Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Текст к презентации по теме "Гражданская война в США"

Текст к презентации по теме "Гражданская война в США"

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Проектная работа учащихся 9 класса «А» ГБОУ СОШ №629

Губановой Виктории и Лысенко Полины

по теме «Гражданская война в США»

American Civil War (1861—1865)

The aim:

  • to study key moments of history and culture of the foreign country (the country of learning language)

The tasks:

  • to study causes of the war, stages of the war, the results of the war

The plan:

  • causes of the war

  • the first stage of the war

  • the second stage of the war

  • the results of the war

Causes of the war

The fighting began with the shelling of Fort Sumter on the 12th of April in 1861 and ended with the surrender of the remnants of the army of the South on the 23rd of June in 1865. During the war there were about 2 thousand battles. Only in this war so many citizens of the USA were killed.

The North was focused on machine building, metalworking and light industry. Here the main labor force was immigrants from different countries who worked in factories. There was enough manpower in the North; another situation was in the South. Received huge land holdings, planters settled on these lands. Land in the South is very fertile; the climate is good for farming, so the South was an agrarian region. Tobacco, sugar cane, cotton and rice were grown here. However, in the South there was not enough workers. In the North flexible fiscal policy was held. Both in the North and in the South, black people were considered as the second class. The North needed raw materials from the South, especially cotton, and the South – machines of the North.





The first stage of the war

One of the first campaigns of the civil war was the struggle for West Virginia. After the secession of Virginia in April 1861, the Western district opposed that step, and on the 3rd of May the Department of the Ohio was formed to control this territory, the command of which was entrusted to General McClellan. He began a campaign to oust the enemy from Virginia: on the 3rd of June the southerners lost a small battle at Philippi, on the 11th of July McClellan whipped again. In September the southerners failed to win. And by December 1861 West Virginia was under the control of the Federal army.

The Southerners began to retreat to Sharpsburg. In the battle in the Southern Mountains, they were able to delay the enemy for a day.

The second stage of the war

Having another brilliant victory, General Lee decided to make an attack on the North, to break the Union army in a battle, and to offer the enemy a treaty. The battle took place from the 1st till the 3rd of July in 1863, in the small town of Gettysburg. The battle was extremely stubborn and bloody. The southerners sought to achieve success. On the first day of the battle the southerners managed to throw back the enemy, but their attack on the second and third day were ineffective. The southerners lost about 27 thousand people, retreated into Virginia. The siege of Petersberg was the final stage of the Civil war in the USA, which lasted from the 9th of June till the 25th of March in 1864.

The results of the war:

  • The civil war was the bloodiest in U.S. history. The northerners lost almost 360 thousand people. The confederates lost 258 thousand and about 137 thousand people injured.

  • Only military spending of the U.S. government reached 3 and a half billion dollars.

  • However, the most important result of the Civil War was that slavery was prohibited.

Conclusion:

It’s necessary to know the history of the country which language you are studying in order to understand the reasons of some events, political division and features of the language. Thanks to such projects the studying of English is easier and more interesting.

Краткое описание документа:

Проектная работа учащихся 9 класса по теме "Гражданская война в США (война Севера и Юга)". С этой работой учащиеся выступали на научно-практической конференции "Practice makes perfect", в основу которой были положены метапредметные связи. Основной задачей является умение работать с разными видами материалов (учебники, энциклопедии, ресурсы интернет) на иностранном языке: поиск информации, составление плана, выделение главного, а также умение выступать на публике и защищать свой проект на изучаемом языке

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