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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Научные работы / Научно-исследовательская работа учащейся 9 класса “THE MARVELOUS DISNEY’S WORLD”

Научно-исследовательская работа учащейся 9 класса “THE MARVELOUS DISNEY’S WORLD”

  • Иностранные языки

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GYMNASIUM № 7 NAMED AFTER VORONTSOV V.M.

Student’s Scientific Research Society «Hello»






SCHOOL RESEARCH PAPER

THE MARVELOUS DISNEY’S WORLD”






Made by Badirova Aisha, Form 9 «G»

Supervisor of studies Romanova T.M













VORONEZH 2016

CONTENTS



INTRODUCTION. ENTERTAINMENT NOWADAYS……………

3

CHAPTER I. THE LIFE AND CAREER PATH OF WALT DISNEY. FOOTPRINT OF WALT DISNEY’S ART…………..


4

CHAPTER II. THE VALUE OF “DISNEY” IN CALIFORNIA, PARIS, RUSSIA………………………………………………………...


11

CHAPTER III. RESEARCH………………………………….

14

CONCLUSION. ENTERTAINMENT IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MODERN LIFE…………………………………………….


17

LIST OF LITERATURE……………………………………………….

18






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INTRODUCTION

ENTERTAINMENT NOWADAYS

We live in the world of incredible pressure and growing demands. Every day we experience stress that makes our life a rat race, that is why, we are looking forward to the end of the working day, weekend or holidays that is the time when we can relax, enjoy ourselves and be entertained. Entertainment is a vital part of our pastime as it makes our life various, colorful, rich and balanced. There are so many kinds of entertainment that it can meet demands of people with the most sophisticated tastes. The most popular are TV, cinema, music, books and dance. However, other people prefer theatre, galleries and exhibitions where they are not disturbed in the world of silent beauty.

Child Entertainment. Children need to be interested and some periods the performer or the enjoyment organization needs to get a balance between psychological and actions. Clowns, puppets, pantomimes and toons usually entice children, though mature might discover it pleasant too. [1]

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This they can find by watching “Disney Channel” or visiting “Disneyland”




CHAPTER I. THE LIFE AND CAREER PATH OF WALT DISNEY.

FOOTPRINT OF WALT DISNEY’S ART


Walter Elias "Walt" Disney (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, cartoonist, animator, voice actor, and film producer. He was a prominent figure within the American animation industry and throughout the world, and is regarded as a cultural icon, known for his influence and contributions to entertainment during the 20th century. As a Hollywood business mogul, he and his brother Roy O. Disney cofounded The Walt Disney Company.

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As an animator and entrepreneur, Disney was particularly noted as a filmmaker and a popular showman, as well as an innovator in animation and theme park design. He and his staff created numerous famous fictional characters including Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, and Goofy. Disney himself was the original voice for Mickey. During his lifetime, he won 22 Academy Awards and received four honorary Academy Awards from a total of 59 nominations, including a record of four in one year, giving him more Oscar awards and nominations than any other individual in history. Disney also won seven Emmy Awards and gave his name to the Disneyland and Walt Disney World Resort theme parks in the U.S., as well as the international resorts Tokyo Disney Resort, Disneyland Paris, Hong Kong Disneyland, and Shanghai Disney Resort. Disney died from lung cancer on December 15, 1966.



Start of animation career: 1920–37

In January 1920, Disney and Iwerks formed a short-lived company called "Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists". However, following a rough start, Disney left temporarily to earn money at the Kansas City Film Ad Company. He was soon joined by Iwerks, who was not able to run their business alone. Disney made commercials based on cut-out animation at the Film Ad company; he became interested in animation and decided to become an animator. The company's owner A.V. Cauger allowed him to borrow a camera from work to experiment with at home. Disney read the Edwin G. Lutz book Animated Cartoons: How They Are Made, Their Origin and Development, then considered cell animation to be much more promising than the cutout animation that he was doing for Cauger. He eventually decided to open his own animation business and recruited Ad Company co-worker Fred Harman as his first employee Disney and Harman then started creating cartoons called Laugh-O-Grams. Disney studied Aesop's Fables as a model. The first six of the new Laugh-O-Grams were modernized fairy tales. They screened their cartoons at a local theatre owned by Frank Newman, who was one of the most popular "showmen" in Kansas City. [2]

