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  • Иностранные языки

Грамматические тесты по английскому языку

Выбранный для просмотра документ И. И. Панова, Е. Б. Карневская, Е. А. Мисуно -- Tests Grammar, Listening, Reading. Тесты по грамматике, аудированию и чтению.doc

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1

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. The boy (to refuse)__________to admit that he (to break)______________the window. So he (to send)_________________home to bring his parents to school.

2. Look, it (to get)____________late. I (to miss)____________the ten o'clock train if I (not to hurry)_______________Jack said he (to come)_______________to pick me up. I don't know why he

(not to appear) _________________ yet. Perhaps he (to get) _______________into the traffic jam.

3. Yesterday Tom and Janice (to go)______to the zoo. They had an adventure there. While they (to walk)_______________by the giraffe, it (to begin)________to chew Janice's hat.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. ... forecast promises such ... good weather, but I don't believe it.

2. ... typist is ... person who types ... letters and reports.

3. Luckily ... advertisements were ready in ... time for ... exhibition.

4. I would like ... grapes for ... dessert.

III. Вставьте, правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. Most people don't go ... holiday ... Christmastime.

2. Don't shout ... children, otherwise they'll get used ... it and will pay no attention ... your words.

3. It's ... to you to decide whether you'll join ... us or not.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. mistakes/Pat/number/has/fewest/the/pupils/all/of/made/the/of.

2. most/in/quality/honesty/is/the/admire/of/1/people/all.

3. when/known/you/since/have/Mr. Blake?

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Sue is back from the shops and she is talking to her husband Joe.

J: ___________________________________________________

S: I had to take a taxi because the bags were very heavy.

J: ___________________________________________________

S: Yes, I did. I got nearly everything I needed.

J:______________________________________________________

S: Well, I went to the butcher's and to the bakery and to the grocer's.

J: ______________________________________________________

S: I don't remember how many rolls I have bought. Several, anyway.

J:___________________________________.________________

S: I didn't buy any steak because the butcher didn't have it at that early

hour.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Everyone can (делать) _______mistakes.

2. If he really hates his job, why doesn't he look for (другая)________one.

3. Unfortunately I have so (мало)_________opportunities to be of any help to you.

4. I am sorry for the people (которые)_________have no sense of humour.

5. He usually gets up after the sun (встает)__________

6. There are several big parks in London (кроме)_________Hyde Park.

7. Nobody can (сказать)_______the difference between these two things.

8. I don't like to (одалживать)___________things from anybody.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) My mother doesn't let me staying out late.

b) My mother doesn't let me to stay out late.

c) My mother doesn't let me stay out late.

2. a) He's been extremely busy last days.

b) He's been extremely busy these days.

c) He's been extremely busy last time.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из правой и левой коло­нок.

1. Is Ted still in hospital? a. I'm afraid not

2. Could I speak to Bob, please? b. I am afraid he does.

3. Does he have to go now? c. I am afraid so.

№2

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Last night when I (to have)_______________a shower, the lights (to go)_____out. I (to ask) ________my mother if she (to do)___________ it accidentally. She said she (to bring)____________a flashlight in a minute. So I (to save)_______________from the bathroom with her help.

2. When Helen (to hear) ________that her best friend (to deceive) _______________ her she (to turn)_______ pale.

3. Look here, Mike. Why you (to watch)_________________TV instead of studying. If you (to have) ________ your exam tomorrow you will definitely fail it. Don't say that I (not to warn) ____________________you.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Once ... poor woodman went to ... wood which was on ... bank of ... deep river. ... woodman was working ... whole day and got tired.

2. The centre of New York is built on ... island. ... first Europeans who colonized ... island bought it from ... Indians living there for $24.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. When the ship was approaching ... Naples, all the tourists went ... on the deck to look ... the city which could be seen ... the distance.

2. When we went ... holiday my mother was never angry ... me ... my bad behaviour.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. quietly/nobody/spoke/he/so/could/that/him/hear.

2. mind/Bob/to-night/do/cinema/the/us/to/you/if/comes/with?

3. the/marks/parents/the/sent/to/are/pupils'/at/their/year/the/of/end.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Jane has met Terry in the street.

J: Hi, there_______________________________________________

T: Fine, thanks.

J: ______________________________________________________

Т То the post-office. I want to send a parcel to my parents.

J: _------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T: No, they live in the States.

J:______-----------------------------------------------------------------------

T: I have studied at this University for two years already.

J: ______-----------------------------------------------------------------------

T: I'll stay in London for the summer holiday. I won't go back to the States.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. There are very (мало) __________lumps of sugar left.

2. The President is going (сделать) __________a statement.

3. I am not sure if (что-то)_______________can be done under the circumstances.

4. He doesn't like to stay in big hotels (также)__________

5. It's cold today, (надень) __________your warm coat.

6. He has never wanted (другой) ___________life but this.

7. Is anybody else going to come (кроме) __________Helen.

8. Will you please (отнести) __________these books back to the library?

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) They've been here during morning.

b) They've been here since morning.

c) They've been here in the morning.

2. a) What pleasant news!

b) What a pleasant news!

c) What the pleasant news!

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Do you want tea or coffee? a. Neither do I.

2. He doesn't share this point of view. b. Either will do.

3. He thinks science makes us wiser. c. So do I.

3

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. If you (not to turn)_______________off that noisy music, I (to do) __________ it myself. You (to play)____________________ it since morning. Why you (not to listen) _________________while

I (to speak) _______________to you?

2. — Tell me, Mr. Smith, you (to fix)_______________the computer when the slid (to fall) _______down?

Yes. I (to do) _______________the same thing ever since I (to start)_________working here.

3. Last night Tim (to take)____________to see «My Fair Lady» at «The Paradise». After the performance he (to tell)_______ his friends he never (to see)____________a better musical.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

It happened on ... spring day. ... village schoolgirl of about twelve was going home after ... school. When she was approaching ... river, she suddenly heard ... cries. She hurried in that direction and saw two small children on ... piece of ... ice. ... minute later she was down on ... ice. Soon other people helped her to carry them to ... safe place.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. Agatha was brought ... in the country ... her aunt.

2. They arrived ... New York ... 13th of June and are leaving ... Japan next week.

3. I filled ... the wrong form ... mistake.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. George/about/happy/neither/idea/the/Helen/nor/was.

2 activities/why/important/all/have/them/is/to/it/for/extra/class/of?

3 to/ask/catalogue/a/for/wrote/the/Sally/university/to.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Diana is talking to her friend Jason about her week-end.

J:____________-----------------------------------------------------------

D: We went to Cambridge for the day.

J: ______________________________________________________

D: No, not very much. We went on the river and John got wet.

J: ______________________________________________.________

D: The weather was cold and wet.

J: ______________________________________________________

D: John enjoyed seeing King's College Chapel most of all.

J: ______________________________________________________

D: It took more than three hours. The journey was boring.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I don't like horror films and (тоже)___________does my friend.

2. I think they know very (мало) ___________English songs.

3. I am afraid there isn't (ничего) ____________else I can do for you.

4. The two planes were landing one after (другим)___________

5. Have you ever (делал) ___________any farm work?

6. The children were so (взволнованы) _________to see the clown.

7. They have been here more than once (в последнее время)

8. This work is (намного) ___________easier to do than you think.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) What a clever woman she is.

b) What clever the woman she is.

c) How clever woman she is.

2. a) What weather is like in January?

b) What's the weather like in January?

c) How's weather like in January?

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Can I have your dictionary for a while? a. With pleasure

2. Can I use your telephone? , b. 'Here you are.

3. Can you help me with this exercise? c. Yes, please.

№4

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. I am sure she (to do)____________well if she (to go) -----------to University. She is bright. Recently she (to take part) ------------------- in several maths competitions and (to be) -------------------a success. At the last competition she (to award)____________a special prize.

2. Mary asked me if I (to see) ____________Helen lately and said that they both (to come) ____________to my birthday party next Friday. I said I (to be) ____________delighted to see them.

3. — The roads are wet. It (to rain)------------------------------since midnight. Ask Dad if he (to drive)_______________to work today.

I don't think so. Yesterday when we (to drive)---------------------- on the motorway late at night we (to see)---------a terrible accident.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Would you like to stay in ... town or go to ... country ... next Sunday.

2. Janet is ... reporter who writes ... interesting articles about ... space travels.

3. ... Great Fire of London started at ... night in ... street not far from London and spread very quickly as ... hot east wind was blowing.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. They saw a man ... a suitcase ... one hand and a bag ... the other entering ... the hotel.

2. ... 11 o'clock exactly ... Friday morning, Miss Blake was standing ... the bus-stop.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. he/to/interest/didn't/in/take/seem/any/anything.

2. street/the/changed/has/recently/been/name/of/the.

3. you/last/were/too/do/to/homework/night/your/tired?

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Chris and Jeff are talking about life in big cities and in the country. Ch:.___________________________________________________

J: I lived in New York five years ago. Ch:.____________

J: Not very much. There were too many people, and there was too much noise.

Ch:_____________________________________________

J: Most young people go to New York because they want excitement.

Ch:_________________________________

J: Yes, it is. New York is too expensive for young people.

Ch:___________________________________________________

J: As I was born in a small town I just want a quiet life. That's all.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I don't know (тоже)______what kept him so late.

2. Stop (делать)___________excuses! It's all my fault.

3. Is there (что-то)____________else you would like me to explain to you?

4. When he was a kid, he had two pets. One was a black dog, (другой) ___________ was an orange cat.

5. What other Newton's laws do you know (кроме)-------------his theory of gravitation.

6. Peter doesn't take after his (старший)__________ brother

7. Life is (намного)__________easier and more convenient now.

8. Actions (говорят)__________ louder than words.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) So delicious cakes!

b) What delicious cakes!

c) How delicious the cakes! .

2. a) Had you dinner yet.

b) Did you have dinner yet?

c) Have you had dinner yet?

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. How is your sister? a. Pretty good, thank you.

2. How's business? b. Delightful!

3. How about going on a picnic? c. Very well, thank you.

№5

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Mark (to be)____________keen on video games for years. He (to

play)_______ them morning, noon and night. Yesterday he even

(to cut) ______lessons to play games. Right now he (not to do)

_______________very well at school. Unless he (to go)______to

school every day, his parents (to invite)_________________ to

see the headmaster.

2. When I asked why she (not to want)_________________to go

downtown with me she said that the teacher (to give)____________

them a lot of homework in maths as they (to have)____________

another test in a few days.

3. A bad accident (to happen)_____________on Highway 95 last

night. Someone (to drive)_______________at high speed and a

bicyclist (to hit) ____________at crossroads.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Many years ago ... famous theatre was preparing for ... first night. ... producer wanted ... play to be ... success.

2. ... cup is dirty. Can I have ... clean one?

3. Browns Ltd is ... large company in ... Park street. It makes ... furniture.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. She was rude ... me ... yesterday morning and she hasn't apologised ... me ... it yet.

2. Youneedtoput ... something warmer than a jacket ... suchawindy day.

3. He is married ... my sister and they have two children.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. animals/same/the/as/beings/do/have/emotions/human?

2. see/she/what/can't/1/looks/wait/to/like.

3. time/the/is/I/heard/it/have/three/first/years/her/in/from.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Elmer is travelling about Europe and he is calling his mother home.

M:______________________________________________________

E: I've just arrived in Prague, Mum.

M:___________________________________________________

E: Yes, I have. I've been to Madrid and Paris.

M:______________________________________________________

E: I left Paris last night.

M:______________________________________________________

E: I am leaving for Vienna tomorrow.

M:______________________________________________________

E: Yes, Mum. I have very little money left. That's why I am calling.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. How (много)_______sugar do you take in your tea?

2. Some students came into the room with us and (другие) _______

came a bit later.

3. I didn't eat breakfast this morning, (тоже) _______did my sister.

4. The boy has started to work (намного) _______harder recently.

5. By some (счастливый)_________chance he caught sight of me

in the crowd.

6 All their relations (кроме)_________the younger son were present

at the family party.

7 Last year inflation was tremendous and the prices (поднялись) _________considerably.

8. If there is а (свободное) ___________seat in the hall, you may

take it.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Will it make her visit us more often?

b) Will it make her to visit us more often?

c) Will it make her visiting us more often?

2. a) They spent their last holiday in the country.

b) They had spent their last holiday in the country.

c) They spend their last holiday in the country.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. What is he? a. He is an angel.

2. How is he? b. He is all right.

3. What is he like? , c. He is a musician.

№6

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Look at Erin. She (to cry)__________and (to laugh)___________

at the same time. I wonder if she (to scream) ____________the

next minute.

2. I'm tired of this cold weather. As soon as spring (to come)_______,

I (to play)_______________tennis and jog in the park.

3. While I (to make)____________dinner last night, some oil (to

catch) ._______on fire. The minute the ceiling detector (to begin)

--------.— to buzz, my roommate (to run)_______into the kitchen

and said he (to call)____________the fire-brigade immediately.

He said that the same thing once (to happen)_______________to

him. I said he didn't have to do it as the fire could (to fight) _____________out by the two of us easily.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

One day on ... bright summer afternoon ... well-dressed young man, who looked like ... gentleman called to see ... well-known den­tist in ... Picadilly street in London. He was shown into ... waiting-room and told that ... dentist was having ... dinner and he would examine ... man's teeth as soon as he finishes ... meal.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. They'll have to get ... early ... Friday morning to catch ... the 7 o'clock train ... Leeds.

2. Jack is ... the habit ... riding his motorbike up and down the road ... the morning.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. earthquake/be/anywhere/there/another/will/year/this?

2. shoes/tight/me/to/these/are/too/for/wear

3. here/find/possible/it/such/is/hardly/to/early/him/at/hour/an.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Miss Smith is having a job interview with the manager of a tour association.

M:___________________________________________________

S' No, I haven't done this kind of work before.

M:___------------------------------------------------------------------------

S: I saw an advertisement in the local paper.

M:_--------------------------------------------------------------------------

S: I am working in a travel agency at the moment.

M:._____.--------------------------------------------------------------------

S: For over three years.

M:__________________________________________________

S: I want to have a better-paid job.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Here, children. I have two coins. One is for you, Tommy, (другая) ____________is for you, Jimmy.

2. There isn't (много)___________interesting news in the paper

today.

3. This question is (намного)_________easier than the last one.

4. Karen hasn't seen this film and Erin hasnt't seen it (тоже)

5. I threw myself flat and (лежал) _________motionless for ten

minutes.

6. Have you heard the (последние)____________news?

7. The boy didn't tell us (ничего)__________

8. This year she buys (меньше)_________new things than she did

last year.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) This is not a single light in the house.

b) It is not a single light in the house.

c) There is not a single light in the house.

2. a) Before you left, don't forget to turn off the TV set.

b) Before you leave, don't forget to turn off the TV set.

c) Before you will leave, don't forget to turn off the TV set. -

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Meet my friend Lucy. a. Yes, of course.

2. Will you meet my friend at 10.30? b. That'll be great.

3. How about meeting at 10.30? c. Nice to see you.

№7

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной времен­ной форме.

1. I am not British. My name is Surasuk. I (to come) _______from

Thailand. Right now I (to study) _______________at school in

England. My classes (to begin) ________on January, 6. Since I (to

come)_______here, I (to do) ____________many things and (to

meet) ____________many people. Last Saturday I (to invite)

__________to a party at my friend's house. When I (to get)______

there they (to sing)____________a song in Thai to welcome me.

2. I (to fly)____________to Manchester tomorrow. My friend Mick

(to meet)___________me at the airport when the plane (to arrive)

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Last year we went on ... adventure holiday near ... Lake Michigan. We slept in ... tents. It was a good thing to take ... extra clothes as the nights were cold. We had ... instructors to show us how to go canoeing. But when we went sailing, ... boat turned over. I think I was the worst person in ... group.

2. I went to ... central post-office in ... Church street to buy ... stamps.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. ... my surprise she did not even try to enter ... the University last year.

2. His office is ... the third floor. When you leave ... the lift, it's ... your

left.

3. The National Gallery faces ... Trafalgar Square. The Gallery is famous ... its wonderful collection of unique paintings.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. have/we/many/this/write/in/exercise/do/to/sentences/how?

2. Englisli/an/he/enough/interpreter/well/speaks/be/to.

3. most/remember/it/frightening/was/prograrmne/the/I/can.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Mike and Jane are talking about Jane's friend Maria.

M:______________________________________________________

J: No, Maria doesn't study at my college. She is an old friend of mine.

M_______________

J: She is a computer programmer and she is living in the US A at the moment.

M:_______________________

J: She is working for a big company there.

M: ________________________________

J: Yes. We write letters to each other every week.

M ________________________

J: This Tuesday.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1- Alison is (намного)_________shorter than Bernard.

2. Ron won't join us for lunch and Laura won't come (тоже)

3. When I returned there wasn't (никого) _____________at home.

4. She jogs every morning and it (делает)__________her a lot of good.

5. He said it was the (самый плохой)____________year he'd had

for a long time.

6. There are (меньше)__________new words in this text than in the

previous one.

7. Ann whispered something from (другого)_____________side of

the table.

8. We asked him (сказать)_________us everything.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) When he was a boy, he used to play football every day.

b) When he was a boy, he used to playing football every day.

c) When he was a boy, he was used to play football every day.

2. a) Are you still remembering it?

b) Have you still remembered it?

c) Do you still remember it?

VIM. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. I'm going to help a. No, thank you.

2. Would you like some tea? b. You needn't, thank you.

3. Do you mind if I open the window? c. Not in the least.

№8

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

One bright summer morning a well-dressed young man who (to look)

________ like a gentleman (to come)__________to see a well-known

dentist in Picadilly street. He (to show)-------------------into the waiting-room by the nurse and she (to tell)________him that the dentist (to be)

_______________ready to see him in a few minutes.

The dentist (to attend)_____________to another case at that time

but he (to happen)___________to look through the door which only

partially (to shut)____________He (to see)________that the man

(to put) _ ________various silver things into his pockets.

The dentist requested him to come into his dentistry and to be seated. On finishing the examination he said: «If you (not to empty)

_____.________your pockets two of your front teeth (to pull out)

___ _____________right now».

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Everybody in ... office except ... boss comes to ... work on ... foot.

2. ... Port of London is to ... east of ... City. This is ... East End of London, unattracitive in ... appearance, but very important to ... country's commerce.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. The doctor asked me if I could take care ... my friend as there was nobody else but me who could look ... him while his parents were ... holiday.

2. The passengers were standing ... a queue, waiting ... their turn to get ... board ... the plane.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. waiting/she/phone/was/the/sitting/ring/to/there/for.

2. when/in/lived/since/London/she/has?

3. not/the/smoke/you/to/are/allowed/corridors/in.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

The Blake family are going to have dinner.

Mr. B:_________________________________________________

Mrs. B. I'd like to have dinner in the garden.

Mr. B: _____________________________________________—

Mrs. B: Yes, I'd like to have a cold drink.

Mr.B: ___________________________________________-------

Mrs. B: I have cooked chicken with rice and vegetables.

Mr. B: Excellent._________________________________--------

Mrs. B: Your favourite apple-pie.

Mr. B:_________________________________________________

Mrs. B: Simon and Brenda are dining out today.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

. (Ни одна)_________of my two younger sisters can dance well.

. Our sitting-room is (намного)_________smaller than yours.

. I don't know (кого-нибудь)____________who can do it better

than you..

. Some people like summer best, (другие)_________prefer spring.

. Well, girls, who is going to (накрыть)_________the table for tea?

. I haven't taken (достаточно)_________water for four cups.

. They (рассказали)_________ us an interesting story.

. The boy works on computer so (хорошо)--------------.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

. а) Не hopes to find a job easy.

b) He hopes to find a job easier.

c) He hopes to find a job easily.

. a) When has it started to give you pain?

b) When did it start to give you pain?

c) When had it started to give you pain?

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. She isn't sorry indeed. a. And I am not.

2. He isn't pleased with anything here. b. Neither am I.

3. He is leaving. c. Isn't she?

9

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. This morning at 10 o'clock I went to see Mr. Amis on business. We

(to arrange)____________this meeting beforehand. When I (to

come) ._________ into the office the secretary (to tell) _______

me that Mr. Amis (to return)____________from the conference

somewhat later. I (to ask)____________to sit down and (to offer)

____________a cup of coffee. While I (to have)____________

my coffee Mr. Amis (to come in)__________«(to wait) _______

_______you long?» he asked most politely.

2. Close the window. It (to rain)_____________ The weather (to

change) ____________ greatly since yesterday. If it (not to

brighten up) ______________________we'll have a snowfall

tomorrow.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Captain Smith was :.. captain of «The Titanic». He hoped to prove that «The Titanic» was ... fastest ship in ... world. Although it was early spring he led ... ship to ... north. He knew that there were ... icebergs, but «The Titanic» was considered to be ... unsinkable ship.

When he understood his mistake he helped to evacuate ... passengers and died ... hero. He was one of ... 1490 people who drowned on that terrible night.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. I am not satisfied ... my progress ... maths.

2. He was ... such a hurry, so he left ... the party ... saying good-buy to the host.

3. Luckily we arrived ... the station ... fifteen minutes after we had left home.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. excuse/no/for/coming/time/exam/in/to/there/is/not/the/his.

2. ours/house/next/be/to/fmished/the/year/this/will?

3. television/very/sports/on/relaxing/watching/is.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Nick and Eric are talking about the summer holiday.

N:____________________________________________________

E: I took a trip around Europe.

N:____________________________________________________

E: By train.

N:____________________________________________________

E: No, it was quite cheap. I bought a railcard.

N:____________________________________________________

E: A couple of friends came with me.

N:____________________________________________________

E: We have been to six or seven countries.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Very (мало)_________customers were satisfied with the service.

2. This way is (намного)_________safer than the other one.

3. At that time it began raining (сильно)_______ .

4. I am afraid Jane doesn't (делает)_______any housework at all.

5. (Никто)_________of his parents realised what was happening.

6. He said he would like to (лежать)_________in the sun for an

hour.

7. Some people keep dogs as pets, (другие)_________have cats.

8. Sometimes the girl felt (взволнованной)__________without any

reason.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) They reached to the lake at night.

b) They reached the lake at night

c) They reached at the lake at night.

2. a) Dick worked hard last term and was a success.

b) Dick worked hard last term, and had a success.

c) Dick has worked hard last term and was a success.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. What's Betty like? a. She is fine.

2. What is Betty? b. She is diligent.

3. How is Betty? c. She is a secretary.

10

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. — Would you like to come to the cinema with me, Nick?

No. I (to work)____________________all day and I am tired.

And you (to come) ____________ when you (to finish)

_________resting?

— What film is on at the cinema?

It's a new war film and it (to base) ___________on a war

novel.

Oh, I (to see)_______it a week ago. I (to read)____________

the novel before I (to go)_______ to see it.

2. Look, it (to rain) ____________ outside. The rain (to start)

_________when I (to go)____________to the hairdresser's, but

when I (to come)__________ out it (to pour)_____________.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. I went to ... central post-office in ... Church Street to buy ... stamps. When I came there, ... postmaster said there was ... letter for me.

2. ... fuel that ... cars use is called ... petrol in Great Britain, but in ... USA they call it ... gas.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. What were George's reasons ... giving ... his job?

2. I heard this news ... Monday morning ... the radio.

3. They reached ... the lake ... foot and then continued their trip ... car.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. story/you/me/time/the/told/true/last/is?

2. some/I/music/all/said/not/but/classical/I/liked/that.

3. wanted/much/suit/he/how/the/cost/to/know.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Joe is back from his holiday. He is talking to Helen about it. H:____________________________________________________

J: I spent my holiday at the seaside.

H:____:________________________________________________

J: The weather was beautiful and the sea was warm.

H:____________________________________________________

J: No. My wife never goes on holiday with me.

H:____________________________________________________

J: Yes, I could. There were tennis courts and a swimming pool on the private beach.

H:____________________________________________________

J: I had breakfast and supper in the restaurant at the hotel.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. They have (меньше) _________work this year.

2. The supermarket is on (другой)____________side of the street.

3. Give him a good mark to (поднять)_________his self-respect.

4. John had skipped a lot of lessons and in the end refused to (сдавать) _________ the exams.

5. The soup smells very (хорошо)__________.

6. It's important for all of us to have confidence in our own abilities. We need to believe in (себя)_____________

7. He can (решить) ____________any difficult puzzle in ten

minutes.

8.1 met them long ago, so I don't remember (никого)______of them.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) She has to be careful after the accident, hasn't she?

b) She has to be careful after the accident, doesn't she?

c) She has to be careful after the accident, has she?

2. a) If it will rain again, I don't know how to dress.

b) If it rained again, I don't know how to dress.

c) If it rains again, I don't know how to dress.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Excuse my back. a. That's really nothing.

2. May I see you home? b. That's quite all right.

3. You've done me a great favour. c. That's fine.

11

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. I (to walk)_____________________for about half an hour when at

last I (to see)______ a little house near the river. I (to understand)

________________at once that it (to be)________the house about

which Ann (to tell)_____________me a few days before. I (to

knock)__________ at the door and (to ask)_____________to come

in by the voice from inside. A woman (to sit)_____________ at the

window with a book in her hands.

2. Carol and I are old friends. We (to know) __________________

each other since we (to be)________in primary school.

3. As soon as I (to get)______home tonight I (to give)___________

you a call.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. There is ... tendency in ... Great Britain and ... USA for ... small shops to disappear. They are eaten up by ... big firms. Such firms have ... branches all over the country. Many English people regret ... disappearance of ... small shops.

2. I told ... children that they wouldn't get ... presents if they behaved badly.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. We expect him to arrive ... the hotel ... Sunday morning.

