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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / КОС для студентов 2 курса по специальности "Экономика и бухучет"

КОС для студентов 2 курса по специальности "Экономика и бухучет"



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Лянторский нефтяной техникум (филиал) федерального государственного бюджетного образовательного учреждения высшего профессионального образования «Югорский государственный университет»


Утверждаю

Заместитель директора по УР

ЛНТ (филиал) ФГБОУ ВПО « ЮГУ»

________________/Л.А.Энвери/

«_______»____________20____ г.









Комплект контрольно-оценочных средств

по учебной дисциплине

ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык

основной профессиональной образовательной программы

специальности СПО

080114 Экономика и бухгалтерский учет (по отраслям)
















Лянтор, 2013

Комплект контрольно-оценочных средств разработан на основе Федерального государственного образовательного стандарта среднего профессионального образования по специальности СПО 080114 Экономика и бухгалтерский учет (по отраслям) базового уровня подготовки программы учебной дисциплины ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык





Разработчик(и):


Шомова Дина Зикеновна, преподаватель иностранных языков Лянторского нефтяного техникума (филиала) федерального государственного бюджетного образовательного учреждения высшего профессионального образования «Югорский государственный университет»









Одобрено на заседании предметно-цикловой комиссии _________________________________________________________

Протокол №_______ от «_____» _________ 20____г.

Председатель ПЦК ________________________ /______________/



Одобрено Методическим советом техникума

Протокол №_______ от «_____» _________ 20____г.










СОДЕРЖАНИЕ


  1. Паспорт комплекта контрольно-оценочных средств 4

  2. Результаты освоения учебной дисциплины, подлежащие проверке 5

3. Оценка освоения учебной дисциплины 6

3.1. Формы и методы оценивания

3.2. Типовые задания для оценки освоения учебной дисциплины

4. Контрольно-оценочные материалы для итоговой аттестации по учебной дисциплине

5. Задания для оценки освоения дисциплины




































  1. Паспорт комплекта контрольно-оценочных средств

В результате освоения учебной дисциплины ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык, обучающийся должен обладать предусмотренными ФГОС по специальности СПО 080114 Экономика и бухгалтерский учет (по отраслям) базового уровня подготовки следующими умениями, знаниями, которые формируют профессиональную компетенцию и общими компетенциями:

У1. Общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

У2. Переводить (со словарем) иностранные тексты профессиональной направленности;

У3. Самостоятельно совершенствовать устную и письменную речь, пополнять словарный запас;

У4. Выполнять тематическое реферирование на основе тематических текстов и периодической печати;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности

З2. Знать правила пользования специальными терминологическими словарями;

З3. Знать правила пользования электронными словарями.

ОК 1. Понимать сущность и социальную значимость своей будущей профессии, проявлять к ней устойчивый интерес.

ОК 2. Организовывать собственную деятельность, выбирать типовые методы и способы выполнения профессиональных задач, оценивать их эффективность и качество.

ОК 3. Принимать решения в стандартных и нестандартных ситуациях и нести за них ответственность.

ОК 4. Осуществлять поиск и использование информации, необходимой для эффективного выполнения профессиональных задач, профессионального и личностного развития.

ОК 5. Владеть информационной культурой, анализировать и оценивать информацию с использованием информационно-коммуникационных технологий.

ОК 6. Работать в коллективе и команде, эффективно общаться с коллегами, руководством, потребителями.

ОК 7. Брать на себя ответственность за работу членов команды (подчиненных), результат выполнения заданий.

ОК 8. Самостоятельно определять задачи профессионального и личностного развития, заниматься самообразованием, осознанно планировать повышение квалификации.

ОК 9. Ориентироваться в условиях частой смены технологий в профессиональной деятельности.

ОК 10. Исполнять воинскую обязанность, в том числе с применением полученных профессиональных знаний (для юношей).

Формой аттестации по учебной дисциплине является дифференцированный зачет.


2. Результаты освоения учебной дисциплины, подлежащие проверке

2.1. В результате аттестации по учебной дисциплине осуществляется комплексная проверка следующих умений и знаний, а также динамика формирования профессиональных и общих компетенций:

Таблица 1.1

Результаты обучения: умения, знания и общие компетенции

Показатели оценки результата


Форма контроля и оценивания





У1. общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности


Использование изученной лексики в устной и письменной речи;

Выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений.

устный опрос; практические занятия, домашние работы,

тестирование

У2. переводить (со словарем) иностранные тексты профессиональной направленности;

З2. знать правила пользования специальными терминологическими словарями.

Адекватный перевод текстов профессиональной направленности;

Использование специальных терминологических словарей

устный опрос;

практические занятия, домашние работы,

тестирование

У3. Самостоятельно совершенствовать устную и письменную речь, пополнять словарный запас;

З3. знать правила пользования электронными словарями


Выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений.

Использование электронных словарей.

самостоятельные работы, домашние работы,

тестирование

У4. Выполнять тематическое реферирование на основе тематических текстов и периодической печати;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности


Выполнение тематического реферирования текстов .


устный опрос;

практические занятия, домашние работы,

тестирование



    1. Требования к портфолио (зачетные работы).

Подготовка к зачетным работам студента осуществляется на протяжении всего процесса изучения дисциплины ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык


Перечень документов, входящих в портфолио: наличие всех зачетных работ по всем темам рабочей программы

Основные требования: Студент выполняет задание согласно методическому указанию к данному заданию, выданному преподавателем.

Требования к оформлению портфолио: Все работы должны выполняться в тетрадях.

Требования к защите портфолио: _опрос - беседа_



3. Оценка освоения учебной дисциплины:

3.1. Формы и методы оценивания

Предметом оценки служат умения и знания, предусмотренные ФГОС по дисциплине ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык, направленные на формирование общих и профессиональных компетенций.














Контроль и оценка освоения учебной дисциплины по темам (разделам)

Таблица 2.2

Элемент учебной дисциплины

Формы и методы контроля


Текущий контроль

Рубежный контроль

Промежуточная аттестация

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Раздел 1. Вводно-коррективный курс



Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Тема 1.1. Страноведение. Страны изучаемого языка.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У2, У3, З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК5,ОК7





Тема 1.2. Великобритания


Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений

Самостоятельная работа


У1,У2,У3,З1

ОК 5,ОК7






Тема 1.3. США

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У 3,З1

ОК2,ОК5





Раздел 2. Деловой английский язык.





У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7

Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет


У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7


Тема 2.1. Экономика как наука.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7





Элемент учебной дисциплины

Формы и методы контроля



Текущий контроль

Рубежный контроль

Промежуточная аттестация

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Тема 2.2. Уровни экономики



Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7






Тема 2.3. Законы экономики

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7






Тема 2.4. Рынок

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7





Раздел 3. Экономический английский язык

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7

Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет


У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Тема 3.1. Прикладная экономика.


Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7





Тема 3.2. Международный валютный фонд.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений

Защита сообщений, презентаций

У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7





Продолжение таблицы 2.2


Элемент учебной дисциплины

Формы и методы контроля


Текущий контроль

Рубежный контроль

Промежуточная аттестация

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Тема 3.3. Банки. Кредиты. Источники дохода.


Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У2, У3, З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК5,ОК7

Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Тема 3.4. Инфляция. Влияние инфляции на бизнес.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У2, У3, З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК5,ОК7





Тема 3.5. Международная торговля. Экспорт. Импорт.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений

Самостоятельная работа


У1,У2,У3,З1

ОК 5,ОК7






Тема 3.6. Менеджмент..

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У 3,З1

ОК2,ОК5





Раздел 4. Деловая корреспонден-ция.



У2,У3,У1

З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК7

Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет


У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7





Элемент учебной дисциплины

Формы и методы контроля


Текущий контроль

Рубежный контроль

Промежуточная аттестация

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Форма контроля

Проверяемые ПК, ОК, У, З

Тема 4.1. Деловая переписка в сфере экономики



Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений







Тема 4.2. Речевой этикет. Деловая встреча.


Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У2, У3, З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК5,ОК7

Портфолио

У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Дифференцированный зачет


У1,У2,У3,З1,

ОК1,ОК2,ОК5,

ОК7

Тема 4.3. Устройство на работу.

Устный опрос

Оценка выполнения письменных упражнений


У1, У2, У3, З1,ОК1,ОК2,

ОК5,ОК7

















3.2. Типовые задания для оценки освоения учебной дисциплины

3.2.1. Типовые задания для оценки знаний и умений (текущий контроль).

Задания для проведения текущего контроля

Текущий контроль включает подготовку домашнего задания по темам, выполнение практических работ (лексико-грамматические упражнения, составление плана сообщения, ответы на контрольные вопросы по теме, заполнение таблиц), тестирование.


3.2.1.1. Перечень заданий по разделам


Раздел 1. Вводно-коррективный курс.

Чтение аутентичного текста из учебного пособия о городах России. Составление плана сообщения. Чтение текста о Великобритании и уровне развития экономики в стране. Чтение текста о США и уровне развития экономики в стране. Ответы на контрольные вопросы по темам.


Раздел 2. Деловой английский язык.

Подготовка сообщения об известном экономисте. Чтение и перевод аутентичных текстов из учебного пособия. Дискуссии по теме. Заполнение таблицы по сравнению понятий макро- и микроэкономики. Ответы на контрольные вопросы по темам.


Раздел 3. Экономический английский язык.

