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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Shakespeare's language"

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Shakespeare's language"

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  • Иностранные языки
The Language of William Shakespeare
How many words are there in the English language?
The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains entrie...
How many words did Shakespeare use?
Shakespeare used 31,534 words in his works. (Most adults have the vocabulary...
What language did Shakespeare speak?
Old English Faeder ure thu eart on heofonum, si thin nama gehalgod. Tobecume...
Middle English Oure fadir that art in heuenes, halwid be thi name; thi kyngdo...
Early Modern English (1611) Our father, which art in Heaven, hallowed be thy...
Modern English Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your Kingdom come...
The Book of Common Prayer 1549 King James Bible 1611
Spelling No standardized spelling; Shakespeare Shake-speare Shakspeare Shakes...
Spelling The Elizabethan alphabet contained 24 letters, as opposed to the pre...
Spelling The "j" was usually used as the capital form of the letter "i" in th...
Spelling - Another letter which resembled a "y" (a thorn) was used to represe...
Spelling Letter “e” was often omitted and replaced with an apostrophe (despis...
Grammar (Pronouns)
“If thou art privy to the country’s fate…” “...the throne of Denmark to thy f...
Grammar (Verb Forms)
- If thou lovest me	 - sayst thou so thou rememb’rest thou told’st me Shoulds...
Grammar (Verb Forms) Present Tense Past Tense Now	You -	were	had	would	could...
Grammar (Sentences) - Shakespeare often changed the word order in sentences:...
Vocabulary - Words that no longer exist in the English language; - Words that...
Vocabulary still = always, soft = slowly, an = if, perforce = you must, ay =...
Vocabulary Shakespeare coined a lot of new words and phrases: Words: 	"advert...
Vocabulary Phrases: 	- All that glitters is not gold (The Merchant of Venice)...
Vocabulary Phrases: 	- For goodness' sake (Henry VIII) - Good riddance (Troil...
Vocabulary Phrases: 	- Love is blind (Merchant of Venice) - Naked truth (Love...
1. Blank verse unrhymed lines with an arrangement of unstressed and stressed...
2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	alter...
2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	alter...
2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	divid...
3. Use of verse and prose Verse generally used: by aristocratic characters in...
4. Metaphors and similes “There’s daggers in men’s smiles” (from ‘Macbeth’)‏
4. Metaphors and similes “The quality of mercy is not strained. It droppeth a...
5. Antithesis “Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything, of nothi...
6. Repetition “Oh horrible, oh horrible, most horrible!” (The Ghost in ‘Hamle...
6. Repetition “O night, O night, alack, alack, alack, I fear my Thisbe’s prom...
7. Hyperbole “Blow me about in winds! Roast me in sulphur! Wash me in steep-d...
7. Personification “Come, civil Night; Thou sober-suited matron all in black....
8. Irony Verbal irony Saying one thing but meaning another Dramatic irony It...
9. Pronouns: you and thee You Implies either closeness, friendship or contemp...
Enjoy reading Shakespeare!
1 из 43

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 The Language of William Shakespeare
Описание слайда:

The Language of William Shakespeare

№ слайда 2 How many words are there in the English language?
Описание слайда:

How many words are there in the English language?

№ слайда 3 The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains entrie
Описание слайда:

The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains entries for about 750,000 words.

№ слайда 4 How many words did Shakespeare use?
Описание слайда:

How many words did Shakespeare use?

№ слайда 5 Shakespeare used 31,534 words in his works. (Most adults have the vocabulary
Описание слайда:

Shakespeare used 31,534 words in his works. (Most adults have the vocabulary of 20,000-35,000 words though only about 5,000-8,000 words are actively used).

№ слайда 6 What language did Shakespeare speak?
Описание слайда:

What language did Shakespeare speak?

№ слайда 7 Old English Faeder ure thu eart on heofonum, si thin nama gehalgod. Tobecume
Описание слайда:

Old English Faeder ure thu eart on heofonum, si thin nama gehalgod. Tobecume thin rice. Gewurthe thin willa on eorthan swa swa on heofonum. Do you think you know what it means?

№ слайда 8 Middle English Oure fadir that art in heuenes, halwid be thi name; thi kyngdo
Описание слайда:

Middle English Oure fadir that art in heuenes, halwid be thi name; thi kyngdom cumme to; be thi wille don as in heuen and in erthe; gif to us this day ouer breed oure substaunce; and forgeue uo us oure dettis as we forgeue to oure dettours. Does this one make a little more sense?