2. His illness is getting worse and I am afraid he'll have to go ... hospital ... an operation ... a week or so.

3. I was pleased ... his reaction ... what I said.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. every/over/societies/university/a/clubs/and/has/meet/interest/to/the/ got/ hundred

2. hard/find/it/suitable/place/a/for/battle/was/scenes/to/the?

3. a/us/is/there/scientists/don't/still/lot/around/know/that

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Ann is Julia's guest in London. They are planning their week-end.

J: _________________________:____________________________

A: Yes, I have seen some of the places already.

J: ____________________________________________________

A: The National Gallery and the British Museum.

J:' ______________________________________________________

A: I'd like to see a play.

J:____________________________________________________

A: «The Paradise» theatre might be nice.

J: _____________________________________________._______

A: «All Her Sons» by A.Miller this week.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Why did she buy so (мало)__________lemons at the market?

2. I've brought only two of your books. I'll bring (другие)__________

next Friday.

3. James works (гораздо)_________harder than Ken.

4. Have you read anything interesting (в последнее время)-----------

_________?

5. Unfortunately, there wasn't (ничего) ___________I could do to

help.

6. We haven't yet (сделали) _________any plans for the holiday.

7. Alex (сказал)_________me that they were leaving in the morning.

8. That morning he stayed at home because he felt (плохо)------------

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Who speaks so loudly over there?

b) Who is speaking so loudly over there?

c) Who is saying so loudly over there?

2. a) It's such wonderful news, thank you.

b) It's so wonderful news, thank you.

c) It's such a wonderful news, thank you.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Thank you for the lift. a. Not in the least.

2. Would you mind calling later? b. Here you are.

3. Could you lend me your pen for a moment? c. Not at all.

№12

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре-иенной форме.

1. Mr. and Mrs. Flint (to intend)___________to visit their son's school

tomorrow. When they (to get) -----------there, they (to see)

__________the headmaster first.

2. When I (to talk)_______________with my friend at the party last

night I. (to ask) _______him where his cousin Freddy (to be)

________I (to tell) _________that he (to leave) ___________

for Leeds and (to come)____________ back in a month.

3. — You ever (to talk)_______________to your teacher about your

grades, Jim?

Yes, I (to talk) _______________to her several times. In fact

I (to talk) _______________to her about it after class yesterday

when you (to wait) _______________ for me outside.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Jack comes from ... United Kingdom of ... Great Britain. That's ... official name of ... country, but there are ... other names for it. He lives in ... Highlands, which are in ... northern part of the country.

Jack is ... friend from ... school. In fact he is ... best friend I have from there.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необхо­димо.

1. They arrived ... London ... the 14th ... April and left ... Oxford ... June. They will be back only ... a month.

2. What was the reason ... his absence?

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. do/forA/there/afraid/isn't'l/you/anything/am/else/can.

2. you/leave/the/for/do/time/want/to/airport/what?

3. wasn't/at/teacher/asked/our/me/why/my/working/desk/I.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Diana is leaving the party at the Simpsons' house. She is talking to Mr. Simpson.

S: ___________________________________________________

D: Thank you. You needn't give me a lift.

S: __________________________._________________________

D: The bus will take me straight to my house.

S: ___________________________________________________

D: About an hour.

S:___________________________________________________

D: My son Terry will meet me at the bus-stop.

S: ______________________________________________________

D: No. Our house is just round the corner.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. These days people buy (меньше)__________newspapers than they

used to.

2. Will you give me (другую)_________cup of tea?

3. It turned out they hadn't heard from them (тоже)__________

4. He doesn't have (никого)____________to talk to.

5. I'd like to (поднять)_________some more questions.

6. She (имеет обыкновение)__________to working late.

7. He saved money, but never kept (их)_________in the bank.

8. (Ни один)_______of the two brothers followed their father's career.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) It was still light and we hadn't to hurry.

b) It was still light and we had to hurry.

c) It was still light and we didn't have to hurry.

2. a) Why are you so angry for me?

b) Why are you so angry with me?

c) Why are you so angry on me?

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой колонок.

1. Shall we go out? a. Yes, I'd love to.

2. Would you like to come with me? b. Thank you, I will.

3. Come and see us this Sunday. c. Yes, let's.

13

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

Dear Ann,

I (to write)____________to you because I hope that you will help

me. If you (to answer)__________my letter as soon as you can I (to

be)_________grateful to you.

A strange thing (to happen)____________to me yesterday. You

of course know my friend George. He (to move)____________to a

new flat recently. We (to meet)______in 1987 and (to be)__________

friends ever since.

I (to invite)_______________to his housewarming party a few

days ago. The thing is that when I (to speak)_______________to him

on the phone, the doorbell (to ring)__________I (to hang)_________

up and when I returned the paper with his address on it (to disappear)

____________________So I don't know where he lives. Maybe you

can help me.

Steve.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

It was ... beautiful day although there were ... few clouds in the sky. We went for ... walk by ... sea and then decided to visit ... Johnsons who live next to ... Lake Erewash. As we had left ... car by ... hotel we were staying at we went there by train. We had ... dinner at their place and had ... very enjoyable time.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. It doesn't matter ... me if we go out ... dinner or eat at home.

2. We are going ... holiday ... next month and I am looking forward ... it.

3. I apologized ... Ann ... keeping her late.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. think/will/time/for/be/dinner/you/do/you/today/in?

2. most/thing/her/future/children/of/the/worried/only/that/was/the/her.

3. hope/here/bus/three/the/in/minutes/be/I/will.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Cathy and Dennis are discussing their week-end.

D:____________________________________________________

C: I went to the ballet last night.

D:______________________________________________________

C: «The Sleeping Beauty».

D:___________________________________________________

C: Heather Kirkland was dancing the main part and there were several

new dancers as well.

D:___________________________________________________

C: She usually dances well but yesterday she danced badly.

D:___________________________________________________

C: Not really. I prefer disco dancing.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. You are not going (никуда)____________until you finish doing

your homework.

2. At present he is (делает)___________excellent progress learning

to be a programmer.

3. Can you stay here (немного)_________. longer?

4. He never (одалживает)____________anything from other people.

5. It would be (намного)_________quicker to get there by car.

6. I haven't heard from him (в последнее время)_________

7. She's got (такие)_________beautiful green eyes.

8. — He refused to speak at the meeting. — I (тоже)_____________

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) The old man's clothes was torn.

b) The old man's clothes were torn.

c) The old man's clothes is torn.

2. a) We'll be glad if we are allowed to take the exams earlier.

b) We'll be glad if we'll be allowed to take the exams earlier.

c) We'll be glad if we'll allow to take the exams earlier.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. How about going for a picnic? a. That's OK.

2. Sorry to keep you waiting. b. I am all for it.

3. Is that bag heavy, Marry? c. Not at all.

14

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Snow (to promise)_______________tomorrow by the forecast. If

it (to snow)____________tomorrow, I (to stay)____________

at home.

2. Horses (to introduce)_______________into the Americans by

Spaniads in the early fifteenth century. Spanish explorers (to bring)

___________them in their ships and later most of the horses (to

become)_________wild animals.

3. When I (to get)_______to the Parker family yesterday afternoon

around two o'clock, Mr. Parker (to work)_______________on his

car. He said he (to get)_____________ in a road accident and the

repairs (to take)________________him another day or two.

4. — Where's Robinson?

He (to prepare) ______________for tomorrow's seminar. He

just (to return)_____________from the library.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

The buffalo is ... large animal living in ... North America. Many years ago ... people from ... other lands came to America. ... immigrants crossed ... country in ... wagon trains. They killed ... buffalo for ... food. Today you can sometimes buy ... buffalo meat at a restaurant.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послеслог, где не­обходимо.

1. Who is responsible in your family ... washing the dishes ... dinner?

2. Jane has been interested ... ancient history ... her first year ... college.

3. My coat is similar ... yours but different ... Ben's.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. just/I/for/waiting/he/have/man/is/the/been.

2. understand/the/about/you/teacher/is/do/what/talking?

3. mother/to/take/me/advised/my/English/course/another.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Mr. X is going to Mexico on business. He is talking to the secretary.

X ____________________________.__________________________

S: No, you needn't. We have reserved a room in a good hotel for you.

X______________________________________________________

S: It's the Sunday morning flight.

X _________________________________

S: Take only light clothes and, perhaps, an umbrella.

X ___________________________________.__________________

S: Yes, we'll contact you every day.

X______________________________________________________

S: The information will be sent by mail to the hotel.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. There are (меньше)__________mistakes in your test than in

mine.

2. He had two choices but he didn't want (ни один)__________of

them.

3. Tim works (усердно)__________at school but Tom is a bit lazy.

4. Will you (сделать)__________me a favour?

5. I don't want (ничего)_____________at all.

6. It isn't as (легко)__________as that.

7. The flag (поднялся)__________on the mountain peak.

8. Every evening he (рассказывает)__________a story to his son.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) The bill isn't such expensive as I thought it would be.

b) The bill isn't so expensive as I thought it would be.

c) The bill isn't more expensive as I thought it would be.

2. a) I haven't been at the cinema for ages.

b) I wasn't at the cinema for ages.

c) I won't be at the cinema for ages.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Your ticket, please. a. Sure.

2. May I have another biscuit? b. You are welcome any time.

3. Can I see your new house? c. Here you are.

№15

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

An interesting thing (to happen) ____________to me last night. I

(to sit)_______________in my room reading, when the phone (to ring)

__________Usually I (not to run)_______________to the phone so

quickly. But this time I (to know) ___________it was something

important.

The voice on the phone (to belong)___________to an old friend

of mine from whom I (not to hear) _________________ for ten

years. I said, «Let's meet tomorrow after I (to finish) ___________

work. I can't wait to see what you (to look)_________like now. I

wonder if you (to change) ________________». But suddenly our

talk (to interrupt)________________In vain I hoped he (to ring)

____________ back.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. ... recent newspaper article on ... British teenagers' use of ... pocket money proves what ... most parents already know. ... teenager these days spends nearly all ... pocket money given by ... parents on ... computer games.

2. ... vase is a kind of pot for holding ... flowers.

III. Вставьте правильный предлог или послелог, где необ­ходимо.

1. I tried ... several dresses but ... my friend's opinion none of them suited ... me all right.

2. Jill starts her new job ... Monday morning but she is not sure she'll

be good ... programming.

3. We are angry ... our neighbours ... their making so much noise last

night.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. start/no/meeting/before/there/the/to/o'clock/is/more/need/nine.

2. interested/countries/other/are/reading/you/in/cultures/about/and?

3. Rita/new/every/tries/learn/day/to/words/twenty-five.

V. Закончите диалог вопросами, подходящими по смыслу.

Jane is back from her trip to Cambridge and she is talking to her mother.

M:___________________________________________________

J: I spent the day with Mrs. Tate.

M:___________________________________________________

J: No, no one else went with us.

M:____________________________________________________

J: We went to King's College.

M:___________________________________________________

J: No, most of the students were on holiday.

M:___________________________________________________

J: After we'd looked round King's College, we did some shopping.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I think it's (самая худшая) _______________programme

on TV.

2. One boy played the guitar while (другие)____________sang.

3. He won't go to a good university and he won't be able to get a good job (также)________

4. Modern aeroplanes fly (намного)_________higher than old-fashioned ones.

5. When I arrived at work I realized that I had (забыл)_________my

watch at home.

6. The report will be ready (через два дня)___________________

7. I am going to (сдавать)_________the examination with another

group.

8. Your words (делают)_______the whole thing even more strange.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) The play was worth to see.

b) The play was worth seeing.

c) To see the play was worth.

2. a) I am painting since I can remember.

b) I was painting since I can remember.

c) I have been painting since I can remember.

VIII. Соедините по смыслу фразы из левой и правой коло­нок.

1. Thank you for the dance. a. You are welcome.

2. Would you like a sandwich? b. It's a pleasure.

3. I'd like to have another look at it. c. Yes, please.

16

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

Не (to sit) .___________________inside the bar for about half an

hour when he (to find) _________ that a little girl (to stand)

--------------------_ alongside him. «You (to know)_______________

that children under the age of sixteen (not to allow)_________________

in here? You (to see)_________________the notice on the door?» The

girl (to shake)_________ her head. He (to think)_________that the

assistant (to ask)_______her to leave the place. Instead, in a more kindly

tone he said: «Is there anyone you (to look)____________for here? If

you (to stay)_______outside for a while, I (to give)___________you

a lift home». He didn't know why he (to make)____________that offer.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

For over ... year and ... half Pamela and her partner Edith have been the owners of the Sea View Hotel in ... Lime street. For ... last ten years they have made ... good profit from the hotel. Pamela is excellent with ... figures and seldom makes ... mistake. ... two ladies, however, don't do all the work themselves. They invite ... college students who do the cleaning and washing up. Old Albert, ... retired policeman, takes care of the swimming-pool.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

... Saturday evening we were ... our way home ... our friends'place. It was well ... midnight and we were still miles ... home. We tried to get the engine started but ... vain. There was no traffic ... the road ... all.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. easier/1/was/the/much/exercise/than/it/be/last/would/thought.

2. hope/there/she/be/is/that/week/by/better/any/will/next/the?

3. that/was/he/evident/presence/our/want/quite/speak/it/didn't/to/in.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. There wasn't much____________in his face. happy •

2. He likes books about____________worlds. to imagine

3. Is there any_________to finish this work earlier? possible

4. Your___________of the place helped me to find it. to describe

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I think he has (сделал) _________the wrong decision.

2. (И она, и)____________Steve were happy to go sightseeing.

3. Sometimes his words sounded (приятно)__________

4. This time there are (меньше)_________mistakes in your dictation.

5. (Который)_________of the boys is your son?

6. Look at (других)____________, everybody is listening but you.

7. This exercise is (намного более)____________difficult, I think.

8. Jane is (самая высокая)____________girl in our class.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) He went straightly to school.

b) He went straight to school.

c) He went straight in school

2. a) What boring work!

b) What a boring work!

c) How boring work!

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ —Not at all.

2. —____________________ — She is much better now.

№ 17

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Look, it's eight o'clock already. We (to wait)_________________

here for half an hour and I (not to know)____________. if she (to

come)___________at all. She always (to 'arrive)____________

late or you (to think) _______________ something (to happen)

_______________to her?

2. When Gulliver was going to make his journey he (not to imagine)

_______________ what adventure he (to meet)_____________

One day when he (to wake up)_________he (to see)_________

that he (to surround)_______________by a lot of strange small

people. He was impatient to learn where he was and what (to

happen)_______________to him if the small people (not to like)

_______________him.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

I knew ... man who had travelled much in his life. He had visited many countries in ... East. He loved ... children and often told them ... interesting stories. I remember some of ... stories he told me ... few years ago. One of them was about the adventure he had in ... Himalayas. He was ... young man at that time and was interested in ... history of ... ancient architecture.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

I don't really enjoy travelling ... plane. ... a plane last week I noticed

two men...... of me smoking, although there were signs telling ... them

not to smoke. So I went to remind ... them ... the signs and asked them to leave ... the non-smoking area. But they didn't even look ... me.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. order/he/allowed/enter/not/passport/the/not/country/in/his/was/to/as/was.

2. the/walk/you/wmdows/around/all/closed/if/see//the/were/did/house/to?

3. TV set/I/make/room/for/moved/the/have/bookshelves/to/the/more.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. The most------------------building in the city to impress

is the Cathedral.

2. He was not____________with his results. to satisfy

3. We agreed to meet at the__________to to enter

the theatre.

4. What is the greatest__________of the 20th

century? ' to discover

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I am sorry I didn't study (усерднее)_____________

2. Alice was born in Chicago so she (привычна) ____________to

living in a big city.

3. I am (удивлен)____________at your behaviour.

4. (Кроме)-------------------her novels and poems, she published a

number of short stories.

5. (Ни одна)____________of these two books interests me.

6. If you are ready, (подними)_______your hand.

7. It (делает)_______no difference at all.

8. Very (мало)_______readers stay in the library after 9 p.m.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Cars can be parked on neither side of the road.

b) Cars can't be parked on neither side of the road.

c) Cars can't be parked on no side of the road.

2. a) It's so lovely weather.

b) It's such lovely weather.

c) It's such a lovely weather.

VIM. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — Certainly.

2. —____________________ —That's very kind of you.

№18

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

This (to happen)________________in Australia during a water-polo game. It was the end of the game and the players (to move)

_______________very slowly. Suddenly one of the players jumped

out of the water saying that one of the forwards of the opposite team

(to bite)_______________him in the leg under water. The forward

(to call)____________out of the water but he (to refuse)_________

to admit it. In some minutes another player jumped out of the water

and cried: «If you (not to stop)________________the game I (not

to go) _______________back into the pool.» The water (to let)

_________out of the pool and the players (to find)____________

a letter in their dressing-room that read: «I (to be)_______________

a water-polo fan for many years. Today's game is very slow, so I (to

decide)_________________to make the players move faster. I (to

hope) ___________that my little crocodile (to do)__________it

better

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... destruction of rain forests throughout the world does a lot of ... harm to ... earth's environment. ... automobiles are ... biggest source of ... pollution in ... big cities. ... water in ... North Sea contains a great deal of ... oil.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Miss Hart is going to swim ... the English Channel ... the 30th of May. She is going to leave ... the French coast at six o'clock and arrive ... some place near Dover ... fourteen hours ... the start. Her friends will be waiting ... her ... the English coast.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. me/for/what/it/difficult/was/to/doing/1/concentrate/was/on.

2. discussion/end/any/to/is/other/an/there/this/put/to/way?

3. slower/the/invention/much/were/of/scientific/computer/before/the/ calculations.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. The hotel takes no_________________for responsible

the loss of property.

2. The_______________of this problem is clear important

to everybody.

3. Are you_______________in politics? interest

4. He spoke in a_________voice. friend

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. A piano is (намного тяжелее)_________________than a table.

2. Не didn't tell (никому)_______________about it.

3. Could you (сделать)_____me a favour?

4. The store has two lifts and (ни один)_________of them is working.

5. It was more difficult than we had (ожидали)_____________

6. They (имеют обыкновение)____________to playing tennis every

Sunday.

7. My friend doesn't enjoy science fiction books and (я тоже)

8. He was so (взволнован)_________that he could hardly speak.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) She looks so smart.

b) She looks so smartly.

c) She looks such smartly.

2. a) He translated the text from Russian on English.

b) He translated the text from Russian into English.

c) He translated the text from Russian in English.

VIM. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — I am all for it.

2. —____________________ — Fine, thank you.

19

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

The sun (to shine)________________when / (to get)________up

that morning. So I (to decide)_________to go for a walk in the country.

I (not to be)_______________in the country for years. I (to walk)

____________________ for about two miles when I (to notice)

_________ that the sun (to cover)_______________by dark clouds.

Suddenly the lightning (to strike)_________the tree. I (not to hurt)

_______________but I (to begin) _________to run. When I (to

run)_______________I (to think)____________that I never (to

take)____________a walk in the country again.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

You can hardly find ... person who doesn't believe in keeping fit. So I cycle to ... work now. But ten years ago I had ... good job in an office. I bought ... car and drove it every day. I stopped playing ... tennis and going for ... long walks at ... week-end. Instead I had ... regular lunch and started smoking. There's a lot of ... stress in ... job like mine.

ill. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

She was now quite sure that she would not be late ... the train, so she went ... the direction ... the station ... foot. She turned ... left ... Maple Street and reached ... the station ... half an hour.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. this/less/expected/1/than/am/in/half/do/exercise/hour/to/an.

2. strange/do/his/understand/it/to/difficult/find/you/accent?

3. it/early/the/so/mind/I/leaving/didn 't/party/as/was/boring/very.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. His stories are full of_______________and love beautiful

of nature.

2. He won't come and it's__________to ask him use

another time.

3. The_______________for the party took about to prepare

two days.

4. He listened to me very_______________attention

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. The answer came only (через)_________three days.

2. How (много)_________fruit did you buy?

3. His opinion is different from (нашего)__________

4. A heavy rain (сделал)_________our trip more difficult.

5. When do you have to (сдавать)_________ your next exam?

6. What are (самые худшие)__________memories of your school days?

7. It's never too late (узнавать)____________new things.

8. David didn't know her telephone number and (я тоже)_________

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. а) Не hasn't to worry about it any more.

b) He doesn't have to worry about it any more.

c) He doesn't have to worry about it no more.

2. a) I enjoy helping people.

b) I enjoy to help people.

c) I'm enjoying to help people.

VIM. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — Mary speaking.

2. —____________________ — Don't mention it.

№20

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Men (to be)____________interested in the stars ever since they

first (to look) _________into the sky. In the past they (to think)

_________that the sun (to move)_________round the earth and

that you (to fall)_______________off the earth if you (to step)

_________off at the end of it.

2. My name is Linda. When I (to be)_______a child I (to bring up)

_______________in a small town. I (to study)______________

at Cambridge before I (to become)_________a teacher. Now I

(to try)_______________to get a job with English television. I am

not sure if I (to get)__________it as I never (to work)___________

on television before.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... young people these days like ... camping holidays. ... holiday these two young people have decided on is ... winter holiday and ... place they are going to is ... winter camp in ... Alps. They hope that there won't be ... big crowds at ... time. They hope they will go for ... long walks in the mountains.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Mr Wilson was going ... the seaside ... holiday. He had booked a ticket ... the morning flight. He arrived ... the airport just a few minutes, ... the plane was going to take ... . He apologized ... the registration clerk ... being late.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. are/live/nowadays/to/most/centres/simply/city/too/in/noisy.

2. garden/look/take/time/does/to/how/much/it/after/a/such/big?

3. interesting/for/talk/there/something/must/them/to/about/be/.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. You have a complete_________of actions. free

2. I learnt a_________lesson from it. use

3. Does he understand the____________of regular important

studies.

4. Everyone was very_________when they heard to amuse

the story.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Не (узнал)_________about my arrival by chance.

2. The house is not (легко)_________to keep clean.

3. In (другими)_________words, she was very upset.

4. There was something (необычное)___________in the atmosphere.

5. I haven't seen much of her (в последнее время)__________

6. It was (самые плохие)____________holiday we've ever had.

7. I have never seen (ничего)___________like that before.

8. It's not my camera, it's (ее)__________

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Neither Fred nor Jack had a clear idea of it.

b) Neither Fred or Jack had a clear idea of it.

c) Neither Fred nor Jack had no clear idea of it.

2. a) I don't know where his clothes is.

b) I don't know where his clothes are.

c) I don't know where are his clothes.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — I am sorry, I don't.

2. —____________________ — You needn't, thank you.

21

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

When I was a little boy I (to smoke)_________cigarettes occasionally.

I (to stop)_______________smoking completely before I (to reach)

_______the age often. Of course we (not to sell)_________________

cigarettes at any of the shops, so my brother (to steal)_________them

from my father's pocket while he (to sleep) ______________. At that

time my father (to smoke)_________more than thirty cigarettes a day,

but one day when he (to notice)_________that a couple of cigarettes (to

disappear)_______________from the pocket, he said that he (to count)

_______________them next time. After that we (to buy).____________

cigarettes from time to time but a few months later we (to lose)_________

interest and I never (to smoke)_______________ever since.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

One afternoon ... old gentleman was walking along ... Park

street. ... shops were crowded with ... shoppers. Some of ...

shoppers were looking at ... things in ... shop windows. Suddenly ...

old man saw ... little dirty boy sitting on ... pavement and crying bitterly.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо. James is coming back ... school ... next Monday and his mother

has asked me to explain ... the teacher the reason ... his absence. Though he recovered ... his flu ... last week, the doctor told his mother to keep him ... school ... a couple of days.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. time/see/brother/that/I/at/only/to/my/was/the/person/wanted.

2. make/it/moon/be/the/tourist/when/to/regular/will/possible/to/trips?

3. cup/after/there/like/good/a/hard/nothing/tea/of/day/is/a.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. All of them got the____________to the party. to invite

2. Mr. Field is a very_________neighbour. to help

3. Your___________will be taken into consideration, to propose

4. He is an____________singer, very few people to know

have heard his songs.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб- ках.

1. I've never seen (такие)__________high mountains.

2. The red dress is (хуже)_________than the blue one.

3. You can't believe everything she says, (не так ли)_________?

4. The little boy was (напуган)___________by the look of the big dog.

5. Where did you (учился)_________to play the guitar?

6. I said I could (сводить)_________him to the theatre.

7. It doesn't (делает)_________any difference now.

8. Oh, here you are! And where are (другие)____________boys?

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Neither of the two boys spoke no German.

b) No one of the two boys spoke German.

c) Neither of the two boys spoke German.

2. a) There isn't any other way to do it.

b) There isn't any another way to do it.

c) There isn't no other way to do it.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — Here you are.

2. —____________________ — With pleasure.

№22

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

The Bedes (to be)_______________in their new house for twenty-two days when their first post (to arrive)__________The postman

(to bring) ____________three large envelopes. There was a letter

from Gwen's sister. Gwen (to think)_____________: «I (to read)

_____________it when the postman (to go)________away.» One

envelope (to address)________________to Mrs. Alison who (to live)

___________next door at that time but she (to leave)___________

somewhere on holiday. Gwen (to promise)__________to keep the

letter until Mrs. Alison (to arrive)__________When Gwen's husband

returned from work later in the day he said: «Mrs. Alison (to come)

_____________back from her holiday. She (to come)_____________

to see us tonight.»

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

What ... surprising news! ... nine-year-old girl nearly drowned when she was swimming. ... child was alone in ... large pool. She got into difficulty while she was swimming in ... deep end of the pool. When ... family dog, Spot by ... name, heard her cries, it jumped into ... water and pulled the girl out. They say the dog will receive ... extra bone for ... dinner.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Congratulations ... your success! You are really good ... languages. How long did it take you to translate this text ... Russian ... English? If you are really interested ... humanities you should enter ... alinguistic university. You remind ... me of my own ambitions when I was leaving ... school.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. are/1/not/go/to/as/children/am/circus/eager/to/the/as/the.

