Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Если глагол в главном предложении употребляется в прошедшем времени (said, asked, answered), то при переводе из П.Р. В К.Р. глагол в придаточном предложении изменяется: Прямая речь/Direct speech Косвенная речь /Reported speech Present Simple Past Simple Present Progressive Past Progressive Present Perfect Past Perfect Present Perfect Progressive Past Perfect Progressive Past Simple Past Perfect Future Simple Future-in-the Past Past Progressive Past Progressive Past Perfect Past Perfect
Меняются слова, обозначающие место и время действия: Прямая речь Косвенная речь Now(сейчас) Then(тогда) Here(здесь) There(там) This, these(это,этот, эти) That/those(то, тот, те) Today(сегодня) That day(в этот день) Tomorrow(завтра) The next day(на следующей день) Yesterday(вчера) The day before Next week/year(наследующей неделе/в следующем году) The following week/year(на следующей неделе/вследующем году) Last week(на прошлой недели) The week before(за неделю до)
Переделайте предложения из П.Р в К.Р. 1. “They were playing football at 5 o’clock last week.” 2. “I’ll try to phone you tomorrow.” 3. “Yesterday it was very cold.” 4. “I had written a letter before you phoned me.” 5. “Have you been to St Petersburg?” 6. “Have you been crying?” 7. “It’s raining again!” 8. “I often watch TV in the evening.” 9. “What is she doing now?” 10. “Come home by 11 p.m.” 11. “Don’t lend money to strangers, Anna.”
Для передачи в К.Р. вопросов чаще всего используются следующие глаголы: asked, wanted to know, wondered. Если вопрос общий, то используется один из названных глаголов с союзом if, при этом порядок слов становится прямым ( ). Are you a good sportsman? – She asked me if I was a good sportsman.
Для передачи в К.Р. специальных вопросов, порядок слов в вопросе становится прямым ( ). How did you know about my birthday? – He wondered how I had known about his birthday. General questions Wh-questions(Special questions) Direct Reported Direct Reported She said,“Are you a good reader?” She askedmeifI was a good reader. He said “How did you get here tonight?” Hewantedto know howI had got there that night. “Does your sister likejogging?” Shewantedto know ifmy sister liked jogging. “What subjects do you like?” Heaskedmewhat subjects I liked. “Will you come to the party?” Shewondered ifI wouldcome to the party. “What are you doing now?” Hewonderedwhat I was doingthen. “Have you met before?” Sheasked ifwe had met before. “Why is your cousin sad today?” Heaskedwhy my cousin was sadthat day.
Переделайте предложения из П.Р. в К.Р. 1. “They were playing football at 5 o’clock last week.” a) He said that they were playing football at 5 o’clock the week before. 2. “I’ll try to phone you tomorrow.” b) He said that he would try to phone me the next day. 3. “Yesterday it was very cold.” с) He said that it had been very cold the day before. 4. “I had written a letter before you phoned me.” d) He said that he had written a letter before I phoned him. 5. “Have you been to St Petersburg?” e) He asked me if I had been to St Petersburg before.
6. “Have you been crying?” f) He asked me if I had been crying. 7. “It’s raining again!” g) He said that it was raining again. 8. “I often watch TV in the evening.” h) He said that he often watched TV in the evening. 9. “What is the doing now?” i) He asked what she was doing then. 10. “Come home by 11 p.m.” j) The mother told her daughter to come home by 11 p.m. 11. “Don’t lend money to strangers, Anna.” k) She advised Anna not to lend money to strangers.
Переделайте из П.Р. в К.Р. 1. “Where did you find it?” 2. “How will they get there?” 3. “He didn’t know the truth.” 4. “Will she come tomorrow?” 5. “What were they doing?” 6. “When will they meet?” 7. “Does he play golf?” 8. “Why did they come?” 9. “How long have you been waiting?” 10. “Did she see him?”
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