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Материалы для урока по теме " Воодушевляющая речь"


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Employees lacking motivation cannot work with the best of their capabilities. Both external and self-motivation are essential to drive them to excellence. It's the employer and management's responsibility to encourage the organization's resources to do their jobs well. Guest speeches can be arranged once in a while to motivate the workforce. Effective speakers can inspire the employees to strive for betterment at work. Here are some topics to talk on.

Importance of teamwork
Effective leadership
You can win!
How to set realistic goals
What is strategic planning?
How to achieve effective decision-making
Importance of focus at work
How to not let external forces demotivate you
How to achieve targets without getting stressed
Dealing with difficult people at the workplace
Overcoming job stress
Dealing with mistakes at work
How to dream big
How does self-motivation work?




Education
Motivation is an essential component of student life. As a student, one needs to feel motivated enough to exploit the fullest of his potential, be it in academics, sports or other activities. Motivational speeches for students intend to change their way of thinking. These speeches can give their lives a new direction. If school or college students are going to be your audience, choose topics like:
Believe in yourself
Being confident
It's now or never
How to motivate yourself to exercise
How to stay away from negative peer pressure
Admitting mistakes and learning from them
How to overcome adversities in life
How to be a responsible teenager
Breaking bad habits
Importance of discipline in life
Treat others the way you wish to be treated
How positive thinking helps
Actions v/s words
How to motivate yourself to study
Importance of prayer
Building self-esteem



Real Life
Motivational speeches can work wonders, if delivered the right way. They can inspire the masses to act with the fullest of their potentials. They can boost confidence in people and inspire them to overcome failure. There were entrepreneurs who changed the world, there were leaders who influenced masses, there were activists who devoted their lives to a social cause. Citing examples of their work can make a motivational speech more effective. Talking about their lives and how they faced adversity can serve as a good motivation for the audience. Give examples of these people's contribution to society. Explain how they made a difference to the world. Great people and their commendable work can make good inspirational speech topics. Here are some examples.
Accomplishments of George Washington
Life and work of Mahatma Gandhi
Life of Mother Teresa
An account of Helen Keller's Life
Albert Einstein's contributions to science
How Abraham Lincoln overcame his failures
Oprah Winfrey's life
People who changed the World
World's greatest leaders
Entrepreneurs who took risks
People who rose from the ashes
Successful entrepreneurs who overcame adversities






I

I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification – one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.


II


In this grave hour, perhaps the most fateful in history, I send to every household of my peoples, both at home and overseas, this message, spoken with the same depth of feeling for each one of you as if I were able to cross your threshold and speak to you myself.

For the second time in the lives of most of us, we are at war.

Over and over again, we have tried to find a peaceful way out of the differences between ourselves and those who are now our enemies, but it has been in vain.

 


  III

we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.

IV

I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved, in the midst and heat of the battle, to live and die amongst you all; to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood, even in the dust. I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field.



V

Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Our Chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my Chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever.

VI

You have left it to women in your land, the men of all civilised countries have left it to women, to work out their own salvation. That is the way in which we women of England are doing. Human life for us is sacred, but we say if any life is to be sacrificed it shall be ours; we won’t do it ourselves, but we will put the enemy in the position where they will have to choose between giving us freedom or giving us death.

VII

We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others,

VIII

Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises,

Sounds and sweet airs, that give delight and hurt not.

Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments

Will hum about mine ears, and sometime voices

That, if I then had waked after long sleep,

Will make me sleep again: and then, in dreaming,

The clouds methought would open and show riches

Ready to drop upon me that, when I waked,

I cried to dream again.

IX

In peace there’s nothing so becomes a man

As modest stillness and humility:

But when the blast of war blows in our ears,

Then imitate the action of the tiger;

Stiffen the sinews, summon up the blood,

Disguise fair nature with hard-favour’d rage

X

A borrowed book is like a guest in the house; it must be treated with punctiliousness, with a certain considerate formality. You must see that it sustains no damage; it must not suffer while under your roof. You cannot leave it carelessly, you cannot mark it, you cannot turn down the pages, you cannot use it familiarly. And then, some day, although this is seldom done, you really ought to return it.































I

What makes this a great speech?

- Abstract nouns like “dream”

-  simplicity of language with sincerity

- the future tense (“will be able”, “shall be”, “will be made””)

-  biblical rhetoric

- biblical language and imagery.



II

What makes this a great speech?

- economical with language

- superlatives the “most important” or “best”

- “We”, “usand I









III

What makes it a powerful speech?

- Structural repetition of the simple phrase “we shall…”

- Active verbs like “defend” and “fight”

- Very long sentences 







IV

What makes this a great speech?

- inclusive message.

- antithesis, or contrasting ideas

- Elizabeth takes on the role of a protector: there is much repetition of the pronoun “I”, and “I myself”



 


V

What makes this a good speech?

- This speech is a perfect example of a how a non-native speaker can make the English language their own

- Simple, short sentences

- Declarative sentences 







VI

What makes this a great speech?

- Direct acknowledgement of her audience through use of the pronoun you.

-irreconcilable contrasts 













VII

What makes this a great speech?

- Simple sentence structures: “We choose to go to the moon” = Subject + Verb + Complement.

- Repetition emphasises this.

- demonstrative (or pointing) pronouns e.g. “this decade”, “that goal”



VIII

What makes this a great speech?

- a wonder and uncertainty of the world

- It is highly alliterative

- onomatopoeia (e.g. “twangling”, “hum”: words whose sound is like they are describing) to make Caliban’s speech evocative.

IX

What makes this such a great rousing battle speech?

-imagery in King Henry’s speech

-Orders and imperative verbs give the speaker authority.

- Repetition of key phrases and units of sound

 



 

X

What makes this a great speech?

- Phelps personifies books in this speech

- novelty, which engages and holds the interest of a listener.

- This speech uses both modal verbs (“must”, “ought”) and prohibitions (“you cannot”)

Some tips to bear in mind when writing a speech

- KISS: the golden rule of Keep It Short and Simple really does apply. Keep your sentences short, your grammar simple.

- Rule of 3: another golden rule. The human brain responds magically to things that come in threes. Whether it’s a list of adjectives, a joke, or your main points, it’s most effective if you keep it to this structure.

- Imagery: Metaphors, similes and description will help an audience to understand you, and keep them entertained.

- Pronouns: Use “we” to create a sense of unity, “them” for a common enemy, “you” if you’re reaching out to your audience, and “I” / “me” if you want to take control.

- Poetry: Repetition, rhyme and alliteration are sound effects, used by poets and orators alike. They make a speech much more memorable. Remember to also structure pauses and parentheses into a speech. This will vary the flow of sound, helping you to hold your audience’s attention.

- Jokes: Humour is powerful. Use it to perk up a sleepy audience, as well as a rhetorical tool. Laughter is based on people having common, shared assumptions – and can therefore be used to persuade.

- Key words: “Every”, “improved”, “natural”, “pure”, “tested’ and “recommended” will, according to some surveys, press the right buttons and get a positive response from your listeners.








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Дата добавления 08.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
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