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The land and the people of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Welsh: Cymru Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Location of Wales in Europe The population of Wales comes up to three million people and its total area is 20,8 thousand square kilometers.
Map of Wales It has an unofficial land border on England and it is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the west.
North Wales Principalities, 1267–76 During the Iron Age and early medieval period, Wales was inhabited by the Celtic Britons. Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations today.
A typical image of the industrial Wales — a Merthyr colliery in the Rhondda valley, about 1910. Before the British Industrial Revolution, which saw a rapid economic expansion between 1750 and 1850,
George Childs, Great Ironworks of South Wales, 1840 there were signs of small-scale industries scattered throughout Wales.
Flag of Wales The official name of the country is Principality of Wales, Tywysogaeth Cymru. But it is seldom used. The Flag of Wales is a red dragon against the white-and-green background.
British One Pound coin (reverse), with the Welsh dragon You can see the picture of the Welsh dragon on the British One Pound coin.
Royal Badge of Wales Wales has its Royal Badge with all the symbols and floral emblems of the United Kingdom.
The Cambrian Mountains, Wales The territory of Wales is generally mountainous; its highest mountains are in the north and central areas.
The Cambrian Mountains, Wales The Cambrian Mountains are a series of mountain ranges in Wales. Welsh mountains were formed during the glaciation in Devon period.
Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa) in the clouds The mountain Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa) is the highest peak in the area called Snowdonia (Eryri).
Lakes in Wales There are more than 70 lakes in Wales situated mostly in Cambrian area. They are famous for their wild beauty.
Llyn Tegid (Bala Lake) — surface 4.84 km² The largest lake is Bala Lake (Llyn Tegid).
Llyn Trawsfynydd — surface 4.8 km² “Llyn” in Welsh means “a lake”. Lakes in Wales attract a lot of tourists and fishermen.
Location of the city of Cardiff, the capital of Wales (Light Green) within Wales Map of Wales In 1955 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II declared Cardiff the capital of Wales.
Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd) Clockwise from top: Cardiff Bay, the Senedd, Cardiff City Centre, Cardiff Castle, the Millennium Stadium Cardiff, (Welsh: Caerdydd) is the largest city of Wales with a population of nearly 1.1 million. It is Wales' main commercial centre, the base for most national cultural and sporting institutions.
The Senedd (Welsh Parliament) building Cardiff is the seat of the National Assembly for Wales (Welsh Parliament).
Debating chamber in the Senedd, the Welsh Assembly building The National Assembly has one Chamber. It consists of 60 elected members who are known as Assembly Members, or AMs.
Cardiff City Hall Cardiff has been governed by the City and County Council of Cardiff, which is seated at County Hall.
Cardiff Castle, Wales Cardiff Castle is one of the most famous attractions for tourists. About 14.6 million people visit it a year.
Cardiff Castle, The Norman Keep The Norman keep was built on a high hill on the site of a former Roman fort about 1091 by Duke of Glaucester.
Cardiff Castle Apartments In the early 19th century the castle was enlarged and reconstructed in neo-gothic style.
Cardiff Castle Clock Tower Cardiff Castle Fireplace Marquess de Bute III, its owner, began the castle's reconstruction in 1865. In 1947 the owners of the castle passed it over as a gift to the people of the city.
The Arab Room Ceiling Nowadays it is a wonderful museum. Cardiff City Council maintains it in outstanding condition.
Cardiff Castle Interior The castle with its richly decorated interiors
Cardiff Castle is open to the public all year round.
Caernarfon Castle from across the River Seiont, Wales Another attractive tourism centre is Caernarfon, a royal town in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.
Caernarfon Castle and town, aerial view The town is best known for its great stone castle, built by Edward I of England and is sometimes seen as a symbol of English domination.
The Ward of Caernarfon Castle The first fortifications at Caernarfon were built by the Romans. Then a Norman Castle was being built from the late 11th century till 1283.
Queen Elizabeth at Caernarfon Castle, 2004 Caernarfon Castle has been the property of the Crown since it was built. When Her Majesty the Queen visits Wales she usually stays at Caernarfon Castle.
King Edward II, of Caernarfon (1284 –1327) It is said that Edward I's son, who later became king of England Edward II, was born in Caernarfon. This Edward, the eldest son of the king, was the first English Prince of Wales.
Prince Charles - The Prince of Wales It was here, in Caernarfon Castle, that Prince Charles, the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth, was first hailed Prince of Wales in 1969.
Investiture of Charles as Prince of Wales, Caernarfon Castle, 1969 The ceremony was held according to old traditions in 1969.
Investiture of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales On the 1st of July 5000 people came to Caernafon to witness the ceremony. These were the nobility from all over the country, ministers, ambassadors, Heads of other states.
The crown of Prince Charles at his Investiture as Prince of Wales at Caernarfon Castle A special crown was designed to be worn by HRH Britain's Prince Charles for the when hailed Prince of Wales.
Queen Elizabeth II Crowns her son Prince Charles of Wales Queen Elizabeth II crowned he son Charles as Prince of Wales during his Investiture ceremony in Caernarfon Castle.
Investiture of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales
A late 19th century photo of women in Welsh costumes. (Welsh spinners) Wales and the Welsh are noted for their love of their national customs, traditions and language which are kept thoroughly and handed over from generation to generation.
The Red Kite, a national symbol of Welsh wildlife The Red Kite (Milvus milvus) is a national symbol of Welsh wildlife.
Leeks Daffodils Leek and Daffodil are floral emblems of Wales.
Welcome to Wales