’, as well as the English –Gaelic phrasebook for those who fancy trying their hand at the local language.
Not only does this guide take you on a tour of all the main sites of historical significance, it also explores Scotland’s Celtic heritage in depth and includes well thought out suggested travel itineraries. Whether you simply wish to read about Scotland from the comfort of your armchair or are planning an actual tour of the country, this guide is well-worth to refd.
Helpfully divided into different sections for each region of the country, this guide book focuses on action and adventure and is full of ideas about how to get the most out of your stay in Scotland, such as where to go, what you can do there and where to get any equipment you might need. Written in a humorous tone, it assumes that reader is travelling on a shoestring and would like to have a good time without breaking the bank.
Written by experienced travelers, this guide contains absolutely everything you could ever need to know about Scotland. It is so comprehensive that it is quite clearly intended to appeal to Scots, too. Covering popular places as well as those off the beaten track, this guide provides a wealth of information on various day trips, as well as suggestions on places to stay and eat to suit every budget. Whether you are interested in historic towns and cities, beautiful lochs, cliff-castles or quiet fishing villages along the north-east coast, this book is for you.
This has been revised for this year and so is the most up-to-date guide available on Scotland’s top attractions, restaurants and hotels .It is also now suggests a selection of tours aiming to cover the whole country in just ten days, including some of Scotland’s finest sights, such as Loch Lomand, the Highlands and Edinburg. This is ideal for those who simply want to get a ‘taste’ of Scotland but perhaps not for who prefer a more relaxed approach to holidaying.
Official Guides are for people who take their sightseeing seriously. The guides are packed with history and are full of architectural details. There are no pictures, but lots of diagrams things like medieval buildings plans. The publishes recently introduced restaurant recommendations for the first time, and were criticized by some readers, who said that such things should not be in the guides.
Scotland’s quietest; most beautiful corners are explored in this guide along with plenty of suggestions for enjoying a stress-free holiday. As the key to a good holiday, according to the guide, is to have ‘a unique experience in scenic surroundings’, the book suggests a variety of ways in which to do this, such sa staying in a lighthouse or going caving. This book stands out from its competitors, not lest for its fantastic photographs, illustrations and maps.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-G частями предложений, обозначенных цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифру , обозначающую часть предложения, в таблицу.
The night passed rapidly: I was tired to dream; I only once awoke to hear the wind rave in furious gusts, A____, and to be sensible that Miss Miller had taken her place by my side. When I again unclosed my eyes, a loud bell was ringing; the girls were up and dressing; B _____, and rushlight or two burnt in the room. I too rose reluctantly; it was bitter cold, and I dressed as well as I could for shivering, and washed when there was a basin at liberty, C _____, as there was but one basin to six girls on the stands down the middle of the room. Again the bell rang: all formed in file, two and two, and in that order descended the stairs and entered the cold and dimply-lit schoolroom: here prayers were read by Miss Miller; after words she cold out –‘Form classes!’
A great tumult succeeded for some minutes, during which miss Miller repeatedly exclaimed, ‘Silence!’ and ‘Order!’ When it subsided, I saw them all drawn up in four semi-circles, D_____, placed at the four tables: all held books in their hands, and a great book, like a Bible, lay on each table, before the vacant seat. A pause of some seconds succeeded, E_____, vague hum of numbers; Miss Miller walked from class to class, hushing this indefinite sound.
A distant bell tinkled: immediately three ladies entered the room each walked to the table and took her seat; Miss Miller assumed the fourth vacant chair, F_____, and around witch the smallest of the children were assembled: to this inferior class I was called, and placed at the bottom of it.
Business now began: the day’s Collect was repeated, then certain texts O Scripture were said, and to these succeeded a protracted reading of chapters in the Bible, which lasted an hour. By the time that exercise was terminated, day fully dawned.
filled up by the low
which did not occur soon
and the rain fall in torrents
which was nearest the door
and dreaming in her sleep
before four stairs
day had not yet begun to dawn.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2,3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
The lost Continent of Atlantis.
For centuries people have been speculating about the existence of the legendary continent of Atlantis. In Greek mythology Atlantis is described as a large island which was destroyed by an earthquake around 9,000 BC. But could an earthquake account for sinking of great continent such as Atlantis is believed to have been? Most scientists think it extremely unlikely. An earthquake might have destroyed part of island continent, or caused landslides around its shores, but a quake that would have destroyed a huge land mass is unheard-of.
