Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Изобретения, которые потрясли мир» «The inventions that shook the world»
Phonetic drills Screen экран CD (Rom) диск mouse мышь keyboard клавиатура Disk drive дисковод Floppy disk гибкий диск
Will Keith Kellogg Emperor Shen Nung Albert Einstein Walter E. Diemer Ezra Warner Johann Gutenberg Richard P Knerr corn flakes tea the theory of relativity bubble gum the can opener the printing press the hula hoop
What gadgets and machines do people use? Why do people use them? 1. a camera a) to cut and collect the grass 2. a microwave b)to build up one‘s strength 3. a mobile telephone c)to wash the dishes 4.a TV set d)to take photographs 5.a vacuum cleaner e)to cook, defrost, reheat pre-cooked food 6. a talking alarm clock f)to receive or make call around the home, etc 7. a computer g)to perform everyday cleaning tasks vacuuming to clearing to clearing up liquids? Dust waste and shampooing carpets 8. a TV remote-control unit h) to wake up people and to tell the time 9. a mower i) to write programs, play games, and use information 10. a body building machine k) to operate a TV set from a distance m) to have fun and to entertain 11. a fax machine n) to send and receive urgent messages 12. a dishwasher o)To operate a TV set from a distance
How did Alexander Graham Bell and the telephone change the world? Without telephones, we would be in the stone age. Telephones in the beginning, were a very unique way of communicating. People still, to this day, accept it as part of our life. It was actually invented less than a hundred years ago, when it was brought to market. Now I can take a cell phone and call anywhere in the world, crystal clear. Alexander Graham Bell was the father of communication, and with communication you have a better exchange of ideas in addition to better information.
How did Steve Wozniak and the personal computer change the world? What makes Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak so unique, definitely they have two spots in the hall of inventors, is that computer up until Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak developed Apple was very difficult to process. What they invented was an easier way or humanistic way of computing. Instead of having a trash code to delete a file they graphically created a trash can so you take the file drag it to the can open it and throw it away. Just like what are you doing at home. They humanized the computer and that's what they are so unique about. Another unique aspect about Steve Jobs and Wozniak is that right from the beginning they understood that music was critical to their audience. Their consumers loved music and loved design.
How did Louis Pasteur and Pasteurization change the world? A lot of people don't realize that up until Louis Pasteur and his science work, we didn't know why we were getting sick, because there's basically problems with food. Bacteria. And he was able to determine that a lot of our food groups and food products needed to be refrigerated, and he also came up with a number of different medicines and ideas to help us live a healthier life. So without Louis Pasteur, we would still be eating tainted foods and tainted milk and having tremendous sickness from that.
How did Eli Whitney and the cotton gin change the world? What was unique at the time was, cotton was a very unique product and they were just learning how to spool it but when you look at the cotton manufacture, cotton harvesting process it was laborious because you have to take out these cotton seeds so he invented a very unique machine at the time with very little resources that enabled him to process acres of cotton in hours versus weeks and that gave rise to the garment textile industry and enabled cotton farmers to provide cotton for everything that we wear today. So without Eli we wouldn't be wearing these cool clothes and it would be, and if we did it would be very expensive so he was able to find out, find a process to produce more efficiencies in the marketplace with mechanized machinery versus labor.
Put each of the following words in its place in the passage below. computers calculator monitor keyboard printer So you only have a pocket _____to do addition, multiplication and so on, you want to know about real _____? Right. If you want to see the results of what you are doing, you’ll need a ____or you’ll have to plug into a television set. You’ll operate your machine like a typewriter by pressing keys on the ______. If you want to record on the paper of what you are doing, you’ll need a ______.
In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell, an American engineer, invented telephone.
John Logie Baird from Scotland invented television in 1962.
In 1908 US automobile manufacturer Henry Ford created the world’s first car assembly line.
Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first airplane in 1903 (USA).
Karl Benz produced the world’s first petrol-driven motor car in Germany in 1885.
Scottish scientist Ian Willmat developed the idea of cloning in 1997.
In 1908 James M. Spangler from the USA built the first vacuum cleaner.
In 1981 Bill Gates (USA) Microsoft –DOS (Disk operating System ).
Sergei Korolev (Russia) designed the first artificial satellite in 1957.
In 1895 the Lumiere brothers patented their cinematography and opened the world’s first cinema in Paris.
Akito Morita (Japan ) developed the first personal stereo – Sony Walkman.
Nicephore Niepce from France pioneered photography in 1829.
Make up words using these letters 1) m,p,o,c,e,t,u,r 2) l,e,p,o,t,e,h,e,n 3) w,i,c,o,r,a,m,v,e 4) t,a,c,l,o,r,c,u,l,a 5) b,a,k,d,e,o,y,r 6) h,a,d,w,i,h,e,s,h,s,r 7) l,o,p,e,h,l,t,e,n,e 8) t,o,s,i,v,n,e,n,I,n
t b w t m r e r v f g v i d e o p h o n e e s n i d v j m l k l l e i s b e y c l o c k t o h j r o h e u m n n p w e r i m r k n e l c a m e r a b u b r n d s b h y r l j f k g s h g n y f a x v o c q e t r b n d f c i s w r i w n h e x i t f e w q n r g s z o r
Homework. Write an essay «You are doing a project on how computers have changed people's lives, how computers are changing things and how people feel about it. Have you got a computer at home? What do you use it for? 200-250 words»