Constitutional Law “About state symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan” was adopted on June 4, 2007. According to this law the June 4-th is celebrated as the Day of state symbols in the Republic of Kazakhstan. State symbols are one of the inseparable attributes of any state. They personify state’s identity and sovereign. The Republic of Kazakhstan has the following state symbols: State Flag, State Emblem and State Anthem.
The State Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular breadth of blue colour with the image of the sun in its center with a soaring steppe eagle underneath. Along the flagstaff there is a vertical band with the national ornamental patterns. The images of the sun, rays, eagle and ornament are of golden colour. The ratio of the Flag’s width to its length: 1:2. The Author of the State Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is honoured art worker Shaken Niyazbekov.
The State Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel). It is a symbol of life and eternity that was especially valued among the nomads of the Great Steppes. The central heraldic element of the State Emblem is the image of shanyrak (an arched cross-shaped top of the Kazakh yurt) against a sky blue background which irradiates uyks (supports or bearings of the yurt) in the form of sunrays to all sides. On both right and left of shanyrak there are images of mythical winged quarter horses. At the top of Emblem there is a volumetric five-pointed star. There is also the inscription “Kazakhstan” at the bottom of the Emblem. The images of shanyrak, uyks, and mythical horses, as well as the inscriptions “Kazakhstan”, have the colour of gold. Authors of the State Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan are famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Walikhanov.
The new State Anthem was adopted in 2006 in order to promote the country’s sound symbolism. It is based on the patriotic song “Menyn Kazakhstanym” (My Kazakhstan) which is popular among the people and written in 1956, with music by Shamshi Kaldayakov and lyrics by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov.
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