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Westminster Palace is known as the House of Parliament. The modern Westminster Palace was built in 1840 after the fire on the historical place of the old Westminster Palace.
There are two towers: the Victoria Tower and the Clock Tower. The Victoria Tower holds the documents of both the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Big Ben is the name of the huge clock bell on the top of Big Ben.
Trafalgar square Trafalgar Square is the most famous of London squares. It`s situated in the centre of London not far from Westminster and Buckingham Palace. The square was named after Admiral Horatio Nelson. In the middle of square a very tall column stands. Its height is 50 m. It`s the monument to Lord Nelson. His statue is on the top of the column. The statue is 5 m high. Trafalgar Square is the place for political demonstrations and it is the popular meeting place for both tourists and Londoners.
National Gallery It was begun in 1824 when 38 pictures were bought by the Government. The collection contains pictures of all the European schools of painting between the 13th and early 20th century. Now there more than 2000 paintings in the collection.
Tower The Tower of London is a famous ancient historic building. It was founded By William the Conqueror in 1078. At first it was a fortress and a palace. Then it was the king`s residence. From the 15th to 18th century it was a state prison. For some time it was the first royal observatory. For 300 years there was the royal zoo. Today the Tower houses the unique collection of Royal arms.
St Paul`s Cathedral
St Paul`s Cathedral is the city`s greatest monument and the masterpiece of the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren. Inside the church there are monuments of national heroes. The Duke of Wellington, Admiral Nelson, Joshua Reynolds and Christopher Wren are buried there.
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