Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Методическая разработка на тему: Использование профессиональной лексики на уроках английского языка.
Обращаем Ваше внимание: Министерство образования и науки рекомендует в 2017/2018 учебном году включать в программы воспитания и социализации образовательные события, приуроченные к году экологии (2017 год объявлен годом экологии и особо охраняемых природных территорий в Российской Федерации).

Учителям 1-11 классов и воспитателям дошкольных ОУ вместе с ребятами рекомендуем принять участие в международном конкурсе «Я люблю природу», приуроченном к году экологии. Участники конкурса проверят свои знания правил поведения на природе, узнают интересные факты о животных и растениях, занесённых в Красную книгу России. Все ученики будут награждены красочными наградными материалами, а учителя получат бесплатные свидетельства о подготовке участников и призёров международного конкурса.

ПРИЁМ ЗАЯВОК ТОЛЬКО ДО 15 ДЕКАБРЯ!

Конкурс "Я люблю природу"

Методическая разработка на тему: Использование профессиональной лексики на уроках английского языка.

Напоминаем, что в соответствии с профстандартом педагога (утверждён Приказом Минтруда России), если у Вас нет соответствующего преподаваемому предмету образования, то Вам необходимо пройти профессиональную переподготовку по профилю педагогической деятельности. Сделать это Вы можете дистанционно на сайте проекта "Инфоурок" и получить диплом с присвоением квалификации уже через 2 месяца!

Только сейчас действует СКИДКА 50% для всех педагогов на все 111 курсов профессиональной переподготовки! Доступна рассрочка с первым взносом всего 10%, при этом цена курса не увеличивается из-за использования рассрочки!

ВЫБРАТЬ КУРС И ПОДАТЬ ЗАЯВКУ
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Актуальность данной методической разработки включает проверку и оценку знаний умений и навыков владения ИЯ студентами технических специальностей.

В методичку включены аутентичные тексты на английском языке по основной сварочной тематике, снабжены упражнениями и заданиями, направленными на развитие навыков речевой деятельности.

Работа с материалом, представленным в методичке, поможет

студентам не только овладеть английской технической терминологией

из области сварки и сварочных процессов, но и познакомиться с

историей и современным состоянием отрасли, заглянуть в будущее

технологии.


































Петропавловский строительно-экономический колледж











Методическая разработка по английскому языкуна тему

«Использование профессиональной лексики на уроках английского языка»







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Подготовила преподаватель английского языка Балсеитова А.К.





2015г.



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1/а professional skills

1. Manual dexterity.

2 .Good eyesight.

3. Good eye-hand coordination.

4. The ability to concentrate on detailed work.

5. The ability to stoop, bend, climb.

6. Patience.

7. to know drafts, charts

8. to know the device of welding apparate

9. to know the safety and operating instructions

10. to know the technology of bricklayer


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Text

Welding is a process when metal parts are joined together by the application of heat, pressure, or a combination of both.

The processes of welding can be divided into two main groups:

pressure welding, when the weld is achieved by pressure and

heat welding, when the weld is achieved by heat. Heat welding is the most common welding process used today.

Heat welding is necessary almost in all productions where metals are used.

The welding processes widely employed today include gas welding, arc welding, and resistance welding.

Gas welding has the advantage of using equipment that is portable and does not require an electric power source.

Arc-welding is the most important welding process for joining steels.

It requires a continuous supply of either direct or alternating electrical current.

Arc welding is faster because the concentration of heat is high.







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Vocabulary

Welder сварнойшов, сварка, сваривать(ся)

repairandmaintenance ремонт оборудования и уход за ним

sheetmetalwork 1) обработка листового металла 2) изделие из

листового металла 3) жестяницкие работы

hobbyist человек, увлеченный своим хобби

carpenter плотник, столяр

ironworker металлург

glazier стекольщик

tender 1) лицо, присматривающее за кем-л.,

обслуживающее кого-л., что-л. 2) механик,

оператор

supervisor контролер

contractor подрядчик, контрактор

repairshop ремонтная мастерская

stoop наклоняться, нагибаться

awkward неудобный; затруднительный, неловкий

machinesetting 1) наладка [настройка] станка

nondestructivetesting 1) неразрушающиеиспытания;

2)неразрушающий контроль

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Find the Russian equivalents for the words and word combinations in italics

in the text.