№ слайда 9 Early Modern English (1611) Our father, which art in Heaven, hallowed be thy
Описание слайда:

Early Modern English (1611) Our father, which art in Heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come; thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day, our daily bread; and forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors, and lead us not into temptation …

№ слайда 10 Modern English Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your Kingdom come
Описание слайда:

Modern English Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Your Kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us. Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours. Now and forever. Amen.

№ слайда 11 The Book of Common Prayer 1549 King James Bible 1611
Описание слайда:

The Book of Common Prayer 1549 King James Bible 1611

№ слайда 12 Spelling No standardized spelling; Shakespeare Shake-speare Shakspeare Shakes
Описание слайда:

Spelling No standardized spelling; Shakespeare Shake-speare Shakspeare Shakespere Shakespear Shak-speare Shakspear Shakspere Shaksper Shakespheare

№ слайда 13 Spelling The Elizabethan alphabet contained 24 letters, as opposed to the pre
Описание слайда:

Spelling The Elizabethan alphabet contained 24 letters, as opposed to the present day alphabet of 26 letters; - In the Elizabethan alphabet the letters "u" and "v" were the same letter as were "i" and "j";

№ слайда 14 Spelling The "j" was usually used as the capital form of the letter "i" in th
Описание слайда:

Spelling The "j" was usually used as the capital form of the letter "i" in the Elizabethan alphabet; The letter "u" was used only in the middle of a word, and the "v" was used at the beginning.

№ слайда 15 Spelling - Another letter which resembled a "y" (a thorn) was used to represe
Описание слайда:

Spelling - Another letter which resembled a "y" (a thorn) was used to represent the "th" sound. The word "the" was therefore written as "ye“; - Numbers were frequently written in lower case Roman numerals, with the last "i" in a number written as a "j". For example - viij March;

№ слайда 16 Spelling Letter “e” was often omitted and replaced with an apostrophe (despis
Описание слайда:

Spelling Letter “e” was often omitted and replaced with an apostrophe (despis’d – dispised), A lot of words were contracted: 'tis ~ it is, th’ ~ the, o'er ~ over, ne'er ~ never, i' ~ in, e'er ~ ever, oft ~ often, e'en ~ even

№ слайда 17 Grammar (Pronouns)
Описание слайда:

Grammar (Pronouns)

№ слайда 18 “If thou art privy to the country’s fate…” “...the throne of Denmark to thy f
Описание слайда:

“If thou art privy to the country’s fate…” “...the throne of Denmark to thy father” “By heaven I charge thee, speak” “As thou art to thyself”

№ слайда 19 Grammar (Verb Forms)
Описание слайда:

Grammar (Verb Forms)

№ слайда 20 - If thou lovest me	 - sayst thou so thou rememb’rest thou told’st me Shoulds
Описание слайда:

- If thou lovest me - sayst thou so thou rememb’rest thou told’st me Shouldst thou be if thou didst Whither wilt thou lead me

№ слайда 21 Grammar (Verb Forms) Present Tense Past Tense Now	You -	were	had	would	could
Описание слайда:

Grammar (Verb Forms) Present Tense Past Tense Now You - were had would could should did Then Thou - wast hadst wouldst couldst shouldst didst

№ слайда 22 Grammar (Sentences) - Shakespeare often changed the word order in sentences:
Описание слайда:

Grammar (Sentences) - Shakespeare often changed the word order in sentences: “These babes for Clarence weep” “So frowned he once”

№ слайда 23 Vocabulary - Words that no longer exist in the English language; - Words that
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary - Words that no longer exist in the English language; - Words that now have a different meaning;

№ слайда 24 Vocabulary still = always, soft = slowly, an = if, perforce = you must, ay =
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary still = always, soft = slowly, an = if, perforce = you must, ay = yes, fain = gladly, anon = at once, wherefore= why

№ слайда 25 Vocabulary Shakespeare coined a lot of new words and phrases: Words: 	"advert
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary Shakespeare coined a lot of new words and phrases: Words: "advertising", "assassination", "bedazzled", "eventful", "eyesore", "fortune-teller“, "outbreak", "quarrelsome", "radiance", "reclusive", "unreal", "well-read", "watchdog" …

№ слайда 26 Vocabulary Phrases: 	- All that glitters is not gold (The Merchant of Venice)
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary Phrases: - All that glitters is not gold (The Merchant of Venice) - Bated breath (The Merchant of Venice) Dead as a doornail (2Henry VI) Too much of a good thing (As You Like It)

№ слайда 27 Vocabulary Phrases: 	- For goodness' sake (Henry VIII) - Good riddance (Troil
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary Phrases: - For goodness' sake (Henry VIII) - Good riddance (Troilus and Cressida) Laughing stock (The Merry Wives of Windsor) Break the ice (The Taming Of The Shrew)

