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Russian's first world-famed specialist in natural science, a poet who laid down the foundations of Russian literary language and an advocate of education.
He was born in 1711 in the village of Denisovka near Arkhangelsk (later renamed Lomonosovo in his honor). His father, Vasily Dorofeyevich Lomonosov, was a prosperous peasant fisherman.
Misha often went with his father to the White Sea and to the Arctic Ocean. At an early age Lomonosov was eager to learn and read every book he could find. In 1730, at the age of 19 the young man left his home and went on foot to Moscow where he managed to enter the Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy by falsely claiming to be a priest’s son.
In 1736, Lomonosov was awarded a scholarship to Saint- Petersburg State University. He was rewarded with a two-year grant to study abroad at the University of Marburg, in Germany where he quickly mastered the German language, and in addition to philosophy, seriously studied chemistry.
Mikhail Lomonosov was the one who created a system of higher education in Russia. The foundation of a university in Moscow became possible only due to the efforts of Lomonosov, the outstanding Russian scholar and scientist, a person of encyclopedic knowledge. In 1940 on the occasion of its 185th Anniversary, Moscow State University was named after him.
Interested in furthering Russian education, Lomonosov wrote a grammar that reformed the Russian literary language by combining Old Church Slavonic with the vulgar tongue.
Lomonosov died in 1765 when he was only 54. He was buried in the cemetery of Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St-Petersburg.
M. Lomonosov is recognized as one of the outstanding scientists in the world who made significant contributions to literature, education, and science. He is known as “The father of Russian Science” and “The great son of Russia”.
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