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Do you know that: Australia is the biggest island It’s the 6th large country in the world It’s low and flat The climate is hot and dry
The history of Australia Aborigines The first people in Australia were the Aborigines, who came more than 40,000 years ago.
Chinese and Dutch sailors discovered Australia first. Abel Tasman
Captain James Cook, the British sailor, when landed there in 1770 said Australia belonged to Britain.
The Relief Two-thirds of Australia, mostly in the centre and the west, is a desert.
Outback flat and hot centre 2/3 of Australia population: 1000,000 sheep or cattle stations (farms)
Uluru Ayers Rock in the middle of the desert 3 kms long and 348 metres high 600 mln years old
The Climate is sunny and dry. Australia's longest river, the Murray
The Great Barrier Reef the world's longest coral reef 2,000 kms long 15,000 years old 1,500 kinds of fish
Sydney Sydney is the oldest and biggest city, with 3.7 million people. It is a busy, modern centre of business.
Sydney Opera House looks like sails (1973)
Melbourne the second biggest city was the capital of Australia (from 1901 to 1927).
Modern cities are Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth. Adelaide has a famous festival of music, theatre and film every two years. And in Perth about one-third of the families own a boat.
Canberra is the capital of Australia. It means a 'meeting place‘.
National library National Hospital Parliament House National Museum of Australia (2001)
The Aborigines British people came to Australia in 1788. 300,000 Aborigines lived in Australia.
At special times Aborigines came together in big groups. They painted their bodies, sang, danced and made music.
Extraordinary world If you want to see extraordinary animals, birds and plants, Australia is a good place to go.
Kangarooland The biggest of the fifty different kinds is the red kangaroo. They can jump more than four metres and travel at seventy kilometres an hour. Kangaroos eat grass and leaves and live in groups of about twelve.
Koala They live in eucalyptus trees, sleeping for eighteen hours, and eating one kilo of leaves, each day.
Echidna and platypus The platypus has a wide bill like a duck's and a wide flat tail.
The echidna eats ants.
Emu - the 2nd largest bird 800 kinds of birds 2 metres tall Runs 50 kms an hour
Kookaburra’s cry sounds like laughing.
Industry and Agriculture Australia is a rich country thanks to sheep, fruit and gold
Australia Australia is the only country in the world that is also a continent. It is the sixth large country and the smallest continent. Australia lies between the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. It is situated about 11 000 km southwest of North America and about 8200 km southeast of mainland Asia. The name of the country comes from Latin word «australis» which mean southern. The country's official name is Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia is a federation of states. Australia has six states — New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. Each state has its government. Australia has two territories — the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. The capital of the country is Canberra. Australia is a constitutional monarchy like Great Britain. The? nation is administered under written constitution. The British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is also queen of Australia and country's head of state. But the queen has little power in the Australian government. She serves mainly as a symbol of long historical tie between Great Britain and Australia. Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations which is an association formed by Britain and some of its former colonies. Australia is one of the world's developed countries. Australia has modern factories, highly productive mines and farms, and busy cities. It is the world's leading producer of wool and bauxite <the ore from which aluminium is made). It also produces and exports large amounts of other minerals and farm goods. Income from the export enables Australians to have high standard of living. The most important trading partners of Australia are Japan and the United States.
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