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Elizabethan Theaters Queen Elizabeth I loved music, drama, and poetry and was a patron of the theatre and arts.
Elizabethan Theaters King James I -Became king in 1603; -Was a supporter of drama; -James became the patron of Shakespeare’s acting company - they changed their company name from the Lord Chamberlain’s Men to the King’s Men.
Elizabethan Theaters The “Master of Revels” was the official censor of the plays. A patron sponsored an acting company.
Playhouses Public – usually the backyards of inns. Famous theaters – the Rose, the Swan, the Globe, and the Curtain. Private – small, roofed buildings for the wealthy people.
Elizabethan Theaters The Theatre - London’s first theatre; -Built in 1576; -Owned by James Burbage.
The Theatre 1576 The Curtain 1577 The Rose 1587 The Swan 1595 The Globe 1599 The Fortune 1600 Elizabethan Theaters
The Globe Theatre
-Built in 1599; -Shakespeare was a part owner; -Burned down in 1613; -Rebuilt in 1614 - Torn down in 1644 by the Puritans. The Globe Theatre
the yard (groundlings) a flag the hut (heaven) the trap door (hell) the stage the galleries
-An open-air theatre; The plays were held in the afternoon in any weather; -A flag was hoisted on the day of the performance;
The trumpet played three times to announce that the play was about to begin.
The audience paid a penny and stood in the yard to watch a performance (groundlings). There were about 3000 seats in the galleries for wealthy people.
-Most plays lasted two hours without interruption. -No scenery was used during the performance.
The stage was considered a lower class profession, and no women could appear there. Young boys played female roles.
Actors wore contemporary costumes donated by their wealthy patrons.
- Consisted of 25-30 actors; Plays were written with actors and their abilities in mind; - The companies were named after their patrons (Lord Chamberlain’s Men, King’s Men). Acting Companies
Richard Burbage - one of the great tragic actors of his day. The roles of Hamlet, Othello and Lear were probably written for him. Elizabethan Actors
Will Kemp was a famous comedian. Elizabethan Actors
William Shakespeare acted in many of his plays. It is assumed that he played smaller roles in a variety of his own plays, including the ghost of Hamlet’s father. Elizabethan Actors
The New Globe 1997