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  • Иностранные языки

Художественный перевод произведений, посвященных Великой Победе

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Муниципальное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение

«Средняя общеобразовательная школа №31»





Разработка мероприятия,

посвященного 71-годовщине

Победы в Великой Отечественной войне





Тема: «Художественный перевод произведений,

посвященных Великой Победе»

Разработку составила

учитель английского языка

МБОУ «СОШ№31»

Петрущак Ирина Юрьевна







Новокузнецк

2016

Цели и задачи: социокультурный аспект: знакомство учащихся с историческими фактами о Великой Отечественной Войне, знаменитыми участниками войны.

развивающий аспект: развитие способности к распределению и переключению внимания, к непроизвольному запоминанию при восприятии речи на слух, к сравнению и сопоставлению фактов, к формулированию выводов из прочитанного и услышанного на уроке; развитие способности к подбору выражений, адекватных ситуации.

воспитательный аспект: формирование гуманитарного мировоззрения; уважительного отношения к героям ВОВ, развитие патриотизма.

учебный аспект: развитие речевого умения диалогической речи, развитие речевого умения монологического высказывания по модели.

Сопутствующие задачи: развитие умения читать с общим охватом содержания, с целью извлечения конкретной информации, развитие навыков аудирования с детальным пониманием.

Ход мероприятия

  1. Организационный момент

( Учитель сообщает цели и задачи, знакомит участников с эпиграфом на слайде. Эпиграфом служат слова великого деятеля времен Великой Отечественной Войны Г. Н. Жукова о значении подвига советского народа для истории Отечества.) Учитель английского языка: What is the war? It’s death, pain, losts and tears. Broken lives, which will never see the sun, will never hug the children, will never feel the mother’s care, will never support their wives and husbands. This is the end, for them, for those who died. But not for us, for us this is a victory through tears. This is a victory day—a great day!!

2. Слайд-презентация «Хронология битв и Великая Победа»)

Question 1: according to “Barbarossa Fall” plan of Hitler the war against the Soviet Union was to be over in 2 or 3 months. His plan of capturing was called “Typhoon”. Why didn’t Hitler manage to fulfill his plan?

Question 2: The Act of Military Surrender was signed on May, 8, 1945. Why then is Victory Day celebrated on the 9th of May?

3. Актуализация знаний

Задание 1: «Восстановите хронологическую цепь основных событий Великой Отечественной Войны».

Задание 2: «Из предложенного списка выберите фамилии героев Великой Отечественной Войны».

Задание 3: «Вставьте пропущенные слова» (отрывок из письма ученика 8 класса про празднование «Дня Победы в школе»)

Задание 4: озаглавить тексты

Задание 5: «Я - переводчик» (учащимся предлагается попробовать себя в роли переводчиков. Для перевода дано стихотворение о Великой Отечественной Войне на английском языке и песню «Катюша», которые они должны перевести на русский , сохранив рифму и общий смысл содержания стихотворения и песни)

4. Подведение итогов

Учитель совместно с учениками подводит итоги урока, опрашивает мнение учеников об уроке, анализирует эффективность реализации поставленных целей и задач; учащиеся пересказывают моменты дискуссии, которые им запомнились и показались наиболее интересными)



Где бы ни находился советский человек - на фронте, в тылу странны, в тылу врага, в фашистских лагерях, - всюду и везде он делал всё от него зависящее, чтобы приблизить час победы.

Г. Н. Жуков



Texts for reading

Text 1.

Reading activity:

Choose the right headings for the parts of the text, one heading is extra.


  1. The Boy’s Heroic Deeds.


  2. Young Partisans.


  3. Happy Childhood.


  4. The War Began.


  5. The games the Children Played.



Lyonya Golikov


  1. ___________________________


Lyonya Golikov lived in a village that stood near the river Pola. His father was a craftsman and used to be away from home for many weeks at home for many weeks at a time. His mother worked on a collective farm and was busy for most of the day. Besides, she had a large family to look after. Lyonya and his two sisters were a great help to their mother. When she came back home very tired after work, she usually found her children doing their household chores. They also went to school, did their homework and read books. The Golikovs were a united family.

Lyonya was short but well-built boy. He could do a lot of things better than his friends could. He could jump over wide streams, climb the tallest trees or swim across the river. His life was quiet and happy and he was very fond of the place where he lived. One day his father fell ill and could no longer work. The boy had to start working to help his family.


  1. ___________________________


One warm Sunday, Lyonya went to the river with his friends and they heard a group of people talking about something. Everybody looked worried and sad. Some women were crying. They all kept saying the same word: “War! War!” The boys knew the word from textbooks. At home the boys found an old book containing a map of Europe. Nazi Germany was far away from their home. This made them feel calm and safe.