Text 1.Welding & Machine Trades


Welding is a skill used by many trades: sheetmetal workers, ironworkers, diesel mechanics,boilermakers, carpenters, marine construction,

steamfitters, glaziers, repair and maintenancepersonnel in applications ranging from the homehobbyistto heavy fabrication of bridges, ships and

many other projects. A variety of weldingprocesses are used to join units of metal. As a welder, you may work forshipyards, manufacturers, contractors, federal, state, county, and citygovernments, firms requiring maintenance mechanics, and repair shops.

Welding, while very physically demanding, can be very rewarding for

those who enjoy working with their hands. Welders need good eyesight,

manual dexterity and hand-eye coordination. They should also be able to

concentrate for long periods of time on very detailed work, as well as be in

good enough physical shape to bend and stoop, often holding awkward

positions for long periods of time. Welders work in a variety of

environments, both indoors and out, using heat to melt and fuse separate

pieces of metal together. Training and skill levels can vary, with a few weeks

of school or on-the-job training for the lowest level job and several years of

school and experience for the more skilled welding positions.

Skilled welders often select and set up the welding equipment, execute

the weld, and then examine the welds in order to make sure they meet the

appropriate specifications. They may also be trained to work in a variety of

materials, such as plastic, titanium or aluminum. Those with less training

perform more routine tasks, such as the welds on jobs that have already been

laid out, and are not able to work with as many different materials.

While the need for welders as a whole should continue to grow about

as fast as average, according the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand

forlow-skilled welders should decrease dramatically, as many companies

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move towards automation. However, this will be partially balanced out by

the fact that the demand for machine setters, operators and tenders should

increase. And more skilled welders on construction projects and equipment

repair should not be affected, as most of these jobs cannot be easily

automated. Because of the increased need for highly skilled welders, those

withformal training will have a much better chance of getting the position

they desire. For those considering to prepare themselves to a meaningful

welding-career, there are many options available.

There are also different professional specialties and levels, that should

be understood to make an informed choice. Some of these are: welder,

welding machine operator, welding technician, welding schedule developer,

welding procedure writer, testing laboratory technician, welding non

destructive testing inspector, welding supervisor, welding instructor,

welding engineer.


While-reading activity

Make a list of all the words in the text indicating:

a) welding professions and levels: welder, welding machine operator, …

b) trades where welding skill is used: …

c) places/fields a welder can work at (in): …

d) personal qualities a welder should have:

Answer the following questions on the text.

1. What are the trades where welding skills are used?

2. Where can welders work?

3. What personal characteristics should welders have?

4. How does the environment in which welders work vary?

5. What does it take to be s low-skilled/skilled welder?

6. What are welders able to do in terms of complexity of tasks and variety of

materials?

7. What are the job opportunities for low-skilled/skilled welders for the

nearest future as specified by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics?

8. What are the advantages of having formal training for making a welding

career?

9. As you see, welding includes various professional specialties and levels.

What is yours?



After-reading activity

Translate the following sentences from Russian into English:

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1. Сфера применения сварки охватывает большое количество областей

промышленности.

2. Профессия сварщика требует физической выносливости из-за частой

необходимости работы в нестационарных условиях.

3. Для того чтобы стать квалифицированным сварщиком, необходима длительная теоретическая подготовка и практический опыт работы.

4. Квалифицированный сварщик должен сам уметь подбирать

необходимое сварочное оборудование, материалы и технику сварки.

5. Чем выше квалификация сварщика, тем больше количество

материалов, с которыми он может работать, и разнообразнее виды

выполняемых работ.

6. В настоящее время имеются большие возможности для освоения

профессиисварщика.

Look through the last paragraph of the text and say, what exactly, in your

opinion, the following welding specialists do:

welder

weldingwelder

welding machine operator

welding technician

welding schedule developer

welding procedure writer

testing laboratory technician

weldingnon destructive testing

inspector

Writing

Write five sentences (one per each paragraph) summarizing the main ideas of

the text.

Reading

Skim the text to understand its main ideas

Text 2. What is welding and what do welders do?

Welding is the most economical and efficient way to join metals

permanently. It is the only way of joining two or more pieces of metal to

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make them act as a single piece. Welding is vital to our economy. It is often

said that over 50% of the gross national product of the U.S.A. is related to

welding in one way or another. Welding ranks high among industrial

processes and involves more sciences and variables than those involved in

any other industrial process. There are many ways to make a weld and many

different kinds of welds. Some processes cause sparks and others do not even

require extra heat. Welding can be done anywhere…

outdoors or indoors, underwater and in outer space.

