«Education : Schools in Russia and Britain»
Цели и задачи урока:
1. развивающий аспект – развитие самостоятельности, креативности, воображения, способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия;
2.воспитательный аспект – воспитание потребности к творчеству;
3. учебный аспект – развитие речевого умения;
4. сопутствующая задача – скрытый контроль уровня развития речевого умения.
Речевой материал: лексика и грамматика предыдущих уроков.
Страноведение: ознакомление с системой образования в стране изучаемого языка.
Тип урока: обобщающий.
Оборудование: компьютерный экран, проектор, доска, упражнения, выполненные на компьютере с помощью программы для презентаций “ Power Point”, раздаточный материал.
I. Организация класса: приветствие и сообщение темы урока.
Teacher: Good morning dear pupils! Sit down and let’s begin our lesson. The theme of the lesson is “Schools in Britain and Russia”.
2. Повторение лексики: Listening
Teacher: Remember words and expressions. You listen to my explanations and match them with words.
(Для слабых учеников для контроля слова могут быть записаны на доске или изображены на экране.)
1. boarding school a)a school for children from 2 to 5 years old
2.coeducational school b)education for people who are older than school age
3.comprehensive school c)education here is free of charge
4.compulsory d)parents pay for this school
5.further education e)a school for children from 7 to11 years old
6.infant school f)pupils live and study here
7.junior school g)required by law
8.nursery school h)boys and girls study together
9.private school i)takes pupils of all abilities
10.state school j)a school for children from 5 to 7 years old
3.Чтение с извлечением информации.
Teacher: You have two texts.
1. Read and name your text.
2.Find necessary information and fill the tables.
(Учащиеся делятся на группы. Получают карточки с текстами и таблицы для заполнения. После выполнения упражнения группы зачитывают результаты поиска и сравнивают информацию.На доске или на экране план поиска.)
1. Types of schools/ education.
2. Age of children (When do they start and finish school).
3. Subjects do pupils study.
4. Possibilities after school.
In Great Britain education is compulsory for all children from 5 to 16 years of age. Parents can choose to send their children to a nursery school or a pre-school play group to prepare them for the start of compulsory education.
All state schools in Britain are free, and schools provide their pupils with books and equipment for their studies. Ninety per cent of schools in England, Scotland and Wales are co-educational. That means that boys and girls are taught together in the same class.
At the age of 5 children go to infant school, which is the first stage of primary education. There is no written timetable and classes are informal. From 7 to 11 pupils attend junior school, which is the second stage of primary education. In primary school children are taught the so-called 3R's: reading, writing and arithmetic. They also have music, physical training and art classes.
At the age of 11 most pupils go to secondary schools called comprehensive schools. These schools accept children of all abilities without entrance exams. About six per cent of students go to grammar schools, which take students who pass the eleven-plus examination. Grammar schools lead towards higher education, whereas comprehensives give general or vocational education
At 16 pupils take national exam called "GCSE" (General Certificate of Secondary Education) and then they can leave school if they wish. This is the end of compulsory education. Some 16-year-olds continue their studies in the sixth form at school or at a sixth-form college. The sixth form prepares pupils for the national exam called "A" level (Advanced Level) at 18. You need "A" levels to enter a university.
All Russian children have the right to education, but it is not only a right, it is a duty, too. Education in our country is compulsory and now lasts eleven years. It consists of primary education and secondary education.
Primary education starts at the age of six or seven and continues for four years. The primary school curriculum includes Russian, Maths, Reading, Drawing, PT and Music. In some schools English, History or Computer Science are taught beyond a "core curriculum".
After four years of primary school classes pupils go on to secondary school, where they study a variety of subjects: Russian, Literature, Maths, Physics, Chemistry, English or other foreign languages, History, Geography, Biology and PT. There is no uniform now. Classes last 40 minutes with breaks from 10 to 20 minutes. As a rule, pupils go to school five days a week. The school year begins in September and ends in May. It is divided into 4 terms with holidays up to 10 days between them. The summer holidays last from June to September.
Most of the schools in Russia are comprehensive, which take pupils of all abilities without entrance exams. But there are also some specialized schools, lyceums and gymnasiums, which give profound knowledge in various academic subjects. Besides, they offer different "elective" subjects, which are not necessary for everybody. A student chooses the electives which will be necessary for him for his future work or further education at university or college. In lyceums and gymnasiums classes last 45 minutes and pupils usually study 6 days a week.
After classes pupils don't usually go home right away. They have some extra-curricular activities. Their social and cultural life is well-organized. Schools have different clubs and societies, and pupils can take part in their work according to their preferences.
After finishing the ninth form students must take four examinations. But to enter a university or a college they have to study for two more years and take five examinations on finishing the eleventh form.
(После выполнения задания по одному ученику от группы или все ученики одной группы дополняя друг друга сообщают собранную ими информацию. Учащиеся другой группы задают наводящие вопросы если необходимо. Для слабых учащихся можно предложить примерные вопросы на экране или доске.)
At what age do children start school in Britain/in Russia?
Is secondary education compulsory for all children?
Do boys and girls go to the same schools?
What types of school are there in Britain/in Russia?
What types of schools does primary school include in Britain?
How long does a pupil learn at primary school?
What kind of school is a comprehensive school?
How long does a pupil learn at secondary school?
When do pupils graduate from school?
What can they do after leaving secondary school? Can they continue their education?
What type of education is there after school?
What schools are called "public schools"?
4. Составление диалога.
(Результатом урока должен получиться диалог в парах на заданную тему или в заданной ситуации. Например: разговор между учениками из России и Британии, которые встретились по программе обмена.)
Teacher: So pupils you have worked well and let’s speak about school system in Russia and in Britain. You can use all information you have found.
Olga: Hi, my name is Olga. I’m Russian. I live and study in Belgorod and I’m pleased to welcome you in our school. We have the best teachers in our city.
Jane: Hi! I’m Jane. I’m from Liverpool. I study in grammar school specializing in English language and literature . My school is comprehensive. What type of schools are there in your city?
O: We have comprehensive school too . All of them are compulsory. Some of them are ordinary and another are lyceums or gymnasiums. My school is lyceum specializing in Math and Computer technology.
J: When do you usually start school?
O: As usual we start school at the age of seven or more rare of six. I went to school at seven . I spent at primary school four years and was the best. Now I’m at 9’th form.
J: Oh, you are lucky. In Britain primary school is divided into infant and junior school and we study there six years, from six to eleven. There is also a reception class . Then we continue our education in secondary school for five years. What about Russian pupils? How long do they continue their education?
O: we have secondary school too. From 5 to 9 year we must stay at school but then if you want you can leave school or continue to study for two years. If you are so interested in our Education System I invite you to visit our lyceum.
J: Thanks a lot. It will be pleasure for me.
5. Подведение итогов урока.
(Оценивается групповая работа и работа в парах. Учащиеся могут сами выбрать наиболее удачный диалог и определить кто в группе соперников работал лучше. Результаты урока можно засчитать как контроль навыка устной речи. На уроке можно использовать презентацию «The education Systev»)
1. Английский язык: Учебник для 9 кл. общеобразовательных учреждений/ В.П. Кузовлев , Н.М. Лапа , Э.Ш.Перегудова и др. –М.: Просвещение, 2007г.
2. Устные темы, диалоги и упражненияпо английскому языку: к учебнику В.П.Кузовлева: 9 класс.: учебно-методическое пособие/ Е.И.Кисунько, Е.С.Музланова
3. УМК к учебнику В.П.Кузовлев и др. Английский язык. 9 класс.