2. French/are/class/students/there/speak/your/any/in/who?

3. a/that/describes/a/person's/called/lifestory/biography/book/is.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. Your_____________is not very clear to me. to explain

2. They say they are very__________________in comfort

their new house.

3. I can't_____________him at all. character

4. The_____________of the two things showed to compare

their difference.

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Не has already (сделал)__________an appointment with the dentist.

2. I usually put (намного больше)_______________sugar in my tea.

3. He didn't earn (много)__________money to rent a big flat

4. You should write this test only (чернилами)____________

5. I saw him standing on (другой) ____________side of the street.

6. We (согласны)__________to stay at school somewhat later today.

7. I hardly know (кого-нибудь)_____________here.

8. Is he as (высокий)__________as his brother?»

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Emily is exciting about going on this trip.

b) Emily is excited about going on this trip.

c) Emily is excited to go on this trip.

2. a) The girl looks like her mother.

b) The girl looks the same like her mother.

c) The girl looks as her mother.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —_____________________ — I am sorry, but I don't know.

2. —_____________________ — She is clever and pretty.

№23

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

Uncle Tom (to work)_______________on the railway for forty

years before he (to retire)__________At that time the station was

the pride of his heart. He (to know)_________what a passenger (to

allow)_______________to do when he (to find)_______himself

at the station.

One day, about a year after Tom (to retire)________________,

when I (to stay)________________with Tom's brother, he said:

«Let's go and see old Tom. I (not to see)____________him for a

long time. He (to be) ____________happy to see us.» When we

(to come)__________up to his place, Tom (to sit)_______________

outside the old carriage which he (to get)____________as a present

on his retirement, smoking his pipe in the heavy rain. «Why on earth

you (to sit)_______________there? Why don't you go inside the

carriage out of the rain?» «But it's a non-smoking carriage,» he answered.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

... birthdays are always fun, especially for ... small children. I still

remember ... first present I found on ... table when we were having

... breakfast in the morning. We lived in ... village in ... North

Yorkshire then. It was ... lovely doll and ... music box. I forgot about

breakfast when I opened ... parcel.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

We arrived ... this city ... last month. I was excited ... my first day ... the new school, and ... the first school day I left ... home very early. When I entered ... the classroom it was empty. I sat down ... the front desk and wondered if I was in the right room.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. am/tired/this/do/evening/too/anything/to/the/ house/about/I.

2. this/can/any/him/have/idea/find/where/I/you/time/at?

3. teacher/were/outside/for/their/school/there/children/the/building/ several/waiting.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. What was his____________to it? to react

2. I have some____________with English difficult

pronunciation.

3. It's a very_________street. noise

4. He has passed his exams_____________ success

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Have you (сделал)_________plans for your holiday yet?

2. She doesn't care how (много)_______money she spends on her

clothes.

3. People are (намного более)_______________intelligent than

monkeys.

4. The smoke (поднялся)_________in the still air.

5. Their house is big and (наш)_________is small.

6. (Или)_______come in (или)_______go out, but close the door.

7. He hasn't got (нигде)___________to live.

8. Help (себе)_________to this cake.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Fred speaks English worse of all.

b) Fred speaks English worst of all.

c) Fred speaks English badly of all.

2. a) They made me look after the smaller children.

b) They made me to look after the smaller children.

c) They made me looking after the smaller children.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — I am not sure yet.

2. —____________________ — I don't want any. Thank you.

№24

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. The first television broadcast (to make)_______________in April,

1939. Since then it (to become)_____________one of the most

important facts of modern life. Its effect (to feel)_________all

over the world at present. So what you (to do)_________if your

TV set (not to work)_________________tonight?

2. The man who (to sit)_______________opposite David (to ask)

_______him what time the train (to arrive)_________in London.

David knew the time-table well as he (to travel)_______________

by this train several times already. But the train suddenly (to stop)

_________and nobody knew why. David (to feel)_________that

they (not to get)_______________to London in time. Later it turned

out that a cow (to step)_______________on the line.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

I don't like ... crowds when I am on ... holiday. But once I went to ... holiday camp on ... Black Sea coast. There were lots of ... children there. ... holiday camps seem to be popular with married

couples who have ... small children. They not only get a holiday from ... work but also from ... children whom they bring along. Luckily we didn't have to sleep in ... tents there.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

James had been a student ... Cambridge university ... half a year already ... the time he decided to visit his hometown. He left Cambridge

Saturday evening as he was late ... an earlier train. So he arrived home ... midnight. The house didn't look inviting as his parents had left ... France ... their holiday.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. better/spend/no/is/seaside/holiday/than/to/place/at/your/there/the.

2. you/myself/I/to/it/makes/think/what/not/be/able/do/will/that?

3. dress/first/she/an/worn/evening/it/had/time/ever/was/the.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. I'll never forget your------------------- kind

2. One can_________ lose his way in this forest. easy

3. The weather in May here is very------------------- to change

4. TV____________are sometimes very silly. to advertise

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I have already (сделал)_______my choice of the future profession.

2. (Ни)_______Monday (ни)___Tuesday will be a good day for

the meeting.

3. Last year I wrote (меньше)_________dictations than this year.

4. He was (намного)_________luckier at the exam than any of us.

5. Some people are clever and hard-working; (другие)_________are

clever but don't do much work.

6. Can't you (сказать)_________the difference between them?

7. We have to do it by Friday, (не так ли)_________________?

8. He ran to the station (чтобы не опоздать)_________for the

train.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) I was the last to enter in the building.

b) I was the last to enter to the building.

c) I was the last to enter the building.

2. a) He sounded angry when I phoned him.

b) He sounded angrily when I phoned him.

c) He was sounding angry when I phoned him.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ —That's all right.

2. —------------------------------ — The same to you.

№25

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

1. Last spring I (to go)_______to London for a job interview. As I (to

walk)_______________by the National Gallery I suddenly (to see)

_______a familiar face. It was Nigel with whom we (to share)

_______________a room at college and whose address I unfortuna­tely (to lose)_____________We were happy to see each other and

(to agree)_________that we (to meet)__________ for coffee

the next day.

2. The Eiffel Tower (to visit)_________by millions of tourists every

year. It (to build)___________in 1899 for the Paris exposition.

Since that time it (to become)____________the most famous place

in Paris. I never (to be)______to France myself so if I (to happen)

_________to visit Paris I definitely (to try)_______to climb on

top of it.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

One day ... fisherman was in his boat in ... Irish Sea, very near ... mouth of ... River Kent. It was nearly ... midnight and ... heavy fog was rising. He was just about to sail home when he heard ... sound of ... bells coming from under water. ... fog had cleared and ... moon was shining.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

According ... the job description, you must have a Master's degree and ... least five years ... experience. Unfortunately, I am not qualified ... that job. Though I am not satisfied ... my present job, I am not going to give it ... as I have no chance to change it ... anything better. So I have to wait ... some other vacancies.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. sure/you/am/enough/to/1/seriousness/are/old/the/problem/understand/ that/of/the.

2. watch/not/a/nothing/TV/there/video/why/if/on/is/interesting/film?

3. managed/last/her/what/out/happened/I/at/to/find/had/really/to.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. Не thinks that his ideas are more____________ progress

than mine.

2. Try to use your_______________ to imagine

3. Your_________will be thoroughly considered. to propose

4. It was___________to see her there. to surprise

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. I have seen a lot of him (в последнее время)__________

2. Не (научился)_________to play chess last year.

3. Are you (интересуешься)____________in cooking?

4. We are not allowed (делать)_________personal calls here.

5. What (идет)_________at the «October» cinema this week?

6. It's important (не волноваться)____________over small things.

7. We paid for our dinner (сами)_____________

8. There's no need to hurry, (не так ли)____________?

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) I dislike the thought to lose my freedom.

b) I dislike the thought of loosing my freedom.

c) I dislike a thought of loosing my freedom.

2. a) Who opens the shop every morning?

b) Who open the shop every morning?

c) Who does open the shop every morning?

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — That's OK.

2. —____________________ —We'd love to.

№26

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

On Friday afternoon we (to get)_______________ready to go to

the pictures when the baby-sitter (to ring)_________to say that she

(to come)____________at 6.30 instead of 6 p.m. So when we (to get)

_______to the cinema the film (to start)____________already and

the lights (to be) _________out. We (to lead)___________to our

seats by the usher in the dark. We (to watch)_________________the

film for about half an hour when something (to hit)_______me on the

head. A little boy who (to sit)___________two rows behind me said:

«I am sorry, madam. I (to do)___________it by chance. I (to throw)

_______________the ice-cream to the boy who (to sit)___________

in front of you. I thought he (to catch)_____________it.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Не is taking ... holiday next week before starting ... work again. He is going to spend ... few days in ... Alps with ... friend and then go to ... Lake Balaton. They meet in ... Lime street and take ... bus to Heathrow Airport. In ... half ... hour they'll be there.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Yesterday afternoon I went to the airport to meet Pierre who was coming ... Paris. ... spite ... the heavy traffic I got there ... an hour. So I arrived ... the airport ... two o'clock, went to the waiting room where I met an old friend of mine. We chattered ... a moment and then went to the bar which was one floor ... the waiting-room.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. that/should/it/everybody/have/a/meeting/chance/to/is/at/important/ speak/the.

2. you/with/staying/why/come/instead/don 't/us/of/home/at?

3. think/a/very/swimming/good/keeping/is/sport/for/I/fit/that.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. The_____________was signed by both sides. to agree

2. He has packed all things_____________into care

the bag.

3. There's a_____________of rain, but never mind, possible

4. The trip was not___________at all. to excite

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. February is (худший)_____________month of the year.

2. He (едва)__________spoke to me.

3. He has missed (меньше)__________lessons than me.

4. I asked every pupil in the class but (никто)__________of them

could answer the question.

5. The moment the sun (встало)__________we got up and dressed.

6. So you are late again (как обычно)________________

7. He is (сдает)_____________his next exam on Friday.

8. I am more (интересуюсь)_____________in teaching languages.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) Did you see any of the old friends at the party?

b) Did you see anybody of the old friends at the party?

c) Did you see some of the old friends at the party?

2. a) I was used to drink a glass milk before going to bed.

b) I used to drink a glass of milk before going to bed.

c) I used to drinking a glass of milk before going to bed.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — Не is a driver.

2. —------------------------------ — You are welcome any time.

№27

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

Last week our 15-year-old son Joe (to take)_____________to Paris

where we (to live)_____________for five years before we (to move)

------------to England. We (to visit)__________the park where Joe (to

play)_____________with his friends. When we came up to our house we

(to see) ________Mme Duchen, our former maid, who (to stand)

________________outside with a happy smile on her face. She (to exclaim)

___________«Oh, Janet, you (not to change)_______________at all!

And Joe (to look) ________such a big handsome boy! When you (to

come)________next time I (to make)___________Joe's favourite cherry

pie. How you (to do)________at school, Joe?» Her questions were endless.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

In ... ordinary English town there is usually ... High Street, which is ... principal street of many towns. It is usually lined with ... shops. It is ... place to visit but not to live in. Nowadays it is becoming more and more unlikely that ... most Englishmen would like to live in ... street. For some reason ... word «street» has become unpopular. They prefer to live in ... «roads» rather than ... streets.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

1. You remind ... me ... someone I used to know a long time ago. You are very similar ... him ... many ways.

2. «I am going to marry ... a very rich man. I am not going to sit ... a secretary's desk all my life. And I won't wait ... buses or push my

way through crowds of people on Tube trains,» Sally said and everybody laughed ... her.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нуж­ном порядке.

1. more/people/there/to/willing/are/area/in/live/this/many.

2. Jane/how/tell/she/to/is/our/find/house/can/anybody/going?

3. big/nice/town/for/have/to/a/it/will/really/supermarket/be/our.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. Th'e driver had a_________in controlling the car. difficult

2. Vic sometimes jokes at my _________.. to appear

3. You are____________with your progress, to satisfy

aren't you?

4. Our journey is____________at the moment. problem

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. (Ни он ни)_________I have a gift for languages.

2. Susan can't find her keys (нигде)_____._______

3. Our team hasn't won a single game (в последнее время)

4. They are going to have (другое)_________meeting next week.

5. It will be (намного)_________better if we go by bus.

6. We (привычны)____________to having problems with Dick.

7. They say that other people's problems are easy (решить)

8. They didn't (ожидали)_________so many people at the concert.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) I can't give you any advices.

b) I can't give you any advice.

c) I can't give you no advice.

2. a) It is enough easy to get there on foot.

b) It is enough easily to get there on foot.

c) It is easy enough to get there on foot.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — Very well, thank you.

2. —____________________ — Yes, by all means.

28

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

It's ten o'clock news and I (to speak)_______________to you from

Oxford where the finals of the World Quiz Championship (to hold)

_______________tomorrow. The favourite is Claude Jennings, the man

who (to know)_______everything. Twelve months ago no one (to hear)

_______of Claude although he (to take)________________part in

such competitions for years. Now suddenly he is a big star. He (to answer)

______________every question correctly since the beginning of the

tournament. When he (to arrive)_________here two days ago, hundreds

of fans (to wait)_______________at the station to welcome him. Since

his arrival he (to read)_________________encyclopedias in his hotel

bedroom. If things (to go)_______well for him, he (to become)

___________the first prize winner. He (to have)__________to reply

to seventeen thousand questions tomorrow and no meal breaks (to plan)

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

Today Melissa is ... popular actress and she played ... main part in.. soap opera «Round the Corner». But as ... child she was unhappy. She didn't do well at ... school and her greatest pleasure was going to ... cinema. Her family lived in ... small town in... North of England. Her mother spent all day at... work and her father had little time for ... children.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Harriet had accepted the invitation ... Mark's party. But ... Friday afternoon she had to stay late at work after office hours. She left ... the office only at seven. When she reached ... Mark's house he was sitting in his car outside waiting ... her. She apologized ... being late. ... the party she sat next ... a man who never stopped eating.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. any/see/it/to/you/our/at/place/nice/is/time.

2. their/change/you/will/think/the/earlier/committee/decision/do?

3. dictating/we/her/that/teacher/fast/was/not/follow/the/so/could.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. The next____________in tennis will be held champion

in our city.

2. There is no____________that we shall be certain

a success.

3 Will you____________yourself, please. introduction

4 it's an old______________building. to impress

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. The new building looks (красиво)_______________

2. Are you going to do all the painting (сами)_______________?

3 She was а (счастливый)_________visitor to get free goods from

the shop.

4. All the experts (говорят) ___________the earth is getting

warmer.

5. Do they (ожидают)_________a lot of people at the concert

tonight?

6. Take these head-phones. (Другие)_________ones are broken.

7. You have to leave your bags in the cloakroom, (не так пи) ____________?

8. No (волнительных)_________things ever happen here.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) It's been so long time since I saw you last.

b) It's been such long time since I saw you last.

c) It's been such a long time since I saw you last.

2. a) Do you know what time does the bus leave?

b) Do you know what time the bus leaves?

c) Do you know what time will the bus leave?

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — I quite agree.

2. —____________________ — I hope so.

№29

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

It happened last August at the airport. A few weeks ago, a group of

us (to decide)___________to go together for a holiday. When we (to

wait)_______________in the queue at the passport control I suddenly

(to realize)____________that I (to leave)_____________my passport

at home. I (to ring) _________my parents, but they (to work)

_______________in the garden. Luckily my mother (to hear)_______

the phone. My passport (to find)____________in my trousers pocket.

My mother said: «If you (to take)_______a taxi this minute you (to

be)_________able to get on the plane in time.» I (to run)_______all

the way to the plane and when at last I (to get)_______on it the

passengers (to start)_________clapping.

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

There was ... programme on television about ... dangers to the environment. ... ozone layer will continue to disappear if we don't find ... way to stop it. ... world's weather is changing. ... pollution is having ... grave effect on our climate. Last week ... oil tanker spilt ... oil into ... Marble Sea damaging the wildlife.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

This is our first real holiday ... ages. We arrived ... this place ... Friday morning ... about eleven o'clock. Unfortunately we had to wait ... our flight ... the airport for quite a long time. It's nice here. We can get to the beach ... five minutes. We don't go out every evening and usually sleep ... eleven о' clock in the morning.

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нужном порядке.

1. thing/does/with/there/no/such/that/a/pleasure/he/is/ever.

2. believe/making/he/a/good/does/possibility/career/in/of/a?

3. can' t/party/a/noise/have/you/without/of/a/making/bit.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. When will the____________take place? to celebrate

2. It's an____________part of the city. industry

3. The____________of the city was enormous. to destroy

4. It is often_________to learn the rules. to help

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. You shouldn't (говорить)_________lies, you know it.

2. Your new dress looks very (дорого)_____________

3. These clothes are (последний)___________fashion.

4. Your news (были)__________interesting.

5. The committee has (сделал)_________its decision.

6. This boy is taller than (другие)___________in the class.

7. I saw (никого)_________of our pupils there.

8. He has made (меньше)_________progress this year.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) This is so easy test.

b) This is such easy test.

c) This is such an easy test.

2. a) They went straight across the field.

b) They went straightly across the field.

c) They went straightly along the field.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —___________________. — It doesn't matter.

2. —____________________ — The same to you.

30

I. Откройте скобки, употребив глагол в правильной вре­менной форме.

It's ten o'clock news and Mick Kemish (to speak)_______________

to you. The actress Vanessa Kemp (to disappear)_______________

two days ago and she (not to see)_________________since. She (to

leave)_________her home in the afternoon for the theatre. Two people

(to see)_______her when she (to leave)_______________her home

but she (not to arrive)_______________at the theatre. At eight o'clock

the theatre manager (to break)_________the news to the audience

and said that the performance (to take)_______________place next

Tuesday. He said: «I believe she is not in danger. If she (not to appear)

_________________ tomorrow the police (to do) __________

whatever they can to find her. Since yesterday theatre staff and friends

(to try)_________________to find her. I hope it (to help)_________

the investigation

II. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

We've just been on ... holiday to ... United States. We really needed ... break from ... work. We stayed in ... small hotel in ... Washington Square. Next autumn I'd like to go to Scotland. I want to see ... Highlands. I hope ... weather will not be bad. I want to go for ... long walks in the mountains and see ... old castles of Edinburgh.

III. Вставьте предлог или послелог, где необходимо.

Dear Emma,

I apologize ... not writing ... you sooner, but a week ... bed ... flu

didn't let me do it. Thank you ... inviting me to come and see you ... Saturday evening. I am already excited ... seeing you again. You must be pleased ... your new job and I wish you all the best.

Love, Linda

IV. Составьте предложения, расположив слова в нуж­ном порядке.

1. never/one/anything/he/of/who/satisfied/people/is/those/with/are.

2. difficult/used/at/you/was/get/working/to/night/for/it/to?

3. by/waiting/the/seen/at/some/bus-stop/accident/was/people/the.

V. Образуйте производное слово, подходящее по смыслу предложения.

1. My first_______________of him was favourable, to impress

2. Write the word in the _______________order. alphabet

3. It's quite_________for you to feel proud. nature

4. This word is a______......word. science

VI. Переведите на английский язык слова, данные в скоб­ках.

1. Did you (сказал)_________anything to Jane about the party?

2. More exercise will be (хорошо)_________for him.

3. She has (сделала)_________a very successful career.

4. This boy is (намного)_________taller than the others.

5. You had to look after your little sister, (не так ли)___________?

6. I am so (удивлен)___________to hear that.

7. We don't look after (собой) '_______properly.

8. A special television programme (идет)_________now.

VII. Выберите правильный вариант.

1. a) The soup smells deliriously.

b) The soup is smelling deliriously.

c) The soup smells delicious.

2. a) There wasn't seat enough for everybody.

b) There wasn't enough room for everybody.

c) There wasn't room enough to everybody.

VIII. Напишите подходящие по смыслу фразы-стимулы к данным ответам.

1. —____________________ — No more, thank you.

2. —____________________ — That's fine.

№1

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Woodmanshythe is a small town. About 3,000 people live here. It is unusual for a town of this size to have a good cinema. It is even more unusual, however, to have a cinema that is run by a group of 12 people. The group is a real mixture: there is a businessman, two teenage school-children, three housewives, four old-age pensioners, a school-teacher, and the local vicar. Major Richard Danby is the oldest of the group. He is 73 and he lives in the small flat above the cinema. He is the caretaker and is always ready — and proud—to show visitors the cinema, and to talk about it.

«It all started ten years ago. There was a large store here which was for sale. A couple of us old people thought that it would be the ideal place for an activity centre. Not just for pensioners, but for the young ones too. There wasn't anywhere where people could get together. Then by chance we heard that the cinema in Workshop — that's our nearest big town — was closing down. So we thought «Bingo!» All its equipment was for sale. I contacted Jim Breasley, who is our financial brain, and before we knew where we were, we had plans drawn up for a cinema here. He did all the calculations, and we were promised a lot of help by the town council. A couple of companies has given us money as well. We made a broad group of twelve people representing all ages and interests — as far as possible, anyway — and this very nice cinema is the result of it!»

The cinema shows films five nights a week (not on Sundays and Mondays). There are also two afternoon programmes a week for children. Old age pensioners have the cinema two mornings a month, and there is a film club that uses the cinema once a fortnight.

«We try to show a mixture of films: we try to get the very newest ones, we show some of the old classics, and we have had one or two of the violent films as well. That always gives a good bit of discussion afterwards!»

The discussions take place in the cafeteria, which is a large room at the side of the foyer. It is open in the mornings and afternoons as well, and many people enjoy just dropping in here for a chat and something to drink. «It's all part of the centre-idea, you see,» says Major Danby proudly.

Test № 1

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следу­ющие утверждения.

1. Small towns with the population of about 3000 people seldom have a good cinema.

2. Woodmanshythe didn't have an activity centre 10 years ago.

3. The cinema in Workshop — the nearest big town — closed after the cinema in Woodmanshythe was started.

4. Major Richard Danby knows everything about the cinema in Woodmanshythe.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Who is the cinema in Woodmanshythe run by?

2. Who is the cinema for?

3. Who had helped to organise the cinema financially?

4. What kind of films are shown at the cinema?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержа­нием текста.

1. There is a cafeteria next door to the cinema.

2. The firm club uses the cinema twice a week.

№2

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

If you leave the main street and turn right, you are in Amina's world. The people in the street are «foreign-looking» — they look like Indians or Pakistanis, and they or their parents certainly originated from Asia. The shops in this area sell foreign goods. The windows are filled with saris and turbans, exotic shawls, unusual perfumes, incense, and books written in letters that an ordinary European cannot read. The grocers sell spices and vegetables not normally to be found in English kitchen, and the cinemas advertise Indian films. The travel agents offer cut-price flights to New Delhi and Karachi.

If you come here in the evening or on Sunday, the streets are almost as busy as they are during an ordinary weekday. The grocers are open and life goes on as usual.

Amina stands behind the counter in her little grocer's shop on the corner. Her two children play in the back. Most of her customers are Asians, two or three are Europeans. «We are open every day,» she says. «I open at 9.30 every day, except for Sundays, when I open at 10 o'clock. The shop closes at 10.30 in the evening — again Sunday is different, we close at 5 o'clock. Of course I close in the middle of the day for a good long break. I would like to close the shop altogether on Sundays, but it is not possible. There is too much competition here. We are saving up to buy a bigger shop with a back garden for the children to play in while I am working. We don't want to move far away, because the people are friendly here. There is no real prejudice against us. We try to fit into the English way of life as much as possible. I draw the line at wearing English clothes, though! I am too fond of my sari. The children are a little divided. They have been on one trip to India, where my parents still live. They liked it very much there, but when we came back to London, they settled down very quickly. My husband has got a good job here with a computer firm, so I am sure we will stay here. I don't know how the children will grow up. I hope they will fit into the English society without too much trouble. It isn't always so easy. At the same time I hope they will remain good Indians—good Hindus. The most important thing for them is to be happy — to have a good education, and for us to find good marriage partners for them. Then I will be happy too.»

Test № 2

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следу­ющие утверждения.

1. Amina doesn't close the shop on Sundays because it is the only shop for Asians in the area.

2. Amina and her husband are saving up for a trip to India.

3. Amina doesn't wear English clothes.

4. Amina and her husband will have to find marriage partners for their children when they grow up.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What do people in Amina's world look like?

2. Where in England does Amina with her family live?

3. What does Amina's husband do?

4. Why don't Amina and her husband want to move far away from where they live?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Amina's children have never been to India.

2. The cinemas in Amina's world advertise American films.

3

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Thirty years ago my family were one of the lucky ones and went on holiday, once a year for a week. They went every year to the nearest seaside resort where there were a few traditionally run hotels, a beach, a little town and that was it. Today tourism is big business throughout the world and our expectations and life styles have greatly altered.

There are those people, especially environmentalists, who see the growth of tourism as a disaster for the environment as well as local cultures. Tourism has often meant huge hotel complexes, swimming pools, pollution and over­crowding that has destroyed many local communities. This has been the case on the Costa del Sol in Spain, which has been literally invaded by tourists for the past few decades. As the tourists start to look for more exotic places to go on holiday, the problem with protecting yet unspoiled areas in, for example, South East Asia, Central America and Africa grows.

Many of us have laughed at the commercial that shows an American tourist group on a sightseeing coach in Norway. Whenever the guide points out a local sight of interest, someone on the coach spots a McDonald's or another American Company on the other side of the coach, and everyone's attention is drawn to that. This is a good example of how many people, who go abroad on holiday, are actually more interested in experiencing familiar surroundings than discovering the local culture. As a result, travel companies try to make the resorts look as much as possible like the environment the tourists are used to.

Yet the growth of tourism has opened up parts of the world and enabled travellers to go to places they could only have dreamed of thirty years ago. The meeting of different cultures in this way has led to a greater mingling of peoples and cultures and habits. Take food for example: Italian dishes such as spaghetti and Spanish rice dishes such as paella, are nowadays eaten all over the world.