№ слайда 28 Vocabulary Phrases: 	- Love is blind (Merchant of Venice) - Naked truth (Love
Описание слайда:

Vocabulary Phrases: - Love is blind (Merchant of Venice) - Naked truth (Love's Labours Lost) - Own flesh and blood (Hamlet) Wild-goose chase (Romeo and Juliet)

№ слайда 29 1. Blank verse unrhymed lines with an arrangement of unstressed and stressed
Описание слайда:

1. Blank verse unrhymed lines with an arrangement of unstressed and stressed syllables known as iambic pentameter “ In sooth I know not why I am so sad” (from The Merchant of Venice)

№ слайда 30 2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	alter
Описание слайда:

2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: altered the pattern of unstressed and stressed syllables “that this too sullied flesh would melt” (from ‘Hamlet’)‏

№ слайда 31 2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	alter
Описание слайда:

2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: altered the expected number of syllables “There’s nothing ill can dwell in such a temple” (from ‘The Tempest’)

№ слайда 32 2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: 	divid
Описание слайда:

2. Variations on metre to make his verse less monotonous, Shakespeare: divided a single line between two or more speakers Emilia: Why, would not you? Desdemona: No, by this heavenly light! (from Othello)‏

№ слайда 33 3. Use of verse and prose Verse generally used: by aristocratic characters in
Описание слайда:

3. Use of verse and prose Verse generally used: by aristocratic characters in serious or dramatic scenes Prose generally used: by lower-class characters in comic scenes in informal conversations

№ слайда 34 4. Metaphors and similes “There’s daggers in men’s smiles” (from ‘Macbeth’)‏
Описание слайда:

4. Metaphors and similes “There’s daggers in men’s smiles” (from ‘Macbeth’)‏

№ слайда 35 4. Metaphors and similes “The quality of mercy is not strained. It droppeth a
Описание слайда:

4. Metaphors and similes “The quality of mercy is not strained. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven Upon the place beneath ” (from ‘The Merchant of Venice’)‏

№ слайда 36 5. Antithesis “Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything, of nothi
Описание слайда:

5. Antithesis “Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate, O anything, of nothing first created: O heavy lightness, serious vanity” (from ‘Romeo and Juliet’) The contrast of direct opposites.

№ слайда 37 6. Repetition “Oh horrible, oh horrible, most horrible!” (The Ghost in ‘Hamle
Описание слайда:

6. Repetition “Oh horrible, oh horrible, most horrible!” (The Ghost in ‘Hamlet’)‏ Repeated words or phrases add to the emotional intensity of a scene:

№ слайда 38 6. Repetition “O night, O night, alack, alack, alack, I fear my Thisbe’s prom
Описание слайда:

6. Repetition “O night, O night, alack, alack, alack, I fear my Thisbe’s promise is forgot! And thou, O wall, O sweet, O lovely wall.” (from ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’)‏ Repeated words or phrases add to the comic effect:

№ слайда 39 7. Hyperbole “Blow me about in winds! Roast me in sulphur! Wash me in steep-d
Описание слайда:

7. Hyperbole “Blow me about in winds! Roast me in sulphur! Wash me in steep-down gulfs of liquid fire!” (from ‘Othello’) Extravagant and obvious exaggeration :

№ слайда 40 7. Personification “Come, civil Night; Thou sober-suited matron all in black.
Описание слайда:

7. Personification “Come, civil Night; Thou sober-suited matron all in black.” (from ‘Romeo and Juliet’)‏

№ слайда 41 8. Irony Verbal irony Saying one thing but meaning another Dramatic irony It
Описание слайда:

8. Irony Verbal irony Saying one thing but meaning another Dramatic irony It is structural: one line or scene contrasts sharply with another The audience knows something that a character on stage does not In Julius Caesar, Mark Antony calls Brutus “an honourable man” but means the opposite In Macbeth Duncan’s line “He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust” is followed by the stage direction “Enter Macbeth”

№ слайда 42 9. Pronouns: you and thee You Implies either closeness, friendship or contemp
Описание слайда:

9. Pronouns: you and thee You Implies either closeness, friendship or contempt Used to address someone of higher social rank Can be aggressive or insulting Thee More formal and distant form Suggests respect for a superior Courtesy to a social equal Send clear social signals

№ слайда 43 Enjoy reading Shakespeare!
Описание слайда:

Enjoy reading Shakespeare!

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Дата добавления 26.08.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Презентации
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