Soon nearly all the men had gone to the front and the boys could not play their favourite games because they had to start working in the fields.

Little by little the Nazi troops came closer to the village where Lyonya lived. The villagers decided to go into the forest which was quite a safe hiding place. In the forest there was a lot of work to do. The people started a new and unusual life. To begin with, they made dugouts. Lyonya and his father were busy making new homes for the villagers.


  1. __________________________


The day that everyone had been afraid of arrived. The Nazis occupied the village. People tried to hide and escape from the fascists in some way or another, but enemy soldiers found them and forced them to return to their houses.

Winter came. There was talk of partisans. People whispered that they had appeared in the nearby forest. One day Lyonya’s father told him that he had spoken to one of the partisans. Lyonya wanted to join the partisans and he was very happy when he was asked to stick up leaflets on the walls of the houses or hand them out to anyone he might meet. The leaflets called on the local people to fight against the Nazis and made them feel unsafe. It was a very dangerous task. So Lyonya became a partisan.

Several months passed and everyone in the partisan detachment thought that Lyonya and his friend Mitya were very useful. The commander thought that they could be given more difficult tasks. Lyonya took part in some risky operations – the partisans went to the railway to blow up enemy troop trains.


  1. ____________________________


One day Lyonya and a group of partisans blew up a train and ran to the forest when they were attacked by the enemy. The group leader was badly wounded. It was very hard very hard for Lyonya to carry him but Lyonya would not leave his comrade. Lyonya was very tired but he brought the leader to the camp and saved his life. The boy was awarded the medal for Valour in Battle.

Lyonya was also given the highest award the Hero of the Soviet Union for obtaining very important documents.

Post reading activity.
Answer the question: What kind of character did the boy have?

Prove it with examples from the text.







Text 2.

Reading activity:

Choose the right headings for the parts of the text, one heading is extra.

A. The Boy Joined an Underground Group.

B. We Shall Always Remember the Hero.

C. Life before the War.

D. People’s Hard Life at War.

E. The Boy Learnt about the War.


Valya Kotik


  1. __________________________


Valya Kotik was born in a small village in Ukraine. He had a brother, Vitya who was a bit older. His parents worked on a collective farm and were busy from morning till night. The boys looked after the house themselves. Valya liked reading books very much. He was a kind, friendly boy and always ready to help others. At school he was one of the best pupils. The family moved to Shepetovka where a famous hero used to live. Valya was very proud to live in that town. All the schoolchildren did their best to look like their role model. Valya made a lot of friends. The family lived a happy life.


  1. ___________________________


One day Valya and his friends rode bicycles around the town and came home frightened

as they had learnt about the war. A few days later their fathers went off to the front. The news from the front was sad. Nazi troops moved towards the centre of the country. People passed through the town all the time and many local people were leaving too. They did not want to stay in a peace which could soon be occupied by the fascists. The Kotiks could not leave the town as the enemy had occupied it.


  1. ____________________________


One day a strange man came to live in their house. The man’s name was Didenko. Valya did not like him as he thought Didenko was working for the Nazis. Valya and his friends learnt about an underground group which united people to fight against the Nazis. Didenko was the leader of this group. He thought that Valya was too young to join. When he found some leaflets in his pocket the man understood that the boy really wished to fight against the enemy. From that day onwards Valya was given tasks by the underground group. The boy counted enemy tanks and soldiers – information that was important for the Red Army.

Valya and his friends did a lot of risky tasks and Didenko worried about the boys’ lives and sent them to a partisan detachment. The man thought it was safe for them in the forest. In the detachment the boys found out how to be useful for the partisans.

They helped to blow up enemy troop trains. Once, Valya informed the detachment that danger was coming. It saved the lives of many people and the partisan commander.
The boy was awarded a medal for his courage.


  1. ___________________________

It was his 14th birthday when Valya learnt that the Red Army had freed his native Shepetovka. The commander said that Valya should go home but the boy did not listen. He wanted to stay with the partisans and help to free a small town near Shepetovka and them would he go home. He thought like a real soldier. The partisans ran into the town and drove the Nazis away from it. Valya and some other partisans were ordered to stand guard over an ammunition dump. Shots could be heard all around. Just then something hit Valya in the stomach. Valya felt against a wall…

Valya Kotik was buried in Shepetovka in the garden of his school. After the war he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War and in 1958 the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union. In Shepetovka and Moscow monuments were set up in memory of this young partisan.


Post reading activity.
Answer the question: What kind of character did the boy have?

Prove it with examples from the text.



