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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Present Perfect vs. Past Simle

Present Perfect vs. Past Simle



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We use Present Perfect

  1. when talking about past events and the time is unimportant, unknown, or a secret.

I have already seen this film

  1. to describe your experience

I have done this before

  1. to talk about change that has happened over a period of time

You have gained weight since I last saw you

  1. to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time

Man has walked on the Moon. Our son has learned how to read

  1. to say that an action which we expected has not happened yet

He has not done his homework yet.

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I have worked

I haven’t worked

Have I worked?

You have worked

You haven’t worked

Have you worked?

He has worked

He hasn’t worked

Has he worked?

She has worked

She hasn’t worked

Has she worked?

It has worked

It hasn’t worked

Has it worked?

We have worked

We haven’t worked

Have we worked?

You have worked

You haven’t worked

Have you worked?

They have worked

They haven’t worked

Have they worked?

Spelling

You have to know all forms of the irregular verbs very well. For the Present Perfect you need the form of the verb which can be found in the 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs.

go - went – gone Ex. They have gone home.

Add -ed with regular verbs in all the forms!

Sometimes there are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.

1) Consonant after a short, stressed vowel at the end of the word - double the consonant.

stop – have/has stopped

In British English we double one -l at the end of the word:

travel – have/has travelled

2) One -e at the end of the word. Leave the -e. Add -d.

love – have/has loved

3) Verbs ending in -y

verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u):Add -ed.

play - have/has played

Change 'y' to 'i' after a consonant. Then add -ed.

worry – have/has worried

carryhave/has carried

KEY WORDS

We can use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, recently, lately, today, several times, before, so far, already, yet, just, since, for, this (week, month, year).

We use Past Simple

  1. to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past

I saw a film yesterday

  1. to list a series of completed actions in the past.

I came home, had dinner and went to bed.

  1. with a duration which starts and stops in the past.

I lived in Brazil for two years.

  1. to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to."

I studied French when I was a child.

I used to study French when I was a child

  1. to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true

She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.


Affirmative

Negative

Question

I worked

I didn’t work

Did I work?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work?

He worked

He didn’t work

Did he work?

She worked

She didn’t work

Did she work?

It worked

It didn’t work

Did it work?

We worked

We didn’t work

Did we work?

You worked

You didn’t work

Did you work?

They worked

They didn’t work

Did they work?

Spelling

You have to know all forms of the irregular verbs very well. For the Past Simple you need the form of the verb which can be found in the 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs. The verb changes only in the affirmative form!

go - went Ex. They went home two hours ago.

They didn’t go home two hours ago.

Add -ed with regular verbs only in the affirmative form!

Sometimes there are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.

1) Consonant after a short, stressed vowel at the end of the word - double the consonant.

stop – stopped

In British English we double one -l at the end of the word:

travel – travelled

2) One -e at the end of the word. Leave the -e. Add -d.

love – loved

3) Verbs ending in -y

verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u):Add -ed.

play - played

Change 'y' to 'i' after a consonant. Then add -ed.

worry – worried carry - carried

KEW WORDS

We can use the Present Perfect with specific expressions such as: yesterday, two days (a week, a month, a year) ago, last (week, month, year), in 2005 etc.



Put the verbs in brackets into Present Perfect or Past Simple.

- Where is Jane?

I___________________(not see her) today.

What_________you_________(do) yesterday?

Nothing special, I_________________(watch TV) most of the time.

What’s she like?

She’s so nice. We_______________(have dinner) two days ago and I think I__________________(fall in love).

Why___________you(not tell)___________me

this two months ago?







4. - Hello! Can I talk to Mary?

- I’m sorry she________________________(just leave).

5. _______________ you ever__________(do) this before?

- No, it’s my first time.

6. - What’s wrong?

I think I____________________(make) a mistake.

7. - How was your summer?

- Amazing! I_______________(have) a great time!

8. ________he________(meet) you yesterday?

- No, he_____________________(not come)

Read the sentences and correct the mistakes if there are any.

  1. When I have been 5 years old, I was very naughty.

  2. I’m so glad that you have come!

  3. When I saw him yesterday, he hasn’t told me anything.

  4. Did you do your homework yet? - Yes, I have

  5. He has broken his leg a week ago.

  6. I guess that yesterday was my lucky day!

  7. I have been so angry with him that I have hit him.

  8. He always was good at Math.



9. Did you write the test yet?

10. Did he cried at the party yesterday?

11. Has he written the test?

12. We didn’t receive your invitation yet.

13. They have already bought a car.

14. When I was young I have had many friends.

15. When has he fallen ill?

16. She didn’t smoke for two months.

17. Where did they rest last summer?

18. Why did he leave? It’s so nice here.

Write a letter to your friend talking about your recent news and your past experience.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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Дата добавления 27.08.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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