Урок- лекция с элементами беседы по теме “ Our Fragile World”
( 9 класс )
УМК “New Millennium English”
Учитель: Торба Полина Юрьевна
МОУ Усть-Абаканская СОШ №1 Республика Хакасия
Цель урока: воспитание гуманного отношения к природе.
Познакомить учащихся с информацией о Хакасском природном заповеднике.
Развивать умение работать с картой.
Организовать закрепление тематической лексики в устной речи.
картинки по теме,
карточки и раздаточный материал для учащихся
T: Good morning, children. Nice to meet you. So, today we'll talk about the environmental problems. We’ll also talk about our area- about Khakasia and our State Nature Park. Our lesson will have a bit unusual form: the first part- lecture with practical tasks( tasks 1 and 2), the second part- lecture and working with the map (task 3 ), the third part- you’ll test yourselves.
During our lesson you should make notes.
У каждого ученика на парте листок со стихотворением.
T- What’s the idea of this poem?
PART 1 T- Introduction
Environmental protection is 1) one of the main problems of today. Industrial civilization is characterized 2) by numerous factories, power stations, automobiles and aeroplanes. Technological progress 3) improves people’s lives, but at the same time it causes numerous problems. Through their daily activities people pollute land, water and air. Today pollution has become a universal problem. There are a lot of ecological problems.. The most serious ecological problems are: noise from cars and buses; destruction of wildlife and countryside beauty; shortage of natural resources; the growth of population; pollution in its many forms for example water pollution, air pollution.
Beginning with the 1960th the pollution problems 4) have received great publicity. Environmental activists, organizations of volunteers 5) do their best to stop pollution our planet. Greenpeace organization 6) was created in 1987. Today, Greenpeace is an international ecological organization that has 2.8 million supporters worldwide, and national as well as regional offices in 41 countries. Its headquarters are based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
This organization carries out many campaigns against the global environmental pollution.
Task 1. ( The words in bold are written on the blackboard. Pupils think about synonyms to these words) 1-one of the most important problems
2- by many plants, cars and planes
3- makes people’s lives better
4- were discussed everywhere
5- work seriously and hard
6- was founded
PART 2 The History of Khakasia
Khakasia is a unique place in the south of Eastern Siberia. People began to live in the territory of Khakasia 3000 years before our era. The ancient Khakas State was founded in the 6th century of our era. The Khakas State occupied a very big territory- from the Irtysh in the west to the Amur in the east. The population of ancient Khakasia was divided into classes. In the 13th century the Khakas State was conquered by the Mongols. At the beginning of the 18th century Khakasia joined Russia. The capital of Khakasia is Abakan. It was founded in 1931.
Task 2. ( There are some dates on the blackboard. Pupils must say what historical events took place according to these dates.) 3000 before our era
6th century of our era
PART 2 ( работа с картой, презентацией)
The Khakas State Nature Park
The Khakas State Nature Park was founded on the 4th of September 1999 by the support of the Government of the Russian Federation. It is situated in the territory of the Khakas Republic and includes 9 areas in Ordzhonikidzevskiy, Shirinskiy, Bogradskiy, Ust- Abakanskiy and Tashtypskiy areas. The whole territory of the Nature Park is 267,6 hectare.
The Khakas State Nature Park consists of 9 areas which are situated on the whole territory of the Khakas Republic. According to the ecological characteristics they can be divided into 2 groups: steppe area and mountain and taiga area.
Steppe group includes 7 areas : Podzaploty, Khol – Bogaz, Oglakhty, Kamyzyakskaya steppe with lake Ulug – Kol, lake Shira, lake Beloy, lake Itkul.
Mountain and taiga group includes 2 areas: Malyi Abakan and Zaimka Lykovykh.
