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Ecological problems of the Urals
Ural is the largest economic and industrial district of Russia.
Ural - one of the largest old industrial districts of the world The roots of ecological trouble are covered in history of forming of his industry. Bases of metallurgical industry were stopped up yet at Petr I
Modern ecological situation of the Ural region contamination of reservoirs contamination of atmosphere contamination of soils radiation contamination
Sources of contamination Industry that has a high concentration in this district of different directions: Chemical and Metallurgical industry Transport Acid rains
Contamination of soils A problem in the field of appeal of wastes of production and consumption continues to remain one of actual, because soil is a risk of habitat factor influencing on quality of life and health of population.
Contamination of atmosphere Cities plugged in the list of cities of Russian Federation with the most level of contamination of air- it is Yekaterinburg, Kurgan, Magnitogorsk, Pervouralsk Iridescent, Chelyabinsk
The Ural district is the indisputable leader of Russia on the degree of contamination of air harmful extrass from stationary sources: they here make more than 20% from the general amount of pollutants of atmosphere.
Contamination of water One of main problems of water consumption on Ural was and there is a problem of adjusting of flow of the rivers. This problem results in death of the small and even middle rivers.
A most danger for water sources is presented by the dumps of ores and mineralized breeds of mining enterprises, especially coloured metallurgy
Industrial enterprises throw down effluents straight in the rivers. Contamination of fresh waters and earth conduces to morbidity of people. Radionuclide's get in the rivers and reservoirs from flows and extrass of enterprises of radio-chemistry industry. Chemicals partly dissolve in water, but mainly accumulate in the ground sinking and ruinously operate on all flesh
Decision of ecological problems Building of sewage treatment plants on enterprises and factories Creation of reserves To plant trees and shrubs cities To use alternative technologies To use clean energy sources ecologically Toughening of control and punishments for contamination of environment and for poaching