Text 3.
Reading activity:

Choose the right headings for the parts of the text, one heading is extra.


  1. Brave scouts Returned in a Car.


  2. Sad Thoughts.


  3. The Last Task of the Young Pioneer.


  4. First tragedies.


  5. Happy Green Years.



Marat Kazey

1.__________________________

Marat was 7 years old when his farther died. The boy knew that his father had once served in the Navy and had been a good sailor. Their family was quite small: just him, his mother and his elder sister Ada. Their house was in a village few kilometres from Minsk.

The front was moving closer to their village. The Nazis had already occupied a small town nearby and people sometimes saw them walking or riding not far from the village.

One day the Nazis broke into Marat’s house and began to look for something. Although Marat had brought home a few grenades and hidden them somewhere the day before, the soldiers couldn’t find anything. A few days later the Nazis arrested his mother and soon Marat learnt that she had been killed.

2.___________________________

Marat was walking away from the partisan camp. The road was covered with snow and the air was frosty. He passed by sad, empty villages of ruined houses. All this made him feel unhappy; he remembered his mother and began to cry quietly. German soldiers were moving along the road but none of them had any idea that the boy in old clothes walking not far from them was a brave young pioneer. His aim was to reach a certain town where there were a lot of Nazi troops. Then he was going to tell the partisans what he had seen there.

3.____________________________

One day Marat and a few other partisans were told to go to one of the nearest villages and learn about the enemy’s buildings there. They left early in the morning. Many hours passed but they did not come back. Their comrades worried about them. Suddenly they heard the sound of a motor and saw a car driving towards them at full speed. When the car stopped they all were very surprised to find Marat and other pioneers sitting in it. The pioneers had not only brought with them important documents, they had also got hold of a German car and driven off in it right under the enemy’s nose.

4.____________________________

Spring came, the air was warm and the trees were beginning to show their little green leaves. Marat was sent get information about enemy troops again. This time he went with his friend. Both boys were riding horses. Suddenly they heard a strange noise in the forest. They realized that there were German soldiers close by but they did not know that they would meet so many of them face to face.

Marat’s friend went back to the camp to let the partisans know about the attack. The Nazis began to shoot at the boy. The firing stopped and Marat did not know what had happened. Marat was waiting for his friend and for help from his comrades. Marat hid in the bushes and waited for the enemy to come closer. The boy killed a lot of German soldiers until his gun would shoot no longer. There were no bullets left in it. The Nazis were approaching solely. The boy knew that they were going to capture him alive. Marat rose to his feet when the soldiers were very close. He had a grenade in his hand. The moment a few fascists tried to catch him the grenade exploded. Many of them were killed. Marat died on the 11
th of May 1944.


Post reading activity.

Answer the question: What kind of character did the boy have?

Prove it with examples from the text

Послетекстовая работа. Презентация пересказа текста – один учащийся от группы. Обсуждение с учащимися подвигов героев, их мужества. Показ слайдов с фотографиями героев.


Ролевая игра. Группа делится на три группы – представители нашей страны, Великобритании и США. У учащихся прикреплены флажки стран, откуда они.


А. Приветствие, расспрос о цели приезда (празднование Дня Победы) – диалогическая речь.

Б. Рассказ представителей группы о праздновании Дня Победы в представляемой стране – монологическая речь.

B. Показ слайдов, иллюстрирующих празднование Дня Победы в нашей стране, США и Великобритании.


In Our Country.

On the 9
th of May people in our country, in Russia and in many ex-Soviet countries celebrate Victory Day in honour to the USSR victory over the Nazi Germany. Our town is decorated with flags and flowers. People put flowers to the Military Glory Memorial. We must be grateful to those who put their lives on the altar of the USSR victory. We must keep their memory carefully and appreciate everything they did for us, as we are living just because they are dead. The main event is military parade. People also congratulate veterans who had to struggle frantically with terrible enemies. There are a lot of people in the streets and squares, at theatres, cinemas and concert halls. In the evening you can see beautiful fireworks.


In the USA.

In the USA, what you refer to as “Victory Day” is known as Memorial Day. It is celebrated on the last Monday of May. It is largely dedicated to World War II but is actually a memorial for all fallen in all of the wars in which the USA took part. Americans have a 3-day weekend which marks the unofficial start of summer. Memorial Day is traditionally the occasion for cook-outs with hot dogs, hamburgers and other grilled food. In the capital of the country, Washington DC, there is a big concert on the White House lawn that is open to the public and television nationwide. It combines entertainment with tribute to soldiers, past and present. On the 11
th of November we have Veteran’s Day. It is marked by tributes to soldiers who fought in wars, including World War I, World War II. The President visits the National Cemetery and tombs of the Unknown Soldier.