Nearly everything we use in our daily life is

welded or made by equipment that is welded. Welders

help build metal products from coffeepots to

skyscrapers. They help build space vehicles and millions

of other products ranging from oil drilling rigs to automobiles. In

construction, welders are virtually rebuilding the world, extending subways,

building bridges, and helping to improve the environment by building

pollution control devices. The use of welding is practically unlimited. There

is no lack of variety of the type of work that is done.

Welders are employed in many industry groups. Machinery manufacturers

are responsible for agricultural, construction, and mining

machinery. They are also involved in bulldozers, cranes,

material handling equipment, food-processing machinery,

papermaking and printing equipment, textiles, and office

machinery.

The fabricated metals products compiles another

group including manufacturers of pressure vessels, heat exchangers, tanks,

sheet metal, prefabricated metal buildings and architectural and ornamental

work. Transportation is divided into two major groups: manufacturers of

transportation equipment except motor vehicles; and motor vehicles and

equipment. The first includes shipbuilding, aircraft, spacecraft, and railroads.

The second includes automobiles, trucks, buses, trailers, and associated

equipment.

A small group of welders belongs to the group of

repair services. This includes maintenance and repair on

automobiles or refers to the welding performed on

industrial and electrical machinery to repair worn parts.

The mining, oil extraction, and gas extraction industries

form yet another group. A large portion of the work

involves drilling and extracting oil and gas or mining of ores, stone, sand and

gravel.

Welders are also employed in the primary metals industries to include

steel mills, iron and steel foundries, smelting and refining plants. Much of

11

this work is maintenance and repair of facilities and equipment. Another

group is the electrical and electronic equipment companies. Welding done by

this group runs from work on electric generators, battery chargers, to

household appliances.

Public administration employs welders to perform

maintenance welding that is done on utilities, bridges,

government armories and bases, etc.

These would include auto and agricultural equipment dealerships, metal

service centers, and scrap yards.

Probably the smallest group of welders, but perhaps

those with the biggest impact on the public are the artist and

sculptors. The St. Louis Arch is possibly one of the best

known. But there are many other fountains and sculptures in

cities and neighborhoods around the world.

While-reading activity

Find the English equivalents for the following words and word combinations:

валовой национальный продукт, на открытом воздухе, в помещении,

космический корабль, горное оборудование.

Trueorfalse?

1. Welding is an important process employed by modern industry.

2. All welding processes are similar.

3. All welding processes require work pieces to be heated.

4. The smallest group of welders belongs to the group of repair services.

5. Welding is the only way to join metals.

Vocabulary

journeyman (person) наемный квалифицированный рабочий

apprentice ученик

plateworking обработка листового металла

blueprint 1) делать светокопию, копировать чертеж 2)

делать разметку

brazing пайка твердым припоем (из меди и цинка)

GTA (gastungsten

arc) welding

сварка неплавящимся электродом

TIG (ungsteninert

gaswelding)

дуговая сварка вольфрамовым электродом в среде

инертногогаза

SMAW (shielded

metalarcwelding)

дуговая сварка покрытым металлическим

электродом

SAW (submergedarc

welding)

(дуговая) сварка под флюсом

resistancewelding (контактная) сварка сопротивлением

fluxcore флюсовая сердцевина ( порошковой проволоки )

metalcore металлический сердечник

shiftwork (по)сменная работа, работа по сменам


Vocabulary

technique 1) техника, способ, технические приемы 2) метод;

методика,

casestudy учебный пример; разбор конкретного случая

shieldedmetalarc

welding

дуговая сварка покрытым металлическим

электродом

arcwelding электродуговая сварка

submergedarc welding дуговая сварка под флюсом

welding (контактная) сварка сопротивлением

tensiletest испытание на растяжение

bendingtest испытание на изгиб

impacttest испытание на ударную вязкость

discontinuity отсутствие непрерывности, нарушение

последовательности; несплошность

volumetric объемный

hardness твердость, прочность; сопротивляемость

(механическим воздействиям)

tension натяжение; растяжение, растягивание, удлинение

sitewelding монтажные сварочные работы

heatflow тепловой поток

heattreatment термическая обработка

weldingmetallurgy металлургия сварки

hardenability 1) закаливаемость 2) прокаливаемость 3)

способность к закаливанию

weldability свариваемость

non-ferrous цветной (о металле), не содержащий железа

fillermetal присадочный металл

alloy сплав

While-reading activity

Think of the answers to the following questions:

1. How can you communicate to your company?

2. What can be a source of helpful information for a welder?

3. Who can be called a certified welder?

4. How do people apply for employment?

5. What professions arephysical demanding?

6. What kind of career goals may a welder have?

7. What is formal training?



























































































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