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Название документа Presentation 1 Benchenaf.ppt
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe
The country’s shores are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea. The English channel separate Great Britain from the continent. Seas Atlantic Ocean
There are 3 things that chiefly determine the climate of the United Kingdom: the position of the islands in the temperate belt; the fact that the prevailing winds blow from the west and south-west and the warm current — the Gulf Stream. All these features make the climate more moderate. It is not very cold in winter and never very hot in summer. Climate of the United Kingdom
There are many mountains in Scotland, Wales and northwest of England but they are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain. Mountains
Scotland is also famous for its beautiful lakes, which are called Lochs. There are many rivers in G.B., but they are not very long. The Thames is the deepest, the longest and the most important river in England. Lakes and Rivers
English is the official language in the UK. But some people speak Gaelic [ˈgeɪlɪk] (the speech of ancient Ireland) in western Scotland and Welsh [wɛlʃ,] (the Celtic language of Wales) – in parts of northern and central Wales. http://indoeuro.bizland.com/tree/celt/cel.html Languages
GB consists of four parts: London Edinburgh Cardiff Belfast England (London) Scotland (Edinburgh) Wales (Cardiff) Northern Ireland (Belfast)
The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Jack, is made up of three crosses. The upright red cross is the cross of St. George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. The Flag + + England Scotland Original Union Flag (1606) Ireland The United Kingdom
The total area of the U.K. is 244.00 square kilometers with a population of 56 million. It is one of the most populated countries in the world. Population
Major UK cities are Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Glasgow, Liverpool, Sheffield, Edinburgh, Bristol, Belfast, Cardiff University of Birmingham University of Manchester University of Leeds University of Sheffield University of Glasgow University of Edinburgh University of Liverpool University of Oxford
The Political System The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II. Prince Charles (the eldest son)
Britain does not have a written constitution, but a set of laws. There are 3 main parts of laws: 1. Statute Law 2. Common Law 3. Constitutional conventions Constitution English Bill of Rights of 1689
Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. Technically Parliament is made up of three parts: the House of Lords; and the House of Commons. In reality the House of Commons is the only one of the three which has true power. Parliament
There are 650 Members of Parliament in the House of Commons. They are elected by secret ballot. General elections are held every five years. The country is divided into 650 constituencies. All citizens, aged 18 and registered in a constituency, have the right to vote. Speaker of the House of Commons - John Bercow (elected June 22, 2009). The House of Commons
The House of Lords comprises about 1,200 peers. It is presided by the Lord Chancellor. The House of Lords has no real power. It acts rather as an advisory council. Christopher Stephen Grayling - the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice since 2012 House of Lords
London is situated upon both banks of the River Thames, it is the largest city in Britain and one of the largest in the world. Its population is about 7 million people.
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Ресурс содержит презентацию, которая описывает географическое положение и политическое строение Великобритании. Это обширная и очень подробная презентация. Рассказ о стране начинается с географического положения Британских островов, связанного с ним климата, описания типов ландшафта, характерного для Британии. Далее автор описывает отдельные части Великобритании: Шотландию, Англию, Ирландию и Уэльс.
Вся презентация сопровождается голосом диктора, который озвучивает каждый слайд. Далее автор подробно рассматривает политическую систему государства, историю происхождения конституционной монархии.