On a more serious level, tourism is often the developing countries' most important source of income. Foreign tourists bring in much needed foreign currency and this can help that country buy equipment and goods from abroad. In this way tourism is good for an area of the country.

Test № 3

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следу­ющие утверждения.

1. Some people think that the growth of tourism has been harmful to nature.

2. Many tourists on a holiday abroad laugh at Me Donald's or other American companies.

3. Costa del Sol in Spain hadn't been a popular tourist place until a few decades ago.

4. Tourism has led to the disappearance of many cultures.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where did the narrator's family usually go on holiday 30 years ago?

2. Where do tourists today try to find more exotic places for a holiday?

3. Why has tourism destroyed many local communities?

4. What dishes are nowadays eaten all over the world?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Travel companies try to make the resorts look different from the environment the tourists are used to.

2. Tourism is often the most important source of culture for developing countries.

4

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Albert Foreman had been a verger1 at St. Peter's church in Neville Square for sixteen years. Albert Edward was very proud of his job and his church. But there was one special feature about Albert: he couldn't read or write. When one day a new vicar discovered this, he told him that unless he learnt to read and write within three months, he would lose his job. Albert refused and that evening he sadly locked the church and began to walk home.

As he walked along the street he looked for a shop to buy a packet of Gold Flake2. It was a long street but there was not a single shop where he could buy cigarettes.

«That's strange,» Albert said to himself. «That's an idea!»

Next day he went along the street and by good luck found a little shop to let. Twenty-four hours later he had taken it, and a month after that set up in business as a tobacconist and newsagent. He did so well that in ten years he had acquired no less than ten shops and he was making money hand over fist. One morning when he was at the bank the cashier told him that the manager would like to see him.

«Mr. Foreman,» said the manager, «I wanted to have a talk with you about the money you've got with us. It's a very large sum and I think you would do better to invest it.»

A troubled look appeared on Mr. Foreman's face. «I've never had anything to do with investments,» he said.

«We'll do everything. All you'll have to do is just sign some forms.»

«But how should I know what I was signing?»

«I suppose you can read,» said the manager a little sharply.

«Well, sir, that's just it. I can't. I can't read or write, only my name, and I only learnt to do that when I went into business.»

The manager was so surprised that he jumped up from his chair. «That's the most extraordinary thing I've ever heard. And do you mean to say that you made a fortune of thirty thousand pounds without being able to read or write? Good God, man, what would you now be if you had been able to?»

«I'd be a verger of St. Peter's, Neville Square.»

' a verger — someone who looks after a church 2 Gold Flake — a once-popular brand of cigarette

Test № 4

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Albert Foreman had been satisfied with his position at St. Peter's.

2. Albert left the church as soon as he found a little shop to buy.

3. Albert learned to sign his name after he had left the church.

4. Albert would not have become rich if he had done what the new vicar demanded of him.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What kind of business did Albert Foreman start?

2. For how long had he been in business when the bank manager offered him to invest his money?

3. Why did Albert have a troubled look when he had heard the manager's offer?

4. What was the manager's reaction when he had learned the truth about Mr. Foreman?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Albert Foreman had been a verger at a little quiet church in London.

2. When Mr. Foreman came to see the bank manager at his request, he was the owner of 16 shops.

№5

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

James Mitford: My wife and I only had the one child. It might have been nice to have a son, but we didn't plan a family, we just had Amy.

I see her as my best friend. I think she'd always come to me first if she had a problem. We have the same sense of humour, and share interests. I don't mind animals, but she's completely obsessed with them, and she has always had dogs, cats, horses, and goldfish in her life.

We were closest when she was about four, which I think is a lovely age for a child. They know the parents best, and don't have the outside contacts. She must have grown up suddenly when she went to school, because I remember her growing away from her family slightly. Any father who has a teenager daughter comes across an extraordinary collection of people, and there seemed to be an endless stream of strange young men coming through our house. By the time I'd learned their names they'd gone away and I had to start learning a new lot. I remember I told her off once in front of her friends and she didn't talk to me for days afterwards.

I wanted more than anything else for her to be happy in what she was doing, and I was prepared to pull strings to help her on her way. She went to a good school, but that didn't work out. She must have upset somebody. When she left she decided she wanted to become an actress so I got her into drama school. It wasn't to her liking so she joined a theatre group and began doing bits and pieces of films. She was doing well, but then gave it • up. She probably found it boring. Then she took up social work, and finally went to work for a designer and he became her husband. And that's really the story of her life. She must be happy with him—they're always together.

We have the same tastes in books and music, but it takes me a while to get used to new pop songs. I used to take her to the opera, which is my big passion, but I don't think she likes it very much, she doesn't come with me any more.

I don't think she's a big television watcher. She knows when I'm on, and she might watch, but I don't know. It's not the kind of thing she tells me.

We're very grateful for Amy. She's a good daughter as daughters go. We're looking forward to being grandparents.

I'm sure she'll have a son.

Test № 5

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следу ющие утверждения.

1. Amy likes animals more than her father does.

2. Amy had a lot of friends when she was in her teens.

3. James Mitford was very upset when his daughter decided to become an actress.

4. James Mitford is a big television watcher.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why didn't Amy talk to her father for days once?

2. What job did Amy take up after she left the theatre group?

3. What was Amy's husband when they got married?

4. Why does James think that his daughter is happy with her husband?

Ml. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. James and his daughter were the closest when she was a teenager.

2. James used to take his daughter to pop music concerts.

6

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Amy Mitford: I don't really know my father. He isn't easy to get on with. He's quite self-centred, and a little bit vain, I think, and in some ways quite unapproachable. The public must think he's very easy-going, but at home he keeps himself to himself.

He can't have been at home much when I was a child, because I don't remember much about him. He's always been slightly out of touch with family life. His work always came first, and he was always off somewhere acting or rehearsing. He loves being asked for his autograph, he loves to be recognized. He has won several awards, and he's very " proud of that. He was given the Member of the British Empire, and we had to go to Buckingham Palace to get the medal. It was incredibly boring — there were hundreds of other people getting the same thing, and you had to sit there for hours. He shows off his awards to whoever comes to the house.

I went to public school, and because of my total lack of interest and non-attendance I was asked to leave. I didn't want to go there in the first place. I was taken away from all my friends. He must have been very pleased to get me into the school, but in the end it was a complete waste of money. I let him down quite badly, I suppose. I tried several jobs but I couldn't settle down in them. They just weren't challenging enough. Then I realized that what I really wanted to do was live in the country and look after animals, so that's what I now do.

As a family, we're not that close, either emotionally or geographically. We don't see much of each other these days. My father and I are totally different, like chalk and cheese. My interests have always been the country, but he's into books, music and above all, opera, which I hate. If they do come to see us, they're in completely the wrong clothes for the country — mink coats, nice little leather shoes, not exactly ideal for long walks across the fields.

He was totally opposed to me getting married. He was hoping we would break up. Gerald's too humble, I suppose. He must have wanted me to marry someone famous, but I didn't, and that's all there is to it. We don't want children, but my father keeps on and on talking about wanting grandchildren. You can't make someone have children just because you want grandchildren.

I never watch him on television. I'm not that interested, and anyway he usually forgets to tell me when he's on.

Test № 6

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Amy is very proud of her father's awards.

2. Amy had always dreamt of going to public school.

3. Amy is fond of animals most of all.

4. Amy's parents are not used to country life.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What does Amy think of her father as a person?

2. Why doesn't Amy remember much about her father?

3. Why does Amy feel guilty about her father sometimes?

4. Why was Amy's father against her getting married?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Amy's father always tells her when he's on TV.

2. Amy's interests have always been music and above all, opera.

№7

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Nowadays the number of crimes involving violence is growing in Sweden as well as many other countries. The main cause of this development is undoubtedly the use of drags especially in larger cities. The higher rate of unemployment and growing racism are significant reasons too. Meaningless murders and assaults' are the frightening results. One can, as a consequence, see how people not only in countries like the United States, but also in countries like Sweden, arm themselves with weapons for protection, but violence breeds violence.

It is often claimed that an efficient way to lower the number of acts ol violence is to have more severe sentences2. However, people who commit these crimes often have serious social and psychological problems. Many of them may therefore be indifferent to how severe the sentences are. Besides, these criminals do not think that they will ever get caught. Because of these reasons I doubt that acts of violence in Sweden would decrease if our government was to make the sentences for this type of crime more severe. A common measure to reduce the acts of violence is to increase the num­ber of policemen patrolling the streets. Although this is a good way of preventing acts of violence, it will not actually stop people from becoming criminals.

I am convinced that it is impossible to erase3 the violence related criminality completely, but there is a way in which I think it can be reduced considerably. Children should be informed about crimes related to violence and drugs. This information should be given in kindergarten as well as in elementary school Furthermore, it should especially reach those children who live in areas with high crime rates. The information should take the form of a discussion, not a lecture, led by some expert, preferably a local police officer.

Hopefully, the children would then at an early age already have some understanding of these problems that would be valuable to them for the rest of their lives. Although the costs for such a project would be considerable, the benefits would be great. It would certainly prevent many from becoming violent criminals in the future.

1 assault—нападение

2 sentence — приговор, наказание

3 to erase — уничтожать, ликвидировать

Test № 7

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следу­ющие утверждения.

1. The author doesn' t know the reasons for the growth of violence related crimes.

2. The acts of violence cannot be reduced by violence.

3. Many criminals don't care about the possible punishment.

4. The author thinks that the real problem is the high cost of increasing the number of policemen in the streets.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What do many people in different countries do to protect themselves?

2. What is often regarded as an efficient way to lower the rate of violence in a state?

3. What can erase violence related crimes completely?

4. Why is educating people important?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Information about acts of violence should be given in kindergarten as well as in high school and colleges.

2. The information should take the form of a discussion preferably led by the headmaster.

8

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

My Great Aunt's name is Mary Grieve. She is my grandmother's aunt. I do not know her very well having always lived a long way away, but she has always been a woman I have respected for many different reasons.

She is now over eighty years old and was born in Scotland in 1912. She had one brother called Tom. Her family was wealthy for those times and luckily for Mary, her father believed in educating both his children. He did not send her to one of the typical schools for daughters of the rich where they only learnt skills preparing them for marriage. She was obviously intelligent and when she left school she went to Oxford University.

In the 1930's there were very few women at University. However

Mary is not a quiet, submissive woman, in fact she has always been very

determined and prepared to be different. At this time it was assumed

that woman of her class would spend a few years enjoying her freedom

, and then settle down and get married. Mary did not do this.

After graduating from the university, she got a job in journalism. Newspapers were increasingly popular and to sell them to a wider audience some papers realised that appealing to women was important. She not only worked for newspapers but also wrote articles and books later in her life.

After the Second World War, she got a job with one of the new women's magazines that were to become more and more popular. After many years of hard work and struggling in a male dominated profession she eventually reached the top and became the editor of the magazine.

Mary never married as her work was very important to her and a job and marriage did not mix in Britain in the 1950's.

She is now old in years and confined to a wheelchair. However she is still full of enthusiasm about life. Her personal courage, her enthusiasm and interest in life, as well as the example she has set for all women working in our still male dominated society, makes Mary a woman I feel privileged to have known.

Test № 8

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. The story was written in the 1980s.

2. Mary got an education typical of the women of her class.

3. Mary stayed in her profession all her life.

4. There have always been more male magazine-editors in Britain than female.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why doesn't the narrator know her Great Aunt very well?

2. What kind of job did Mary get after graduating from the university?

3. Why did Mary never marry?

4. What always impressed the narrator in her Great Aunt?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Women magazines began to be popular in Britain in the 1930s.

2. Mary is now old in years and has lost interest in life.

9

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

The setting is every child's dream. A huge, rambling, 300-year-old house, warmed by log fires, overrun by pets, and set in acres of natural playground. And no school.

That is what makes the Kirkbride household so rare. James, 18, Tamara, 15, Tigger, 14, and Hoppy, 10, have spent the last four years doing what other children only enjoy at weekends and holidays.

They get up when they feel like it, breakfast at leisure, and spend the rest of the day doing what they want. They walk, swim, fish, paint, read, play musical instruments, cook or sit around and chat.

There has been no attempt at having any lessons since John and Melinda Kirkbride took their children out of the local school — James five years ago and the others a year later. Hoppy had been there only six days. «We did start with a sort of curriculum when we took James out», says John, 46, a large forceful man. «But we soon realised we were repeating the mistakes of the system.»

«From the beginning, we both felt that packing our children off to school was wrong», says Melinda, a German-bom former actress. «Seeing their unhappiness made us re-examine our own school years, and remember how destructive they were.» John, formerly a TV producer, began a teachers' training course in Norwich, «to see if I could reform from within.» He soon found he couldn't and, after completing the course and teaching for four months, he removed himself and his children, from the system.

If the personalities of the children were the only criteria, the experiment would be an undoubted success. They are intelligent, confident, capable and considerate. All, including the two boys, cook and sew. Chores are shared without arguments. Their friendliness to each other, and to the many guests who visit the house, is natural and unforced.

«Teach is a swear word in this house,» says John. «It destroys the

child's own natural talent and creativity. Now learning—that's a different

matter. All our children learn when and if they want to learn something.

They look it up in books or they go and ask someone who knows, they

. use their initiative — which is more than any school could teach them.»

Test № 9

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую щие утверждения. '

1. The Kirkbride household is typical of the east coast of Britain.

2. None of Melinda and John's children have ever attended school.

3. John and his wife do not accept the traditional school system.

4. The parents don't make any of their children learn anything.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. How many children do the Kirkbrides have?

2. What kind of house do the Kirkbrides live in?

3. What is the Kirkbrides children's daily routine?

4. What are the children's personalities like?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани-

ем текста.

1. Melinda was born in Norwich.

2. John was formerly an actor.

10

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

The problems with my parents started when I was sixteen. I wanted to get a Saturday job but my parents ordered me to stay at home and study for my exams. Whenever I pointed out that all my friends had Saturday jobs, they always replied, «We don't care what they do, it's you we are worried about,» and yet, whenever my school marks were bad, I was always compared to everyone else. Their double standards infuriated me so much that I did whatever I could to provoke them. I purposely dyed my hair white blond and plastered my face in make-up before I went to school. However, all I managed to achieve was mass arguments before I went anywhere.

It was rule in the house that I was only allowed out once during the week and on Saturday till 10 p.m. Every time I attempted to go out in the evening, my parents asked me who I was going out with and where we were going. They even insisted on my giving them my friend's telephone number in case they needed to contact me. I always argued about the last bit; I felt that if I gave them the number they'd use it to check up on me. It never for one moment crossed my mind that they were just worried about me.

Once I asked if I could go to a party on Saturday night. The party finished at 11.30 p.m. They agreed, but on the condition that my Dad came to pick me up at 10 p.m. I argued and argued about it but in the end I had to agree. I knew I was going to be really embarrassed when my father came to pick me up, so I spent the whole party worrying. I didn't speak to my parents for three days after that. My mother tried to explain how they both felt but I didn't want to listen. It was then that I decided to break all the rales they had set down. So instead of coming home at 10 p.m., I would arrive back at 11.30 p.m. and then refuse to tell them where I had been. I somehow felt that if I broke their rules, they would realise I was old enough to look after myself and leave me alone. However, the argument got worse and worse, and the more they tried to keep me in the house, the more I sneaked out. Finally, one Saturday night I didn't come home till 2 a.m. My father wanted to know why I was so late. I refused to tell him. We had a huge argument which ended with me getting a taxi to my sister's house. What went wrong?

Test № 10

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Ann's parents didn't want her to work on Saturdays.

2. Ann's schoolmarks were sometimes bad.

3. Ann didn't believe her parents were just worried about her.

4. Ann left her parents' house.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. When did Ann's problems with her parents start?

2. What did she do to provoke her parents?

3. How often was she allowed to go out in the evening?

4. Why didn't Ann speak to her parents after the party?

III Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани-

ем текста.

1. Ann's parents always insisted on her giving them her friend's address.

2. One Saturday Ann didn't come home at all.

11

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Anyone who has ever visited the centre of London cannot help but notice the number of young people who beg in the streets, and some who probably steal as well. Last summer I returned to attend a summer language course in London and stayed in the same area I had visited five years earlier. I was shocked by the increase in the number of young homeless people, living and sleeping in the streets.

There are approximately 30,000 homeless people in and around London. This has worsened due to the long recession1 in Britain and the change in the social security system which doesn't allow any person under 18, or those without a permanent address to receive any social benefits from the governments. The numbers of homeless are growing as more young people come to London, believing that they will find work and a place to live. Unfortunately London does not live up to their dreams and a vicious circle is created: without a job they have no money to rent a place to live and without a place to live they cannot get any government social benefits or a job.

My solution to this problem may be short term but at least it would be a start for many of these young people. Squatting2 should become legal again, as it once was in Britain. It is only recently that the law has been changed to make squatting illegal.

Surely it would be more profitable for the local council to let people squat in these houses if they are going to be empty for more than six months. These young people would then have an address and if over 18 years old, could get some benefits. They could then buy some decent clothes, tidy themselves up and have a greater chance of getting a job and a proper place to live. The houses may be in a bad condition but for homeless people this must surely be better than sleeping in the streets in the rain and cold. Somehow the vicious circle has to be broken.

1 recession — worsening of economic activity

2 squatting — occupying a house or a flat without permission

Test № 11

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Homeless people do not receive any social benefits from the government.

2. People under 18 years old are not allowed to work in Britain.

3. Squatting used to be allowed in Britain.

4. The author suggests that the local councils should let homeless young people live in the houses that have been empty for more than 6 months already.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where did the author live when he came to London last year?

2. Why are the numbers of homeless people growing?

3. Why is the situation with homeless people like a vicious circle?

4. Why are there many empty houses in London?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Anyone who has ever visited the suburbs of London cannot help noticing the number of people living and sleeping in the streets.

2. The author came to London to study the problem of squatting.

12

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Good memories are the most precious of our treasures. They remain with us all our lives, like favourite books to be plucked down and enjoyed. But sometimes an otherwise marvellous memory brings guilt and uncertainty. This happened to me. The experience goes back 36 years to my childhood in rural Virginia.

In those soft days so long ago, my closest friends were Lou Coles and her ten children. They lived in a log cabin Within hollering distance of our house. I especially liked Louis Coles and two of his brothers. Every day we would holler back and forth urgently discussing our plans.

Lou Coles was a stout woman who usually kept her head wrapped in a kerchief. The Coles cabin had two small rooms downstairs and one upstairs. It sat on a hill among large shade trees, surrounded by acres of cow pasture. I suppose I loved the Coleses as dearly as I did my own little sister. To me, their lives seemed idyllic, even though the bigger children spent long days labouring in the tobacco fields. Their water came from a hand-dug well and their light from kerosene lamps. But there was a warmth about their lives that I longed to share — and did.

The cabin had an aroma to it that I suspect has vanished from the earth forever. Even in summer, the stove was going most of the day, as old Lou boiled and simmered and fried food for the table.

It was my good fortune to have an extraordinary mother who allowed me to spend plenty of time with the Coleses—though, in reality, she couldn't have kept us apart. She gave the Coles boys strict orders to make me take turns, share everything and act nice. In this respect, our lives seemed equal. My special friend was Louis, for he was closest to my age. The palms of his black hands were light, and I remember — that summer in the South in 1948 _ telling him the old Uncle Remus fable: Once upon a time all humanity was black. Word spread that there was a special pond in which the black could be washed off. But by the time the laziest people reached the pond, there was only enough water to wash off the palms of their hands and the soles of their feet. «And that,» I explained to Louis as we waded in the creek chasing crawfish, «is why I'm white all over and you're not.» And Louis cheerfully agreed.

Test № 12

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. 36 years ago the author lived in the countryside in Virginia.

2. The author loved the Coleses family because he was an only child.

3. The author and Louis were almost the same age.

4. The author's mother wanted to keep her son apart from the Coleses but she couldn't.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What kind of house did the Coleses live in?

2. Why did the author love the Coleses family?

3. Why does the author feel guilty?

4. When did the author tell Louis the old Uncle Remus fable?

ill. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Old Lou Coles cooked food on the stove only in winter.

2. Louis cried when the author told him the fable.

13

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

One Saturday in September 1985,1 was at my desk when the telephone rang. «My name is Louis Coles,» a voice said. «I don't know if you remember me, but...»

«Louis!» I exclaimed, my eyes brimming with tears. «How can you ask if I remember you? I've been thinking about you for thirty years!»

Louis explained that I had been a constant fixture in his memory, that he had often wanted to seek me out. We repeated the same things, asked the same questions, and I laughed as our memories mingled.11 learned that for the past 21 years Louis has worked at Glassboro State College in New Jersey. Louis' wife, Brenda, has worked for Mobil Oil. They have two children, and own a house on a gentle hill in the country.

Louis reported that his brothers and sisters are doing well too. They are happily settled in different spots from Virginia to New York — all working and most with families.

A few weeks later, Louis and I got together in Chatham. More than six feet tall, Louis is an affable2 man, with the same energetic spontaneity he had as a child. We began to talk quietly of serious things — racism, black poverty and the old segregationist South. It was clear that we both understood how profoundly wrong the old way was, yet Louis insisted that as a child he never felt the bite of racism. I mentioned how we used to go to the movies and be separated at the door. Didn't that bother him? «Why would it, Henry?» I could sense a hidden grin. «The movies I saw were always better than the ones you saw!»

But I was still puzzled about how his home could be so important to Louis. What had he found here that could fuel his life with happiness and success?

«The most important thing came from my mamma,» he said. «She taught all of us that people are going to treat you just like you treat them. And that's all I've ever done. When you understand that, it makes it really easy to get along in life.» He brushed a tear from his eye.

1 to mingleсмешиваться

2 affableприветливый

Test № 13

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Henry and Louis Coles had not seen each other for 30 years.

2. Henry and Louis had the same memories.

3. Louis's brothers and sisters were all married.

4. Louis was not bothered by racism when he was a child.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What did Henry learn about Louis when they talked over the telephone?

2. When did Louis and Henry get together in Chatham?

3. What was the author's impression of Louis when he saw him in Chatham?

4. What had helped to fill Louis's life with happiness and success?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Louis had worked at a college in New Jersey for the past 10 years.

2. All Louis's brothers and sisters were settled in the same town.

14

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

The first time we met, I was an innocent eight-year-old. My friends and I secretly took you down to our dark cellar, so that our parents would not find out. Later on, when I was about ten-year-old, we started to meet every weekend when my friends and I went to the noisy discotheque at our local youth club. We used to sneak out from the club up into the shady woods, where my friends and I sat with make-up on our faces and garish nail polish on our nails feeling very adult and mature.

From thirteen onwards we met several times a day, and by then my mother allowed you to come into my room. She did not want to know you,, having gone through so much to get rid of you. Naturally she was rather disappointed in me but what could she do? She kept hoping that I would «get my act together» but at this age I was unruly and rebellious and punishments and curfews did not work.

There is no doubt that you have been everything to me. You have been there when I needed a friend or when I was sad. You calmed me down when I was upset. In other words, you have been one of my best friends.

Unlike others in similar situations, I did not associate with you because it was fashionable or I thought it was tough. However, I had seen you and your equals, together with beautiful, sophisticated women; women who ate at expensive restaurants and drank red wine by candlelight. My friends and I tried to imitate those women; we wanted to live in that kind of world.

The problem was I liked you too much. There was no going back. I was caught in your trap. My flat was almost ruined because of you. My skin became a washed out pale grey. Sometimes I felt like an old woman. How was I so blind, deaf and ignorant for all those years? Why couldn't I let you go? I know the answer myself, it was because I did not care then, but I do now.

In spite of it being difficult, I am now trying to end our destructive relationship, as one must end all bad relationships. I hope I will succeed in my effort to stop smoking and that I will never buy another packet of Prince again. After more than eighteen years together I bid you farewell, my fair Prince.

Test № 14

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. The narrator is twenty-six years old now.

2. The narrator's parents didn't know that she had started to smoke.

3. The mother had given up smoking when her daughter was 13.

4. The narrator has started to take care of her health.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where did the narrator and her friends go at week-ends when she was ten-year-old?

2. What role did smoking play in the narrator's life?

3. Who did the narrator and her friends try to imitate?

4. What does the narrator's skin look like now?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. The first time she took a cigarette the narrator was ten-year-old.

2. From thirteen onwards the narrator was allowed to smoke in the club.

15

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

She was in the house of a married friend, sitting on the verandah, with a lighted room behind her. She was alone; and heard people talking in low voices, and caught her own name. She rose to go inside and declare herself: it was typical of her. Then she sank down again, and waited for a suitable moment to pretend she had just come in from the garden. This was the conversation she listened to, while her face burned and her hands went clammy.'

«She's not fifteen any longer: it is ridiculous! Someone should tell her about her clothes.» «How old is she?»

«Must be well over thirty. She was working long before I began working, and that was a good twelve years ago.»

«Why doesn't she marry? She must have had plenty of chances.» There was a dry chuckle. «I don't think so. My husband was keen on her himself once, but he thinks she will never marry. Something missing somewhere.» «Oh, I don't know.»

«The other day I caught sight of her in the street and hardly recognized her. It's a fact! The way she plays all those games, her skin is like sandpaper,2 and she's got so thin.»

«But she's such a nice girl. She'd make someone a good wife.» «She should marry someone years older than herself. A man of fifty would suit her... you'll see, she will marry someone old enough to be her father one of those days.»

She was stunned and outraged;3 but most of all deeply wounded that her friends could discuss her thus. And the things they had said! She tried to compose herself4 and went back into the room to join her treacherous friends, who greeted her as cordially as if they had not just that moment driven knives into her heart and thrown her quite offbalance; she could not recognize herself in the picture they had made of her!