Had Atlantis been an island with a very low profile, it might have been at least party submerged by flooding, but Plato describes Atlantis as a mountainous country. A tidal wave might have washed over Atlantis, but it would not have washed it away. And a volcanic eruption could have blown part of the continent into the ocean, but if Atlantis had been anywhere near the size claimed by Plato, much would still be towering above the sea.
And where was Atlantis situated? Plato writes that it was in the western sea or Atlantic Ocean as it called today. If this is correct, could there be a geological explanation for its disappearance? Before the theory of continental drift was widely accepted, many geologists supposed that a continent, Atlantis, must have occupied the present position of the Atlantic. This continent was thought to have sunk beneath the Atlantic waves. But today most scientists agree that as we push the continent back to original places, we effectively squeeze Atlantis off the map. So could Atlantis have been North America, which, having drifted away, was thought to have been submerged in the Atlantis? No. The continents are moving apart at the rate of between one and six inches a year-hardly enough to give rise to Plato’s account of the submergence of Atlantis in a day and night. Not surprisingly, believers in Atlantis hotly contest the fights of modern science that seek to dismiss the existence of the lost continent. If a once-derided theory such as continental drift can eventually earn the backing of the respectable scientific community, the Atlantis argue, might not other theories one day gain the same acceptance? Perhaps human beings existed long before the scientists’ estimates. Perhaps there was some extraordinary global catastrophe. Perhaps Atlantis did exist after all.
We know about existence of the legendary continent of Atlantis from_____
1) ancient ruins. 2) manuscripts.
3) legends. 4) witnesses.
A16.The scientists suppose that Atlantis______be destroyed by an earthquake.
1) could. 2) might.
A173) had to. 4) couldn’t.
As Plato described the continent where there were some______
1) mountains. 2) volcanoes.
A183) plains. 4) earthquakes.
In the past many scientists believed that Atlantis was situated in_______
the Pacific Ocean.
the Mediterranean Sea.
the Atlantic Ocean.
A19the Indian Ocean.
There is a theory of______
the continent moving.
the new continent appearing.
the continent destroying.
the continent disappearing.
The name of this continent can have come only from______
1)Malta. 2) South America.
3) North America. 4) Greece.
It might be that human civilization had existed long before______
we can imagine.
По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15-А21 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов №1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В2, В3, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика.
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.
B4Paul: Our special guest in the studio today is Bill Bowl. Welcome to the show, Bill.
B5Bill: Thanks. It’s great________here. BE
B6Paul: You are only 25, but you (already) ____20 million records. SELL
How old were you when you_____your first song? WRITE
B7Bill: I was 13.
B8Paul: you______vocal lessons when you were a kid? TAKE
Bill: No, I didn’t. My parents hoped that I_____a BECOME
B9doctor. So I sang and wrote my songs in secret-late at
B10night in my room, when everyone_____. SLEEP
When my first album appeared, my parents_______ SHOCK
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11-В16, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.
B11Beethoven’s life and career were colored by an
__ _____tragedy that gave him no USUAL
B12_____but to change and adjust: he gradually CHOOSE
lost his hearing in the early 1800s and remained
deaf for the rest of his life. Although he could
---- ______in public and for a time even contemplated PERFORMANCE
Beethoven could still________. Some of his COMPOSITION
B15Greatest works were written during and after the time of his hearing loss.
In________ , some scholars believe that the composer’s FACTUAL
B16greatness come not in spite of his
___but because of it, as it freed him to experiment with new forms. DEAF
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-A28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
As South Africa prepares to host the football World Cup, organizers have recruited thousands of volunteers to help the hundreds of thousands of fans who will be attending.
A22Some 2,000 World Cup volunteers gathered at a convention hall in Johannesburg recently for three days of ______.
A24They were _____a total of 18,000 volunteers who were chosen from nearly 70,000 applicants from 170 countries. Their job will be to ______
information, directions and translations to 4000,000 foreign fans who are expected for football’s World Cup.
A25This group is to work at Johannesburg’s Soccer City stadium. The 90,000-seat arena is hosting seven matches, _______the opening and final games, as well as a star-studded music concert the night before kick-off on June 11.
A26The city’s World Cup coordinator, Sibongile Mazibuko,says that volunteers must be friendly, _____and able to deal with potentially difficult fans.
