“Problems of the Environment.”
(урок в 8 классе по учебнику Верещагиной И.Н. для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка)
ГБОУ СОШ № 814
ЗАО г. Москвы
Учитель английского языка
развивающий аспект – развитие мышления, творческой фантазии, инициативы в осуществлении иноязычной речевой деятельности; способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия; развитие межпредметной связи с предметом «Экология»;
воспитательный аспект – формирование у школьников любви и уважительного отношения к природе; развитие умения работать в коллективе.
учебный аспект формирование коммуникативной компетенции. совершенствование лексических навыков устной речи; развитие познавательного интереса на основе необычных средств представления учебного материала и включения учащихся в творческую деятельность.
дидактическая цель – создать условия для осознания и осмысления блока информации.
сопутствующая задача: контроль умений и навыков учащихся вести беседу, высказывать свое мнение по теме.
Тип урока: обобщающий урок, как урок совершенствования ЗУН по теме « Защита окружающей среды».
Вид урока: урок проблемного характера с элементами исследования;
Формы работы: индивидуальная, фронтальная, парная, групповая;
Методы и приёмы: метод эвристической беседы; метод исследовательских заданий; метод диалогического изложения; метод монологического изложения;
Оборудование урока: репродукции, картинки, изображающие красоту природы и карикатуры, аудиозапись, проектор, экран. (Приложение №1 –слайды к уроку.)
1. Приветствие. Цели урока:
Dear friends! Today we are going to have a talk and discuss the problems of the environment.
Today I want you to think about the place of a man in nature. Why did the writer say. To protect the nature means to protect the Motherland and moreover , what must people do to protect our common home – our planet?
Your task today is to use all the material you know on the theme “Problems of the Environment”.
2. Фонетическая зарядка.
If all the seas were one sea,
What a great sea that would be!
If all the trees were one tree,
What a great tree that would be!
And if all the axes were one axe,
What a great axe that would be!
And if all the men were one man,
What a great man that would be!
And if all the great man took the great axe,
And cut down the great tree,
And let it fall into the great sea,
What a splish-splash that would be!
Listen to the words and compare them with the Russian words.
Million, a ton, a kilogram, plastic, polythene, metal, cigarette, packet, supermarket, farm, industry, factory, ecology, planet, international, problem, computer, chance, climate, container.
3. Речевая зарядка.
Read the word combinations and create your own sentences with them.
1. It is prohibited to throw the litter away out of windows.
2. Some products are recyclable.
3. We read newspapers made of recycled paper.
4. There isn’t a recycling centre in our town.
5. We must drop litter into the bins only.
6. There are some words to call litter. For example, they are rubbish and garbage.
7. Every day many people buy packed and unpacked goods in the shops.
8. It is very dangerous to throw the packaging away.
9. Everyone can protect the nature.
10. Don’t buy drinks in plastic bottles. Buy the cans of drinks.
4. Проверка домашнего задания
Teacher: Your homework for today was to find the words of famous people about nature.
P1: Man is Nature’s sole mistake.
P2: “ Nature is not a temple, but a workshop and man is the workman in it”.
P3: “ In Nature there are neither rewards nor punishment – there are consequences”.
P4: “ Civilization is being poisoned by its own waste products”( W.R.Inge).
P5: “ You could cover the whole world with asphalt, but sooner or later green grass would break through”( I.Erenburg).
P6: “ Nature never did betray the heart that loved her”( W Wordworth).
P7: “ The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself”( F.B. Roosevelt)
Teacher: Well done. Now let’s check Ex.42,p.51
Find words or word combinations in the text:
which have a similar meaning to the following:
Litter – rubbish, garbage
to get rid of – to throw away
to make – to create
the packaging – container
to save – to protect
to damage – to destroy
terrible – horrible
which have the opposite meaning to the following:
to look worse – to look better
to destroy – to create – to save
dirty – clean - fresh
impossible – possible
to remember – to forget
fortunately - unfortunately
cheap – expensive
с) match the words on the left with the definitions on the right
1.litter a) a special can for garbage
2.garbage can b) garbage on the ground or in the street
3.fine c) everything that a person can see
4.control d) to manage or to stop
5.view e) a number of people
6. group f) money people pay as punishment
5. Физкультминутка. Look here.( разыгрывается сценка « На отдыхе».
a) Входит мальчик. В руках у него магнитофон, звучит громкая музыкаю мальчик вызывающе ведёт себя.