Чтение и перевод аутентичных текстов о понятии прикладной экономики, основных экономических проблемах. Пересказ и обсуждение прочитанных текстов. Составление мини-словаря интернационализмов. Написание эссе по теме «Преимущества и недостатки кредитов». Составление текстов рекламы фирмы (товара).


Раздел 4. Деловая корреспонденция.

Составление и оформление деловых писем на заданную тему. Составление диалогов по теме «Устройство на работу». Оформление анкеты, заявления. (резюме). Составление рассказа о будущей профессии.


3.2.1.2. Контрольные работы по изученным разделам (рубежный контроль).


Контрольная работа к разделу 1


Вариант 1



1. Приведите в соответствии термины и их перевод :

Constitutional monarchy - строго говоря

European Union - валовой национальный продукт

Numerous - конституционная монархия

Principality - взаимозаменяемо

Interchangeably - Европейский союз

Gross National Product - многочисленные

Strictly speaking - княжество

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык :

1) Безработица и рост инфляции были постепенно уменьшены, но оставались высокими.

2) Имелось также улучшение уровня жизни.

3) Государственный сектор в Великобритании был уменьшен вследствие политики приватизации или денационализации корпораций, находящихся в публичной собственности.

4) Население Великобритании более чем 56 млн., но она является одной из самых ведущих индустриальных стран в мире.

5) Остров Великобритания самый большой из Британских островов.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) How did the GNP of the UK changed in years 1993-1994?

2) What are the major industries in the UK?

3) What are the major economic problems of Great Britain?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:

THE ECONOMY OF GREAT BRITAIN

The United Kingdom has a developed mixed private-and public-enterprise economy and ranks among the top industrial countries in growth rates, productivity, and competitiveness. The gross national product (GNP) is growing faster than the population. The GNP per capita is among/that of most other European countries.

The state sector was reduced during the 1980s.and 1990s owing to policies of privatization, or denational­ization, of publicly owned corporations. There was also an improvement in the standard of living. Unemploy­ment and inflation rates were gradually reduced but remained high.

Nowadays, government policies include the close monitoring and frequent adjustment of interest rates; a gradual reduction in the level of direct personal taxa­tion; a reduction in the levels of power and influence of national trade unions in national labour negotiations; the encouragement of wider home ownership and of individuals' share holdings in companies. Considerable emphasis is placed on increased exposure of the economy to market forces. The government controls the production of coal, steel, and ships, it also runs certain utilities, the railways, and most civil aviation.

Вариант 2


1. Приведите в соответствии термины и их перевод:

Interest rate - уровень безработицы и инфляции

In growth rates - доход

Prosperity - процентная ставка

Productivity - оборудование

Revenue - производительность

Unemployment and inflation rates - процветание, благосостояние

Equipment - по темпам роста

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1) Великобритания имеет развитую смешанную экономику.

2) Обрабатывающая промышленность составляет одну пятую долю валового национального продукта на душу населения.

3) Единый прогрессивный подоходный налог был введен в 1973 году.

4) Страна, как и ее столица, является главным финансовым и банковским центром.

5) Главный экспорт это: фарфор, автомобили и др. транспортные средства, древесина, сталь, электромеханическое оборудование, тракторы, научные инструменты, химикаты и нефть.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) What is the rank of the UK in the world in terms of the GNP?

2) Do small companies predominate in the economy of the UK?

3) What is the British government economic policy since 1979?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:

“Economy of the USA.”


ECONOMY OF THE USA

The United States has been the world's leading indus­trial nation since early in the 20th century. Until the second half of the 19th century, agriculture remained the dominant US economic activity. After the Civil War, great advances were made in the production of basic in­dustrial goods. By World War I, exports of manufac­tured goods had become more important than the export, of raw materials; as manufacturing grew, agriculture became increasingly mechanized and efficient, employing fewer and fewer workers. The most important devel opment in the economy since World War II has been the tremendous growth of service industries, such as gov­ernment services, professional services, trade, and finan­cial activities. Today, service industries are the most important sector of the economy, employing almost three-quarters of the workforce. Manufacturing employs ap­proximately 17 per cent of the labour force and agricul­ture less than 3 per cent of the workers.

Beginning in the 1930s, the government of the Unit­ed States played an increasingly active role in the econo­my. Even though the US economy in the 1990s was based on free enterprise, the government regulated business in various ways. Some government regulations were drawn up to protect consumers from unsafe products and work­ers from unsafe working conditions; others were designed to reduce environmental pollution.


Вариант 3


1. Приведите в соответствии термины и их перевод:

Standard of living - пшеница

Graduated tax - коммунальные услуги

Taxation - уровень жизни

Direct personal taxation - обрабатывающая промышленность

Utilities - налогообложение

Wheat - прогрессивный подоходный налог

Manufacturing industry - прямое налогообложение физических лиц

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1) В настоящее время, правительственная политика включает в себя контроль и частое регулирование процентных ставок.

2) ВНП на душу населения растет в стране быстрее, чем население.

3) Главные импортные товары Великобритании это: железная руда, продукты питания.

4) Сельское хозяйство в Великобритании независимо экономически.

5) Основные культуры сельского хозяйства это ячмень, пшеница, сахарная свекла, картофель.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) What can you say about the unemployment in the UK?

2) Is the UK an attractive country for foreign investor?

3) What do you know about the productivity, competitiveness and the growth rates of Great Britain?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:

“The Economy of Great Britain.”

Manufacturing industries account for one-fifth l the GNP. Small companies predominate, though

companies with 500 or more employees employ a larger percentage of the work force. Major manufactures include motor vehicles, aerospace equipment, electronic data- . processing and telecommunication equipment, metal goods, precision instruments, petrochemicals, and other chemicals. High-technology industries are being developed.

Agriculture accounts for less than 2 percent of the GNP and employs some 2 percent of the work force. Farming is highly mechanized, though farms are not extremely large, and is dominated by the raising of sheep and cattle. The United Kingdom is not agriculturally self-sufficient. Chief crops include barley, wheat, sugar beets, and potatoes.

The mineral industry accounts for approximately 6 percent of the GNP but employs less than 1 percent of the work force. Production from oil fields in the North Sea has allowed the United Kingdom to become virtually self-sufficient in petroleum. The United Kingdom's coal industry, despite its steady decline since the early 1950s, remains one of the largest and most technologically advanced in Europe-Public revenues ordinarily fall short of expenditures and are chiefly derived from income taxes, which are highly progressive, and excises. A single graduated income tax was introduced in 1973. Deficits are offset by public borrowing. The country (as well as its capital) La a major world financial and banking centre.


Вариант 4


1. Приведите в соответствии термины и их перевод:

Competitiveness - превышать

Revenue - акциз

To exceed - расход

Expenditure - доход

Public borrowing - государственный заем

Crop - конкурентоспособность

Excise - культура, урожай

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1) Производство и добыча нефти в Северном море позволяет Великобритании быть фактически независимой экономически.

2) Угольная промышленность Великобритании, несмотря на постоянный спад с начала 1950 года остается одной из самых больших и технологически развитых в Европе.

3) Безработица и уровень инфляции постоянно сокращались, но оставались высокими.

4) Правительство контролирует производство угля, стали, кораблестроения, а также коммунальные услуги, железные дороги и гражданскую авиацию.

5) Было также улучшение уровня жизни в Великобритании.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) Does the USA consist of 50 states?

2) What oceans is the USA washed by?

3) What rivers are there in the USA?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:


USA

The United States of America is the 4th largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China. It occupies the central part of the North American continent,.


The United States of America is a federal republic, consisting of 50 states including the states of Alaska and Hawaii. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands.

The northern boundary is partly formed by the Great Lakes and the St Lawrence River; the southern boundary is partly formed by the Rio Grande. United States also has a sea-border with Russia.

The total area of the United States (including the District of Columbia) is 9,809,155 sq km, of which 1,700,139 sq km are in Alaska and 28,313 sq. km are in Hawaii. Inland waters cover 507,788 sq km of the total urea.

The country is washed by 3 oceans: the Arctic, the Atlantic and the Pacific. The country has many lakes, w i th the Great Lakes included. There are also many rivers on the US territory. The longest of them are the M.issippi, the Missouri, the Columbia, the Rio Grande mid Home others. On the US territory there are mountains and lowlands. The highest mountains are the Rocky Mountains, the Cordillera and the Sierra Nevada. The highest peak, Mount, McKinley. is located in Alaska.

The climate conditions are rather different. The country is rich in natural and mineral resources: oil, gas, iron ore, coal and various metals.


Вариант 5


1. Приведите в соответствие термины и их перевод:

Toll-road - сезонная распродажа

Toll-free road - скидка

Turnpike - распродажа

Free delivery - платная дорога

Sale - бесплатная дорога

Discount - главная магистраль

Seasons sale - бесплатная доставка

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1) До середины 19 века сельское хозяйство оставалось главной экономической деятельности США.

2) Наиболее важным развитием в экономике после 2 мировой войны стал бурный рост в сфере услуг.

3) Сегодня сфера услуг это наиболее важный сектор экономики.

4) В обрабатывающей промышленности было занято приблизительно 17 % рабочей силы, а в сельском хозяйстве менее 3 %.

5) Доходная часть бюджета 1991-1992 была оценена в 1.08 триллионов долларов.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) When did the USA become a world’s leading industrial nation?

2) What tendency took place by the end of the Civil War?