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The Walt Disney Company

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The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. It is the world's second largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue, after Comcast. Disney was founded on October 16, 1923, by Walt Disney and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, and established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and theme parks. The company also operated under the names The Walt Disney Studio, then Walt Disney Productions. Taking on its current name in 1986, it expanded its existing operations and also started divisions focused upon theater, radio, music, publishing, and online media.

In addition, Disney has since created corporate divisions in or- der to market more mature content than is typically associated with its flagship family-oriented brands. The company is best known for the products of its film studio, The Walt Disney Studios, which is today one of the largest and best-known studios in American cinema. Disney also owns and operates the ABC broadcast television network; cable television networks such as Disney Channel, ESPN, A+E Networks, and ABC Family; publishing, merchandising, music, and theatre divisions; and owns and licenses 14 theme parks around the world. The company has been a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since May 6, 1991. An early and well-known cartoon creation of the company, Mickey Mouse, is a primary symbol of The Walt Disney Company.



1923–1928: The silent era

In early 1923, Kansas City, Missouri, animator Walt Disney created a short film entitled Alice's Wonderland, which featured child actress Virginia Davis interacting with animated characters. After the bankruptcy in 1923 of his previous firm, Laugh-O-Gram Studios, Disney moved to Hollywood to join his brother, Roy O. Disney. Film distributor Margaret J. Winkler of M.J. Winkler Productions contacted Disney with plans to distribute a whole series of Alice Comedies purchased for $1,500 per reel with Disney as a production partner. Walt and Roy Disney formed Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio that same year. More animated films followed after Alice.

 In January 1926, with the completion of the Disney studio on Hyperion Street, the Disney Brothers Studio's name was changed to the Walt Disney Studio.

After the demise of the Alice comedies, Disney developed an all-cartoon series starring his first original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, which was distributed by Winkler Pictures through Universal Pictures. The distributor owned Oswald, so Disney only made a few hundred dollars. Disney completed 26 Oswald shorts before losing the contract in February 1928, due to a legal loophole, when Winkler's husband Charles Mintz took over their distribution company. After failing to take over the Disney Studio, Mintz hired away four of Disney's primary animators (the exception being Ub Iwerks) to start his own animation studio, Snappy Comedies.

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2005–present: The Iger era

Team Disney Burbank, which houses the offices of Disney's CEO and several other senior corporate officials.

On July 8, 2005, Walt Disney's nephew, Roy E. Disney returned to The Walt Disney Company as a consultant and with the new title of Non Voting Director, Emeritus. Walt Disney Parks and Resorts celebrated the 50th anniversary of Disneyland Park on July 17, and opened Hong Kong Disneyland on September 12. Walt Disney Feature Animation released Chicken Little, the company's first film using 3-D animation. On October 1, Bob Iger replaced Michael Eisner as CEO. Miramax co-founders Bob Weinstein and Harvey Weinstein also departed the company to form their own studio. On July 25, 2005, Disney announced that it was closing DisneyToon Studios Australia in October 2006, after 17 years of existence.

In 2006, Disney acquired Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney’s pre-Mickey silent animation star.Aware that Disney's relationship with Pixar was wearing thin, President and CEO Robert Iger began negotiations with leadership of Pixar Animation Studios, Steve Jobs and Ed Catmull, regarding possible merger. On January 23, 2006, it was announced that Disney would purchase Pixar in an all-stock transaction worth $7.4 billion. The deal was finalized on May 5; and among noteworthy results was the transition of Pixar's CEO and 50.1% shareholder, Steve Jobs, becoming Disney's largest individual share holder at 7% and a member of Disney's Board of Directors. Ed Catmull took over as President of Pixar Animation Studios. Former Executive Vice-President of Pixar, John Lasseter, became Chief Creative Officer of Walt Disney Animation Studios, its division Disney Toon Studios, and Pixar Animation Studios, as well assuming the role of Principal Creative Advisor at Walt Disney Imagineering.