Он срывает листья с деревьев, ломает ветки, пинает ногой цветы, целится из рогатки в птиц. Выбирает место и разводит костёр. К мальчику подходят двое ребят из общества « Друзья планеты»(P2,P3)
P2: Who are you? What are you doing here?
P1: I’m on my way home from school. It’s one of the last days of the term. The weather is so nice that I decided to have a picnic in the grove.
P3: You left all your rubbish on the ground. There are bits of glass from your bottles of juice.
P2: Flowers have been pulled out. Animals are frightened. Trees are broken. The fire is burning. The air is polluted.
P1: The forest is big. There are lots of places for others to have a rest. I’m going to relax and have a good time. It is so noisy and dirty in the city.
b)обсуждается просмотренная ситуация. Учащиеся высказывают своё мнение, спорят, приводят аргументы в защиту своей позиции.
Примерные высказывания учащихся:
The boy wanted to relax after a hard working day. But it is impossible to do it in a noise city, so he decided to camp in the forest.
But he left the camp-fire burning near a heap of dry leaves, this often causes a forest fire. Have you ever seen a forest destroyed by fire?
That’s an awful thing to see. Campers must always remember to put out their camp-fire and cover the place with earth. It is the duty of every camper to take the greatest care not to start a forest fire.
I fully agree with you. The forest are in danger. The forests are disappearing fast not only because of fires. Every day we use paper and cardboard made from wood. Every year huge forests are cleared for different uses.
You are quite right. If we go on like this, before long all the forests on this planet may be destroyed..
By the way, some medicines come from trees and from plants and flowers which grow in the forest. We must know how important it is to care for our great forests and save them from harm.
And now we’ll begin our debates. There is a statement “Now human beings are killing our planet”.
The first team is for this statement. The second team is against this statement. There are two leaders of this teams: Lera and Fjedor. The leaders, introduce yourselves, please.
P1 – I know that every year people cut down more tress, build more roads and use more land for farming. All over the world the forests are disappearing. Do you agree with me?
P2 – No, I don’t think so, at the same time we can recycle most kinds
of paper, glass, metal and plastic.
P3 – The country air, once clean and fresh, now may be polluted by power stations and factories. I am sure it is dangerous. What do you think?
P4 – I am of a different opinion because we can stop using poisonous, gases, and our air would be fresh and clear.
P5 –But some of our rivers are now empty of fish. In some rivers you can even see a thick foam caused by chemical waste. Do you agree?
P6 – Not at all. If we didn’t pollute our rivers and lakes, they would be full of fish.
P7 – If I am not mistaken, many species of animals and birds have disappeared. Millions of animals die every year because man has polluted their natural homes. That’s awful.
P8 – I am not surprised. People must save animals, give them opportunity to live their life, help if they need it, and find the right balance between land, people and animals.
P9 –I doubt it, because many countries bury and forget about millions of tons of rubbish every year.
P10 – I agree with you. But we don’t have to throw away all our waste paper, glass, metal and plastic. We can also burn or recycle a lot of it. It fact waste can be wonderful stuff. Many things that we throw away can still be useful.
P11 – As far as I know recycling is very expensive.
P12 – I’ve heard about it. But it saves tress and energy and protects the environment from pollution.
P13 – Really ? We live among litter and waste. People don’t just pollute the environment. They pollute themselves with cigarettes, alcohol and junk food.
P14 – You are right. What’s wrong with us? How could people be so indifferent?
Everyone would agree that the problem of waste is very important. It worries a lot of people.
P15 – I’ am not surprised. If scientists predictions come true, we could be faced a truly alarming future.
P16 – I wonder, can people help our nature nowdays?
P17 –They certainly can. There is a proverb; While there is a life, there is a hope.