Steppes are unique . They are mountain steppes. The steppe area includes more than 200 lakes. Most of them are salty.There are also many highlands which look like vulcanos. There are a lot of rivers and streams ( brooks ) in mountain and taiga area . The biggest river is the Malyi Abakan. In the mountains there are a lot of lakes. Nature of these area is very beautiful. There are a lot of forests, meadows and the tundra here.
Task 3. ( Pupils work with the map of Khakasia. They show areas of the steppe group and areas of the mountain and taiga group.)
The teacher shows photos and pictures where pupils can see rare birds, animals and plants of Khakasia.
Rare birds: sandpiper-кулик, eagle- орел, eagle-owl- филин, grey crane- серый журавль, hawk- ястреб
Rare animals: snow leopard- снежный барс, lynx- рысь, brown bear- бурый медведь, otter- выдра, deer- олень.
Rare plants: венерин башмачок, ковыль перестый, парнолистник хакасский, пальцекорник балтийский, кандык сибирский, ревень алтайский и другие.
We know that a great number of people all over the world are taking part in the policy of controlling the atmosphere, the water, the climatic changes, because of man’s interference in nature. Environmental protection is of a universal concern. That is why serious measures to create a system of ecological security should be taken. Let everybody remember : we live only once and not a very long life. We have one earth for all those who love it and who do not.
PART 3 How can we keep our earth clean?
Don’t buy drinks in plastic bottles.
Save your family newspapers. Find out how to recycle newspapers in your area.
Save water: the best time to water is early morning. If there is the leaky tap in your house, get someone to fix them.
Turn off the lights when you leave the room.
Turn off the TV or stereo when you are not watching or listening.
Don’t cut wild flowers
At the end of the lesson pupils test themselves and score the points.
Do you worry about the environment?
Imagine you are on holiday abroad. You eat loads of chocolate-covered sweets but there aren’t any rubbish bins to put their wrappers in. What do you do?
Keep the wrappers in your pocket until you see a bin.
Throw them on the ground. It’s not your fault there aren’t enough rubbish bins.
It depends If there’s a lot of rubbish on the floor, you might ‘drop them accidentally’.
On the way home you are very thirsty. What do you buy?
Something in a non recyclable plastic bottle.
Something in a glass bottle or aluminium can.
Something in a carton.
Your personal stereo always needs new batteries. What do you do?
Buy re-chargeable batteries.
Put the old batteries in the bin and buy new ones.
Buy new ones and take the old ones to a recycling center.
If you lived near a beach, how would you reactif a fast food restaurant opened near the beach?
Be pleased but also worried about more rubbish on the beach.
Be pleased. Now you can eat burgers on the beach.
You never eat at fast food places because there is too much packaging.
You buy a couple of things in a shop. When do you pay, the cashier is about to put the things in a plastic bag. What do you say?
“No thank you”. (You have brought your own bag from home).
Nothing. You let him/her put the things in the bag.
It depends if you can carry the things easily without a bag.
There are a couple of flies in your bedroom. They are annoying you. What do you do?
Try to kill them with a nespaper.
Try to kill them with a horrible-smelling aerosol.
Hit the air with a newspaper so they leave you alone.
You are writting a letter to a good friend. You have made several mistakes and need to cross things out. What do you do?
Start the letter again on another piece of paper.
Continue writting; your friend will excuse your mistakes.
Continue to write but if you make any more mistakes, start again.
Now add up your score:
1. a=3 b=1 c=2
2. a=1 b=3 c=2
3. a=3 b=1 c=2
4. a=2 b=1 c=3
5. a=3 b=1 c=2
6. a=2 b=1 c=3
7. a=1 b=3 c=2
7-10 – You do not worry about the environment at all! You think pollution is someone else’s problem, not yours. You think recycling and saving resouces are too time-consuming.
11-17 – You care about the environment and you have some good habits which help save it. However, there are probably a few other things you could do.
18-21 – You definitely care about the environment. You think about it when you make everyday decisions. If more people in the world were as good as you, the planet would have fewer problems.