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There is, there are

  • Иностранные языки

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English grammar: There is, there are

I.Introduction

In English grammar we use "there is" and "there are" to talk about things we can see and things that exist.

We use “there is” for singular and uncountable nouns, and we use “there are” for plural countable nouns.

There are five people in the office.” (plural countable noun)

There's a television in the living room.” (singular countable noun)

or “There's some milk in the fridge.” (uncountable noun)



http://www.first-english.org/images/gif_klar.gif




There is or there are? Learning English with grammar exercises.

 

There is and there are means something exists.

 

There is

 

Use "there is" (there's) for a  noun - singular.

 

Example:

 

There is a mouse in the bag.

 

II.Main part 



There is - There are

English Grammar Rules

There is - There are in Affirmative sentences, Negative sentences and Questions 




We use there is and there are to say that something exists.


Positive Sentences

We use there is for singular and there are for plural.

  • There is one table in the classroom.

  • There are three chairs in the classroom.

  • There is a spider in the bath.

  • There are many people at the bus stop.

We also use There is with uncountable nouns:

  • There is milk in the fridge.

  • There is some sugar on the table.

  • There is ice cream on your shirt.


Contractions

The contraction of there is is there's.

  • There's a good song on the radio.

  • There's only one chocolate left in the box.

You cannot contract there are.

  • There are nine cats on the roof.

  • There are only five weeks until my birthday.





Negative Form

The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:

  • There is not a horse in the field.

  • There are not eight children in the school.

  • There is not a tree in the garden.

  • There are not two elephants in the zoo.

We almost always use contractions when speaking.

The Negative contractions are:

  • There's not = There isn't

  • There are not = There aren't


There aren't with ANY

When we want to indicate that a zero quantity of something exists we use there aren't any.

  • There aren't any people at the party.

  • There aren't any trees in my street.

We also use this structure with uncountable nouns:

  • There isn't any water in the swimming pool.

  • There isn't any sugar in my coffee.







Questions

To make a question, change the word order from subject-verb to verb-subject:

To form a question we place is / are in front of there.

Again we use any with plural questions or those which use uncountable nouns.

We also use there is / are in short answers.

  • Is there a dog in the supermarket? - No, there isn't.

  • Are there any dogs in the park? - Yes, there are.

  • Is there a security guard in the shop? - Yes, there is.

  • Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? - No, there aren't.

  • Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? - Yes, there is.

  • There is a + singular noun = Is there a + singular noun?

  • There is some + uncountable noun = Is there any + uncountable noun?

  • There are some + plural noun = Are there any + uncountable noun?



How Many with Are There

If we want to find out the number of objects that exist we use How many in the following form:

How many + plural noun + are there (+ complement).

  • How many dogs are there in the park?

  • How many students are there in your class?

  • How many countries are there in South America?

  • How many Star Wars films are there?

III.Conclusion



1.Fill in with there is or there are 

1. ________________ nice flowers in the room. 
2. ________________ a red vase on the table. 
3. ________________ chairs next to the table. 
4. _________________ a mouse in the yard. 
5. __________________ books in the bag . 
6. _________________ balls under the table . 
7. _________________ a mirror in the bedroom. 
8. __________________ pens on the book. 
9. __________________ bridges in the town. 

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Дата добавления 29.12.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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