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M. Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilievich was the first Russian natural scientist of world importance and “Star of world science”. He was actively engaged in physics, chemistry, astronomy, geology, meteorology, and navigation. He brought the most advanced scientific theories to Russia and advanced original ideas.
Education In 1736, Lomonosov was awarded a scholarship to Saint- Petersburg State University. He was rewarded with a two-year grant to study abroad at the University of Marburg, in Germany where he quickly mastered the German language, and in addition to philosophy, seriously studied chemistry.
Return to St-Petersburg In 1745 Lomonosov was made a full member of the Russian Academy of Science, and named professor of chemistry. In 1748 he established the first chemistry laboratory. He was eager to improve Russia’s educational system, and on his initiative in 1755 the Moscow University was founded.
An astronomer He invented the reflecting telescope. However, this invention was not published until 1827. Lomonosov was the first person to hypothesize the existence of an atmosphere on Venus based on his observation of the transit of Venus of 1761 in the small observatory near his house in Petersburg.
A geographer He tried to find a short sea route from the West to the East across the Arctic Ocean. He theoretically predicted the existence of Antarctica, got close to the theory of continental drift and invented sea tools which made writing and calculating directions and distances easier.
An artist Lomonosov was proud to restore the ancient art of mosaics. In 1763, he set up a glass factory that produced the first stained glass mosaics outside of Italy. He was a talented artist. Among the best mosaic pictures is the portrait of Peter the Great and the Battle of Poltava.
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