3) What is said in the text about the development of the US service industry?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:

“Economy of the USA”

The federal budget for fiscal year 1993-1994 included estimated expenditures of $1.48 trillion, or about one-quarter of the nation's gross national product (GNP). Revenue in 1991—1992 was estimated at $1.08 trillion. The United States has consistently recorded annual bud­get deficits of $100 billion or more since the early 1980s.

In 1993 the United State's annual GNP was more than $6.4 trillion. With a per-capita GNP of nearly $24,700, the people of the United States had one of the highest stan­dards of living. The GDP in 1994 was over $6.7 trillion.

The US economy consists of three main sectors-the primary, secondary, and tertiary.

Primary economic activities are those directly involving the natural environment, including agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining, and usually contribute about 4 per cent of the yearly GDP.

.Secondary economic activities involve processing or combining materials into new products, and include manufacturing and construction, this sector accounts for approximately 23 per i enl of the GDP

Tertiary economic activities involve the output; of services rather than goods. Examples of tertiary activities include wholesale and retail trade, banking, government, and transport. The tertiary is the most important sector by far and accounts for almost 73 per cent of the annual GDP.


Вариант 6


1. Приведите в соответствии термины и их перевод:

Clearance sale - бесплатный подарок

Discount coupon - тротуар

Shopping-mall - принадлежность

To be made up from - торговый центр

To belong - купон на скидку

Sidewalk - распродажа залежей товаров

Free gift - быть составленным из

2. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

1) США богаты природными ресурсами: нефтью, газом, железной рудой, углем и различными металлами.

2) Согласно конституции США власть разделена на 3 ветви: исполнительную, законодательную и судебную.

3) В 1993 году годовой ВНП США был более чем 6.4 триллиона долларов.

4) В начале 1930 года правительство США сыграло активную роль в экономике.

5) Некоторые правительственные решения были приняты, чтобы защитить потребителей от недоброкачественной продукции и рабочих от неблагоприятных условий труда.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) What role does the government play in the modern economy of the USA?

2) What are the examples of tertiary activities?

3) What are the three major sector of American economy?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:Great Britain

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is an island nation and constitutional monarchy in north-western Europe.

Great Britain is the largest of the British Isles. It comprises, together with numerous smaller islands, England and Scotland, and the principality of Wales. Northern Ireland, also known as Ulster, occupies the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland.

The United Kingdom is bordered to the south by the English Channel, which separates it from continental Europe, to the east by the North Sea, and to the west by the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The only land border is between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 242,752 sq km. The capital and largest city is London.

The names «United Kingdom», «Great Britain», and « England” are often used interchangeably. The use of «Great Britain», often shortened to «Britain», to describe the whole kingdom is common and widely accepted, although strictly speaking it does not include Northern Ireland.

However, the use of «England» to mean the «United Kingdom” is not acceptable to members of the other constituent countries, especially the Scots and the Welsh


Вариант 7


  1. Приведите в соответствие термины и их перевод:

Outlying areas – федеральный бюджет

Inland waters – звезда и полосы

Aircraft – производительность

Stores and stripes – внутренние водоемы

Federal budget – расход

Expenditure – воздушное судно

Productivity – внешние территории

  1. Переведите предложения на английский язык:

  1. Каждый штат имеет свою столицу.

  2. США – высокоразвитое промышленное государство со множеством отраслей.

  3. США имеет морскую границу с Россией.

  4. США является ведущей индустриальной нацией с начала 20 века.

  5. С ВНП на душу населения почти 24.700 долларов жители США имели самый высокий уровень жизни.

3. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1) What is the size of the manufacturing sector of the USA economy?

2) What political parties are there in the USA?

3) Does the judicial power belong to the Supreme Court and the system of Federal, state and district courts?

4. Переведите письменно отрывок из текста:The Economy of Great Britain.”


The mineral industry accounts for approximately 6 percent of the GNP but employs less than 1 percent of the work force. Production from oil fields in the North Sea has allowed the United Kingdom to become virtually self-sufficient in petroleum. The United Kingdom's coal industry, despite its steady decline since the early 1950s, remains one of the largest and most technologically advanced in Europe-Public revenues ordinarily fall short of expenditures and are chiefly derived from income taxes, which are highly progressive, and excises. A single graduated income tax was introduced in 1973. Deficits are offset by public borrowing. The country (as well as its capital) La a major world financial and banking centre.

Chief imports of Great Britain are: metallic ores, except iron ore, food. Chief exports are: china, automobiles and other vehicles, wooden goods, steel, electrical and mechanical machinery, tractors, scientific instruments, chemicals, petroleum.

Just under half of the total population is in the labour
force. The highest proportion of employees (more than two-thirds) are in the service sectors, financial services and distribution. Manufacturing, although it has declined, employs more than one-fifth of all workers. Smaller numbers are in construction, energy, agriculture, forestry, and fishing.


Время на выполнение: 45 мин.


Перечень объектов контроля и оценки


Наименование объектов контроля и оценки

Основные показатели оценки результата

Оценка

У 1. Умение общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности

- Использование изученной лексики в устной и письменной речи;

Выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений.

20 баллов


За верное выполнение задания выставляется положительная оценка – 1 балл.

За неверное выполнение задания выставляется отрицательная оценка – 0 баллов.


4 задания, каждое задание оценивается в 1 балл. Всего студент может набрать 20 баллов. Задание 1 – 7 баллов, задание 2 – 5б, задание 3 – 3б, зад.4 – 5 б

Таблица соответствия данной системы пятибалльной:

18 – 20 баллов

отлично

15 – 18 баллов

хорошо

10 баллов

удовлетворительно

менее 10 баллов

неудовлетворительно



Контрольная работа к разделу 2


Вариант 1

I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием “S”:

а) показателем 3-го лица ед. ч. глагола в Present Simple;

б) признаком мн. ч. имени сущ.

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени сущ.

  1. Effective financial management begins with a determination of the firm’s financial needs.

  2. Effectiveness of a manager’s activity depends on certain important skills.

  3. Also new technology companies often start as small organizations.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие определения, выраженные сущ.

  1. Management must have a good understanding of management principles.

  2. Organizing, the second management function, involves allocating resources, especially human resources


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие различные виды сравнения.

    1. A decision-making skill is the ability of a manager to choose the best course of actions of two or more alternatives.

    2. Managers are responsible for the most important decisions which are required to carry out for any organizational activity.

    3. First-line managers have the closest connection with the production process.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

  1. But knowledge of theories and principles doesn’t provide practical results

  2. Companies are finding it is increasingly important to gather information about their competitors in today’s business environment.

  3. If the interpersonal relations are good, a manager will be successful.

  4. The shop was attracting many customers when it was supplied by famous companies.

  5. Most of money will have been lent for them for very short periods of time like a week or even an overnight.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

  1. Management is based on scientific theories and today it is a developing science.

  2. To keep employees content, a variety of incentives are used, including higher-that-average pay, cafeterias offering inexpensive meals, etc.

  3. An administrative skill is the ability of a manager to keep to the organizational rules specified for the production process, within a limited budget.

  4. When making decisions for the future managers have to take into account poor performance of the company during this year.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

  1. To adapt to change, the organization must know what is changing and how it is changing.

  2. This ability is especially important for top managers because they have to solve complex problems

  3. Work was organized so that the worker was to do the job in the prescribed manner.

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста. Выполните задание после текста.

MANAGEMENT

Management has many definitions as there are managers. There are debates whether management is an art or a science and whether managers are born or made. From a sociological point of view management would seem to be mainly an art (for example how to motivate people to give of their bests), whereas from a quantitative point of view it appears to be far more scientific.

In practical business, management is the art and science of getting things done through other people, but it also includes effective use of your own time. To operate a successful business you need strong management skills. Effective management is the key to business success.

Management includes those personnel who have the right to make decisions that affect company’s affairs. Organization is the means by which management coordinates the efforts of employees to obtain the company’s objectives. As for organization, it involves structure which is a framework enabling management to delegate and control the responsibilities of individuals and departments. In this way, a company can function as a unit with the same efficiency as a business run by one person.

Once organizational structure has been established, areas (and sub areas) of activities, levels of authority and duties must be clearly defined.

There are three management levels: top management, middle management, and operating management. Top management includes the president, vise president, and the general manager. Middle management includes department managers, plant managers, and production superintendents. Operating management includes supervisors, foremen, etc.

The most important responsibility of a manager at any level is decision making. (It is often said that decisions are the motor of business). Successful management is a matter of skill in choosing from alternatives.

VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

      1. Is a management an art or a science?

      2. What is the key to business success?

      3. What is management?

      4. What is the most important responsibility of a manager?

      5. What manger would you like to be: a top manager, a middle manager, or an operating manager and why?



Вариант 2


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием “S”:

а) показателем 3-го лица ед. ч. глагола в Present Simple;

б) признаком мн. ч. имени сущ.

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени сущ.

1. Microeconomics places the emphasis on a thorough understanding of particular

markets.

2. Such places as a theatre, sauna, both have an elastic demand.

3. The company processes raw material into manufactures goods.

4. Foreign trade is a means to promote growth within a nation’s economy.

II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие определения, выраженные сущ.

  1. Those factors that affect prices over long periods are production costs.

  2. Market transactions in early economies mainly involved consumption goods.

III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие различные виды сравнения.

