Read the following text about Alfred Nobel and do the tasks:
ALFRED NOBEL - A MAN OF CONTRASTS
Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man of many contrasts. He was the son of a bankrupt, but became a millionaire; a scientist with a love of literature. He made a fortune but he lived a simple life, and although cheerful in company he was often sad in private. A lover of mankind, he never had a wife or family to love him; a patriotic son of his land, he died alone on foreign soil. He invented a new explosive, dynamite, to improve the peacetime industries of mining and road building, but he saw it used as a weapon of war to kill and injure his fellow men.
He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 but moved to Russ with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented the landmine and made a lot of money from government order for it during the Crimean War, But went bankrupt soon after .Most of the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own study of explosives in his father's laboratory. He had never been to school or university but studied privately and by the time he was twenty he was a skillful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. Like his father he was imaginative and inventive, but he had better luck in business and showed more financial sense. He was quick to see industrial openings for his scientific inventions and built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. Indeed his greatness lay in his outstanding ability to combine the qualities of an original scientist with those of a forward- looking industrialist.
But Nobel's main concern was never with making money or even making scientific discoveries. Seldom happy, he was always searching for a meaning to life, and from his youth had taken a serious interest in literature and philosophy. Perhaps because he could not find ordinary human love - he never married - he came to care deeply about the whole mankind. His famous will, in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, Literature and Peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideals. And so, the man who felt he should have died at birth is remembered and respected long after his death.
Read the statements (1-5) and decide if they are True or False according to what the text says.
Alfred Nobel was fond of literature.
Alfred got married in 1863.
Immanuel Nobel was a miner and he made a lot of money.
Alfred Nobel was good at foreign languages.
The most important thing in the life for A. Nobel was his family.
For question (6-10) choose the answer ( A, B, C or D) which you think fits the best according to the text
6. Alfred Nobel’s father was_____.
a rich man
7. A lot of people all over the world know Alfred Nobel because of______.
his love of mankind
his cheerful character
8.The family went to Russia because______.
Father went bankrupt
Father wanted to make a lot of money
С. Father wanted to fulfill government’s orders
Father wanted to work in the engineering industry
9. Alfred Nobel successfully studied______.
At his father’s laboratory
10. In twenty six years the family returned to Sweden because______
Of the Crimean War
They became poor
Alfred began to study
Alfred rejoined them
Your task is to give short answers to the questions (11-15). The number of words in the answers is important.
Why was Alfred Nobel a lucky businessman?
Because of his (2 words)______.
What was his main concern during his life?
12. (3 words)______.
Who deeply loved people?
13. (1 word)______.
Where did they move in 1842?
14. (2 words)______.
What kind of work did he provide prizes?
15. (6 words)______.