Read the texts and find the sentences with Present Perfect Active and Present Perfect Passive tense forms. Translate them into your language.
Nina has lived in Sydney for two years. She has done a lot of things in Sydney. She has seen several plays, she has gone to the picture galleries and museums. She has visited the circus as well, and she has taken a tour to the Islands on Port Jackson. However, there are a lot of planned things she hasn’t done yet. She hasn’t gone to the Australian Reptile Park yet. Nina hasn’t been to some other parks yet.
The boss is angry with his secretary today because important letters haven’t been typed yet. Tea has been given to him cold. Wrong telephone numbers have been written down. The mail hasn’t been sent in time. A lot of time has been spent over the telephone.
Упражнение 2. Change the sentences with Present Perfect Active into Present Perfect Passive.
Example: I have already finished my work. My work ... — My work has already been finished.
I have already taken the books back to the library. The books ...
She has just posted those letters. Those letters ...
The teacher has already checked my test. My test ...
He has lost the key. The key ...
We have opened all the windows. All the windows ...
I have bought bread on the way home. Bread ...
I have done this exercise. This exercise ...
Упражнение 3. Imagine that your classroom and the school yard have been thoroughly cleaned. Say what has been done by whom.
Example The windows ... (to wash) — The windows have been washed by the girls.
The desks ... (to wash)
The flowers ... (to water)
The floor ... (to mop)
The furniture ... (to dust)
The grass ... (to cut)
The trees ... (to cut)
Упражнение 4. Answer the questions about your English lesson using Present Perfect Passive.
Have you been asked to read a text?
Has the text been translated?
Have the new words been written down?
Have the exercises been done by all the pupils?
Has your friend been asked to recite something?
Has large homework been given?
Who has been given good (bad) marks?
Have you been praised by the teacher?
Упражнение 5. Use Present Perfect Active or Passive of the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences.
Peter ... (to break) the window.
The exercise ... (to write) already.
The text ... (to translate) by Victor.
The teacher just ... (to explain) the new rule.
We (to learn) the Passive Voice already.
A new school ... (to build) in this street.
Упражнение 6. Translate into English using Present Perfect Active or Passive.
Я только что купил газету. 2. Телевизор только что выключили. 3. Он уже ответил на вопрос. 4. Слова только что написали на доске. 5. Мы уже говорили об этом. 6. Все ответы уже даны. 7. Об этом только что сказали по радио. 8.Я уже смотрел этот фильм 9.Мне ничего об этом не говорили. 10.Все предложения уже написаны.
Упражнение 1. All the sentences in text A are in Present Perfect Active. All the sentences in text B are in Present Perfect Passive.
Упражнение 2. The books have been already taken back to the library by me. Those letters have just been posted by her. My test has already been checked by the teacher. The key has been lost by him. All the windows have been opened by us. Bread has been bought by me on the way home. This exercise has been done by me.
Упражнение 3. The desks have been washed by the pupils. The flowers have been watered by Molly. The floor has been mopped by the cleaners. The furniture has been to dusted by the boys. The grass has been to cut by the caretaker. The trees have been cut by the workmen.
Упражнение 4. Your own answers.
Упражнение 5. 1 has broken, 2 has been already written, 3 has been translated, 4 has just explained, 5 have learnt, 6 has been built
Упражнение 6. I have just bought the newspaper. The TV-set has just been switched off. Не has already answered this question. The words have just been written on the blackboard. We’ve already spoken about it. All the answers have already been given. This has been just said over the radio. I’ve already watched this film. I haven’t been told anything about it. All the sentences have already been written.
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