  1. The most important resources of any organization are its human resources – people.

  2. The government policy at every level acquired greater importance for the economy.

  3. The more the difference between inflow and outflow of capital the greater will be the profit.

  4. The most widespread type of company (corporation) in the United Kingdom is the limited liability company.

IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

  1. Sales revenue does not generally flow evenly.

  2. Such credit purchases have been paid for thirty days after the transaction.

  3. If you are buying government securities or bonds, you are taking the risk the price may fall.

  4. Businesses selling essential items such as food are little affected in a period of inflation.

V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

  1. The borrowed money is used to buy materials and supplies, to pay wages and rent, and to cover inventory costs until the goods are sold.

  2. The need to purchase a new facility or expand an existing facility may require more money.

  3. Having this information management worked out time and method for each job and the type of the equipment used.

  4. Material resources are physical materials and equipment used by an organization to make a product.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

  1. The income from sales could be used to finance the firm’s continuing operations.

  2. The amounts of long-term financing needed by large firms can be very great.

  3. The market is to decide how much to produce.

  4. The firms earning higher revenues should spend more money on new technologies.


VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста. Выполните задание после текста.

CORPORATE FINANCE

Corporations need financing for the purchase of assets and the payment of expenses. The corporations can issue shares in exchange for money or property. Sometimes it is called as equity funding. The holders of the shares form the ownership of the company. Each share is represented by a stock certificate, which is negotiable. It means that one can buy and sell it. The value of a share is determined by the net assets divided by the total number of shares outstanding. The value of the share also depends on the success of the company. The greater the success, the more value the shares have.

A corporation can also get capital by borrowing. It is called debt funding. If a corporation borrows money, they give notes on bonds. They are also negotiable. But the interest has to be paid out whether business is profitable or not.

When running the corporation, management must consider both the outflow and inflow of capital. The outflow is formed by the purchase of inventory and supplies, payment of salaries. The inflow is formed by the sale of goods and services. In the long run the inflow must be greater that the outflow. It results in a profit. In addition, a company must deduct its costs, expenses, losses on bad debts, interest on borrowed capital and on her items. It helps to determine if the financial management has been profitable. The amount of risk involved is also an important factor. It determines the fund raising and it shows if a particular corporation is a good investment.

A business must be supplied with finance at the moment it requires it. If there is a regular inflow of receipts from sales and a regular outflow of payments for the expenses of operation there are no serious problems. But in many cases a considerable time must elapse between expenditure and the receipt of income. It is the purpose of financial institutions to assist in the financing of business during this interval. Business companies turn to the capital market and the commercial banks to assist them.

The most common type of company (corporation) in the United Kingdom is the limited liability company. Many of such companies are joint-stock companies owned by shareholders. Limited liability companies are divided into public and private ones.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

    1. What is called equity funding?

    2. What does debt funding mean?

    3. What can happen if a corporation has a greater outflow of capital than an inflow?

    4. Where can businesses find money if there are serious problems with financing?

    5. What are most common types of corporations in the UK?



Вариант 3


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием “S”:

а) показателем 3-го лица ед. ч. глагола в Present Simple;

б) признаком мн. ч. имени сущ.

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени сущ.

  1. This skill is a decisive factor of a manager’s success.

  2. The government can’t control inflation through a variety of means.

  3. Inflation means that prices of most of the things the people buy are rising.

  4. Different scholars offer different sets of principles of management.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие определения, выраженные сущ.

  1. Company management decisions include those decisions related to organization and operation of the company’s business.

  2. In order to (для того чтобы) achieve company goals, managers must be aware of workers needs.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие различные виды сравнения.

  1. The most important responsibility of a manager at any level is decision-making.

  2. When a business grows in size and becomes more complex there is a need for specialist.

  3. The lower is a manager’s level in the organization, the closer is his/her connection with the production process.

  4. A decision-making skill is the ability of a manager to choose the best course of actions of two or more alternatives.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

  1. Management is based on scientific theories and today it is a developing science.

  2. Top managers don’t need these skills as much as first-line managers.

  3. Top managers have been involved in planning, policy making and relations of the

company with the outside world.

  1. In the last management function, controlling, managers evaluate how well company objectives are being met.

V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

  1. The profit and loss statement shows the amount of business being done by the

company during the year.

  1. Having the aim to maximize the profit, the company should make a decision how to reduce inputs.

  2. The owner aiming to get higher profits has decreased costs.

  3. An administrative skill is the ability of a manager to keep to the organizational rules specified for the production process, within a limited budget.

VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

  1. When the source of the problem has been located, a decision has to be made.

  2. Businesses can influence the economic environment in which they are to operate.

  3. Managers must know how to set goals and how to achieve them

  4. If the interpersonal relations are good, a manager can be successful.

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3 абзацы текста. Выполните задание после текста.

WHAT IS A MANAGER?

1. A number of different terms are often used instead of the term “manager”, including “director”, “administrator” and “president”. The term “manager” is used more frequently in profit-making organizations, while the others are used more widely in government and non-profit organizations such as in government and non-profit organizations, such as universities, hospitals and social work agencies.

2. So, who do we call a “manager”?

In its broad meaning the term “managers” applies to the people who are responsible for making and carrying out decisions within a certain system. A personnel manager directly supervises people in an organization. Financial manager is a person who is responsible for finance. Sales manager is responsible for selling goods. Almost everything a manager does involves decision-making. When a problem exists a manager has to make a decision to solve it. In decision-making there is always some uncertainty and risk.

3. Management is a variety of specific activities. Management is a function of planning, organizing, coordinating, directing and controlling. Any managerial system, at any managerial level, is characterized in terms of three general functions.

Managing is a responsible and hard job. There is a lot to be done and relatively little time to do it. In all types of organizations managerial efficiency depends on manager’s direct personal relationships, hard work on a variety of activities and preference for active tasks.

4. The characteristics of management often vary according to national culture, which can determine how managers are trained, how they lead people and how they approach their jobs.

The amount of responsibility of any individual in a company depends on the position that he or she occupies in its hierarchy. Managers, for example, are responsible for leading the people directly under them are called subordinates. To do this successfully, they must use their authority, which is the right to take decisions and give orders. Managers often delegate authority. This means that employees at lower levels in the company hierarchy can use their initiative that is make decisions without asking their manager.

VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. In what organizations is the term “manager” more often used?

  2. Who is a manager?

  3. What is management?

  4. Why do the characteristics of management often vary?

  5. What does the expression “delegate authority” mean?


Вариант 4


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием “S”:

а) показателем 3-го лица ед. ч. глагола в Present Simple;

б) признаком мн. ч. имени сущ.

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени сущ.

  1. Effective financial management begins with a determination of the firm’s financial needs.

  2. The partners are “jointly and severally liable”, which means that each partner is

responsible for the whole of the firm’s debts.

  1. The owner simply owns all of the assets and liabilities of the business.

  2. The corporation is the dominant business form existing in most countries with free market economies.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие определения, выраженные сущ.

  1. Sales revenue does not generally flow evenly.

  2. Such credit purchases are generally not paid until thirty or sixty days (or more) after the transaction.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие различные виды сравнения.

  1. The most important resources of any organization are its human resources – people.

  2. Financing is generally easier to obtain because the personal assets of the group are usually larger and the chances of success are higher.

3. The greatest drawback of the corporate form of ownership is double taxation of

profits.

4. The higher the salaries the more professional and talented employees the

corporations may hire.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

  1. Small businesses and large corporations are influenced by changes in economic policy of the government.

  2. Part of high profits earned by the company will be spent on new computers.

  3. The technology which has been used is efficient but doesn’t provide good working conditions.

  4. The majority problems are being solved during the meetings.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

  1. People working in their own business should calculate the cost of their own time spent in running the business.

  2. Being personally liable for all business debts, a sole proprietor should understand all disadvantages of their form of ownership.

  3. Having purchased hares of the company, the investors receive stock certificates as evidence of the ownership.

  4. The borrowed money is used to buy materials and supplies, to pay wages and rent, and to cover inventory costs until the goods are sold.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

  1. The company directors are to calculate future costs and profit before starting to produce a new commodity.

  2. The need to purchase a new facility or expand an existing facility may require more money.

  3. The income from sales could be used to finance the firm’s continuing operations.

  4. Different kinds of reports have to be filed to federal and state regulatory agencies

about the corporation activity.

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2 и 3 абзацы текста. Выполните задание после текста.

GENERAL AND LIMITED PARTNERSHIPS

A general partnership is an association between two or more partners who associate for a common enterprise, and share the profits and losses from that enterprise. It’s perhaps the simplest of business entities. A partnership may exist even when their is no written or oral agreement to form one. It is merely a vehicle for its owners to use to accomplish their business purposes. This means that all profits and losses are passed directly to the owners and the partners are personally responsible for the partnership’s debts and for claims against the partnership.

All partners must make a contribution to purchase their interest to the partnership, but there are no limitations on what kind of property may be contributed. Partners may participate to the partnership’s management.

A limited partnership is a sort of a hybrid of a general partnership and a corporation. It is similar but slightly different from a general partnership in that there are two different kinds of partners. The owners of a limited partnership are its general and limited partners. A limited partnership has got al least one general owner, at least one limited partner, and at least two different partners. In other words, the same person cannot be both the general and the limited partner. The general partners are responsible for the day-to-day operation and management of the partnership, while the limited partners have much more restricted roles in the management. The bigger the role a partner plays in managing the partnership, the more likely that partner is to be considered a general partner.