8. The battle between the leaders of the teams.
I’ll give you some words or word combinations. Your task is to give your arguments ‘for” or ‘against’ the statement ‘Now Human Beings are killing our Planet’
Forests and trees
Air, poison and fumes
Water, rivers, and fish
Land, wildlife,and forests
Recycling, litter and waste
7. Make up the rules
1. waste, paper, Don’t. (Don’t waste paper.)
2. litter, drop Never. (Never drop litter.)
3. not, waste, energy, Try, to (Try not to waste energy.)
4. аnything, away, throw, Before, you: and, stop, think. (Before you throw anything away stop and think.)
5. packaged, Avoid, goods, buying. (Avoid buying packaged goods.)
6. clean, environment, your, Help, to, up, local. (Help to clean up your local environment.)
7. winter, food, out, animals, for, Put, wild, in. (Put out food for wild animals in winter)
8. noise, to, pollution, Try, reduce. (Try to reduce noise pollution.)
9. pollute, Don’t, environment, the. (Don’t pollute the environment.)
10.too, making, trees, Avoid, close, to, fire. (Avoid making fire too close to trees.)
11. the, Earth, to, Help, save. (Help to save the Earth.)
12. pollution, air, Stop, and, water, (Stop air and water pollution.)
Make up your own rules. (Слайды №10,11,12,)
Draw the prohibited notices.
Make up as many phrases as possible using the words in the box.
Example: waste paper
Pollute, pollution, waste, protect, protection, protective, environment, environmental, antipollution, of, air, sea, problems, law, clothing, research, chemical, nuclear
9.Listening comprehension. Your task is to listen to me attentively and think of the possible ending of the story, tell it to your classmates and then choose the ending you like most ( it will be your homework for tomorrow).
Tash – a strange princess
Once upon a time there was a country. In this country you could see neither deep forests nor green fields. There were only plants and factories. People didn’t live in this country because the air wasn’t fresh and the water wasn’t drinkable. The smoke from plants and factories was very thick and it was impossible to see the sun in the grey sky. Robots, made of steel lived in this country and the name of the country was SU 104.
A very beautiful princess lived there. Her name was Tash. She wasn’t like other people. She was very strange, she liked to breathe dirty air and to drink polluted water. She was crazy about factories, plants and robots. The robots, who lived in SU-104, liked Tash too. They did everything she wanted. They made wonderful mechanical toys for her. They built a skyscraper for the princess. The skyscraper was so high that Tash was afraid to look out of the window..
The princess liked neither animals nor birds, neither trees nor flowers, that’s why the robots killed all the animals and birds, and cut down all the trees in the country. Tash was very happy.
One day when the princess was walking near one of her plants, she saw a young man on a horse. The young man said that he was a prince. His name was Deo. He got lost in SU-104 and couldn’t find his way home.
Deo was very hungry and tired and Tash invited him to her skyscraper. There they had dinner. The food and the water smelt and tasted bad, but the prince was so hungry that he ate everything.
After the dinner they talked a lot. The prince told the princess about other countries, about the beautiful nature there, blue seas and rivers, green forests and fields. Tash couldn’t understand what he was talking about.
That night she had a dream. In her dream there was a forest, a river, blue sky and the prince. It was wonderful.
But the next day a terrible thing happened. The prince fell ill. He couldn’t eat, drink, walk and talk. Tash didn’t know what to do. Nothing helped. The princess understood that the dirty water, the smoke from the plants, bad food were dangerous for the prince. He was dying. The girl fell on her knees and wanted to cry but she couldn’t, because she didn’t know how to cry. All her life she lived among robots and robots never cry. “ How can I save Deo?” she thought.
10. Домашнее задание. think of the ending of the story.
11. Listen to the poem.
I want to live and not to die
I want to laugh and not to cry
I want to feel the summer sun
I want to sing when life is fun
I want to fly into the blue
I want to swim as fishes do
I want to stretch out friendly hands
To all the young of other lands
I want to live and not to die
I want to laugh and not to cry
I want to mate, No atom bomb
My shining world.
12. Итоги урока. Оценки. Рефлексия.
We have already spoken about the environment problems on our planet. They are great. And we have to help our town and our planet to solve these problems.
You have worked well and I give you the next marks:
Thanks for your work.