1 clammyвлажный

2 sand paperнаждачная бумага

3 outragedоскорбленный

4 to compose oneselfуспокоиться

Test № 15

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Mary hadn't intended to listen to the conversation.

2. Mary was the same age as her friend.

3. The conversation was between Mary's friend and her husband.

4. Mary was keen on sports.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where was Mary that night?

2. Why did Mary's friend hardly recognize her when she caught sight of her in the street?

3. Who did Mary's friend think she should marry?

4. What did her friends do when she came back into the room?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Mary was amused by the conversation she heard.

2. She thought the picture her friends had made of her was true.

16

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Annie Stewart has been a keeper at Woburn Animal Kingdom for the past twelve years, and for eight years before that she worked at another safari park. It's hard physical work, out in all weathers — animals have to be fed and looked after every day of the year.

«My working day normally begins at 8 a.m., but if an animal is sick I may have to be up all night with it. Week-ends and bank holidays are our busiest times while we're open to visitors between March and October. I begin by loading feeds onto my car, then I drive to the eland (a type of larger antelope). I feed and check them. Then I go through a similar process with the giraffe and the hippo.

We always have to take special care in our dealings with the rhino — remember that they are dangerous wild animals. They have to be watched all the time in case something upsets them. And the eland can be especially unpredictable1 when the strangers are around. They only trust two of us to go near them, so if there are any problems with them on my day off I might easily be called in.

During the season when we're open to the public, it's part of the keepers'

job to patrol the park watching the public as much as the animals. People

can be amazingly silly, ignoring signs and warnings. They seem to have no

idea of the possible danger. Some get out of their cars to take photographs

when they are frighteningly close to an animal that could kill them in an

instant. We have to try and be diplomatic and maintain a sense of humour.

I get to know all the animals in my care individually. I fill in a daily

diary and a weekly report, making a note of any changes of behaviour.

This is a job that requires dedication and hard work. I was first attracted

to it when I saw a documentary about this place 20 years ago. I had

experience of looking after dogs in boarding kennels2, and I was fascinated

by the safari park concept. So I wrote to them and was lucky enough to

get a job, learning as I went along. It's like a wild animal farm here —

the animals have plenty of freedom and I enjoy the independence and

responsibility which are central to my job».

1 unpredictableнепредсказуемый

2 kennels псарня

Test № 16

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. Annie Stewart has been a safari park keeper for 20 years.

2. When there are queues of traffic Annie can be called in even on her days off.

3. Annie's first job in Animal Kingdom was looking after dogs in boarding kennels.

4. Annie had to do some learning before she was accepted to the Animal Kingdom.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What are the busiest times for Woburn Animal Kingdom?

2. Why do the rhino have to be watched all the time?

3. Why do people need watching as much as the animals?

4. What things about Annie's job are the most important for her?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Ann was attracted to Animal Kingdom when she came across a newspaper article about it.

2. One of Annie's responsibilities is filling in monthly reports.

№17

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Elaine and Roy Fullwood had no intention of educating their children themselves until things went badly wrong at school. When a new headteacher with what Roy describes as «trendy educational methods» took over at the local school, the work of their eldest child, Alex, suffered and she became bored and aimless.

Despite a meeting with the headteacher, the Deputy Director of Education and other concerned parents nothing changed. At this point Elaine and Roy decided to take Alex, aged 8, and Anna, aged 6, away from school.

A year later Elaine was concerned about whether the girls were making enough progress. «For advice, we took the girls' work to the heads of the schools where they would have been pupils. In both cases they were well ahead for their age. This reassured us that we were on the right way.»

Alex and Anna have now been at home for two years and are joined in their morning studies by six-year-old sister Miriam, who has never been to school. Four-year-old John occasionally joins in and 14-month-old Luke is often crawling nearby.

Having no teacher-training, it was necessary to plan work very carefully in the early days but now Elaine finds that it's become second nature.

Roy trained as a teacher but has never actually taught. Now he spends as much time with the family as his job allows.

Roy and Elaine make it quite clear that being at home is not a soft option1. They put a lot of emphasis on responsibility and self-discipline. For example, Alex and Anna are in charge of the animals — hens, a horse and a goat — which they have to feed and clean out in all weathers. No one stands over them but they know that if they shirk their responsibilities2 then the animals will go. The children themselves will decide whether they want to do «O» and «A» levels. Roy and Elaine certainly won't try to influence them.

The Fullwoods are clearly a close-knit family but they also have many friends. Although the children may never go to school again there is no anti-school feeling in the home. «The door's open. If ever they want to go they can».

1 soft option—легкий выбор

2 to shirk responsibilities— уклоняться от выполнения обязанностей

Test № 17

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) следую­щие утверждения.

1. In the beginning Elaine and Roy didn't plan to educate their children at home.

2. Three of the Fullwoods children have never been to school.

3. Neither of the parents has ever had any teacher-training.

4. Roy and Elaine will decide later whether their children will do «O» and «A» level exams.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. At what moment did things go wrong at school?

2. What was Elaine concerned about during the first year of home education?

3. How much time does Roy spend with his family?

4. What do Roy and Elaine put a lot of emphasis on in the upbringing of their children?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. At the end of the first year of home education Elaine and Roy took the girls to the heads of the schools where they would have been pupils.

2. Although the children will never go to school again there is no anti-school feeling in the home.

№18

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

From inside the zoo director's office, the tiger is living very comfortably. Saved from having to earn its own living in the tough outside world, it has all its meals provided and doesn't even have to walk anywhere. I have heard one zoo director describe the zoo as a «welfare state» for animals. But the zoo director also tells us that the tiger is earning its keep by educating the public. When their existence is put into question zoos always answer by saying that they educate people. The argument goes like this: all the nature and wildlife documentary films in the world can't replace flesh and blood. There's just nothing like the experience of coming face to face with real, live, wild animals. Having seen wild animals close up, zoo visitors will be so enthusiastic about the wonders of the natural world that they will start to care deeply about what is happening to wild animals, go off and do something about it. Along with all the other caged animals, the tiger — to use a favourite zoo phrase — is an «ambassador for the wild».

As someone who studies human behaviour, I'm interested in why people go to zoos, what they get from looking at animals in cages and what zoos say they get. Having spent hours watching people watching animals, my feeling is that no zoo can fulfil the educational aim it says it has. No zoo can bring about a meaningful meeting between people and animals because by its very nature, the zoo — good, bad, best in the world — presents a false picture of wild animals and our relationship with them.

The time I have spent outside the cages has shown me how the zoo hinders1 any true understanding of animals.

The only way we can bring about any healthy and relaxed meeting between people and imprisoned animals is to do away with2 the idea of zoos and to start again. Start with the animals, not the people. Start by asking what reasons there could be for keeping animals in cages. Start by finding ways of offering them somewhere which can realistically replace the wild, an imaginative space of the right size, a chance to relate to other animals as they would in the wild, a chance to get away from the public stares — a chance, basically, to live their own lives.

1 hinder—мешать

2 to do away with—покончить с чем-то

Test № 18

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. According to the director of the zoo, animals have a safer life at zoos than in the outside world.

2. The author believes that documentary films can't replace seeing wild animals face to face.

3. People who visit zoos are enthusiastic about the wonders of wild life.

4. The author suggests that it's impossible to create any place where animals can live their own life.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. How, according to the zoo director, does the tiger earn its keep?

2. What experience helped the author to get a good idea of zoos?

3. Why, according to the author, can't zoo bring a meaningful meeting between people and animals?

4. What, in the author's opinion, should people do about zoos?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. From the point of view of the zoo visitors the tiger is living very comfortably.

2. As someone who studies the behaviour of animals the author is interested in why people go to zoos.

19

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

If you are thinking of buying a dog you must also be ready to devote a good deal of time to training the dog when it is young and giving it the exercise it needs throughout its life, unless you live in the country and can let it run freely. Dogs are demanding pets. Whereas cats identify with a house and are content if their place there is secure, a dog identifies with its master and consequently wants him to show proof of his affection.

The best time to buy a puppy is when it is between six and eight weeks old so that it can transfer its affection for its mother to its master. If puppies have not established a relationship with a human being until they are over three months old, their strongest relationship will always be with dogs; if they are kept in kennels' for this length of time, they are likely to be too shy when they are brought out into the world to become good pets.

Different breeds2 require different training methods. German shepherd dogs, for example, respond favourably to mild punishment but terriers usually resent it and become more aggressive. The best way to tram a dog is by reward, not punishment, but the reward must be immediate so that the dog connects it with what it has done. In general it is better to teach a dog by preventing it from doing things than by punishing it afterwards.

Pet food is a profitable business and there are firms concerned to make you believe that your dog will suffer if you do not buy it some special biscuit. In fact, dogs require a well-balanced diet, like human beings, except that they do not need fruit and vegetables because their bodies produce their own vitamin C.

In the same way beauty parlours3 for dogs would like you to think that it will be unhappy if it does not have its nails cut or its hair combed. Some dogs may benefit, but the essential point to remember is that you should take it regularly to a vet to ensure that it is healthy. In that case you should have a faithful companion for ten years or more.

1 kennels псарня

2 breedпорода

3 beauty parlourкосметический салон

Test № 19

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Dogs want more attention than cats.

2. If you live in the country your dog needs more exercise.

3. Pet food produced by pet food firms is the most well-balanced diet for dogs.

4. According to the author, dogs will be happier if they have their nails cut and their hair combed.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why do they recommend to buy puppies when they are 6 or 8 weeks old?

2. What happens if puppies don't establish a relationship with a human being till they are three months old?

3. Why don't dogs need fruit or vegetables?

4. What is the most essential rule that you have to observe if you want to have a happy and healthy dog?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. If puppies are kept in kennels until they are 3 months old they may be too aggressive to become good pets.

2. Dogs require a well-balanced diet like cats.

20

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

A visitor from Barcelona arrives at Madrid government office in mid-afternoon, and is surprised to find only the cleaning lady there. «Don't they work in the afternoons?» he asks. «No,» she replies, «they don't work in the mornings. In the afternoons they don't come.»

Lazy Madrid, busy Barcelona: it is just one of many stereotypes about Spain's great rivals. Mostly, the stereotypes are born of Barcelona's bitterness at its second-class status. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, a proudly autonomous region, but Madrid is the capital of Spain. This causes resentment. It makes Barcelona the largest city in Western Europe not to be a national capital.

Over the years governments in Madrid did their best to limit Barcelona's political power. Barcelona has the liberalism that often characterizes port cities. An old-fashioned seriousness in Madrid, isolated high up on Spain's central plateaus, contrasts with the light-heartedness of Barcelona, open to Europe.

These old caricatures still hold true. No visitor to government buildings in the two cities can fail to be struck by the contrast between them. In Madrid, there are ancient wooden floors, antique furniture and walls covered with paintings by Spanish old masters. In Barcelona, designer chairs and tables are evidence of the place's obsession with modernism. And yet, these days, the similarities between the two cities are as striking as the contrasts. Madrid is hardly lazy any more. Nor is it old-fashioned. Indeed, it has become almost outrageously modern. To judge by the local cuisine1, you would think the place was a port: although far from the sea, seafood is a miraculous Madrid speciality.

As banks and businesses have been drawn to Madrid, it has become as much a commercial and industrial centre as an administrative one. Barcelona, meanwhile, has been experiencing a rise in bureaucracy.

The rivalry between Madrid and Barcelona is bound to remain fierce, not least on the soccer field, when Real Madrid and Barcelona compete for Spanish supremacy. 1 cuisine—кухня

Test № 20

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. According to the old Catalan joke, people at a Madrid government office are lazier in the morning than in the afternoon.

2. Barcelona is the largest city in Spain.

3. Visitors to Madrid find that it is hardly lazy any more.

4. Nowadays Barcelona doesn't feel competitive with Madrid.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What was the policy of Madrid towards Barcelona for many years?

2. Which of the two rivals has traditionally been more oriented towards Europe?

3. What are Madrid's government buildings decorated with?

4. Why can one think, to judge by the local cuisine, that Madrid is a

port?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Barcelona has liberalism which is usually characteristic of big cities.

2. These days similarities between the two cities are more striking than the contrasts.

№21

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

What is a hero? This not an easy question to answer. When we look closely at the life stories of many popular heroes, we find that they are not always very good or very likeable people. They have become heroes because of their actions, not because of their characters. People may be famous while they are alive, but after they are dead, stories are told and songs are written which make them into heroes.

The British hero who still remains larger than life is, of course, Robin Hood. Historians tell us that little — if any — of his story is true, but people love the idea of an outlaw1 who stole from the rich to give to the poor and they continue to believe it. In 1991, the Robin Hood Festival attracted 100,000 tourists to Sherwood Forest. They wanted to see Robin's favourite hiding-place, the «Major Oak» — a tree which was planted a couple of hundred years after the hero's death. They crowded into St. Mary's Church, where Robin married Maid Marian — a marriage between a fourteenth-century hero and a woman who was added to the story two hundred years later (in a church which was completely rebuilt four hundred years later). They queued to get into The Tales of Robin Hood, an exhibition about the life of the outlaw who, according to the Dictionary of National Biography, never existed.

Villains2, like heroes, are the subjects of stories and songs which often have little to do with historical facts. Just as heroes are always stronger, braver and more heroic than they are in real life, villains are always more wicked, more cruel and more villainous. For example, there are stories about Blackbeard the Pirate which tell us that he acted with great cruelty to his own men when he was drunk and could cut a man in two with one blow of his sword. In fact, Blackbeard probably encouraged these stories to make himself more frightening to the captains and crews of the ships he attacked. There are just as many stories which say that he avoided battles and showed some kindness to his enemies, but we like our villains to be black-hearted and that is the way we remember him.

Test № 21

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Historians often make into heroes people who were famous while they were alive.

2. According to historians, Robin Hood married Maid Marian in St. Mary's Church.

3. Blackbeard was much more cruel in reality than in the stories about him

4. People like villains and heroes to be black and white.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What do we find out when we look closely at the life stories of man> popular heroes?

2. Why is Robin Hood people's favourite hero?

3. When was «Major Oak», Robin's favourite hiding place, planted?

4. Why did Blackbeard encourage stones about his cruelty and wickedness?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. According to the Dictionary of National Biography Robin Hood lived in the 14th century.

2. There are few stories which say that Blackbeard showed some kindness to his enemies.

22

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Nine months ago Victor and Sally Wilkings withdrew1 their two elder children from a small country school which, Sally says, «had nice teachers and a friendly atmosphere.» It was not this particular school but a belief that all schools have a damaging effect that prompted the withdrawal of Seth, aged nine, and Esther, aged six and a half.

Sally feels that schools rob children of the personal responsibility for use of their own time. She also thinks that children are exposed2 to conflicting opinions and examples which confuse3 them. The influence of television also worries her.

A typical education-at-home day begins with a few domestic chores. These done, Seth and Esther settle down at the table in their cosy kitchen. The children usually choose what they do, select three or four subjects from a list which includes story-writing, reading, maths games and puzzles, science, history and music. The children keep a daily diary of their work and Sally corrects the balance if on occasions she feels something is being neglected. She also encourages them to finish whatever they begin. After a couple of hours it's time for refreshments and a story. The afternoons, when Victor is sometimes free to join them, are usually spent out of doors — gardening, or enjoying an outing or nature walk. During the evenings and at week-ends the children often attend local clubs.

Victor admits that he was a bit uneasy about home education when Sally first talked about it. «I suppose I thought that other people might think we were being irresponsible. In fact it's quite the opposite. I was also worried that it would be too much for Sally to take on. What made the decision easier for me was going to a conference organised by Education Otherwise and finding that even academics were disillusioned with the school system. After that we decided to give it a year's trial.

Now that I see how happy the children are I wouldn't dream of sending them back to school.»

1 withdrawзабирать

2 to be exposed toбыть незащищенным от

3 to confuseзапутывать

Test № 22

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Victor and Sally withdrew their children from school because it was a small country school.

2. Sally believes that watching television does the children a lot of good.

3. When Sally finds that something is neglected she makes the children keep a diary.

4. Sally was the first to think about educating their children at home.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why, according to Sally, is it not good for children to hear conflicting opinions?

2. What does a typical education-at-home day begin with?

3. Who recommends the children which subjects from the list they should select?

4. Why was Victor uneasy about home education at first?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. At week-ends the children often attend the local cinema.

2. Going to a conference made Victor feel uneasy about home education.

№23

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Bert Rogers has two sons. His younger son, Howard, is an artist; he is married and has two small daughters.

BERT: «I missed out on quite a big part of Howard's childhood. When he was little I was working very long hours. I had to be content with seeing my children at week-ends.»

«From an early age he was always working with paints and pencils. He had a natural talent for it — all I needed to do was guide and encourage him. We used to draw together because I, too, had always enjoyed painting and drawing.

«By the time he was 13, Howard had made up his mind that he wanted to be an artist. I would have preferred him to have followed a more academic career, but he left school at 16 and went to art college; I was disappointed, but I had no choice but to support him and try to take pride in his achievements.

«Even now, we still argue. Howard is impulsive and volatile1; temperamentally, he's far more like his mother than he is like me. He has quite strong left-wing views and we often clash. When we're arguing he gets quite emotional, but I respect him for his views, even though I think he's often wrong.

«As an artist and a man who's expressing himself, he's on top of things. In a way, I envy him because he was able to do what he wanted to do. I'd hoped to train as an engraver2, but my father wouldn't support my apprenticeship3. I suppose because my own talent was wasted I made a point of encouraging Howard's, and I think it has been well worthwhile.»

HOWARD: «My childhood memories of my father are pretty vague. He wasn't a powerful presence because he wasn't at home much. It's only now that I'm a father myself that I can understand what sort of person he is. He's kind and very understanding. I can talk to him more openly than Г ve ever done.

«Since my children were born, I've seen much more of Dad than I used to. I love to see the pleasure he gets from them. The children have bridged some of the gap between us.

«Despite all the difficulties we've had in the past, I do love my father very much, and I think it's only quite recently that I've realised this.»

Test № 23

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Bert used to draw together with his son to teach him to use paints and pencils.

2. Howard takes after his mother in character.

3. Bert failed to become an engraver because he was less talented than his son.

4. Father and son have been seeing less of each other since the birth of Howard's children.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why was Bert disappointed when Howard went to art college?

2. Why does Bert envy his son in a way?

3. At what time in his life did Howard understand what sort of person his father is?

4. What features of character does Howard value in his father?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Howard got interested in painting and drawing at the age of 13.

2. In spite of all the difficulties father and son have had lately Howard loves his father very much.

№24

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Men have walked on the moon, transplanted hearts and invented machines to think for them. But they cannot cure the common cold. A spokesman at the world-famous cold research center in Salisbury sounded . understandably bad- tempered when I spoke to him about it. They've been working on the problem for years but the most optimistic he could be was to hope that they would find a cure within the next 10 years. So what was their advice on coping with a cold meanwhile? «Ignore it», he said.

In urban areas we have about three colds a year and they are caused not by wet feet or sitting in a draught, but by a virus, or rather many viruses which are always changing so that a vaccine prepared from one is useless against the next. But every year the pharmaceutical companies spend millions of pounds trying to persuade us that their product will banish1 the miseries of sneezing, running noses, sore throats, headaches and coughs. They admit they can't cure the cold, but they do promise to relieve2 the symptoms.

We looked at 10 well-known brands of cold remedies and asked a doctor to explain, exactly what they contain, each ingredient is for, and his opinion on their effectiveness. Although none of the preparations had exactly the same ingredients, they fell into certain categories.

Nearly all contained a painkiller, either aspirin or paracetamol. These help to reduce temperature and relieve general aches and pains. Aspirin can irritate the stomach, so paracetamol is generally preferred.

None of the preparations was harmful, as long as you observed the warnings on the packets. The worst thing about them was the cost. Advertising and packaging had inflated the price of relatively cheap ingredients, and in many cases you could get the same relief from straightforward paracetamol taken with a warm drink of lemon and honey.

1 to banishотгонять

2 to relieveоблегчать

Test № 24

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) слс дующие утверждения.

1. The cold research centre in Salisbury is known all over the world.

2. The pharmaceutical companies spend millions of money on developin a cure for the common cold.

3. Cold cures fell into certain categories though they actually contai the same ingredients.

4. The worst thing about the preparations, according to the author, i that they can be harmful.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What are common colds caused by?

2. What do the pharmaceutical companies promise in their adver­tisements?

. 3. Why is paracetamol generally preferred? 4. What caused the rise in the price of remedies for colds?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Nearly all the preparations for colds contain paracetamol.

2. In northern areas they have about three colds a year.

№25

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

The problem with American parks system is that the parks are being, in the popular phrase, «loved to death». Too many people are visiting the system. It's said they are raining the plants with the pollution fromthedr cars, scaring the animals, destroying by their numbers the experience of being in a wild place the parks are supposed to offer.

It's hard for a visitor from Europe to feel that way. Three years ago we went to the Grand Tetons in Wyoming which is my favourite park of all. Yes, you could find yourself waiting behind a line of cars as someone tried to photograph a herd of animals with a pocket camera.

But then we drove a little way north, turned off the main road and found a small lake surrounded by fields of flowers, with the beautiful snow-capped range of the Tetons in the background. We saw a total of two other people during the whole long, sunny, perfect afternoon.

The busiest park in the system, the Great Smoky Mountains between Tennessee and North Carolina, can get 60,000 visitors on a single summer's day. That sounds plenty and it is. But all of these people are sharing an area only slightly smaller than the whole of Luxemburg, which has a permanent population seven times as great.

The basic argument is over how much should be done in the parks to satisfy human visitors. Should the accommodation be so basic that only true lovers of nature will be tempted to come? Or should they contain — as they increasingly do — comfortable bathrooms and colour TVs? Choose the former and you are necessarily excluding America's growing population of old people.

And exactly what should be preserved? Twenty years ago Yellow Stone, perhaps the most famous park of all, decided to change to a «hands-off» policy. Animals in danger of starving in the winter would be left to starve, just as nature intended. My advice is to stop trying too hard. Provide plenty of car parks and lodgings for visitors of all kinds. Ban radios and snowmobiles. But realize that for every thousand acres which are spoiled, there are a million which remain as beautiful as they were in George Washington's day.

Test № 25

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Visitors from Europe notice that American parks are being destroyed.

2. In the Grand Tetons in Wyoming visitors .are not allowed to turn off the main road.

3. The Great Smoky Mountains can get seven times more people on a single summer day than the permanent population of Luxemburg.

4. The basic argument over national parks is about the accomodation that would satisfy human visitors.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What, according to the author, are the parks supposed to offer ?

2. Why did the author have to wait a few times behind a line of cars during his visit to the Grand Tetons' Park?

3. What accomodation should hotels have to welcome old age people'

4. What does the «hands off» policy which was introduced in the Yellow,

Stone park mean?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани ем текста.

1. The Great Smoky Mountains park is the largest in the American park system.

2. The author's advice is to provide lodgings for true lovers of nature only

№26

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Toys have formed part of human culture since the earliest times. Every society has provided its children with imitation of human beings or animals, and dolls are probably the oldest form of toy. No dolls have been found in prehistoric graves1, but this may be because they were made of materials like wood or cloth that have perished. Nevertheless, a doll with movable arms has been found in a Babylonian grave, and there were certainly dolls in Egypt over six thousand years ago.

Other ancient toys include balls and sticks, and it is clear that most games requiring physical action were originally introduced to train boys in the art of warfare2. Sometimes the result went beyond the inventors' intention. Football was banned3 in England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I because it became too violent. But boys continued to play with toy soldiers and weapons. We have examples dating from the Middle Ages. Moving toys also have a long history. The Chinese developed explosive toy weapons from the use of fireworks, and many early toys employ wheels. Modern technology has made possible the production of sophisticated moving toys like model railways, aircraft controlled by radio, and dolls that can walk.

Children need toys because many adult skills are developed from playing with them. Children who learn to construct model aircraft are using their hands to a purpose; children who solve jigsaw puzzles are using their minds. Above all, children's imagination is stimulated by playing with objects.

But it is not clear that giving children particular toys changes the nature of their games, or that the most elaborate toys will be the ones they like most. Many parents are upset to find that two or three days after Christmas or a child's birthday, the expensive presents they bought have been broken or are lying in a corner of the room, and the child is once again happily building an imaginary castle with a few pieces of wood or playing with an old teddy bear the parents think is ugly and should be thrown away.

1 grave—могила

2 warfare— война, боевые действия

3 to ban—запрещать

Test № 26

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. The oldest form of toy is an imitation of human beings.

2. People have found toy soldiers dating from Middle Ages.

3. At one time playing football was not allowed in most of the European countries.

4. According to the author, giving children particular toys changes the nature of their games.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why, according to the text, have no dolls been found in prehistoric graves?

2. What fact proves that in ancient times they sometimes buried children's toys with children when they died?

3. What was the purpose of ancient toys like balls or sticks?

4. Why are many parents upset after Christmas or a child's birthday?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. It is known that there were dolls in Egypt over six hundred years ago.

2. Children's independence is stimulated by playing with objects.

№27

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

The World Health Organization reports that 3.5 million people die every year from tobacco related diseases. Half of these deaths occur in industrial countries. Anti-smoking campaigns have been started in most developed countries — banning1 tobacco advertising in the mass media, increasing cigarette taxes and requiring health warnings on cigarette packages.

For the first time in a quarter of a century the number of women smoking is on an increase. Statistics show that it's the youngest women who are increasingly taking up the habit.

The habit is on an increase among teenage girls while it is falling in all other groups of the population. Now almost one in three girls of school-leaving age are smokers. Teenage girls who smoke believe cigarettes help keep them slim, make them look grown-up and control stress, health experts say. And while they know the risks to their future health, they would still rather smoke.