In the UK.

We celebrate VE (Victory in Europe Day) on the 8
th of May. This day commemorates the date when the World War II ended. In the United Kingdom more than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the war in 1945, in London crowds massed in Trafalgar Square. But nowadays there is no such holiday, no parade and nothing more than a small mention on the news about VE Day. But we show recognition of our soldiers on the 11th of November (or nearest Sunday) each year. It is the date when the World War I ended. We remember the soldiers of all military conflicts that gave their lives by wearing a red paper poppy. On this day, Remembrance Sunday we have military parades of soldiers both old and new. Every church has a ceremony; it is a memorial to the fallen. This day is more important than VE Day in May in the UK.


Исполнение песни «Катюша» на английском языке, художественный перевод текста песни.


hello_html_m7d975a1a.jpgKatyusha.

Apple trees and pear trees were a flower,
River mist was rising all around.
Young Katusha went strolling by the hour
On the steep banks, O'er the rocky ground.
By the river's bank she sang a love song
Of her hero in a distant land.
Of the one she'd dearly loved for so long,
Holding tight his letters in her hand.
Oh, my song, song of a maiden's true love,
To my dear one travel with the sun.
To the one with whom Katusha knew love,
Bring my greetings to him, one by one.
Let him know that I am true and faithful,
Let him hear the love song that I send.
Tell him as he defends our home that grateful,
True Katusha our love will defend.

hello_html_m76016fc9.jpg





Text 4.
There were severe fightings during the Great Patriotic War. Some major battles took place near Moscow (December, 1941).

In 1942 took place Stavropol battle since June till July. This battle was failed. In September, 1942 started great fights for Stalingrad. This battle continued since July 1942 up to February 1943. The other not less important and bloody fight took place at the Arc of Kursk (July – August, 1943).

1944 was rather successful for soviet army. A number of cities such as Leningrad, Odessa, Kerch, the Crimea was liberated from Nazi troops. The most severe and the most heroic battle took place in April – May, 1945 for Berlin.


The Main Steps of Great Patriotic War



Художественный перевод стихотворения.

Back from war


With soldiers coming back from war,

All around clock the troop – trains roar,

The soldiers coming back from war,

As in a dream through Moscow pour.

Now back from war the old men come

And fathers, who are still quite young.

Back to Siberia they come,

The men who fish and trap and hunt.

Who drive machineries, who know

In peaceful valleys what to grow –

The giant – people now return…

Returning?

No!

The victor – people

Forward go!

Возвращались солдаты с войны.

Возвращались солдаты с войны

По железным дорогам страны.

Возвращались солдаты с войны

И прошли по Москве, точно снег.

Возвращались домой старики

И совсем молодые отцы,

Возвращались сибиряки –

И охотники, и рыбаки,

И водители сложных машин

И властители мирных долин,

Возвращался народ – исполин.

Возвращался?

Нет!

Шёл он вперед

Шёл вперёд

Победитель-народ!



Список литературы

Гиреев М.А. Неоднозначные страницы войны: очерки о проблемных вопросах ВОВ, - М., 1995

История Отечества в лицах: Биографическая энциклопедия, - М., 2010

Россия XIXXX вв.: Взгляд зарубежных историков / отв. ред. А.Н. Сахаров. – М., 1996





















































Самоанализ мероприятия

Интегрированный урок по английскому языку и истории, посвященный 71-летию победы в Великой Отечественной войне, был проведен 23 января 2016 учителем английского языка Петрущак И.Ю.

По результатам проведенного мероприятия можно сделать следующие выводы:

- задачи, поставленные при разработке урока, реализованы в полном объёме. В ходе проведения урока учащиеся познакомились с историческими фактами о Великой Отечественной войне, биографиями и подвигами участников-героев войны, сравнили и сопоставили факты, сформулировали выводы, активизировали лексические единицы военной тематики в монологической и диалогической речи.

- успешно реализованные задачи позволили достигнуть поставленным задачам урока. Учащиеся составляли монологические и диалогические высказывания по предложенной модели.

- запланированная последовательность этапов урока была соблюдена. В ходе урока учителями успешно применялось чередование различных видов деятельности, как одного из основных принципов здоровье сберегающих технологий.

Анализ творческого задания, предложенного ученикам в заключение урока, показал высокую степень заинтересованности учащихся в достижении конечного результата. Правда, дети столкнулись с определенными трудностями при переводе стихотворения с английского языка на русский, а именно, в соблюдении правильной грамматической организации лексических единиц.










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Дата добавления 25.08.2016
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Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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