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Alexander Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 — December 28, 1923) — the French engineer, the specialist in design of metal designs. Eiffel was born in the French department of Côte d'Or. He was Katharine-Melanie Monyoz and Alexander Eiffel’s first child. The family accepted Eiffel surname in a reminder on native mountains of Eifel. Though family members used a surname Eiffel, Gustave was registered under a surname Byonikhauzen and officially didn't change it till 1880.
An important role in training of the boy was played by his uncle Jean-Baptiste Mollerat who trained it in everything from chemistry and mining to divinity and philosophy. In Paris for preparation for difficult entrance examinations in the best technical colleges of the country Gustave arrives in the College Sen-Barbe. In 1855 he gained the diploma of the engineer at the Central school of arts and manufactories in Paris.
OBJECTS THAT WERE DESIGNED BY GUSTAVE EIFFEL: • Maria Pia Bridge, Porto, Portugal. (1877) • Western Railway Station, Budapest, Hungary. (1877) • Dome for the observatory in Nice, Nice, France. (1878) • Statue of Liberty, New York, USA. (1886) (he helped the main architect) • Iron House, Iquitos, Peru. (1887) • The Eiffel Tower, Paris, France. (1889) • Central Railway Station, Santiago, Chile. (1897) • Santa Justa Lift, Lisbon, Portugal. (1901) • Air Bridge, Liepaja, Latvia. (1906)
The construction of the Eiffel Tower proceeded 26 months, from January 28, 1887 to March 31, 1889 and cost to taxpayers 6,5 million francs. In six months of work of an exhibition to look at "the iron lady" more than 2 million visitors came. The construction made such success that by the end of the year it was succeeded to compensate three quarters of all expenses for construction.
Originally the tower reflected as a shoddy construction — it served as an entrance arch of the Parisian World Fair of 1889. From planned demolition (in 20 years after an exhibition) the tower was rescued by the radio antennas established on the top — the era of introduction of radio came.
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