Health experts are puzzled as to why the anti-tobacco message is not reaching them. Dr. Anne Charlton said «We do not really know why they keep taking up smoking when everyone is giving up.» Teenage girls are twice as likely to start smoking if one of their parents is a smoker. They probably have a best friend who smokes and parents who do not disapprove of their taking up the habit. They are more likely to leave school at 16.

Fifty per cent of girls who leave school to start a career in hairdressing are smokers. In nursing the figure is 44 per cent and around 34 per cent in secretarial work. Dr. Charlton said: «The rates are less among those who go to university. The smokers are usually the ones who do not do well at school and show few signs of wanting to. They mistakenly believe it helps to keep their weight down, although they have no weight problem in the first place».

One of the most effective methods of getting girls to stop smoking is to point out how much they smell, says Dr. Charlon. Others stop when a boyfriend insists he does not like it.

1 to ban—запрещать

Test № 27

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Teenage girls smoke because, according to scientists, smoking helps to keep down weight.

2. Teenage girls are more likely to take up smoking when they start a career in hairdressing.

3. Most of the girls who smoke are not interested in their progress at school.

4. A lot of girls give up smoking after they are told that they smell.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What are the World Health Organisation's statistics on smoking related diseases?

2. What measures do anti-smoking campaigns include?

3. What puzzles health experts about teenage smoking?

4. What category of girls smoke less?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. The habit of smoking is on an increase among teenage girls while it is falling among adult women.

2. Teenage girls are likely to start smoking if their best friends do not disapprove of their taking up the habit.

№28

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

If there is no difference in general intelligence between boys and girls, what can explain girls' lack of success in science and mathematics?

It seems to be that their treatment at school is a direct cause. Mathematics and science are seen as mainly masculine subjects, and therefore, as girls become teenagers, they are less likely to take them up. Interestingly, both boys and girls tend to regard the «masculine» subjects as more difficult. Yet it has been suggested that girls avoid mathematics courses, not because they are difficult, but for social reasons. Girls do not want to be in open competition with boys, nor do they want to do better than boys because they are afraid to appear less feminine and attractive.

However, if we examine the performance of boys and girls who have undertaken mathematics courses, there are still more high-achieving boys than there are girls. This difference appears to be world-wide. Biological explanations have been offered for this, but there are other explanations too.

Perhaps the difference which comes out during the teenage years has its roots in much earlier experiences. From their first days in nursery school, males are encouraged to work on their own and to complete tasks: this is essential behaviour for learning how to solve problems later on.

Apart from that, there can be little doubt that teachers of mathematics and science expect their male students to do better at these subjects than their female students. They even appear to encourage the difference between the sexes, not consciously1, but they still do it. They spend more time with the male students. They are more likely to call on boys for answers and to allow them to take the lead in classroom discussion. They also praise boys more frequently. All of this tends to encourage boys to work harder in science and mathematics and to give them confidence, to convince them that they are able to succeed.

Such male-oriented teaching is not likely to encourage girls to take many mathematics and science courses. It seems certain, then, that where these subjects are concerned, school widens the difference between boys and girls.

1 consciously—сознательный

Test № 28

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. Some scientists explain girls' lack of success in science and mathe­matics by their biological characteristics.

2. The author believes that mathematics and science are treated as masculine subjects because they are more difficult than other subjects.

3. Teachers of mathematics and science tend to encourage the difference between sexes.

4. Male students don't usually allow female students to take the lead in classroom discussions.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What are social reasons for which girls avoid mathematics courses?

2. What do the worldwide statistics on science achievement show?

3. When, according to the author, does the difference in the approach to girls and boys come out?

4. What, according to the author, is the essential behaviour for learning how to- solve problems?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Girls are more likely to take up mathematics and science as they become teenagers.

2. It seems certain that where mathematics and science are concerned school encourages competition between boys and girls.

№29

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Airline pilots have high social status and earn a great deal of money. Air hostesses' have an uncertain status and earn little. For those recently qualified, the basic pay in some airlines is as little as £300 a month.

This is little to balance against the possibility of a hijack2 or a disaster. So why do they do it?

I went to see Diane Humphreys, Senior Hostess with Dan-Air at Manchester Airport, to try to find the answer to this question. Mrs. Humphreys has had the job for 16 years. Before that she was an ordinary air hostess for six years.

One reason why air hostesses don't get over-anxious about flying • may be that they're so busy, before, during and after a flight. I asked Mrs. Humphreys to tell me what a typical summer timetable for a hostess would be. She said that four or five flights a week during the summer is not uncommon.

«On a Monday morning, a hostess might have an early morning flight, ' perhaps at 7 a.m. She has to check in 1.5 hours before the flight.

She has to prepare the cabin and toilets and make sure that the food and drinks are aboard. Dan-Air does not do long-distance flights, just short or medium distance ones, and so there are no overnight stopovers unless weather conditions prevent take-off or landing, or the plane develops technical problems. There's a 45-minute interval, when the hostesses have to prepare the plane for the return flight. Depending on where you're flying, this can make it a 12-hour day; with delays it can even be 16 hours.»

«During the flight you've got no time to relax — the safety instructions have to be demonstrated and the food and drinks served. You're always busy. So one day you might have an early morning flight; the next an afternoon flight; the day after you might be on relief duty and have to be ready to work if someone else becomes ill or there is an emergency. This means that you have to stay near a phone all the time and be no more than an hour and a half from the airport.»

1 air hostess стюардесса

2 hijackугон самолета

Test № 29

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. According to the passage the money that air hostesses earn does not cover the risks that their profession involves.

2. Diane Humphreys has been an air hostess for 16 years.

3. Air hostesses can only relax during a 45-minute interval before the return flight.

4. When on relief duty an air hostess has to telephone to the airport every one and a half hours.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What is a typical summer timetable for an air hostess?

2. What are the duties of an air hostess when the plane is in the air?

3. What flights does the company Dan-Air do?

4. In what cases does the staff have overnight stopovers?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. An air hostess has to check in 45 minutes before the flight.

2. Before the flight an air hostess must make sure that the food and drinks are of good quality.

30

Прочитайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

Nobody visited the Seychelles much until 1971 when Male airport was opened and the world could flood in. Now more than half the country's earnings comes from tourism, an industry which could, if not managed properly, destroy the environment.

The painful lessons of the older world are well studied. No Seychelles hotel is allowed to rise above the surrounding palm trees and none may get rid of waste into the sea. After a brief period of package holidays and mass tourism, the current policy is to attract the «quality visitor». Because the amount of visitors must be limited to protect the environment, the quality of the tourist matters a great deal. Lindsay Chong Seng, a conservationist in the Ministry of Tourism, considers the economics extremely important: you have to earn as much as you can from each tourist if numbers are to be kept down. «A perfect tourist is active, hires a car, flies to other islands, takes boat trips, eats out, goes diving, spends money. When you get mass tourists without a lot of spending money, all you find is that the shops do no business and the local bus service is overcrowded.»

Atterville Ceydras, the nature warden1 on one of the islands, says that tourists have got to accept nature. «If it rains, that's nature, that's good. If the wind blows seaweed up on the beaches, that's nature. They say they come to see nature, they've got to put up with it.»

Not all do so. The international travel business has, over the last twenty years, made the mistake of letting the Seychelles be sold in Europe as a «Holiday Paradise2».

Tourists are now going who should probably not go — like ladies in elegant shoes who will not follow muddy walkways.

Many others, more inclined for adventure and the wonders of the world, do not go. Probably some rich, green-minded Westerners avoid it because of a guilty feeling that tourism spoils such places.

1 nature wardenприродоохранник

2 paradise—рай

Test № 30

I. Определите, верны (True) или неверны (False) сле­дующие утверждения.

1. The opening of Male airport led to destroying the island's environment.

2. The period of mass tourism in the Seychelles didn't last long.

3. According to the text, all the tourists who visit the Seychelles at the moment are people for whom such holiday is not really suitable.

4. The Seychelles are not popular with tourists inclined for adventure and the wonders of the world.

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why is tourism important for the" Seychelles?

2. What is the economic policy towards tourists at present?

3. Who is a perfect tourist, according to a conservationist in the Ministry of Tourism?

4. What is the state of local trade and business at the time of mass tourism?

III. Исправьте предложения в соответствии с содержани­ем текста.

1. Seychelles hotels are not allowed to rise above the surrounding houses.

2. The Seychelles have been advertised as a «Holiday Paradise» all over the world.

1

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. The young men ran away

a) when they saw the old lady in the window

b) when they saw that the window was broken

c) as soon as they heard the explosion

2. When the detective came to the old lady's house

a) she told him who had fired the gun

b) she told him where one of the young men lived

c) she told him where the young men were hiding the gun

3. The chief officer told the detective to give the gun back to the young men

a) because the detective hadn't got a permission to take it away

b) because the young man had been just playing with the gun

c) because he wanted to know who the gun belonged to

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where were the three young men playing with a gun?

2. Why was the old lady able to recognize one of the young men?

3. Why was the owner of the gun afraid to admit it?

4. How did the owner of the gun give himself finally away?

Ml. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. One of the men fired the gun______________________________

2. The detective found the men and the gun___________________

3. When the detective said he hadn't got an officer's permission the young men______________________________

№2

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Polly decided to go to art college

a) because she had a friend there

b) because she had left school

c) because she knew the head of the art college

2. Polly's parents didn't have objections to her going to art college but

a) they had no money to pay for her college course

b) they had no money to keep her at home any longer

c) they did not think Polly would do well at college

3. At the museum which Polly took her parents to one day

a) her father saw a copy of the picture he had bought ten years before

b) she showed them Van Gogh's «Sunflowers»

c) they recognized a lot of famous paintings

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What were Polly's father and mother?

2. What were they saving money for?

3. What had they expected Polly to do after leaving school?

4. Why did Polly's parents feel proud of their daughter?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Polly's friend Josephine was_________________than Polly. •

2. Polly was offered a job_________________________

3. Polly's mother was free on______________________________

№3

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Sam was never thinking about his driving

a) because the roads were nearly empty

b) because the market was only a few kilometres away

c) because he knew his truck very well

2. At the crossroads Sam usually

a) turned and went over the main road

b) continued over the small road

с) turned in the direction of the market

3. Sam didn't stop at the crossroads that morning

a) because there were no signs

b) because there was no fear of an accident

c) because he thought the policeman wouldn't notice it

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where had Sam lived all his life?

2. What made Sam think of the crops for the next year's harvest?

3. Why was Sam always in a hurry?

4. Why did Sam stop after he had crossed the road?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Sam had married______________________________

2. Sam got up_______________________________

3. Sam took a load off to market_______________________

№4

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. After having attended classes in art for a few months Sebastian a) left the bank

b) realised that he only enjoyed painting

c) decided to go and see other artists' paintings in foreign museums

2. In the bank Sebastian sometimes had to deal with a man who was

a) a real artist

b) the owner of a picture shop

c) an art critic

3. Sebastian invited the man to his home

a) because he wanted to know his opinion of his pictures

b) because he wanted to show him one of his pictures

c) because he wanted to sell him his studio

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What manner did Sebastian paint in?

2. When did the visitor arrive at Sebastian's home?

3. Why was Sebastian disappointed when he watched his visitor's face?

4. What did visitor like most m Sebastian's studio?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. When Sebastian was at school_____________________-----

2. After leaving school Sebastian got a position as__________.------in

a bank.

3. Sebastian went to evening classes_________________a week.

№5

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задами;

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончани предложения.

1. Sleep is a subject

a) many people don't know much about

b) all people understand

c) all people are interested in

2. The correct amount of time for sleep

a) is 8 hours each night

b) varies from individual to individual

c) has been discovered by scientists recently

3. For making your sleep efficient it makes sense

a) to buy the highest quality bedding

b) to support those who suffer from insomnia

c) to use a bed with a soft surface

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What do scientists tell us about sleep?

2. What do surveys show?

3. What factors determine an individual's sleep needs?

4. What can help people who suffer from insomnia?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Six hours of sound, restful sleep ________________________

____________hours of tossing and turning.

2. The better your physical condition______

3. When you sleep your best you can_________________

№6

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. The narrator doesn't like Tokyo mainly

a) because its population is 4 million more than in London

b) because there are always too many people walking along the streets

c) because there are too many trains on the platforms

2. In the morning you can see students

a) trying to get into the train

b) pushing passengers into the trains

c) helping passengers get out of the trains

3. In Tokyo trains people will go to sleep

a) if they make a long journey

b) if they are in a seat

c) if there is someone to wake them up at the station

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What is the population of Tokyo?

2. How do the Japanese drive?

3. What is the worst time to be in the street in Tokyo?

4. What would you see on a London train?

_________________________________

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Usually the taxis are shared________________________________

2. In Tokyo there is a station_______________________________.

3. Japanese trains always______________________________

№7

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. John Cleef's father left Holland

a) when John was six years old

b) after playing for a Dutch football club for six years

c) to play for a London football team

2. John began to think of football as a career

a) when a talent scout spoke to his parents about him

b) after a special schoolboys' football match

c) after he signed a contract with the club

3. John has been lucky

a) because he is one of the ten young players who will have a career in football

b) because he is one of the young players who are called apprentices

c) because his club provides an opportunity for the young players to continue schooling

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What did Mr. Cleef say to the talent scout1?

2. How old was John when he signed a contract with the club?

1 a talent scout — зд. a person who looks for talented young players.

3 how does an apprentice's day at the club start?

4 What does being in peak physical condition mean for the young players?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. No-one in John's family was surprised when he started__________

2. John watches football______________________________

3. John's father is proud of him______________________________

№8

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Twenty years ago

a) there were 22 000 police-officers in England

b) there were 1 500 police women in England

c) the number of police women was three times smaller than today

2. Twenty years ago police women

a) were mostly engaged in directing traffic

b) could not be met on the beat

c) were only given routine office work to do

3. Today women police-officers

a) are always in the front line

b) share the same conditions with men

c) refuse to do what you could call social work

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. How are women police-officers paid?

2. Why don't police-women take part in dealing with very violer demonstrations?

3. When are policewomen even better than men?

4. How do women police-officers behave in dangerous situations?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Resistance to police-women comes________________________

2. There is still a lot of respect_____________________________

3. If it comes to a fight women police officers_________________

№9

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончанш предложения.

1. As the narrator glanced into a compartment next to his

a) he saw his old friend

b) he saw a man who lived next door to him in London

c) he saw a man who had been his neighbour once

2 The narrator was glad the man hadn't noticed him

a) because he knew that the man talked too much

b) because he had just finished a conversation with him

c) he didn't like talking to people when he was on holiday

3. The narrator heard the familiar voice of the man

a) as soon as he arrived at the hotel

b) when he entered the lounge

c) when he had ordered a drink

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where was the narrator going to spend his holidays?

2. What did the narrator do to escape from the man?

3. What did the narrator think about his chance of meeting the man again in the town?

4. What did the man insist on when he saw the narrator?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. When the train was approaching the station the narrator went into the corridor_________________________..

2. The narrator had_______suitcases.

3. The narrator got to the hotel by__________

10

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задами

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончани предложения. я

1. Mr. Wood was unhappy

a) because there was a party in the flat below

b) because he heard the noise of loud music and voices above his head

c) because he had some work from the office

2. Mr. Wood tried to read a book but

a) he was too tired

b) he couldn't concentrate

c) it was too late

3. When Mr. Wood entered his neighbour's flat

a) nobody paid any attention to him

b) everybody saw that he was angry

c) the owner of the flat attracted his attention at once

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. For how long did Mr. Wood manage to ignore the party?

2. How did Mr. Wood try to go to sleep?

3. What was Mr. Wood wearing when he came to his neighbour's place?

4. Why did Mr. Wood's anger disappear?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1 The party began just-----------------------

2 Mr. Wood was tired and ready to go to bed by---------------------------

3 The party was over_________________..

11

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

|. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Tom's friends had advised him

a) not to travel by Tube after five o'clock in the afternoon

b) not to travel alone the first time

c) not to travel by bus

2. Tom did not get on the first train

a) but he moved nearer the edge of the platform

b) because he was pushed backward from the edge of the platform

c) because he was not sure if it was the right platform

3. Tom was alarmed as he got off

a) because he didn't know where to go

b) because he had never heard the name of the station

c) because he could not recognize the station

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What kind of person is Tom?

2. Why is five o'clock in the afternoon a bad time to travel in London?

3. Why did the people in the queue behind Tom grumble?

4. What did Tom do to know where to get off?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Tom's first journey by Tube was not_______________________

2. Tom's station was___________________________along the line.

3. Tom explained his difficulty______________________________

№12

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Michael didn't tell anything to anyone

a) because the bullies had made him promise he would keep silent

b) because he thought he must solve his problems himself

c) because his mother and his sister were not interested in his problems

2. On the day before half-term

a) Michael handed in his English project

b) Michael stayed at school later than usual

c) saw a small boy from his school at the school grounds

3. The younger boy

a) recognized Michael

b) complained that some older boys had taken all his money from him

c) was surprised by Michael's question

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where were the bullies from?

2. How often were the bullies out there waiting for Michael? 3. Why did Michael decide to go and find his teacher?

4. What was the teacher's reaction to Michael's words?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The boy was in the lowest class, so he was probably---------------

2. The teacher wanted to know if the bullies who had hurt the younger boy were____________________

3. The teacher was going to see __------------------------------- the next

morning.

№13

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Mrs. C. always went shopping

a) to the same supermarket

b) at the same time

c) with her friend

2. One day Mrs. C.

a) met two friends at the shop

b) bought a piece of cheese at the shop

c) took a piece of cheese from the shelf

3. Mrs. C. has become a different person a) because she has lost weight

b) because she doesn't enjoy life anymore

c) because she has had trouble with her heart

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What happened when Mrs. C. went out of the shop?

2. What did Mrs. C. try to explain to the shop-keeper?

3. What did the doctor advise Mrs. C. to do?

4. What did the judge tell Mrs. C.?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. When they got her to the police-station, Mrs. С________________

2. During the next week Mrs. С______________________________

3. In a way, the story_________________________

14

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Mr. Gray was satisfied with his job

a) because it was not very exciting

b) because he was interested in farming

c) because he was fond of travelling

2. One of Mr. Gray's problems was often

a) to find where to stay in the small places he reached

b) to make his journeys by train interesting c) to drive long distances in rain or snow

3. Mr. Gray asked the local man he met

a) how to get to the nearest hotel

b) where he could find out about hotels there

c) how many hotels they had there

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. How did Mr. Gray usually travel?

2. What did Mr. Gray need most of all after a long and tiring journey?

3. When did Mr. Gray arrive at a small railway station?

4. Why couldn't the local man give Mr. Gray a definite answer?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Mr. Gray sold___________________to farmers.

2. When Mr. Gray arrived at a small railway station, he was--------------

3. The local man scratched_________for a few moments.

№15

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Jim left home

a) because he wanted to live in a more comfortable flat

b) because his job was in another town

c) because he wanted to live on his own

2. Jim wanted someone to come and clean his flat

a) because he had never cleaned his flat himself

b) because he didn't want to do it any more

c) because a lot of his fellow-workers had someone to come and clean their flats

3. Jim was not happy with Mrs. Roper's work

a) because he coughed whenever he breathed

b) because she was a silly woman

c) because she did not clean his bedroom properly

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What kind of flat did Jim have?

2. How did Jim get to know Mrs. Roper?

3. How did Jim let Mrs. Roper know what he thought about her work?

4. What was Mrs. Roper's answer to him?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1Jim lived with his parents until he was----------------------------------

2Mrs. Roper agreed to come to Jim's flat every morning---------------

3Jim came home_________that evening.

16

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1George discovered that he was a clever businessman

a) by buying a small shop of his own

b) by making toys at a factory of his own

c) by selling toys in the street

2. George wanted jokes in a speech because

a) he wanted the audience to admire him

b) his speechwriter knew a lot of funny stories

c) he wanted to make his audience happy

3. George burst out laughing because

a) the audience was in a good temper

b) he had never heard the story before

c) his speechwriter put in his favourite story

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where was George Robinson elected to at the age of 32?

2. Why did George use a speechwriter?

3. Why did George not know what was in his speech?

4. What happened to George when he burst out laughing?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. George had always been interested in____________politics.

2. George got quite used to_______________his speechwriter.

3. George came to the words, «And that reminds me of_______

______________________________».

№17

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. As he grew older Johny began

a) to feel unhappy at home

b) to travel further

c) to hide from his parents

2. Johny went to Cairo because

a) he liked geography

b) he liked flying

c) a plane was going there

3. Johny wanted to become an explorer, but his teachers said,

a) «You are too young»

b) «Go into space instead»

c) «It isn't easy these days»

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What did Johny answer when the police asked him why he ran awa> from home?

2. What was Johny's favourite trick as he grew older?

3. What subject was Johny especially good at?

4. Where did Johny see a notice about an expedition to Brazil?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Johny was able to run away from home for the first time at the age of three because________________________________________

2. Johny got on a bus or even a train, and simply sat there until someone

3. They wanted three young people _________________________

№18

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Aunt Jane prefers to watch films at the cinema because

a) she thinks the television screen is too small

b) she likes to travel to other towns

c) most of the films are not shown on television

2. Aunt Jane's relatives have always been puzzled by the fact that she

a) likes going to the cinema so often

b) seldom watches films on television

c) goes to the cinema alone

3. To appear in a film Aunt Jane used to

a) spend hours outside film studios

b) work at one of the film studios

с) rehearse for days

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why does Aunt Jane have to travel a long distance to see a good film?

2. Why couldn't Jane sometimes go to see herself at the cinema?

3. How did Jane get to know the director of a film?

4. What turned out to be a big blow to Jane's hopes?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Jane has appeared in dozens of films as______________________

2. Jane's big chance came when______________________________

3. When the director congratulated Jane she thought that this was

19

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. A customer rang up

a) at six o'clock

b) at the time of Andy's favourite TV programme

c) a little before six

2. Andy was annoyed with the customer because

a) his complaints were groundless

b) he called at the wrong time

c) it was the customer's fifteenth complaint

3 Andy finally picked up the phone because

a) it was ringing continuously

b) the TV programme didn't need concentrating

c) he recollected that he had left something behind

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What was the name of Andy's favourite programme?

2. Why did Andy dislike Fenton's Garage?

3. Why did it take longer for Andy to get petrol?

4. Why did the man from Fenton's Garage recognize Andy?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. When at last Andy sat up in front of the television it was -------

2. When someone doesn't pay for the petrol the people at Fenton's

3. The Fenton's closed at_______________________

№20

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Patrick used to meet his scientists regularly because

a) he was interested in what they were doing

b) he wanted to advise them on what they were doing

c) he enjoyed talking about the future of the company with them

2. Sir James White was a professor at the university where a) Patric Reilly studied

b) one of the company's scientists studied c) Patrick's son studied

3. The scientist learned about Professor White's latest research from

a) one of the scientific journals

b) one of the monthly papers

c) one of the professors at the university

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What did Patrick's company produce among other things?

2. Why did Patrick's company employ scientists?

3. Why did the scientist tell Patrick about Sir James White?

4. How was Patrick Reilly planning to meet Professor White?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Sir James White was one of the world's______________________

2. Patrick proposed to invite to dinner two of his scientists with

3. Patrick's son finished studying biology_______________

№21

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

|. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Mr. Price never felt safe because

a) he lived in a lonely place

b) he was old and helpless

c) he had a lot of valuable articles

2. Mr. Price hid the money he had taken on Saturday

a) in one of the cupboards

b) in the pocket of his overcoat

c) under the pillow

3. Mr. Price lay awake for a long time wondering if

a) he had counted the money after closing the shop

b) he had locked all the doors

c) his money was safe

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What precautions against robbers did Mr. Price take?

2. Why didn't Mr. Price take the money to his son's house?

3. When did Mr. Price fall asleep on that Saturday night?

4. What did the policemen come to warn Mr. Price about?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Mr. Price lived in______________________________

2. One Saturday after a good day's business Mr. Price took nearly

3. Mr. Price knew it would be better to take the money to his son's house where there was__________________

№22

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. While on the train the narrator and his friend were able

a) to have dinner

b) to do some work

c) to look through some newspapers

2. Mark asked his companion the time because

a) he had lost his watch

b) he had left his watch at home

c) his watch had stopped

3. To find his watch the narrator had

a) to clear away the things from the table

b) to ask the man to empty the plastic bag

c) to explain the problem to the ticket collector

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why were the narrator and his friend lucky that morning?

2. Who informed the narrator where the man with the plastic bag came from?

3. What things besides the watch were there in the plastic bag?

4. Why couldn't the two friends have another cup of coffee?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. «I don't like this sort of carriage», Mark said, «but at least you _______________».

2. The narrator fetched some coffee and biscuits from____________

3. The narrator remembered taking the watch off and_____________

№23

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. At present most of British holidaymakers spend their holidays abroad

a) because more people can afford it

b) because most people prefer something different every year

c) because there aren't enough hotels and guest houses at the seaside

2. Edna and her husband liked Blackpool so much that they decided

a) to return there the next year

b) to come to Blackpool every summer

c) to book the holiday in advance

3. Next year Edna

a) will be taking her holiday in July

b) will be coming back

c) will be staying at another guest house

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. When did the idea of the seaside holiday start?

2. How many hohdaymakers could Blackpool's hotels and guest houses have in summer when the seaside holiday was in fashion?

3. What does Edna enjoy doing when she comes to Blackpool?

4. Why was Edna disappointed when she came to Blackpool ten years ago?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Twenty million more people used Britain's railway during August than in_________________________

2. The Lord Mayor held a special reception____________________

3. According to Edna, Blackpool has everything she wants for a holiday including______________________________

№24

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Peter needed a room

a) for a few weeks

b) for a few months

c) for the winter

2. Peter didn't rent a room at the first house because

a) the landlady was old and deaf

b) the landlady didn't let rooms

c) all the rooms were taken

3. When Peter rang up one of the landladies he was relieved to hear that

a) the rent was not high

b) she had a few rooms to let

c) she had a room to let

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Where did Peter have breakfast?