In April 2007, the Muppets Holding Company, LLC was renamed The Muppets Studio and placed under new leadership in an effort by Iger to re-brand the division. The re-branding was completed in September 2008, when control of The Muppets Studio was transferred from Disney Consumer Products to the Walt Disney Studios.

After a long time working in the company as a senior executive and large shareholder, Director Emeritus Roy E. Disney died from stomach cancer on December 16, 2009. At the time of his death, he owned roughly 1% of all of Disney which amounted to 16 million shares. He is seen to be the last member of the Disney family to be actively involved in the running of the company and working in the company altogether.

On August 31, 2009, Disney announced a deal to acquire Marvel Entertainment, Inc. for $4.24 billion. The deal was finalized on December 31, 2009 in which Disney acquired full ownership on the company. Disney has stated that their acquisition of Marvel Entertainment will not affect Marvel's products; neither will the nature of any Marvel characters be transformed.

In October 2009, Disney Channel president Rich Ross, hired by Iger, replaced Dick Cook as chairman of the company and, in November, began restructuring the company to focus more on family friendly products. Later in January 2010, Disney decided to shut down Miramax after downsizing Touchstone, but one month later, they instead began selling the Miramax brand and its 700-title film library to Filmyard Holdings. On March 12, Image Movers Digital, Robert Zemeckis's company which Disney had bought in 2007, was shut down. In April 2010, Lyric Street, Disney's country music label in Nashville, was shut down. In May 2010, the company sold the Power Rangers brand, as well as its 700-episode library, back to Haim Saban. In June, the company canceled Jerry Bruckheimer's film projectKilling Rommel. In January 2011, Disney Interactive Studios was downsized. In November, two ABC stations were sold. With the release of Tangled in 2010, Ed Catmull said that the "princess" genre of films was taking a hiatus until "someone has a fresh take on it ... but we don't have any other musicals or fairytales lined up." He explained that they were looking to get away from the princess era due to the changes in audience composition and preference. However, in the Facebook page, Ed Catmull stated that this was just a rumor.

In April 2011, Disney broke ground on Shanghai Disney Resort. Costing $4.4 billion, the resort is slated to open in 2015. Later, in August 2011, Bob Iger stated on a conference call that after the success of the Pixar and Marvel purchases, he and the Walt Disney Company are looking to "buy either new characters or businesses that are capable of creating great characters and great stories." Later, in early February 2012, Disney completed its acquisition of UTV Software Communications, expanding their market further into India and Asia.

On October 30, 2012, Disney announced plans to acquire Lucasfilm, along with plans to produce a seventh installment in its Star Wars franchise for 2015. On December 4, 2012, the Disney-Lucasfilm merger was approved by the Federal Trade Commission, allowing the acquisition to be finalized without dealing with antitrust problems. On December 21, 2012, the deal was completed with the acquisition value amounting to approximately $4.06 billion, and thus Lucasfilm became a wholly owned subsidiary of Disney (which coincidentally reunited Lucasfilm under the same corporate umbrella with its former spin-off and new sibling, Pixar).

On May 29, 2013, Disney set release dates for eight currently untitled animated films through 2018, including four from Disney Animation and four from Pixar Animation.

On March 24, 2014, Disney bought Maker Studios, a YouTube company generating billions of views each year, for over $500 million in order to advertise to viewers in the crucial teenage/young adult demographics. On May 9, 2014, Disney announced they have reached an agreement with Japan's TV Asahi Corporation to air an English dub of

The Doraemon anime series on Disney XD.In July 2014, The Walt Disney Company announced 11 startups that would begin in the company’s accelerator program.