The limited partners usually have individual liability for partnership debts and claims against it, while the general partners have joint and several liabilities. All partners must make a contribution to purchase their interest in the partnership. To form a limited partnership, the partners must enter into a written or an oral partnership agreement that is the best way to define everyone’s rights privileges, and duties.

VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. What is a partnership?

  2. Why is the general partnership the simplest form of an organization?

  3. Who is responsible for partnership’s debts?

  4. Can of the partner be a general and a limited partner in a limited partnership?

  5. What is the difference between general and limited partners?

  6. What liabilities do the general and limited partners have?

  7. Why is it better for the partners to enter into a written or oral agreement?



Вариант 5


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите, какой частью речи являются слова с окончанием “S”:

а) показателем 3-го лица ед. ч. глагола в Present Simple;

б) признаком мн. ч. имени сущ.

в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени сущ.

  1. Bookkeepers are responsible for recording (or keeping) the financial documents that the accounting system processes.

  2. The accounting equation shows the relationship among the firm’s assets, liabilities and owner’s equity.

  3. The balance sheet and the income statement represent the results of perhaps tens of thousands of transactions.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие определения, выраженные сущ.

  1. Government agencies need accounting information to confirm tax liabilities, confirm payroll deductions.

  2. Accountants represent the results of business transactions that have occurred during the accounting period.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие различные виды сравнения.

  1. The information in two financial statements becomes more important when it is compared with information for previous years.

  2. Some firms believe that their employees are their most important assets.

  3. Retailing and service establishments are the most common small businesses.

  4. Small firms can often provide a product or service more cheaply than large firms.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

  1. An income statement covering the previous year will be included in a corporation’s annual report to its stockholders

  2. Financial resources are the funds the organization uses to meet its obligations to various creditors.

  3. Balance sheet always contains an entry for debtors: goods that have been sold, but are not paid yet.

  4. Short-term financing is needed to pay the firm’s bills until customers have paid their bills.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

  1. The basic product that an accounting firm sells is information needed for the clients.

  2. The firm’s accounting system provides the information dealing with revenues, costs, amounts borrowed and owed.

  3. The balance sheet and the income statement represent the results of tens of thousands of transactions that have occurred during the accounting period.

  4. Being a bookkeeper you spend your time writing down credits and debits and adding up columns of figures all day.



VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

  1. The firm’s accounting system must be able to provide all this information, in the required form.

  2. The auditor has to judge whether the accounts give a true view of company’s financial position.

  3. Part of the company’s profit is to be put back into business development.

  4. Most firms should have balance sheets prepared semiannually, quarterly, or monthly.

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2 и 3 абзацы текста. Выполните задание после текста.

WHAT IS ACCOUNTING?

1. Accounting has been called “the language of business”. Perhaps a better term is “the language of financial decisions”. The better you understand the language, the better you can manage the financial aspects of living. Personal financing planning, investments, loans, car payments, income taxes, and many other aspects of daily life are based on accounting. A recent survey indicates that business managers believe it is more important for college students to learn accounting than any other subject. Other surveys show that persons trained in accounting and finance make it to the top of their organizations in greater numbers than persons trained in any other field. Indeed, accounting is an important subject.

3. Accounting is the system that measures business activities, processes that information into reports and communicates these findings to decision makers. Financial statements are the documents that report on an individual’s or an organization’s business in monetary amounts.

Is our business making a profit? Should we start up a new line of women’s clothing? Are sales strong enough to warrant opening a new branch outlet? The most intelligent answers to business questions like these use accounting information. Decision makers use the information to develop sound business plans. As new programs affect the business’s activities, accounting takes the company’s financial pulse beat. The cycle continues as the accounting system measures the results of activities and reports the results to decision makers.

4. Bookkeeping is a procedural element of accounting as arithmetic is a procedural element of mathematics. Increasingly, people are using computers to do much of the detailed bookkeeping work at all levels – in households, business, and organizations of all types.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. Why has accounting been called “the language of financial decisions”?

  2. Why is it more important for college students to study accounting and finance?

  3. What are financial statements?

  4. Why accounting information is so necessary for managers (decision-makers)?

  5. What is the difference between accounting and bookkeeping?



Перечень объектов контроля и оценки


Наименование объектов контроля и оценки

Основные показатели оценки результата

Оценка

У 1. Умение общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности

- Использование изученной лексики в устной и письменной речи;

Выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений.

37 баллов


За верное выполнение задания выставляется положительная оценка – 1 балл.

За неверное выполнение задания выставляется отрицательная оценка – 0 баллов.


8 заданий, каждое задание оценивается в 1 балл. Всего студент может набрать 37 баллов. Задание 1 – 5 баллов, задание 2 – 4б, задание 3 – 4б, зад.4 – 4 б, зад.5 – 2 б, зад.6 – 3 б, зад.7 – 10б, зад.8 – 5 б.

Таблица соответствия данной системы пятибалльной:

35 – 37 баллов

отлично

30 – 34 баллов

хорошо

18 баллов

удовлетворительно

менее 18 баллов

неудовлетворительно




Контрольная работа к разделу 3

Вариант 1


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов to be, to have.

  1. If a country is suffering from inflation, a floating rate may remove some of the pressure on the government to deal with the problem.

  2. All the corporations are to receive their charter from the state authority.

  3. The price of a product is determined by the interaction of demand and supply.

  4. Firms have to have confidence in future sales if they are to produce new goods and services.

  5. Control over the inflation rates has been a major objective of government economic policy in Britain throughout the 1980s and early 1990s.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

  1. It is the forces of demand and supply which determine the market price.

  2. It is important to note that no modern economy is without some element of command.

  3. Capital is usually divided into two types: that which is used up in the course of production and that which is not.

  4. One can think of the world income as the total of all incomes earned by all the people of the world.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на функцию причастия, герундия, инфинитива.

  1. In a mixed economy the government and the private sector interact in solving economic problems.

  2. To be accepted in exchange, money has to be a store of value.

  3. The first factor and one of the most difficult to be considered, is determining what the purposes of bank capital are.

  4. Economic statistics should be treated with caution when predicting the future trend of the economy and thus helping the business to take effective decisions.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, принимая во внимание, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты большей частью соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

  1. The government declared some special measures to the public and increase employment.

  2. The capitalist system is said to be based upon the principle of competition.

  3. Many mergers appear to have been motivated by a desire to increase market power rather than desire to increase efficiency.

  4. In a healthy changing economy it is normal for a certain number of people to be out of work for a short time.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, учитывая различия в переводе зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

  1. Economic statistics should be treated with caution when predicting the future trend of the economy and thus helping the business to take effective decisions.

  2. Foreign investment being reduced, the government can lose some confidence in economy’s future.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие придаточные предложения условия.


  1. If demand were inelastic, the movement of the supply curve would lead to a relatively large fall in price and a relatively small increase in the quantity demanded.

  2. If income are rising, the demand for most goods and services will tend to increase.

  3. Had he pointed out all the drawbacks, we should have found ways to solve the problem.


VII. Устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и переведите предложения из

текста на изученную грамматику.

  1. There are a number of ways in which a government can organize its economy and the type of system chosen is critical in shaping environment in which businesses operate.

  2. The state decides precisely what the nation is to produce. It usually plans five years ahead.

  3. Industries are asked to comply with these plans and each industry and factory is set a production target to meet.

  4. Everyone in society receives enough goods and services to enjoy a basic standard of living.

  5. Nations do not have to waste resources duplicating production.

  6. Any profits that are made are paid to the government.

  7. A major problem faced by command or planned economies is that of deciding what to produce.

  8. Command economies tend to be slow when responding to changes in people’s tastes and fashions.

  9. Planners are likely to underproduce some items as they cannot predict changes in demand.

  10. Planners are afraid to produce goods and services unless they are sure substantial amounts will be purchased.


ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

1. There are a number of ways in which a government can organize its economy and the type of system chosen is critical in shaping environment in which businesses operate.

An economic system is quite simply the way a country uses its available resources (land, workers, natural resources, machinery etc.) to satisfy the demands of its inhabitants for goods and services. The more goods and services that can be produced from these limited resources, the higher the standard of living enjoyed by the country’s citizens.

There are three main economic systems: planned economics, command economics and mixed economics.

2. Planned Economics

Planned economics are sometimes called “command economics” because the state commands the use of resources (such as labour and factories) that are used to produce goods and services as its own factories, land and natural resources. Planned economies are economies with a large amount of central planning and direction, when the government takes all the decisions, the government decides production and consumption.

Firstly, the state decides precisely what the nation is to produce. It usually plans five years ahead.

Secondly, industries are asked to comply with these plans and each industry and factory is set a production target to meet. If the factory and farm meets its target, then the state will meet its target as set out in the five-year plans.

3. A planned economy is simple to understand but not simple to operate. It, however, has a number of advantages:

  • Everyone in society receives enough goods and services to enjoy a basic standard of living.

  • Nations do not have to waste resources duplicating production.

  • The state can use its control of the economy to divert resources to wherever it wants. As a result, it can ensure that everyone receives a good education, proper health or that transport is available.

Several disadvantages also exist. It is these disadvantages that have led to many nations abandoning planned economies over recent years:

  • There is no incentive for individuals to work hard in planned economies.

  • Any profits that are made are paid to the government.