The volunteers will be paid the equivalent of S 14 per day to ______
A28expenses. An additional 3,000 volunteers coming from abroad will pay their own way.
A22The volunteers are _______to know many facts about South Africa, the World Cup and its organizers. And they must also know the cities and the stadiums where they will be stationed.
A231) trading 2) training 3) discussions 4) arguments
A241) among 2) between 3) beside 4) above
A251) hide 2) correct 3) disguise 4) provide
A261) belonging 2) obtaining 3) applying 4) including
A271) extra-lingual 2) inter-lingual 3) multi-lingual 4) super-lingual
A281) cover 2) increase 3) fall 4) hold
1) provided 2) forced 3) expected 4) chosen
По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22-А28 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов №1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В4-В16, А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4-В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 4. Письмо.
Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов №2.При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. При заполнении Бланка ответов №2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишите свой ответ.
You have 20 minutes to do this task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Rosa who writes:
I’ve had an argument with my friend Miranda. I’m very upset about it. We haven’t been talking to each other for a week. Have you ever been in a similar situation? What kinds of things do you argue about? Do you think I should be the first one to break the ice?
Write a letter to Rosa.
In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about her friend and the reason of their quarrel.
Write 100-140 words.
C2Remember the rules of letter writing.
You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Nowadays many young people listen to music and audio books or even learn languages by means of earphones. They do it for many hours a day being in transport or walking. But doctors say it can be harmful.
What is your opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
-make the introduction (state the problem)
-express your personal opinion and give reasons for in.
-give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t agree with it.
-draw a conclusion.
Ответы на задания контрольной работы.
Грамматика и лексика
Грамматика и лексика
have already sold
did you take
Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.
I am trying to read at least one novel a month. It’s a part of my “intellectual” diet. The diet includes Music, TV and even Play Station but try to keep a balance over all. There are times when I get seriously into a new writer and am distracted until I’ve read everything. On the other hand I can spend untold hours on Final Fantasy or some other game if it engages me. But as with a food diet, the odd chocolate binge won’t hurt you as long as in the long run you get a good balance.
I would like to say I love reading Dickens if it were true-but I just can’t get down to it. I saw a TV version of David Copperfield and enjoyed it but it is the language in the books I find really difficult to cope with. All the sentences seem so long and complex. I suppose it’s just that Dickens belongs to a different age, when people spoke and maybe even thought differently. On the other hand Shakespeare’s language is difficult for me, but it doesn’t spoil my enjoyment of that amazing dramatist.
I was sat in that armchair that Granddad made. Somehow I felt myself slip back in time as I turned each page. I became conscious of my heart beating. Probably it was the room, the furniture, the decoration; but that book took me somewhere else. I even felt the temperature in the room drop and expected to see Peter Quint staring sightlessly from the garden window.
I never watch a film based on any book I have already read. Susie always does and yet she always seems to end up saying “not as good as the book.” On the other hand it is quite useful to see films based on books that you ought to read but don’t want. Shakespeare and Dickens on film is a great help. You get a red hot story without having to get lost for days in archaic language. On this, Susie and I are in complete agreement.
Some people say that conventional books have had their day. The technology has been surpassed. Like vinyl records and tape cassettes were to music-the traditional book will be replaced by i-phones, online delivery or through some other multimedia platform. They say that one day we’ll no longer read words on paper stuffed between cardboard covers. But I am not so sure. On the beach or in bed, on the train or at home I like to curl up with a good old-fashioned, comfortable, paper-filled book.
Beck recycles all her books. It’s a nice habit. Where ever she is, when she reads the last page, there she “sets the book free”. This means that she writes on the inside cover a message of invitation to whoever happens to pick the book up next. I happened to get one of hers last week. She wrote “this book is a love story. You’ll not be able to put it down until the very last word.” And as usual she was spot on. I hardly got any work done last week finishing that damn story!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you’ll hear the text again.
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
Tim: Alice, would you like to see the pictures of my holiday in Italy?
Alice: Sure, what was it like?
Tim: Ah, the holiday was great! The food was great! But the traffic was horrible!
Alice: Really? Why was the traffic horrible?
Tim: Actually, the general skill level of drivers in Italy is rather bad. Driving too fast for conditions, overtaking in stupid places and driving while talking on a mobile phone are all very common there.
Alice: Oh, Tim! Did you have any accidents?