2. Why did the notice in the newspaper catch Peter's eye?

3. Where was the house in which Peter rented a room situated?

4. How many houses on the list had Peter seen before he found a room?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The woman at the agency gave Peter_______________________

2. The room Peter rented overlooked__________________

3. Peter told the landlady that he would take the room and paid

№25

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Miss Manning was puzzled because

a) she had never seen any diaries

b) she hadn't seen the diaries since her father's death

с) she had never thought that the diaries would be of any interest to anybody

2. Weston wanted to find Colonel Manning's diaries because

a) he was interested in the colonel's private life

b) they were mentioned in one of the Colonel's letters

c) he wanted to write a complete story of the Colonel's life

3. Miss Manning said that the diaries

a) may have been destroyed by her father before his last illness

b) may be in possession of Colonel Manning's friend

c) may have been thrown away after her father's death

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. What happened to Colonel Manning's library after his death?

2 Why was it dark in the attic room?

3. How did Weston learn that Colonel Manning kept a diary?

4. How did Weston understand that the exercise books he found in one of the boxes were Colonel Manning's diaries?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The attic room hasn't been opened for______________________

2. Miss Manning was happy because Weston_________________

3. There were about_________________________boxes in the attic

room.

26

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Helen felt nervous because

a) there were only twenty minutes left before the departure of the train

b) there was only half an hour left before the departure of the train

c) she didn't have enough money to hire a taxi

2. When the accident took place Helen

a) was still far from the station

b) wasn't very far from the station

c) was at a walking distance from the station

3. When the bus conductor saw Helen running he

a) didn't ring the bell for the bus to start

b) rang the bell for the bus to start

c) rang the bell before she had got on

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. How did Helen know that she had missed her bus?

2. How much was the taxi fare to the station?

3. What happened to Helen when the taxi ran into a car?

4. What did both the drivers do after the accident?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The taxi driver said he would take a shortcut to get Helen to the station__________________

2. The taxi ran into a car when it was coming out of a side-street into the main road that______________________

3. If Helen had waited for the taxi driver to stop arguing, she would

№27

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. Nick's «little adventure» started when he was

a) on the bus

b) waiting at the bus-stop

c) sitting on a bench

2. When Nick got off the bus

a) a man pushed something into his hands

b) a police inspector approached him

c) a man approached him

5. In the envelope the police found

a) important documents

b) false diamonds

c) false money

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

. Where did Nick work?

. Why did the man give the envelope to Nick? . What criminals were the police trying to catch?

4. Why did Nick feel disappointed after his «little adventure»?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The man sitting next to Nick got off the bus before Nick _____

2. When Nick entered the police station the man_________________

3. Nick was______________________________late for his office.

№28

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. The narrator didn't finish his meals because

a) the ship was turning round rather violently

b) the Chief Engineer had left the dining-room

c) he couldn't continue his meal in peace

2. When the narrator came up on deck

a) the saving operation had been completed

b) a lifeboat had already been lowered into the sea

c) the ship had covered a distance of two hundred yards

3. The sailors in the lifeboat began to row as soon as

a) the officer gave an order

b) the lifeboat had been lowered

c) they were able to make out the position of the man in the sea

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. When did the passengers first notice that something unusual was happening?

2. Whom did the narrator see in the lifeboat?

3. How did the man in the water manage to keep afloat?

4. Why wasn't it easy to pull the man aboard the lifeboat?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. At first the passengers thought that ______________________

2. Before beginning to turn round the ship__________________

3. The rescued man was able to walk leaning_________________

№29

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. The lady who owned the shop where Helen worked offered to make her a partner

a) a few years after Helen started to work there

b) after Helen left school

c) after the owner of the shop retired

2. Before leaving the hotel Helen

a) told the cashier she was pleased with the service

b) wrote her expenses on beautiful paper

c) checked the hotel bill carefully

3 Helen was surprised that she had to pay L 1800 for paper because

a) she expected the hotel to provide their guests with free paper

b) she hadn't used any paper from the hotel

c) it was too much money to be paid for paper

||. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1 Why did the lady who owned the shop where Helen worked offer to make her a partner?

2. How did Helen become the only owner of the shop?

3. Why did Helen have to travel a lot?

4. What hotels did Helen always stay at the beginning of her business career?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. Helen had to travel a lot ever since _---------------------------------

2. At the hotel Helen had a nice big room in which she could-----------

3. The hotel had fine public rooms where Helen could---------------•

№30

Прослушайте текст два раза и выполните следующие задания.

I. Выберите и запишите правильный вариант окончания предложения.

1. The narrator liked to come to the restaurant because a) it was situated near his friend's house

b) he liked the food they served there

c) there weren't usually many people there

2. When the narrator ordered his meal he looked

a) if the owner of the restaurant was there

b) if there were many people in the restaurant

c) if there were any people he knew there

3. When the narrator asked the owner of the restaurant what the man had wanted he

a) didn't want to answer at first

b) was surprised at hearing the narrator's question

c) asked him to come into the kitchen

II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы.

1. Why did the narrator walk along the seafront for about an hour?

2. Why was the narrator sure that he had never met the man with a newspaper before?

3. What was the man with a newspaper puzzled by?

4. Why did the detective follow the narrator?

III. Восполните пропущенную часть предложения.

1. The man had a newspaper open in front of him which____________

2. The detective showed the owner of the restaurant____________

3. The narrator thought he was lucky to come to a restaurant where

1

Three young men were playing with a gun in a street in a quiet area of the town after dark when one of them fired it by mistake without aiming it at anything. The bullet broke a window in an old lady's house.

The young men made off at once when they saw the damage they had done, but the old lady looked out of a window when she heard the explosion, and she recognized one of them as the son of a man and a woman who lived not far from her.

The old lady complained to the police, and a detective came to her house. The old lady gave him a detailed account of everything that had happened, and then the detective asked her if she knew where the young man lived. The old lady told him that too, so the detective went to the young man's house. He and his companions tried to hide, but the detective found them and the gun and took them to the police station.

There his chief officer questioned the young men to find out which of them owned the gun, but none of them was willing to say. The young man who owned the gun did not dare to admit that he did, because he did not have a licence for it.

At last the chief officer decided to put an end to the conversation, so he turned to the detective and demanded to know whether he had got an officer's permission to take the gun away from the young man who owned it.

The detective felt anxious when he heard this question. «No, sir,» he answered nervously, «I didn't get it.»

«In that case,» the officer declared angrily, «you were quite wrong to take it away from him. You'd better return it immediately, or there'll be trouble!»

This made the young men smile happily at each other, and as soon as the detective held the gun out and said, «Here you are,» one of them put his hand out in order to get it back. -

That is how the officer finally discovered whom the gun belonged to.

2

When Polly left school, she had no idea what she wanted to do. A friend of hers, who was a year older, and whose name was Josephine, was at art college, and she persuaded Polly to join her there.

Polly's father worked in a factory, and her mother worked in a shop. They were saving their money to buy their own house, and they had hoped that Polly would start earning too as soon as she left school, so when she told them that she wanted to go to art college, she expected to have an objection. But in fact they had none.

«You'll have to find some kind of a job to pay for your college,» Polly's mother warned her. «Your father and I will be very happy to keep you at home, but we have no money for your college course, and none for paints and all the other things you'll need.»

«Thank you very much,» Polly answered. «I'm really very grateful to you both. And there's no problem about getting a job; the head of the art college has offered me one in their library.»

After a few months, Polly's parents really felt very proud that their daughter was going to college, especially when she brought home some of the things she had painted, for which she had received high praise from her teachers.

Polly sometimes went to museums to see paintings by famous artists, and one day she said to her parents, «Why don't you come to a museum with me one day? Then I can tell you all about the paintings, and you can see the kinds of things I'm trying to do myself.»

Polly's mother was free on Thursday afternoons and on Saturdays, but her father sometimes had to work on those days. They waited until Saturday when he didn't have to work, and then they all went off to the museum that Polly had chosen.

She showed her parents some famous paintings, and then they came to one that they recognized.

«This,» Polly said, pointing to it, «is Van Gogh's "Sunflowers".» «What a cheek!» her father answered. «He's copied the picture we've had in our hall for the last ten years!»

3

Sam was an old farmer. He was born on his farm and had lived on it all his life. He had married his neighbour's daughter, and they grew fruit and vegetables.

Sam got up at five o'clock every morning to gather them and take a load off to market in his old truck.

There were very few vehicles on the country roads at that time of the morning, and Sam knew how to get to market very well, so as he was going along, he was always thinking about everything except his driving.

One morning he was thinking about what crops to plant for the next year's harvest, and whether to try something else. A lot of other farmers were planting the same things which he produced, so the prices in the market were coming down and he was getting less money.

After a few kilometres, Sam came to a place where the small road which went in the direction of the market crossed a bigger one, and he continued over it without stopping. He always crossed the big road like that, because there was never any traffic on it at that time of the morning, so there was no fear of having an accident, and anyway he was always in a hurry, because he wanted to get to the market in time for its opening.

But this morning a young policeman whom he had never seen before ~ signalled to him to stop a hundred metres beyond the crossroads.

Sam stopped beside the policeman, and the policeman said to him, «Didn't you know that there was a sign telling you to stop at the crossroads before going over the main road?»

«Oh, yes,» answered Sam, «I knew that there was a sign at that point, because I go to market along this road every morning. But what I unfortunately didn't know was that you were here.»

№4

When Sebastian was a boy at school, his favourite lesson was art, and he won several prizes for it. Once he left school, he got a position as a clerk in a bank, but three times a week he went to evening classes in art, and whenever he had time at the week-ends, he painted.

He painted in a very modern manner—mysterious objects and shapes, women with three pink eyes, large blank areas, and so on.

After a few months he thought, «Perhaps I can sell some of my pictures and get enough money to afford to leave the bank and become a real artist. Then I can travel around as much as I like, and go to foreign museums, and see other artists' paintings, and study in other countries when I feel like it. Though I try to make the best of the job and I don't regard the work as difficult — at least not at present — I don't like life in a bank. I only enjoy painting.»

In the bank, Sebastian sometimes had to deal with a man who owned a picture shop, and after he had had a few conversations with him, Sebastian invited him to his home one evening to see some of his work. «Then perhaps you could tell me whether I can really be a good artist and get some money from my painting,» Sebastian said hopefully.

The man said he was prepared to come and see what he thought of Sebastian's work, so he arrived one evening at Sebastian's home. Sebastian took the man to his studio and started to show him some of his pictures, with some pride and hope.

The man looked at them one after the other while Sebastian watched his face, but to Sebastian's disappointment the man did not say anything, and his expression did not change at any of them.

Then, when he had finished, he looked around, and his glance fell on something else. A happy look came over his face for the first time, and he said, «Now I like one very much! It's so full of deep feeling! I'm sure I could sell this one for you!»

«That,» said Sebastian, «is the place where I clean the paint off my brushes.»

5

Sleep is a subject few people know much about. We do know, though, that sleep is important for our physical health and for our mental well

being.

But scientists tell us that sleep can only refresh us mentally and physically when given enough time to do so. And the correct amount of time varies from individual to individual. Seven hours may be too little for some, resulting in tiredness and restlessness. Or it may be too much. Only you can tell how much sleep you need to maintain your peak form.

Surveys show that 60% of the population sleeps between seven and eight hours a night. The other 40% sleep less, or more. So if you are not getting your eight hours each night, and you feel fine, maybe you don't need as much sleep as you think you do.

Other factors that determine your sleep needs are your health, your job, your emotional state, and the «efficiency» of your sleep. Sleep efficiency is very important because 6 hours of sound, restful sleep will do you more good than 10 hours of tossing and turning.

What you sleep on is also very important. A surface that is too soft can cause lower back pain. A mattress that is too hard can cause painful pressure at the shoulders and hips.

For sleep that is truly efficient, support and comfort must work hand in hand. That is why it makes sense to buy the highest quality bedding you can afford. In the right size.

If you suffer from insomnia, as some people do, mild exercise can often help you to sleep at night. Just don't exercise too strenuously before bedtime. Generally speaking, exercise is important. In fact, there is some evidence that the better your physical condition, the better you will be able to sleep.

In today's competitive fast moving world it's more important than ever to be the best you can be. And when you sleep your best, you can look and feel your best. And that means you can do your best at anything you pursue. You have the energy and the feeling of well-being that makes each day easier and more enjoyable.

Sleep is too important to be taken lightly.

6

I don't live in Tokyo. I don't even know whether I would like to live there. I love it and hate it — it is one of those places that you can love and hate at the same time.

The first «fact» about Tokyo, for me, is that there are too many people. I don' t mean the fact that twelve million people live there. That is four million more than London or New York, but it is not an important fact for me.

In Tokyo there are always too many people in the places where I want to be. That is the important fact for me. Of course there are too many cars. The Japanese drive very fast when they can but in Tokyo they often spend a long time in traffic jams. Tokyo is not different from London, Paris and New York. It is different when one wants to walk.

At certain times of the day there are a lot of people on foot in London's Oxford Street or near the big shops and stores in other great cities. But the streets in Tokyo always have a lot of people on foot, and sometimes it is really difficult to walk. People are very polite; there are just too many of them.

The worst time to be in the street is at 11.30 at night. That is when the night-clubs are closing and everybody wants to go home. Between 11 and 12 everybody is looking for a taxi. Usually the taxis are shared by four or five people who live in the same part of the city.

During the day, people use the trains. Perhaps the first thing you notice in Tokyo is the number of trains. Most people travel to and from work by train, and there is a station at almost every street corner. At most stations, trains arrive every two or three minutes, but at certain hours there do not seem to be enough trains. At 8 o'clock in the morning you can see students pushing passengers into the trains. Usually the trains are nearly full when they arrive at the station, so the students have to push very hard. Sometimes the pushers are also pushed in by mistake, and they have to get out at the next station. Although they are usually crowded, Japanese trains are very good. They always leave and arrive on time. On a London train you would see everybody reading a newspaper. In Tokyo trains everybody in a seat seems to be asleep. Some Japanese make a train journey of two hours to go to work, so they do their sleeping

on the train. But if a train journey lasts only five minutes, and if they have a seat, they will also go to sleep. They always wake when they arrive at their station.

№7

John Cleef s father played for a Dutch football club when he was a young man. When the Cleefs left Holland and moved to London, John began school as a six-year-old. No one in the family was surprised when he started to take a great interest in football. The school he went to played football four afternoons a week (except in the summer, when they all played cricket).

John's abilities were obvious and when he was 12, a talent scout from one of the big football clubs spoke to his parents about him. Mr. Cleef said he was too young to think about football as a career. But two years later, John took part in a special schoolboys' football match arranged by the club. John scored three goals, and he was certain that his future lay in football. Two years later he signed a contract with the club.

John has been lucky, because it is a good club. It makes sure that all the new young players — apprentice players, as they are called — keep up their schooling. Everyone knows that out often apprentices, perhaps only one will have a career in football.

It is a hard day for John and the other apprentices. The day starts at the football ground at ten o'clock with a meeting, followed by an hour and a half's training. After lunch the apprentices clean football boots, sweep out the stadium, and wash out the changing-rooms.

The young footballers are expected to be in peak physical condition which means, says John, no late nights, no drinking, and a rather limited social life. «Not all the girls understand this, but I know I have two years to try and make my mark. That means that the girls will have to wait. I watch football every evening I can — and dream of becoming a star!»

John is supported 100% by his parents. His father is proud of him, and perhaps sees John fulfilling his own dream of becoming a football star. «For me it would be marvellous to have a Cleef playing for England,» he says with a smile, «even if it should mean that they beat Holland ten-nil!»

№8

There are about 22,000 police officers in England. Out of these, 1,500 are women. Twenty years ago, a woman police-officer was an unusual sight. Then there were only 500 of them. Their job was mostly in the police stations doing the routine office work, or going out and doing what you could call social work. But today the picture is quite different. You meet female officers on the beat, controlling crowds, and directing traffic.

«That's the way it should be,» says one policewoman. «We get the same pay as the men and we share the same conditions as they have. Of course, there are still some policemen who haven't quite accepted us yet. I must admit, too, that there are certain situations where we are not in the front line. For example if there is a very violent demonstration, then it is the male officers who keep the crowd back. We are given other jobs. We simply don't have the strength to do the job. On the other hand, there are also many situations where the men are very glad to let us take over. Often we are better than the men when there are problems with women — and specially children. If there is any resistance to women police-officers, it comes from the older policemen. They remember the «good old days» when a policeman was — a man! The younger officers are very glad to work with us. What is even more important, I think, is the reaction of the public. They are always very positive. Women are good at defusing dangerous situations. I mean, we are good at calming people down. There is still a lot of respect for women in general—for example, some people think it is all right to hit a policeman, but they wouldn't dream of hitting a woman. In violent situations we do not seem so aggressive as men, and this really helps. Mind you, if it comes to a fight, women police-officers are highly trained!»

9

As the train approached the seaside town where I was going to spend my holidays, I went into the corridor to stretch my legs. I stayed there a short time, breathing in the fresh sea air and talking to one of the passengers, whom I had met earlier on the station platform.

When I turned to go back to my seat, I happened to glance into the compartment next to mine. Sitting there was a man who many years before had been my neighbour. He was a great talker, I remembered; it used to take hours to get away from him once he began a conversation. I was not at all sorry when he went to live in another part of London. We had not met since then, nor did I wish to meet him now, when my holiday was about to begin.

Luckily at that moment he was much too busy talking to the man opposite him to catch sight of me. I slipped back into my compartment, took down my two suitcases and carried them to the far end of the corridor so as to be ready to get off the train as soon as it stopped. The moment the train stopped, I called a porter, who in no time at all had carried my luggage out of the station and found me a taxi. As I drove towards my small hotel on the edge of the town, I breathed a deep sigh of relief at my narrow escape. There was little chance that I should run into my boring ex-neighbour again.

When I reached the hotel, I went straight to my room and rested there until it was time for dinner. Then I went down to the lounge and ordered a drink. I hadn't even begun to drink when an all too familiar voice greeted me. I had not escaped from my tiresome neighbour after all! He grasped me warmly by the hand and insisted that we should share a table in the dining-room. «This is a pleasant surprise,» he said. «I never expected to see you again after all these years.»

10

The party began just after nine. Mr. Wood, who lived in the flat below, sighed to himself as he heard the first signs: people running up the stairs; the sound of excited voices as,the guests greeted one another; and the noise of loud music. Luckily Mr. Wood had brought some work home from the office, which he did for a couple of hours, and managed to ignore the party which was going on over his head. But by eleven o'clock he felt tired and was ready to go to bed, though from his experience of previous parties he knew that it was useless trying to get to sleep. He

undressed and lay for a while on the bed, trying to read, but the noise from the room directly above his head did not allow him to concentrate on what he was reading. He found himself reading the same page over and over again. He then switched off the light and buried his head in the pillow, in a desperate effort to go to sleep. But there was no way he could shut the noise. Finally, after what seemed hours, he switched on the light and looked at his watch: it was just after midnight.

By now his patience was quite exhausted. He leapt out of bed and, putting a dressing-gown over his pyjamas, marched up the stairs to his neighbour's flat. He rang the bell several times but the door remained closed. This made him more angry. Just then one of the guests came out and went off down the stairs, leaving the door open. Mr. Wood went in. In spite of his odd clothing, no one took any notice of him. Then he saw the owner of the flat and managed to attract his attention. The man, whose name was Black, came across the room, smiling cheerfully, and before Mr. Wood could open his mouth to complain, said: «My dear fellow, come in and join us. I know our parties must bother you. I meant to send you an invitation.» Mr. Wood's anger vanished at once. «I'd better go and get properly dressed,» he said. As Mr. Wood left the room, Black turned to one of the guests and said: «As soon as I set eyes on him, I knew he'd come to make trouble. That's why I asked him to join us. Did you see how pleased he was? He went off at once to get changed. What a pity the party's nearly over!»

11

Tom was looking forward to his first journey by Tube, as the underground railway in London is called. He had heard a great deal about it from his friends who had already been to England. They all advised him not to travel alone the first time. But Tom is the kind of person who never listens to anyone's advice. It is not surprising, therefore, that his first journey by Tube was not a great success.

Tom entered the station just after five o'clock in the afternoon. This is a bad time to travel in London, both by bus and train, because crowds of people go home from work at this hour. He had to join a long queue of

people who were waiting for tickets. When at last his turn came, he had some difficulty in making the man understand the name of the station he wanted to go to. The people in the queue behind him began to grumble impatiently at the delay. However, he got the right ticket in the end and found the right platform. This was packed with people. He did not manage to get on the first train, but he was able to move nearer the edge of the platform and was in a better position to get on the next one. When this came in, Tom was pushed forward on to the train by the people behind him. The doors closed and the train moved off before he was able to get his breath back. He was unable to see the names of the stations where the train stopped, but he had counted the number of stops so that he knew exactly where to get off. His station was the sixth along the line. When the train reached the sixth station, Tom got off, happy that his journey had been so easy. But he was alarmed to see that he had got off at a station that he had never heard of! He did not know what to do. He explained his difficulty to a man who was standing on the platform. With a look of amusement on his face the man told Tom that he had travelled on a train going in the wrong direction.

12

Michael didn't feel able to talk about the bullying to anyone. His mother would worry, he knew that. His sister had her own life and he couldn't talk to her. And he was afraid of what the bullies might do to him if he told any of the teachers. He should be able to deal with the situation on his own, he thought — and if he couldn't, well, that was his problem.

He didn't even enjoy his lessons any more, because it was too hard to concentrate. As he sat in class each day, he thought about what might happen after school and his mind went completely blank. And sure enough, two or three times a week, the bullies were out there waiting for him.

«Well, now, Jenkins, what've you got for us today?» they shouted. He took the money from his pockets and gave it to them without a word. Sometimes they still hit him, for the fun of it, but'usually they ran off laughing.

The day everything changed was the day before half-term. Michael had stayed late at school because he needed some advice about an English project. The school grounds were empty by the time he left, but he stayed tense and watchful on the short walk to the bus-stop.

There was only one other boy from the school at the bus-stop, and Michael stared at him in disbelief. He was in the lowest class, so he was probably eleven years old, but he looked younger. His clothes were dirty and torn, and he was crying quietly.

«Hey, what happened to you? Are you OK?» Michael asked, but he had a sick feeling in his stomach.

«These boys ... they said they'd hurt me if... if I didn't give them money,» the younger boy said. «And I haven't got any money — only my bus pass...»

«Were there three of them?» Michael asked quickly. «They're from school, aren't they?»

The child looked at him with surprise and nodded. Tears dripped from his cheeks to the ground. Michael took a deep breath.

«It happens to me too,» he said, «and there's only one way to stop it. We've got to tell someone. Come with me.»

He led the way back to the school, and found his English teacher. As Michael told his story, the boys could see sympathy and anger in her face. When he finished, there was a short silence.

«Is this right, Ben?» she said to the younger boy. «Are you sure the bullies who hurt you are the same ones?»

«Yes,» he whispered. «The same ones.»

She looked at each of them in turn. «You can leave it to me now,» she said quietly. «I'll see the head first thing in the morning. And don't worry, either of you. This won't happen again, I promise you.»

13

More and more people these days get caught shop-lifting; that is, taking things from shops and not paying for them. It is a big problem these days.

What actually happens if the shop-keeper thinks you have stolen something? The true story of Mrs. C. is a good example.

Mrs. С went shopping twice a week. She shopped for her own family and for some old people who could not get to the shops. She always went to the same supermarket. One day she met a friend in there. She had just chosen a piece of cheese from the shelf. The two of them talked and walked round the shop together. Then when her friend went out, Mrs. C. went with her. At once the shop-keeper caught her, and told her she had taken a piece of cheese without paying.

Mrs. C. was shocked and while she was trying to explain what had happened outside the shop, people stopped to see what was happening. Mrs. C. knew many of them and felt very ashamed. It looked as though she was a criminal! She said she would pay for it at once. But the shop-keeper called the police. A police-car came to the shop and she was taken away. When they got her to the police-station, she was questioned for three hours. After this she was charged and was told she would have to go to court.

During the next week, Mrs. C. stayed inside her house in a state of shock. She drank black coffee and took pills all the time. After only seven days, she had lost fourteen pounds in weight. The doctor saw her, and told her not no fight in court. «Say you did it, and get it over,» he said. He was afraid that she would have a heart-attack.

In a way the story had a happy ending, because the judge listened to the story, and just told her to go home and forget about it. She was free. But Mrs. C. is not the same woman. A whole year after this, she is still afraid to go out. She will not go into shops. She is afraid of what people think about her.

14

Mr. Gray travelled a lot on business. He sold machines of various kinds to fanners. It was not really a very exciting job, but Mr. Gray had always been interested in farming, and he was quite satisfied with his life.

He had a big car, and usually enjoyed driving it long distances, but he Was quite satisfied to go by train sometimes too, especially when the-weather

was bad. He was a little frightened of driving in rain or snow, and it was less tiring to sit comfortably in a train and look out of the window without being worried about how one was going to get to the next place.

One of Mr. Gray's problems was often where to stay when he reached some small place in the country. He did not expect great comfort and wonderful food, but he found it annoying when he was given a cold room, and there was no water or good food after a long and tiring day.

Late one winter evening, Mr. Gray arrived at a small railway station. The journey by train that day had not been at all interesting, and Mr. Gray was cold and tired and hungry. He was looking forward to a simple but satisfying meal by a brightly burning fire, and then a hot bath and comfortable bed.

While he was walking to the taxi rank, he said to a local man who was also walking there, «As this is my first visit to this part of the country and I was in too much of a hurry to find out about hotels before I left home, I would very much like to know how many you have here.»