  • Citizens cannot start their own businesses and so new ideas rarely come forward.

  • As a result, industries in planned economies can be very inefficient.

4. A major problem faced by command or planned economies is that of deciding what to produce. Command economies tend to be slow when responding to changes in people’s tastes and fashions. Planners are likely to underproduce some items as they cannot predict changes in demand. Equally, some products, which consumers regard as obsolete and unattractive, may be overproduced. Planners are afraid to produce goods and services unless they are sure substantial amounts will be purchased. This leads to delays and queues for some products.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. What does the standard of living depend on?

  2. Why does a planned economy can be also called a command economy?

  3. Who ensures good education and health and transport service to people in a planned economy?

  4. Industries in planned economies can be very inefficient. Why is it so?

  5. What leads to delays and queues for some products?


Вариант 2


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов to be, to have.


  1. He had put all his money on his savings’ account before the money reform was introduced.

  2. When the selling price of the firm’s product, and hence, its sales income is rising, the costs will be falling and thus stimulating the businesses.

  3. Practically all the money which they invest has been lent to them.

  4. There are times when businesses and individuals have to cut back on their spending.

  5. The decisions are to be taken by a large majority of shareholders.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

  1. A deposit account is appropriate for those who wish to save for a particular purpose, for example, for annual holidays or the purchase of a car.

  2. If you have a deposit and current accounts in one bank, this makes the transfer of amounts of money from one to the other an easy matter.

  3. The government sells securities to the Bank in exchange for the cash which it needs to meet its deficit.

  4. A major problem faced by planned economies is that of deciding what to produce.

III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на функцию причастия, герундия, инфинитива.

  1. A bank may lend the required sum charging the minimum lending rate.

  2. The assets of this bank can be turned into cash quickly without losing its value.

  3. To meet demands of the customers any commercial bank must keep a proportion of its assets in the form of the cash.

  4. Many of our customers arrange for regular payments to be made from their accounts for mortgage deductions, insurance premiums.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, принимая во внимание, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты большей частью соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

  1. Lending institutions will require loans to be secured.

  2. A business loan is likely to help you make profits out of which the loan can be repaid with interest.

  3. It is in the interest of discount houses to persuade institutions to lend money for fixed periods.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, учитывая различия в переводе зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

  1. Other things being equal, the demand for a commodity will tend to vary directly as the price of its substitutes.

  2. Having obtained the necessary results, we stopped our experimental work.

  3. When working for this position these clerks help customers to solve any problem they may have with their accounts.

VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие придаточные предложения условия.

  1. If you had had enough money in your account, the money requested would have been transferred to you up to a daily limit.

  2. We would have to reduce our workforce if the bank refused to extent our credit.

4. Had I known that I wouldn’t have said anything.


VII. Устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и переведите предложения из

текста на изученную грамматику.

  1. A commercial bank borrows money from the public, crediting them with a deposit.

  2. The deposit is a liability of the bank. It is the money owed to depositors.

  3. In the clearing system debts between banks are settled by adding up all the transactions in a given period and paying only the net amounts needed to balance inter-bank accounts.

  4. Bills are financial assets to be repurchased by the original borrower within a year or less.

  5. Loans refer to lending to households and firms and are to be repaid by a certain date.

  6. Loans appear to be the major share of bank lending.

  7. Since these assets are traded daily on the Stock Exchange, these securities seem to be easy to cash whenever the bank wishes, though their price fluctuates from day to day.

  8. The two most important kinds of deposits are sure to be sight deposits and time deposits.

  9. Sight deposits are the accounts against which we write cheques, thus withdrawing money without giving the bank any warning.

  10. A minimum period of notification must be given within which banks can sell of some of their high-interest securities in order to have the money to pay out depositors.


INTRODUCTION TO BANKING AND FINANCIAL MARKETS

A commercial bank borrows money from the public, crediting them with a deposit. The deposit is a liability of the bank. It is the money owed to depositors. In turn the bank lends money to firms, households, or governments wishing to borrow.

Commercial banks are financial intermediaries with a government license to make loans and make issue deposits, including deposits against which cheques can be written.

Major important banks in most countries are included in the clearing system in which debts between banks are settled by adding up all the transactions in a given period and paying only the net amounts needed to balance inter-bank accounts.

The balance sheet of a bank includes assets and liabilities. Cash assets are notes and coins kept in their vaults and deposited with the Central Bank. The balance sheet also shows money lent out or used to purchase short term interest-earning assets such as loans and bills. Bills are financial assets to be repurchased by the original borrower within a year or less. Loans refer to lending to households and firms and are to be repaid by a certain date. Loans appear to be the major share of bank lending. Securities show bank purchases of interest-bearing long-term financial assets. These can be government bonds or industrial shares. Since these assets are traded daily on the Stock Exchange, these securities seem to be easy to cash whenever the bank wishes, though their price fluctuates from day to day.

The liability side of the balance sheet includes mainly deposits. The two most important kinds of deposits are sure to be sight deposits and time deposits. Sight deposit can be withdrawn on sight whenever the depositor wishes. These are the accounts against which we write cheques, thus withdrawing money without giving the bank any warning. Therefore, most banks do not pay interest on sight deposits, or chequing accounts.

Before time deposits can be withdrawn, a minimum period of notification must be given within which banks can sell of some of their high-interest securities or call in some of their high-interest loans in order to have the money to pay out depositors. Therefore, banks usually pay interest on time deposits. Apart from deposits banks usually have some other liabilities, as for instance, deposits in foreign currency, cheques in the process of clearance and others.

Пояснения к тексту

  1. to write cheques against the account – выписывать чеки против счёта

  2. to issue a deposit – открывать счёт

  3. to balance an account – уравнять, погасить счёт

  4. securities – ценные бумаги

  5. Stock Exchange – фондовая биржа

  6. sight deposit – счёт до востребования; текущий счёт

  7. time deposit – срочный вклад

  8. chequing account – чековый вклад(депозит), счёт до востребования (по которому снятие и депонирование средств может производиться с помощью чека)


VIII. Используя текст, закончите следующие предложения:

  1. Banks borrow money from the public in order to …

  2. The clearing system lets banks

  3. The asset side of the bank balance sheet includes …

  4. The liability side of the balance sheet includes…

  5. The two most important kinds of deposits are known …

  6. Cheques can be written against …

  7. Interest is usually paid on …

  8. To withdraw a time deposit one must give the bank a period of notification for the bank.


Вариант 3


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов to be, to have.

  1. Top managers will be more involved in planning, policy making, and the relations of the company with the outside.

  2. Top management must decide which products are to be produced within the organization.

  3. After considering the advantages and disadvantages of each option, the manager has to take decisions.

  4. If we don’t expand we’ll be swallowed by the other company.

  5. If employees think they have been unfairly treated by their immediate manager, they can appeal to a higher level of management to solve the problem.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

  1. The purpose of a corporate plan is to include the strategies the management will use to achieve its objectives.

  2. The manager will rarely have all the knowledge that he needs. This is one reason why making decisions involves a degree of risk.

  3. It is complicated to sell goods to a foreign company with different currencies.

  4. They will persuade more firms to produce these particular goods rather than less favoured ones.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на функцию причастия, герундия, инфинитива.

  1. Deciding the mission and purpose is the foundation of any planning exercise.

  2. To operate a successful business you need strong management skills.

  3. Before doing any kind of strategic planning, the management must be sure what the purpose of their business is.

  4. In carrying out management functions such as planning, organizing and controlling a manager will be continually making decisions.

  5. Managers must select people for the job to be done.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, принимая во внимание, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты большей частью соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

  1. Many managers like to see their employees increase their responsibility because it frees the managers to tackle a new task.

  2. If a manager of the bank permits an overdraft on current account he is likely to set a limit to the size of the overdraft.

  3. The management seem to be moving in the right direction.

  4. The manager wanted both groups to adopt a new approach to their work.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, учитывая различия в переводе зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

  1. We are interested in receiving various information, it mostly concerning the situation in the world market.

  2. When looking for an agent in a foreign market, a sales manager may have several companies to choose from.

  3. Before making a decision, the manager will carefully assess the options, considering the advantages and disadvantages. Having done this he will have to take decisions.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие придаточные предложения условия.

  1. If the consultant had done more careful research, he would have identified the gap in the market.

  2. Unless they do not accept our terms, we shall not sign the contract.

  3. Had he pointed out all the drawbacks, we should have found ways to solve it.


VII. Устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и переведите предложения из

текста на изученную грамматику.

  1. Their duties include making sure company objectives to be met and seeing that the business operates efficiently.

  2. Planning involves determining overall company objectives and deciding how these goals can best be achieved.

  3. Managers evaluate alternative plans before choosing a specific course of action and then check to see that the chosen plan fits into the objectives established at higher organizational levels.

  4. In this phase managers decide on the positions to be created and determine the associated duties and responsibilities.

  5. In directing, managers guide, teach, and motivate workers to achieve the company goals that were established in the planning process.

  6. Effective direction, or supervision, by managers requires ongoing communication

with employees.

  1. If major problems exist and goals are not being achieved, then changes need to be made in the company’s organizational or managerial structure.

  2. In making changes, managers have to go back and replan, reorganize, and redirect.

  3. In order to adequately and efficiently perform these management functions, managers need interpersonal organizational and technical skills

  4. In the last management function, controlling, managers evaluate how well company objectives are being met.


MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

Management plays a vital role in any business or organized activity. Management is composed of a team of managers who have charge of the organization at all levels. Their duties include making sure company objectives to be met and seeing that the business operates efficiently. Regardless of the specific job, managers perform four basic functions. These management functions are planning, organizing, directing and controlling.