Tim: Luckily, we didn’t. But the death rate on the roads in Italy is not funny at all. Anyway, I don’t want to think about it!
Alice: OK, OK, let’s return to your positive impressions. Oh, what a beautiful picture!
Tim: Yes, this is a picture of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. It was a great feeling to stand right in front of such a fantastic building. But, honestly, the tower didn’t seem to be that leaning.
Alice: Incredible! I’ve always wanted to climb it. Did you do that?
Tim: Yes, we climbed to the top! It was raining at that day, but it was still wonderful.
Alice: Was it scary?
Tim: No, I wasn’t frightened at all. It’s not very tall, actually.
Alice: And what’s this?
Tim: That’s a photo of the River Arno in Florence. That’s the ‘Ponte Vecchio’, which means the ‘Old Bridge’.
Alice: Yeah, I know. It’s like the Tower Bridge in London.
Tim: Not exactly. Yes, it’s the symbol of the city but unlike the Tower Bridge, it has small houses on the both sides of the bridge.
Alice: It’s really charming. And what was Florence like? Did you like the city?
Tim: It was marvelous. There were beautiful old medieval buildings in the city, impressive cathedrals and churches and lots of wonderful museums.
Alice: How was your Italian?
Tim: My Italian wasn’t very good. But many Italians speak English very well. I was really impressed!
Alice: Oh, this picture looks wonderful.
Tim: Yes, that’s a shot of tasty pizza served by a beautiful Italian girl! You know, Italians are famous for their food and wine. So we didn’t miss a chance to try traditional dishes.
Alice: I’m so jealous…I hope to visit this country some day.
Tim: That’s really great country. I’d recommend Italy anytime!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again.
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.
Interviewer: I don’t know about you, but I’ve always thought that living in a houseboat must be quite romantic. In the studio with me today is Christine, who lives on a houseboat with her husband and three children. Christine, romantic?
Christine: Well. I suppose it is in theory. If you stand on the river bank on a fine summer’s day and look at our boat, which is brightly painted and very attractive, then yes, I can see why people think it’s a romantic way to live. But reality is slightly different!
Interviewer: I mean you’ve got three young children-how on earth do you stop them falling into the water?
Christine: Well, no one’s fallen in yet and we’ve been there for three years. But it’s a huge boat. It’s about 30 metres long and 8 metres wide with five bedrooms and it’s far bigger than our old house. There’s also a huge kitchen where we spend a lot of time as a family and we also entertain quite a lot. Our social life has improved enormously since we moved onto the boat as most people are very curious where we live!
Interviewer: What happens when the weather’s rough, in a storm for example, do you leap off onto dry land?
Christine: No way! There was a big storm a few nights ago when a wave hit the boat. We could hear all the pots and pans swinging about in the kitchen but despite the high winds not a single cup or saucer fell off the shelves. My husband and I lay awake listening in case things got really bad, but our children slept through it all and never heard a thing, whereas in previous house they used to feel frightened.
Interviewer: That’s amazing. Are there any disadvantages, then, to living on a boat?
Christine: Well, it can be damp, even on a warm day. I don’t mean that the boat leaks or anything but there’s this moist feeling to things when you put your clothes on in the morning, for example. But I do a great deal of cooking and this is one way of dealing with damp as the warmth from the oven helps dry things out. It’s not convenient to go shopping on a daily basis, so we have quite a lot of stuff delivered. I bake our own bread and we have sacks of wheat delivered from a nearby farm. Before moving onto the boat we bought an old mill and the boys get paid a penny a turn to a grind the flour. The youngest, Benny, who’s seven gets paid twice as much because he’s smaller and it’s twice as difficult for him.
Interviewer: Do the children enjoy living on a boat?
Christine: They love it. Of course they’re at school all day but in the holidays they have their friends to stay, although we insist that their friends must be able to swim-just in case. I think wearing life jackets would make it difficult for them to move around comfortable. But I make sure that other parents know we live on a boat. And I’m around all the time. I’d never leave children on a boat alone and their parents know that.
Interviewer: Do you imagine you’ll ever want to move back to an ordinary house?
Christine: At present I can’t imagine ever wanting to live in a house again. I love everything about being on a houseboat-everything that is except the water rats which you can occasionally see swimming in the river! But perhaps when the children have grown up and left home we’ll set sail and use the boat to see the world.
Interviewer: Christine, thank you very much for talking to us…
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