In August 2014, The Walt Disney Company filed three patents for using drones. Patents included using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to lift marionettes in the air, raise mesh screens for floating video projections, and equipping drones with lights to make them part of a new kind of light show. On February 5, 2015, it was announced that Tom Staggs had been promoted to COO. [3]



CHAPTER II. THE VALUE OF “DISNEY” IN CALIFORNIA,

PARIS, RUSSIA


Disneyland in California

Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, opened on July 17, 1955. It is the only theme park designed and built under the direct supervision of Walt Disney.

It was originally the only attraction on the property; its name was changed to Disneyland Park to distinguish it from the expanding complex in the 1990s.

Walt Disney came up with the concept of Disneyland after visiting various amusement parks with his daughters in the 1930s and 1940s. He initially envisioned building a tourist attraction adjacent to his studios in Burbank to entertain fans who wished to visit; however, he soon realized that the proposed site was too small.

After hiring a consultant to help him determine an appropriate site for his project, Disney bought a 160-acre (65 ha) site near Anaheim in 1953. Construction began in 1954 and the park was unveiled during a special televised press event on the ABC Television Network on July 17, 1955.

Since its opening, Disneyland has undergone a number of expansions and major renovations, including the addition of New Orleans Square in 1966, Bear Country (now Critter Country) in 1972, and Mickey's Toontown in 1993. Opened in 2001, Disney California Adventure Park was built on the site of Disneyland's original parking lot.

Disneyland has a larger cumulative attendance than any other theme park in the world, with over 650 million guests since it opened. In 2013, the park hosted approximately 16.2 million guests, making it the third most visited park in the world that calendar year.

According to a March 2005 Disney Company report, 65,700 jobs are supported by the Disneyland Resort, including about 20,000 direct Disney employees and 3,800 third-party employees. [4]



Dedication

To all who come to this happy place: Welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past, and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, the dreams, and the hard facts that have created America, with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world.

Walter E. Disney, July 17, 1955

The concept for Disneyland began when Walt Disney was visiting Griffith Park in Los Angeles with his daughters Diane and Sharon. While watching them ride the merry-go-round, he came up with the idea of a place where adults and their children could go and have fun together, though his dream lay dormant for many years. He may have also been influenced by his father's memories of the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago (his father worked at the Exposition).

The Midway Pleasance there included a set of attractions representing various countries from around the world and others representing various periods of man; it also included many rides including the first Ferris wheel, a "sky" ride, a passenger train that circled the perimeter, and a Wild West Show. Another likely influence was Benton Harbor, Michigan's nationally famous House of David's Eden Springs Park. Disney visited the park and ultimately bought one of the older miniature trains originally used there; the colony had the largest miniature railway setup in the world at the time.

Disneyland in Paris

Disneyland Paris, originally Euro Disney Resort, is an entertainment resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town located 32 km (20 mi) east of the centre of Paris, and is the most visited theme park in all of France and Europe. It is owned and operated by Euro Disney S.C.A., a publicly traded company in which The Walt Disney Company owns a majority stake. The resort covers 4,800 acres (19 km2) and encompasses two theme parks, several resort hotels, a shopping, dining, and entertainment complex, and a golf course, in addition to several additional recreational and entertainment venues. Disneyland Park is the original theme park of the complex, opening with the resort on 12 April 1992. A second theme park, Walt Disney Studios Park, opened in 2002. The resort is the second Disney Park to open outside the United States, following the opening of the Tokyo Disney Resort in 1983. [5]

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Disneyland in Russia

Disney history in Russia began in 1931, when Moscow hosted the festival of American cartoons and Soviet viewers first became acquainted with the animated works of Walt Disney. Together with “Mickey Mouse”, “Snow White” and “Bambi” grew up not one generation of spectators, and in 2006, after 75 years after the first acquaintance of Russians with the heroes of Disney, was opened Russian office of The Walt Disney Company "the Walt Disney company CIS". The General Director "Walt Disney company CIS" is Marina Zhigalova-Ozkan.