Planning involves determining overall company objectives and deciding how these goals can best be achieved. Managers evaluate alternative plans before choosing a specific course of action and then check to see that the chosen plan fits into the objectives established at higher organizational levels. Planning is listed as first management function because the others depend on it. However, even as managers move on to perform other managerial functions, planning continues as goals and alternatives are further evaluated and revised.

Organizing, the second management function, is the process of putting the plan into action. This involves allocating resources, especially human resources, so that the overall objectives can be attained. In this phase managers decide on the positions to be created and determine the associated duties and responsibilities. Staffing, choosing the right person for the right job, may also be included as part of the organizing function.

Third is the day-to day direction and supervision of employees. In directing, managers guide, teach, and motivate workers so that they reach their potential abilities, and at the same time achieve the company goals that were established in the planning process. Effective direction, or supervision, by managers requires ongoing communication with employees.

In the last management function, controlling, managers evaluate how well company objectives are being met. In order to complete this evaluation, managers must look at the objectives established in planning phase and at how well the tasks assigned in the directing phase are being completed. If major problems exist and goals are not being achieved, then changes need to be made in the company’s organizational or managerial structure. In making changes, managers have to go back and replan, reorganize, and redirect.

In order to adequately and efficiently perform these management functions, managers need interpersonal organizational and technical skills. Although all four functions are managerial duties, the importance of each may vary depending on the situation. Effective managers meet the objectives of the company through a successful combination of planning, organizing, directing and controlling.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

1. What is management?

2. Why is planning listed as the first management function?

3. What does the organizing involves?

4. What help to achieve company goals to be established in planning process?

5. When changes are made in the company’s organizational and managerial structure?

6. What need managers have to be an effective?


Вариант 4


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов to be, to have.

  1. A small temporary overdraft will be given by an agreement with the bank manager.

2. A customer who regularly maintain an agreed minimum balance are often given the service of the bank without charge.

  1. Personal loans usually have to be repaid out of an income.

  2. Most of the customers of a bank who have opened a deposit account will also have a current one.

  3. Public companies are to issue shares to the public and that allows them to raise their capital.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

  1. Cash is popular for many types of payments in the USA because it is readily accepted.

  2. Loans to the discount houses are ideal from the point of view of any type of bank, even the commercial one.

  3. A major problem faced by planned economies is that of deciding what to produce.

  4. The bank must ensure that the investment it chooses are safe.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на функцию причастия, герундия, инфинитива.

  1. To be a borrower you must be a customer of the bank because the money will be lent to you through a bank account.

  2. The bank will often require some form of security to be provided by the borrowers.

  3. Banks make their profits by lending money which customers deposit them to others who need it for personal or business reasons.

  4. Being in a constant touch with leading stockbrokers the bank obtains information regarding classes of stocks and shares in which customers may be interested.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, принимая во внимание, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты большей частью соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

1.Generally less than one-fifth of all new products turns out to be profitable.

  1. Through advertisement this firm attempts to influence the customer to buy.

  2. The market share of these larger companies does not seem to have increased.

  3. Firms are assumed to know what quantity of each product they would sell.

V. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, учитывая различия в переводе зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

  1. Taking those factors into account we would offer the same price as last year.

  2. The principle of action being rather simple, the new device was widely used for different purposes.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие придаточные предложения условия.

  1. If there were a regular inflow of receipts from sales and a regular outflow of

payments for the expenses of operation there would be serious problems.

  1. If the market for our products expands, we will have a 20 per cent increase in turnover next year.

  2. If the government hadn’t introduced the tax incentive scheme, we would have faced serious financial difficulties.


VII. Устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и переведите предложения из

текста на изученную грамматику.

  1. One of the primary considerations when going into business is money.

  2. A new business needs capital not only for ongoing expenses but also for purchasing necessary assets.

  3. The money needed to start and continue operating a business is known to be a capital.

  4. In general, finance is securing and utilizing capital to start up, operate, and expand a company.

  5. To start up or begin business, a company needs funds to purchase essential assets.

  6. Because of competition in the market, capital needs to be invested in developing new product line and production techniques and in acquiring assets for future expansion.

  7. An individual uses long-term capital such as a bank loan to pay for a home or car – goods that will last for a long time.

  8. A company seeks long term financing to pay for new assets that are expected to last many years.

  9. In obtaining and using this capital, the decisions being made by managers affect the overall financial success of a company.


WHY FINANCE?

One of the primary considerations when going into business is money. Without sufficient funds a company cannot begin operations. The money needed to start and continue operating a business is known to be a capital. A new business needs capital not only for ongoing expenses but also for purchasing necessary assets. These assets – inventories, equipment, buildings and property – represent an investment of capital in the new business.

How this new company obtains and uses money will, in large measure, determine its success. The process of managing this acquired capital is known as financial management. In general, finance is securing and utilizing capital to start up, operate, and expand a company.

To start up or begin business, a company needs funds to purchase essential assets, support research and development, and buy materials for production. Capital is also needed for salaries, credit extension to customers, advertising, insurance, and many other day-to-day operations. In addition, financing is essential for growth and expansion of a company. Because of competition in the market, capital needs to be invested in developing new product line and production techniques and in acquiring assets for future expansion.

In financing business operations and expansion, a business uses both short-term and long-term capital. A company, much like an individual, utilizes short-term capital to pay for items that last a relatively short period of time. An individual uses credit cards or charge accounts for items such as clothing or food, while a company seeks short-term financing for salaries and office expenses. On the other hand, an individual uses long-term capital such as a bank loan to pay for a home or car – goods that will last for a long time. Similarly, a company seeks long term financing to pay for new assets that are expected to last many years.

When a company obtains capital from external sources, the financing can be either on a short-term or a long-term arrangement. Generally, short-term financing can be repaid in less than one year, while long-term financing can be repaid over a longer period of time.

Finance involves the securing of funds for all phases of business operations. In obtaining and using this capital, the decisions being made by managers affect the overall financial success of a company.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. Why does a new business need a capital?

  2. What determines a success of a business?

  3. What is a financial management?

  4. What is finance?

  5. Why is it necessary to invest in developing new product lines and production technique?

  6. What is the difference between short-term and long-term capital?

  7. Where can a company obtain the capital?

  8. What affect the overall success of the business?


Вариант 5


I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения глаголов to be, to have.

  1. The corporations can be classified according the way in which they are formed.

  2. The company is trying to assess technological, social, economic and political trends in the markets where it is competing.

  3. Our incomes have been ravaged by inflation.

  4. Partnership deed governs the legal relations between the partners and how the profits are to be shared.

  5. In order to avoid nationalization, this company had to give efficient service to its customers.


II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.

1. The partnership is dissolved when one partner leaves.

  1. Many businesses, especially small ones are simple sole proprietorships.

  2. The organization decides what actions it will take and how it will provide the resources to support those actions.

4. The most that they can lose is the money they spent on buying shares.


III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая внимание на функцию причастия, герундия, инфинитива.

  1. A sole trader runs the business alone, but he may employ many people to work for him in business.

  2. To form a limited partnership, the partners must enter into a written or oral agreement.

  3. The company has decided that giving services will be the purpose of the organisation.

  4. The company buys the controlling interest (контрольный пакет акций) by making a direct approach to the company’s shareholders for their shares.

  5. Loan capital is more appropriate to firms operating in stable markets.


IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, принимая во внимание, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты большей частью соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

  1. Generally less than one-fifth of all new products turns out to be profitable.

  2. Through advertisement this firm attempts to influence the customer to buy.

  3. Since that time the market share of these larger companies does not seem to have increased.

  4. Firms are assumed to know what quantity of each product they would sell.


V. Перепишите и письменно переведите на русский язык предложения, учитывая различия в переводе зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

  1. The selling price must relate to the production cost, which in turn depends on the quantity sold, this quantity being dependent upon the sales price.

  2. One problem when running a business is that cash flow at the beginning is rather slow.


VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, содержащие придаточные предложения условия.

  1. 1.If there were a regular inflow of receipts from sales and a regular outflow of payments for the expenses of operation there would be serious problems.

  2. If the market for our products expands, we will have a 20 per cent increase in turnover next year.

  3. If the government hadn’t introduced the tax incentive scheme, we would have faced serious financial difficulties.


VII. Устно переведите весь текст. Перепишите и переведите предложения из

текста на изученную грамматику.

  1. Probably the most workable concept of small business is the one suggested some years ago by the Committee for the Economic Development.

  2. To qualify as a small firm under its definition, a business must have at least two of the following characteristics.

  3. Small businesses are considered to compete successfully against some of the nation’s largest organizations as well as against a multitude of other small companies.

  4. They usually have fewer overhead costs –those not directly related to providing the goods and services – than to the large firms.

  5. The lower overhead costs resulting from fewer permanent staff people can provide a distinct advantage to small businesses.

  6. Big businesses are excluded from some commercial activities of their size.

  7. Hundreds of thousands of small businesses are begun each year.

  8. Inadequate financing is generally listed as a leading cause of small business problems.

  9. They often lack the resources to expand if they are successful.

  10. Many experts within and outside government believe that a major effort must be made to reduce the paperwork load for small business.