The local man answered, «We have two.»

«And which of the two would you advise me to go to?» Mr. Gray asked then.

The local man scratched his head for a few moments and then answered, «Well, it's like this: whichever one you go to, you'll be sorry you didn't go to the other.»

15

Jim lived with his parents until he was twenty-one years old, and then he got a job in the office of a big factory in another town, so he left home. He found a comfortable little flat which had two rooms, a small kitchen and a bathroom, and he lived there on his own.

At first he cleaned it himself, but he did not want to have to go on doing this, so he determined to find someone else to do it instead of him. He asked a lot of his fellow workers at the factory what they did about this, and at last one of the men said, «Oh, Mrs. Roper comes and cleans my flat regularly. She washes the dishes, irons my shirts and keeps the place neat and tidy and so on. I'll introduce you to her, if you

like. She's a charming old lady. She does her best, but she hasn't got much energy.»

«Well, you'd better ask her to come and see me, please,» Jim answered. So the next evening Mrs. Roper came to see him, and she agreed with pleasure to come to his flat every morning for an hour.

After she had been working for Jim for two weeks, he looked at the mirror in his bedroom and thought, «That mirror looks very dusty. Mrs. Roper's forgotten to clean it. I can write on it with my finger.» He wrote a message in the dust: «I'm coughing whenever I breathe because everything in this room is very dusty.»

He came home at 7 o'clock that evening, and when he had eaten his supper, he went into his bedroom and looked at the mirror. «That silly old woman still hasn't cleaned it!» he said to himself. «All it needs is a cloth!»

But then he bent down and saw a bottle in front of the mirror. «I didn't put that bottle there.» He thought. «Mrs. Roper must have left it.» He picked the bottle up and looked at it carefully.

«She's written some words on it,» he said to himself. He read the words. They were: «Cough medicine.»

16

George Robinson was ambitious but not very clever when he was at school, and he left when he was sixteen. At first he did not know what to do, but then he tried selling cheap toys in the street, and it quickly became clear that he was a clever businessman. Soon, without much struggle, he had a small shop of his own.

Before he was thirty he had quite a big factory for making toys, and had succeeded in making a considerable fortune.

George had always been interested in local politics. He was elected to the town council when he was thirty-two, and was such a busy and useful member of it that he rapidly became mayor.

Although he was very successful in international industry as well as in local government, George was still not a very well-educated man, and as he was also a very busy one, he began to have the speeches he had to

make written for him by a special speechwriter. George never had any difficulties with him and got quite used to trusting him. In the end he did not trouble even to look at what he was given until it was time to make the speech.

Then one day George had to make an important speech at a formal official ceremony marking the opening of a new library. He had been away on urgent business for a week before this occasion, so he had had no time to read through his speech at all.

When it was his turn to speak to the audience, he stood up on the stage, took his speech out of his pocket and began to read it. He enjoyed jokes, and always asked his speechwriter to put a few good ones in each speech he wrote for him, to put his audience in good temper. This time, sure enough, he came to the words, «And that reminds me of one of my favourite stories».

George had actually never heard that story before, and when he looked at it before reading it aloud, he burst out laughing and laughed so much that he fell off the platform on which he was standing and broke his arm.

№17

Johnny was three when he ran away from home for the first time. Somebody left the garden gate open. Johnny wandered out, crossed some fields, and two hours later, arrived in the next village. He was just able to give his name and address.

By the time he was seven, Johnny used to vanish from home two to three times a year. Sometimes he covered quite long distances on foot. On other occasions he got on a bus or even a train, and simply sat there until someone asked for his ticket. Generally the police brought him home. «Why do you do it?» they used to ask. «You aren't unhappy at home, are you?» «Of course not,» Johnny replied. «Then why?» «I just like seeing places,» Johnny told them.

Johnny continued to «see places» although everyone tried to stop him. His parents used to watch him closely, and so did his teachers; but sooner or later Johnny managed to slip away. As he grew older, his

favourite trick was to hide on a long distance lorry. Sometimes he used to travel hundreds of miles before anyone discovered him.

It is hardly surprising that eventually Johnny managed to get on board a plane. He was twelve at the time. It was a cargo plane and, a few hours later, Johnny found himself in Cairo. How did he get on board? No one knows! According to Johnny himself, it was easy: he just went into the airport, walked along some corridors and got on board the nearest plane.

In spite of all this, Johnny did well at school. He enjoyed maths and languages and, perhaps not surprisingly, he was especially good at geography. «What do you want to be when you grow up?» his teacher asked him. Johnny did not take long to answer that question. «An explorer!» he answered. «But it's difficult to become an explorer in this modern age,» they tried to tell him, «unless you go into space!» But it was no use: Johnny knew what he wanted!

Just before he left school, Johnny saw a notice in one of the daily papers. An expedition was about to go to Brazil to travel up the Amazon. There were vacancies for three young people «willing to work hard and with a sense of adventure.» Johnny applied... and, two months later, he was on his way to Brazil.

18

Aunt Jane is now well over seventy, but she is still a great cinema-goer. The cinema in our town closed down years ago and sometimes she has to travel twenty miles or more to see a good film. And once a month at least she goes up to London to see the latest foreign films. Of course she could see most of these films on television, but the idea does not attract her. «It isn't the same,» she says. «For one thing, the screen's too small. Besides, I like going to the cinema!»

One thing has always puzzled us. Although Aunt Jane has lots of friends and always enjoys company, she always goes to the cinema alone. We discovered the reason for this only recently — from mother. «It may surprise you to learn that Aunt Jane wanted to be an actress when she was young,» she told us. «She used to wait outside film studios all day,

just to appear in crowd scenes. Your aunt has probably appeared in dozens of films — as a face in the crowd at a railway station or in the street! Sometimes she did not even know the name of the film they were making, so she couldn't go to see herself at the cinema!

«All the time, of course, she was looking for a small part in a film. Her big chance came when they started to make a film in our town. Jane managed to meet the director at a party, and he offered her a role as a shopkeeper. It really was a very small part — she only had a few lines to say — but it was an important moment for Jane. Before the great event, she rehearsed for days. In fact, she turned the sitting-room into a shop! We all had to help, going in and out of the shop until she was word perfect. And on the actual day she was marvellous. The director congratulated her. Jane thought that this was the beginning of her film career!

«Unfortunately, in the end, they did not include the shop scene in the film. But nobody told Jane! When the film first appeared in London, she took all her friends to see it. And of course she wasn't in it! It was a terrible blow! She stopped going to film studios and gave up the idea of becoming an actress. She still loves the cinema, as you all know, but from that day she has always gone alone!»

19

Andy Barton was in a bad mood. It was Friday, and at six o'clock his favourite programme Travel with us, was on TV. Andy liked to get home in good time for that. But then, just as he was leaving the office a little early, a customer rang up with a few complaints. The customer complained steadily for the next fifteen minutes! «I can still get home in time if I hurry,» Andy told himself as he dashed out of the office. But then, as he drove off in his car, he noticed that he was almost out of petrol. «I'll have to stop at Fenton's,» Andy thought. He hated Fenton's because it was a self-service petrol station. «You do all the work yourself, but you pay the same for the petrol,» he used to grumble.

But at Fenton's things went wrong again! The pump was not working properly and it took ages to get the petrol. It was four minutes to six by

the time Andy jumped back into his car and drove off. But at two minutes past six he was sitting in front of the television, watching Travel with us. He was on his way to Japan!

Then the phone rang. «Shall I answer it?» Andy thought. He tried to concentrate on Japan and forget the phone. But it kept on ringing and finally he picked it up.

«Mr. Barton?» a voice said. «Fenton's Garage here.»

«Fenton's?» said Andy. «Why, I was at your place only a few minutes ago, getting some petrol. Did I leave something behind or what?» «No, you didn't, Mr. Barton,» the voice went on. «That's just the trouble! You didn't leave anything behind! You went off without paying for your petrol, you see! Now normally, when that happens, we ring up the police. But luckily I recognised you because I live on the same street as you, and I knew it was a mistake.»

«I'm really very sorry,» Andy said.

«Oh, that's all right, Mr. Baron. These things happen! But could you come round now and pay for your petrol? And please hurry! We close at half past six!»

20

Patrick Reilly was the manager of a company that made washing powders, among other things. The company employed several scientists, whose job was to find new and better kinds of products, including washing powders.

Patrick did not know very much about science himself, but he used to meet his scientists regularly. He always enjoyed it and took a great interest in what they were doing.

One day one of them was in Patrick's office, talking about plans for the future, when he said to Patrick, «I suppose you know Sir James White. He was my professor at the university where I studied, and now he's one of the world's greatest and most honoured biologists.»

«Oh, yes, I know,» Patrick answered, «but I've never actually met him. What about him?»

«Well,» said the scientist, «he's discovered some new type of system that might be very useful to us for improving our manufacture of soap powders. I read an article about it yesterday in one of the scientific journals I take every month. You ought to meet him.»

«I'd like to,» Patrick answered. «What do you think of inviting him to dinner one evening and suggesting that we might be able to offer him a job as an adviser?»

«I agree,» the scientist replied. «That would be an excellent decision.»

Patrick got his secretary to ring Professor White's office at the university to give him the invitation, and they managed to find a date on which they would both be free for dinner.

«It'll be a small family affair,» Patrick said. «I propose to invite two of my scientific staff with their wives. One of them was a student of yours. And I hope Lady White will be able to come too.»

«Thank you,» the professor answered, «I'm sure she'll be delighted to.»

Patrickhad a son of sixteen, who had finished his O-level examinations and was studying for his A-levels. While everybody was having a drink before dinner, the boy chatted to the professor. «What do you do?» the boy asked.

«I study biology,» the professor answered.

«Oh?» the boy answered proudly. «Well, I finished biology last July.»

№21

Mr. Price, the antique dealer, lived alone in a small flat above his shop. Because of the many valuable articles which he kept on the premises, he was always afraid that one night someone would break in and rob him. Years before, when he had first come to live there, he had strong locks put on all the doors. In addition, he locked up most of his valuable articles in a cupboard, which he had specially made for this purpose. But, in spite of these precautions, he never felt safe, particularly when he had a lot of money in the flat after a good day's business.

One Saturday night, when he counted his money after closing the shop, he found that he had taken nearly two thousand pounds that day. This was

an exceptionally large sum and the thought of keeping it in the house made him feel very nervous. He knew that it would be better to take it to his son's house, where there was a small safe, but it was a foggy evening and his son lived on the other side of town. In the end, he took the money with him to his bedroom, put it in the pocket of one of his overcoats and locked the wardrobe door. He put the key under his pillow and went to bed.

Mr. Price lay awake for a long time, wondering if his money was really safe, and it was well after midnight before he fell asleep. Almost immediately, or so it seemed, he was woken up by the loud ringing of the shop doorbell. He sat up in bed. Could he have been dreaming? Surely, he thought, no one could want to see him at this hour of the night. The doorbell rang again, echoing through the silent house. Once again the doorbell rang, more persistently this time.

Mr. Price got out of bed and went across to the window. The fog had

i cleared slightly. He opened the window and looked out. He could just

! make out the shadowy figure of a man standing on the pavement below.

«What do you want?» Mr. Price called out in a nervous voice. The figure

stepped back until it was standing under the street lamps. It was a

policeman. «Sorry to disturb you, sir,» said the policeman, «but there is a

light on in your shop. I think you have forgotten to turn it off.»

№22

We were lucky that morning. The train was not very crowded and we managed to get a corner seat to ourselves in one of those long open carriages. «I don't like this sort of carriage,» Mark said as he took out papers for our meeting, «but at least you get a table to work on!»I fetched some coffee and biscuits from the restaurant car and we settled down to work. People passed up and down the train, and once the ticket inspector came to look at our tickets. But, apart from that, it was a peaceful journey.

«Good!» said Mark after an hour or so. «I think we've just about finished.» He began to put away his papers. «What time is it?» he asked. «My watch has stopped.» «About nine-thirty, I reckon,» I said. «Hold on a moment. My watch is here somewhere on the table.»

I looked under my own papers, and then on the floor, but there was no sign of my watch. It was not in my pockets, either.

«You didn't put it in your bag, did you?» I asked Mark. «Along with your papers.» He checked, but the watch was not there.

«It's very odd,» I said. «I remember taking it off and putting it on the table when we started work. No one's been near us except the ticket collector — and he didn't pick it up!»

«Someone came and cleared away the coffee cups,» Mark said. «I remember seeing a man with a big plastic bag.»

The man with the plastic bag came from the restaurant car, one of the passengers informed us. I went along there to see him and I explained my problem.

«Are you sure?» the man asked. «Look, there's the bag - full of rubbish. I don't want to empty everything out if you're not sure.»

«I can't be absolutely certain,» I said, «but my watch was on the table. I'll look in the bag myself if you like. It's a very expensive watch!»

«Well, in that case, we'd better have a look, sir,» the man said and emptied everything out on the floor. There, among the paper coffee cups, half-eaten biscuits and pieces of paper, lay my very valuable watch!.

«Phew!» I said. «I think I need another cup of coffee after that!»

«Sorry, sir,» the man snapped. «The restaurant car is closed. We're almost at London.»

№23

Wherever you are in Britain, you are never more than 120 kilometres from the sea. So perhaps it is not surprising that the idea of the seaside holiday started here. The fashion began at the end of the eighteenth century and by the 1930s, twenty million more people used Britain's railways during August than in May or October. For a few weeks every year the whole of Britain seemed to be at the seaside. There were enough beds in Blackpool's hotels and guest houses for half a million holidaymakers.

But holiday fashions have changed a lot since the thirties. Today two-thirds of British holidaymakers spend their holidays abroad. Package

holidays and charter flights have brought foreign travel within the range of most people's pockets and you will find more Britons in Spain, Greece, Tunisia and the Canary Islands than in Blackpool. Some people, though, still remain faithful to the traditional British seaside holiday: 78-year-old grandmother, Edna Parker has just been to Blackpool for her annual summer holiday ... for the 58th time!

It all began back in 1934 when Edna, just married, spent her honeymoon in Blackpool with her husband, Cyril. They liked it so much that they decided to return the following year. Edna became a mother, a grandmother and sadly, a widow, but she still continued to choose Blackpool for her summer holidays. She always takes her holiday in the first two weeks of June and over the years she has always enjoyed doing the same things. Every year she sits in her deckchair in the same spot on the beach below the famous Blackpool Tower, takes a donkey-ride along the sands and enjoys her favourite seaside lunch of fish, chips and peas.

This year, however, there was something different: the Lord Mayor held a special reception for Edna to celebrate her 58th Blackpool holiday. Will she be coming back for a 59th visit? Edna promised that she would. «I wouldn't go anywhere else — and I'll be back next year. Blackpool has everything I want for a holiday — including the world's best fish and chips. And the town has so many happy memories.»

If you put all of Edna's visits together, they add up to an amazing two years in the seaside resort. Until ten years ago she had always stayed in the same guest house. She was disappointed when it closed down, but she did not go very far away. She booked into another guest house in the same road!

№24

After a hasty breakfast in the station restaurant, Peter set about the task of finding a room where he could live for the next few months. He knew exactly what he wanted: a room which was neither too small, nor so large that it would be difficult to heat in winter. It had to be clean and

comfortable too but, above all, it had to be quiet, with a view that did not look directly onto the street. In the newspaper he had brought from the bookstall there were very few advertisements for rooms to let. But, as he glanced down the page, a notice in bold capital letters caught his eye. FLATS AND ROOMS TO LET

This seemed promising, so he made a note of the address and set off in search of the agency. He found it in a narrow street just off the main road. The woman at the desk gave him a bright smile as he entered and, after he had explained what sort of room he was looking for, gave him for the small fee of two pounds a list of about half a dozen landladies who had rooms to let.

At the first house Peter tried, the landlady, who looked about seventy years old was so deaf that he had to shout to make her hear. When at last she understood, she shook her head and told him that she no longer let rooms. At the second house on the list all the rooms were taken. At the third the landlady was not at home. Peter was beginning to feel less hopeful, when he noticed that there was a telephone number after one of the addresses on the list. To save time, therefore, Peter rang up the landlady and enquired if she had a room to let. He was pleasantly relieved to hear that she had one vacant. He hurried round to the house, which stood well back from the road in a pleasant avenue. The room he was shown lay at the back of the house, overlooking a garden full of flowers and bushes. He noted, too, with satisfaction, that there was a large table in the room, where he could spread out his books and work in comfort. Furthermore, the rent was moderate. It was just what he was looking for. Without hesitation he told the landlady that he would take the room, paid a week's rent in advance and went back to the station to get his luggage.

№25

It was dark in the attic, as Miss Manning had warned him. Weston found the small window in the roof and forced it open, thus letting in more light. He could just make out the boxes which Miss Manning had told him about.

«When my father died,» Miss Manning had said, «his large library was sold up. His papers, and some other possessions of no great value, were stored in boxes and put up in the attic. They've been there ever since. I don't suppose the room has been opened for over ten years.»

«What about his diaries?» asked Weston. «In one of his letters to a friend, Colonel Manning mentions that he kept a diary.»

«I don't remember seeing any diaries,» said Miss Manning, with a puzzled look on her face. «Of course, he may have destroyed them before his last illness. Otherwise they must be in those boxes in the attic.»

«I see,» murmured Weston. «In that case, will you allow me to examine those boxes? If I can find the diaries, I'll be able to write a much more complete account of your father's life.»

«Certainly you may,» said Miss Manning. «You can't imagine how thrilled I am that anyone would want to write a book about father. I would have taken more care of his papers if I had known.»

After searching through a number of drawers, Miss Manning found the key to the attic.

«You won't find it easy to see up there,» she said as she handed him the key. «There's a small window in the roof, but I expect that it will be too dirty to see through.»

There were about a dozen boxes in all. Weston did not know where to begin. He opened the first one, then another, but found nothing that looked like diaries. Then he decided to try the largest box. It was full of papers. As he turned these over, a bundle of exercise books, tied together with string, caught his eye. On the cover of the top one were written the words «DIARY, 1935-36».

№26

Helen packed a small suitcase, said good-bye to her mother and

hurried out of the house to catch the bus to the station. There was no

one else waiting at the bus-stop, so it looked as if a bus had just left.

Helen looked at her watch anxiously: it was already two o'clock. Her

. train left at two-thirty, and since it would take at least twenty minutes

to reach the station, she did not have much time to spare, even if a bus came along at once.

Just then a taxi came slowly down the road. Helen knew that the fare to the station was at least two pounds, which was more than she could afford; but she quickly made up her mind that it would be well worth the extra expense in order to be sure of catching her train. So she stopped the taxi and got in. She told the driver that she had to catch a train which left at half past two. The man nodded and said that he would take a short cut to get her to the station in good time.

All went well until, just as they were coming out of a side-street into the main road that led to the station, the taxi ran into a car. There was a loud crash and Helen was thrown forward so violently that she hit her head on the front seat. Both drivers got out and began shouting at each other. Helen got out as well, to ask them to stop quarrelling, but neither of them took any notice of her at all.

Helen was quite sure that she was going to miss her train, although she was not very far from the station. She was wondering what to do when a bus came into sight, going in the direction of the station. The bus-stop was not far off, so Helen got her suitcase out of the taxi and ran towards the bus, which had stopped to let some passengers get off. The bus conductor saw her running and did not ring the bell for the bus to start until she had got on. Helen reached the station just in time and managed to catch her train after all. But if she had waited for the taxi driver to stop arguing, she probably would have missed it.

№27

Nick was bored with life. Every day was exactly the same. He got up at exactly the same time; he caught the same bus to work; he did the same things in the office; he talked to the same people; he came home at the same time; he watched the same programmes on television — and he went to bed at the same time!

«What I need is a little adventure!» Nick thought as he waited at the bus-stop one morning. Nick's «little adventure» happened sooner than he expected!

While he was on the bus, reading his newspaper (the same one that jje read every morning), the man sitting next to him suddenly pushed a large brown envelope into his hands. «Here, take this!» he muttered. Then he stood up and got off the bus before Nick could say a word.

Nick sat there, holding the envelope. It felt heavy. There were papers inside, or money perhaps. «I'd better hand it over to the police,» he thought. There was a police-station close to his office. But, as he got off the bus, a man approached him. He was obviously waiting for something. «He wants the envelope,» Nick thought. Nick began to walk quickly—and the man hurried after him. Nick started to run — and the man began to run too. But then, just before he got to the police station, Nick managed to lose the man in the crowds. When he entered the police station, the man was no longer in sight.

Inside the police-station, Nick handed over the envelope to the inspector in charge. The inspector opened it. The envelope was full of money —-false money. «Obviously the man made a mistake,» the inspector said. «He thought you were one of the gang! Well, congratulations!»

Nick felt like a hero. He could already see his name in all the papers. He could imagine an interview on television!

«However,» the inspector went on, interrupting Nick's day-dreams, «I'm afraid I must ask you to keep quiet about all this. We're trying to catch some very clever thieves — and we don't want them to know that we have some of the money. So you mustn't say a word to anyone — not even your boss! Sorry!»

«So that's that!» Nick said to himself on his way to the office. He was over an hour late. «I' ve had my little adventure... but I can't tell anyone about it, so what's the point? I've even got to make up an excuse for the boss!»

№28

We first became aware that something unusual was happening when one of the ship's officers came up to the Chief Engineer, who sat at our table, and spoke to him in a low voice. The Chief Engineer at once stood up and with a brief excuse, which told us nothing, left the dining-room. At first we thought that there had been an accident or that a fire

had broken out on board ship, but soon the word went round that a man had been seen floating in the sea. Then we noticed that the ship had slowed down and was beginning to turn round, with rather a violent motion. Some of the passengers did not wait to finish their meal, but at once rushed up on deck. Others crowded round the portholes, making it impossible for us to eat in comfort. There was such confusion in the dining-room that we decided to join those who had gone up on deck.

There we learnt that one of the crew had seen a man in the sea some distance from the ship. He had informed the captain, who at once ordered the ship to be turned round. We were now only two hundred yards or so from the man, and a lifeboat had already been lowered into the sea. In it there were four sailors, who were sitting ready at the oars, an officer and the ship's doctor. The officer shouted an order and the sailors began to row away from the ship. By looking in the same direction as the boat was going, we were able to make out the position of the man in the water. He was clinging to a large piece of wood.

At last, after what seemed to us an age, the lifeboat reached the man and two of the sailors pulled him on board. This was not at all easy, for the sea was rather rough. Then the sailors began to row back to the ship again. The lifeboat was raised out of the water and the rescued man, wrapped in a blanket, was helped out on to the deck. Leaning on the arm of the ship's doctor, but still able to walk in spite of his terrible experience, he was led off to the ship's hospital. As he passed along the deck, everyone cheered loudly.

№29

Helen was a very successful business woman. She had always liked nice clothes, and when she left school she had gone and worked in a shop which sold them, not far from her home. After a few experiments she showed that she was very successful at designing the sorts of things that women want to buy, so after a few years the owner of the shop, who was an oldish lady, offered to make her a partner.

Helen was very pleased, of course, and when the old lady retired,

Helen bought her share and became the sole owner of the shop. Now she had her independence.

Ever since she had started in the shop she had had to travel around to see what attractive things her rivals in the clothes trade were producing, to attend fashion shows and so on. She had always stayed at small cheap hotels, because she dared not to spend too much money when she was saving up to buy a shop of her own.

But when at last she became the owner of the shop, and it was making good profits, she found that she had plenty of money, and she felt she should now stay in the best hotels whenever she travelled.

So when she had to go to the next fashion show, which was in Rome, she stayed at a very good hotel. She had a nice big room with beautiful furniture in which she could entertain customers, and there were also fine public rooms where she could, to her great pride, hold small fashion shows of her own. The room service was excellent, and so was the dining-room, which had a band every evening for dancing. Helen had never before dared to stay in such a splendid place.

She could see from the bills she signed for everything that the prices in the hotel were high, but she was still rather surprised when, just before she left, she was given a bill of several pages, written on beautiful headed paper.

She checked the bill carefully, and was happy with everything except the last line, which said «Paper ... L 1800», which was about 75p in British money. She could not remember having had any paper from the hotel, so she thought she should go to the cashier and ask him about it.

«That, madam,» said the cashier, «is for the paper your bill is written on.»

№30

I left my friend's house shortly after seven. It was still too early for me to have my evening meal, so I walked along the seafront for about an hour until I began to feel hungry. By that time I was not far from a favourite restaurant of mine, where I often went to eat two or three times a week. I knew the owner well and frequently complimented him on his excellent cooking.

I went into the restaurant, which was already crowded, and ordered my meal. While I was waiting for the soup to arrive, I looked around to see if I knew anyone in the restaurant. It was then that I noticed that a man sitting at a corner table near the door kept glancing in my direction as if he knew me. I certainly did not know him, for I never forget a face' The man had a newspaper open in front of him, which he was pretending to read, though all the while I could see that he was keeping an eye on me. When the waiter brought my soup, the man was clearly puzzled by the familiar way in which the waiter and I addressed each other. He became even more puzzled as time went on and it grew more and more obvious that I was well known in the restaurant. Eventually he got up and went into the kitchen. After a few minutes he came out again, paid his bill and left without another glance in my direction.

When I had finished and was about to pay my bill, I called the owner of the restaurant over and asked him what the man had wanted. The owner was a little embarrassed by my question and at first he did not want to tell me. I insisted. «Well,» he said, «that man was a detective.» «Really?» I said, considerably surprised. «He was certainly very interested in me. But why?» «He followed you here because he thought you were a man he was looking for,» the owner of the restaurant said. «When he came into the kitchen, he showed me a photograph of the wanted man. He certainly looked like you! Of course, since we know you here, I was able to convince him that he had made a mistake.» «It's lucky I came to a restaurant where I am known,» I said, «otherwise I might have been arrested!»

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