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Hepatitis Hepatitis — the general name of inflammatory diseases of the livers arising from the various reasons and having different treatment.
There are infectious and noninfectious types of hepatitises. Infectious hepatitises: Virus hepatitis A Virus hepatitis B and D Virus hepatitis C
There are infectious and noninfectious types of hepatitises. Noninfectious types of hepatitises: Toxic hepatitis Autoimmune hepatitis
Hepatitis symptoms • Morbidity in the right podreberye. As a rule, pains have constant character, are described by patients as pressing or burning. At palpation of the right podreberye of pain amplify. • In some cases the kcal (the kcal becomes light) is observed akholichny. • Urine gains darkly brown color. • Yellowness of skin, and mucous. The symptoms listed above are the general for all hepatitises.
Virus hepatitises Virus hepatitises conditionally unite in group of the most widespread virus diseases of the person which represent a certain danger to his health. To them carry hepatitises of the groups A, B, C, D, and as E, F, G. Distinctive feature of these diseases are various types of viruses activators, but all of them have the general typicalness - strike a liver of the person, causing in it inflammatory processes. Today the science knows numerous quantity of other viruses (besides viruses of above-mentioned groups of hepatitises) which are capable to cause a liver disease. To them carry a rubella virus, a cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barra virus, a virus of AIDS (HIV) and others.
Chronic hepatitis Chronic hepatitis call inflammatory and dystrophic defeat of functions of a liver with atrofichesky changes in a parenchyma, with a gistiolimfotsitarny infiltratsiya on a course of a portal path with a hypertrophy of kupferovsky cages. Thus the dolkovy structure of a liver remains not broken.
Toxic hepatitis Hepatitis of this look arises at people with the broken function of a liver. It shares on two subspecies: medicinal and alcoholic. The reason of emergence of medicinal hepatitis is long reception of some medicines, such as tranquilizers or antibiotics. Time from the beginning of reception of medicinal substances before emergence of medicinal hepatitis varies from several days to several years. Chemical compounds of medicinal substances influence fabrics of a liver and break its functioning. Also the reason of emergence of alcoholic hepatitis is excessive alcohol intake owing to what there is a defeat of fabrics of a liver by a large amount of ethyl alcohol.
Acute hepatitis The most widespread reason of emergence of an acute hepatitis is virus hepatitis. Acute virus hepatitises are quite widespread in out-patient and stationary practice. They can be caused viruses infectious, leptospiry, and as by causative agents of enteric and septic bacterial infections. Also in medical practice the toxic hepatitises proceeding in a sharp form take place: they are called by some medicines, poor-quality food and industrial poisons. The semiology of acute hepatitises is expressed in yellowness of integuments and eye a skler, dimness of urine and decolouration of kalovy masses. At carrying out laboratory researches in blood the raised level of bilirubin, bilious acids in serum, concentration change albumin in serum is found.
Prevention of hepatitises To be saved from infection with hepatitises, it is necessary to observe simple rules. It is not necessary to use not boiled water, always to wash fruit and vegetables, not to neglect thermal processing of products. It is so possible to prevent infection with the hepatitis A which transfer is connected with food pollution by excrements of the sick person. A great rule «Wash hands before food» – pledge of health and in this case.
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