  11. High overhead costs force them to set minimum targets at which to direct their competitive efforts.


WHAT IS A SMALL BUSINESS?

Probably the most workable concept of small business is the one suggested some years ago by the Committee for the Economic Development. To qualify as a small firm under its definition, a business must have at least two of the following characteristics:

  1. independent management with the managers often owing the firm,

  2. capital contribution from a limited number of individuals – perhaps only one,

  3. the firm operates in a local area,

  4. the firm represents a small part of the overall industry.

Small businesses are in nearly every industry and they are considered to compete

successfully against some of the nation’s largest organizations as well as against a multitude of other small companies. Retailing and service establishments are the most common small businesses. Also new technology companies often start as small organizations.

Small firms can often provide a product or service more cheaply than large firms. They usually have fewer overhead costs –those not directly related to providing the goods and services – than to the large firms. Thus, they may be able to earn profit on a lower price than a large company can offer.

Small businesses have organizations with small staffs and fewer support personnel. The lower overhead costs resulting from fewer permanent staff people can provide a distinct advantage to small businesses.

Big businesses are excluded from some commercial activities of their size. High overhead costs force them to set minimum targets at which to direct their competitive efforts. This situation allows substantial opportunities for smaller publishers with lower overhead costs.

Finally, economic and organizational factors may dictate that an industry consists of small firms.

Smaller firms have a variety of disadvantages. These include poor management, inadequate financing, and government regulation.

Hundreds of thousands of small businesses are begun each year. Thirty percent fail within the first year, and half within two years. A great many of these failures can be attributed to poor management. Most people who start small businesses are ill-prepared as managers.

Inadequate financing is generally listed as a leading cause of small business problems. Many businesses start with inadequate capital and soon experience a shortage of funds. They often lack the resources to carry them over rough spots or to expand if they are successful.

Small businesses complain bitterly of excessive government regulation and red tape. Most of them are not equipped to handle the paperwork necessitated by government regulation. Many experts within and outside government believe that a major effort must be made to reduce the paperwork load for small business.


VIII. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

  1. Can small businesses compete successfully with larger organizations?

  2. What small businesses are the most common?

  3. Why can small businesses compete successfully with larger organizations? (Three examples will be enough)

  4. Why do small businesses have lower overhead costs?

  5. What are disadvantages of a small business?

  6. What are statistics of business failures?

  7. What are the most common reasons of business failures?

  8. Do the small businesses have much paperwork according to the government regulation?


Перечень объектов контроля и оценки


Наименование объектов контроля и оценки

Основные показатели оценки результата

Оценка

У 1. Умение общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

З1. Знать лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности

- Использование изученной лексики в устной и письменной речи;

Выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений.

39 баллов


За верное выполнение задания выставляется положительная оценка – 1 балл.

За неверное выполнение задания выставляется отрицательная оценка – 0 баллов.


8 заданий, каждое задание оценивается в 1 балл. Всего студент может набрать 39 баллов. Задание 1 – 5 баллов, задание 2 – 4б, задание 3 – 4б, зад.4 – 4 б, зад.5 – 2 б, зад.6 – 3 б, зад.7 – 9б, зад.8 – 8 б.

Таблица соответствия данной системы пятибалльной:

35 – 39 баллов

отлично

30 – 34 баллов

хорошо

19 баллов

удовлетворительно

менее 19 баллов

неудовлетворительно



4. Контрольно-оценочные материалы для итоговой аттестации по учебной дисциплине

Предметом оценки являются умения и знания. Контроль и оценка осуществляются с использованием следующих форм и методов: выполнение практических работ, тестирование, защита портфолио.

Оценка освоения дисциплины предусматривает использование накопительной системы оценивания и проведение дифференцированного зачета.

I. ПАСПОРТ


Назначение:

КОМ предназначен для контроля и оценки результатов освоения учебной дисциплины ОГСЭ.03. Английский язык по специальности СПО 080114 Экономика и бухгалтерский учет (по отраслям).

Умения

- общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;

- переводить (со словарем) иностранные тексты профессиональной направленности;

- самостоятельно совершенствовать устную и письменную речь, пополнять словарный запас;

- выполнять тематическое реферирование на основе тематических текстов и периодической печати;

Знания

- лексический (12001400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности

- иностранный язык технического характера: термины, особенности стиля, особенности перевода технических слов и выражений, различные инструкции и тексты технической направленности;

- правила пользования специальными терминологическими словарями;

- правила пользования электронными словарями


II. ЗАДАНИЕ ДЛЯ СТУДЕНТОВ.

Инструкция для обучающихся

  1. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя

  2. Побеседуйте с преподавателем по темам изученных разделов, используя лексический и грамматический материал.

3. Защита портфолио (наличие письменных работ).


Литература для обучающихся:

Основные источники:

1.Агабекян И.П. и др. Английский для экономистов. – Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2005

2.Герасимов Б.И. и др. Деловой английский для студентов-экономистов.-М.: ФОРУМ, 2008

Дополнительные источники:

1. Курс делового английского языка.- М: ООО «ТД «Издательство Мир книги», 2007

2. Мелех И.Я. Как писать письма на английском языке: справ.-учеб.пособие.- М.: АСТ: Астрель: Транзиткнига, 2006

3. Зайцева С.Е., Шибанова Е.С. Английский язык для экономистов: учебное пособие. – М.: КНОРУС, 2008


III. ПАКЕТ ПРОВЕРЯЮЩИЙ


III а. УСЛОВИЯ

Место проведения дифференцированного зачета каб.207 Иностранный язык.

Количество студентов сдающих зачет в кабинете 15

Количество вариантов задания для сдающих зачет 15

Зачетная ведомость.

Время выполнения задания 90


Оборудование:

1) Тетрадь студента с практическими работами (выполненными письменными заданиями).

2) Англо-русские словари.


III б. КРИТЕРИИ ОЦЕНКИ

К критериям оценки уровня подготовки студента относятся:

- уровень освоения студентом материала, предусмотренного учебной программой по дисциплине ОГСЭ. 03 Английский язык;

- умения студента использовать теоретические знания при выполнении практических заданий;

- уровень сформированности общих и профессиональных компетенций;

- обоснованность, четкость, краткость изложения ответа при соблюдении принципа полноты его содержания.


Процент результативности

(правильных ответов)


Оценка уровня подготовки


балл (отметка)


вербальный аналог

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5

отлично

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4

хорошо

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3

удовлетворительно

менее 60


2

неудовлетворительно


  1. Задания для оценки освоения дисциплины

Перечень вопросов к дифференцированному зачету

Вопросы к разделу 1


  1. Как образуются времена настоящего времени (Present Simple Active, Present Continuous Active, Present Perfect Active)?

  2. Какова разница в употреблении Present Simple и Present Continuous?

  3. Как образуется прошедшее время правильных глаголов? Как произносится окончание –ed?

  4. Как строится вопросительная и отрицательная форма глаголов в Past Simple? В какой форме употребляется смысловой глагол?

  5. Как различаются в употреблении Past Simple и Present Perfect? Приведите примеры.

  6. Как образуется Future Simple?

  7. Какие формы причастий вы знаете?

  8. Составить план сообщения о городах России.

  9. Ответить на контрольные вопросы по теме: Великобритания. Экономика Великобритании. США. Экономика США.



Вопросы к разделу 2


  1. Как образуются времена настоящего времени (Past Simple Passive, Past Continuous Passive, Past Perfect Passive)?

  2. Как образуется герундий?

  3. Как различаются в употреблении Past Simple и Present Perfect? Приведите примеры.

  4. Как образуется Future Simple?

  5. Какие формы причастий вы знаете?

  6. Подготовить сообщение об известном экономисте.

  7. Заполнить таблицу по сравнению макроэкономики и микроэкономики.

  8. Ответить на контрольные вопросы по теме: Конкурирующий рынок. Монополия. Философия рынка.


Вопросы к разделу 3


  1. Как образуется инфинитив, инфинитивные конструкции?

  2. Как образуется сослагательное наклонение?

  3. Какие виды условных предложений вы знаете?

  4. Как образуется косвенная речь?

  5. Составить текст рекламы фирмы (товара).

  6. Составить мини-словарь интернационализмов.

  7. Ответить на контрольные вопросы по теме: Прикладная экономика. Основные экономические проблемы. Конкурирующий рынок. Монополия. Философия рынка.

  8. Написать эссе по теме «Преимущества и недостатки кредитов».


Вопросы к разделу 4


  1. Как образуется инфинитив, инфинитивные конструкции?

  2. Как образуется сослагательное наклонение?

  3. Какие виды условных предложений вы знаете?

  4. Как образуется косвенная речь?

  5. Составить диалог по теме «Обсуждение условий и сроков заключения контракта».

  6. Написать деловое письмо на заданную тему.

  7. Написать анкету (резюме) для устройства на работу.





Преподаватель: _______________ / Д.З. Шомова









Лист согласования


Дополнения и изменения к комплекту КОС на учебный год


 

Дополнения и изменения к комплекту КОС на __________ учебный год по дисциплине _________________________________________________________________ 

В комплект КОС внесены следующие изменения:

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

Дополнения и изменения в комплекте КОС обсуждены на заседании ПЦК _______________________________________________________

«_____» ____________ 20_____г. (протокол № _______ ). 

Председатель ПЦК ________________ /___________________/



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Дата добавления 03.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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