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Chokan Valikhanov Birthday 1835 Deathday April 10, 1865 (aged 29)
Chokan (Muhammad Hanafiya) Valihanov was born in November 1835 in the fortress Kushmurun (near Kostanay) in the family of senior Sultan of Aman Karagai district Chingis Valikhanova. He was a famous Kazakh scholar, ethnographer and historian. His childhood for the first time he spent in Kushmurun and then in Syrymbet — homestead of his grandmother Aiganym (modern North Kazakhstan region). Chokan developed at early age and his main spiritual features were identified in childhood. In the autumn 1847, 12 years old Chokan, left his native steppe and accompanied by his father came to study at the Omsk Cadet Corps.
Chokan met his friend outstanding scientist G. Potanin in the Cadet Corps. His erudition especially in the field of Oriental literature was highly regarded by S. Durov, P. Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky and N. Yadrintcev. Chokan was close relationship with Russian writer F. Dostoyevsky, who served a hard labor with S. Durov in Omsk fortress. In 1853, at the age of 18 Chokan graduated Cadet Corps and was released as cornet «for the army cavalry». In 1855, he took part in the trip of General Gasfort and traveled within the Central Kazakhstan, Semirechie and Tarbagatai. His route was from Omsk in Semipalatinsk and through Ayaguz and Kapal to Ili Alatau, where at that time there was construction of Vernyi fortification. Chokan collected materials on statistics, customary law and the ancient religion of the Kazakhs.
From 1856 to 1857, he took part in a large military-scientific expedition organized by the leadership of Colonel M. Khomentovsky. The aim of the expedition was to familiarize with the Kyrgyz people and shooting the pool of Issyk-Kul. Geographical and historical studies of the young Kazakh scientist through Pyotr Semyonov-Tyan-Shan became known in scientific circles of St. Petersburg. February 27, 1857 Chokan Valihanov elected to the actual members of the Russian Geographical Society, which meant his outstanding service to the Russian science. From the end of 1959 to the spring of 1961, Ch. Valikhanov was in Petersburg. His activities in St. Petersburg was very exuberant and diverse
In the spring of 1864 Valikhanov was invited to a military expedition of General Chernyaev, whose task was to join the Southern Kazakhstan to Russia. In July 1864 Chokan with a group of officers who were dissatisfied with the actions of Chernyaev returned in Vernyi. Ch. Valikhanov could not recover his health. He died in April 1865 in the village Tezek in Koshentogan tract, near the foot of the Altyn-Emel range. Outstanding Kazakh scientist and educator Chokan Valikhanov left behind a vast literary legacy. During his short life he managed to write a number of works on the history, geography and ethnography of the peoples of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, as well as a considerable amount of works on socio-political issues. Despite his youth, it was a perfectly formed, a prominent scientist with an encyclopedic mind, managed to put in a new series of questions in contemporary science.
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