In Russia and CIS the company develops production and rental of films and stage productions; issue of licensing DVD, Blu-ray™ and Blu-ray 3D discs; production and distribution of TV content, the Disney Channel, consumer product licensing — clothes, toys, goods for children, stationery, food, cosmetics, etc.; the licensing of publishing — books and magazines for children; production and distribution of digital video games for consoles, mobile and online games, and also develops among the Russian audience such destinations, cruises and Disney theme parks. [6]



CHAPTER III. RESEARCH


We have made 5 opinion polls among our friends, our parents’ friends, our classmates and other people to find out what people  about Walt Disney and his world know.Начало формы

Конец формы

THE FIRST OPINION POLL: “WHO WALT DISNEY WAS?”

Approximately 89% of respondents managed to answer the question: “Who Walt Disney was?” also they were able to describe his art.

6 % thought that it would be difficult to answer, but they said about well-known Disney Channel.

5% answered: “I don’t know” and I gave them information about Walt Disney and The Walt Disney Company.

THE SECOND OPINION POLL: “WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT WALT DISNEY’S ART?”

72% answered: “He was an animator” it means that the majority of respondents know who Walt Disney was, but still he wasn’t just an animator he was producer, director, writer, voice actor.

28% answered: “I don’t know”

THE THIRD OPINION POLL: “HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TO DISNEYLAND?”

The majority - 97% hasn’t been to Disneyland and I haven’t been there too.

Only 3% of respondents have been to Disneyland parks in other countries and they shared with their emotions.



THE FOURTH OPINION POLL: “IF YOU HAD CHANCE, WOULD YOU LIKE TO VISIT DISNEY LAND?”

98% of respondents answered: “Yes” because they would like to visit Disneyland, in addition, me too.

2% answered “No” for various reasons.



THE FIFTH OPINION POLL: “DO YOU OR YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS WATCH DISNEY CHANNEL?”

From all of respondents only 48% answered “Yes”
to the question
“Do you or your family members watch Disney Channel?”

36% answered “No” for various reasons.

16% answered “I don’t have opportunity to watch” because of lack of time and again for various reasons.

CONCLUSION

ENTERTAINMENT IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE MODERN LIFE


We have come to the conclusion that entertainment is necessary for emotional and psychological health. The entertainment is an important part of the modern life. The concept of «entertainment» includes not only a pretty pastime, but also a passion of art, movies, music, dancing, reading, and sports. The development of the outlook is impossible without reading, hobbies, a passion of music or the theater, opera, ballet… A visit to the cultural events such as exhibitions, presentations, and primes is an integral part of the intelligent person’s life. Each person chooses what his favorite kind of entertainment is: sitting at home and reading a book or watching a TV either going to concerts and theatres or galleries.

As for me, I am fond of going to theatres, reading books and visiting exhibitions, because only like that I can relax and enjoy my free time. Also I am obsessed with learning foreign languages such as English, French, German, Italian and other European languages.


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LIST OF LITERATURE


  1. http://www.studfiles.ru/preview/4001779/

  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Disney

  3. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Walt_Disney_Company

  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disneyland

  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disneyland_Paris

  6. http://history.disney.ru

  7. Английский язык. (Rainbow English) 8 кл.: в 2 ч.: учебник/ О.В. Афанасьева, И. В. Михеева, К. М. Баранова – 4-е изд., стереотип. –М.: Дрофа, 2016

  8. 120 устных тем по английскому языку/ А.И. Немыкина – 2 изд., - М.: Просвещение, 1998

  9. Рэнди Брайт. Disneyland: Inside Story. — Harry N Abrams, 1987. — ISBN 0-8109-0811-5.



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Дата добавления 21.09.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Научные работы
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