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The World’s Best Friend is You How To Save The Earth
Урок-дискуссия «How To Save The Earth» Раздел: «The World’s Best Friend is You» Тема урока: “How To Save The Earth’’ Тип урока: комплексный, речевой Цели урока: Развитие коммуникативных навыков по теме “How to save the earth”; Активизация навыков монологической речи; Совершенствование грамматических навыков; Задачи Практическая: Содействовать общему развитию коммуникативных умений учащихся через тренировку навыков говорения; Общеобразовательные: Научить излагать свою точку зрения о способах решения экологических проблем; Развивать общий и филологический кругозор учащихся; Развивающие: Инициировать самостоятельную поисковую творческую деятельность учащихся, направлять ее на определенную проблему и поиск путей ее решения; Развивать умения вести обмен мнениями; Развивать умения работать в группе; Развивать критическое мышление; Воспитательные: Воспитывать толерантное отношение к мнению других; Способствовать развитию бережного отношения к окружающей среде; Приемы: Формирование коммуникативной компетенции; Использование компьютерных технологий; Учебно-познавательная дискуссия;
I Организационный момент. 1. Приветствие T: Good morning, boys and girls T: I am glad to see you. T: How are you today? I hope everything is all right with you. If it is so, let’s start working. 2) Объявление плана урока. Мотивация (По слайдам презентации определить тему урока)
T.: Yes, you are right. Today we’ll go on speaking on the topic «Environmental Problems». We are going to discuss the best ways of coping with these problems to save the Earth. I am sure you are the best World’s friends, aren’t you? So, you are in charge of your planet. II. Фонетическая зарядка. 1) First of all, let’s memorize the words and expressions you’ll need for discussion. Look at the board and let’s pronounce all together.
2) Now, think over the crossword.
III. Речевая зарядка. T.: Boys and girls, I want you to think over the words of a great English writer John Galsworthy «If you don’t think about the future, you will not have it» Or «We don’t own the Earth: we have borrowed the planet from the future generations» T.: Now, try to answer the questions: Why did John Galsworthy ask people to think about the future? What would happen if we did not think about the future? Do we own the Earth or have we borrowed the planet from the future generations? Why do you think so?
IV. Аудирование текста «Environmental problems». 1)Ответить на вопросы (проверка понимания текста): What is the main idea of the text? What kinds of pollution have you heard about in the text?
2) Write captions for the pictures. Compare your captions with other students’.
3) Соотнесите слова C противоположным значением (развитие языковой догадки). Match the words which have the opposite meaning. 1. to prohibit a) to damage 2. to protect b) to clear rubbish away 3. to pollute c) to be out of danger 4. to throw d) to allow 5. to drop litter e) to enjoy doing something 6. to be in danger f) to clear 7. to avoid doing something g) to catch
V. Совершенствование грамматических навыков. ( Conditional II, III) Boys and girls, lets remember what is it Conditional II and III. One of you will come to the blackboard and write its formula.If…Past Simple, would+ V 1II тип- маловероятное событие If…had+ V3, would+have+V3III-тип- нереальное событиеAnd now come to my desk and take these sheets, please. Your task will be to line up according to the alphabetical order. At first look at each others sheets. Thats right, now I will divide you into 4 little groups. Look at the walls. There are several opinions, lets imagine what would happen if… At first you are to write your opinion and only then to exchange with other group. ( 2 сек.) Situations:-If people thought about the Earth before they throw smth away…( there would be much cleaner on our planet now)-If people took as much rubbish as they could to local recycling centers…(they would recycle it)-If people avoid buy packaged goods…(there would be less litter in the streets)-If people didnt drop litter…(it would be cleaner in towns and in the country)T: well, its time to exchange. The tallest pupil of your group will read these opinions. How clever of you.
I liked your answers. Well, we remembered Conditional II, and now I advise you to do the next task in cards. Complete the sentences using Conditional II. Ex. 56, p.54 If all people decided to save our world, ... If people took cans, bottles, paper to local recycling centres, ... If people bought only the things they really needed, ... If people tried to walk or cycle instead of driving cars, ... If people didn’t drop litter in the countryside, ... If people avoided buying packaged goods, ... If people didn’t waste paper, .. VI. Работа над текстом. Ex. 53, 54, p.54 T. : Now, students, read the text “THE WORLD OF NATURE” and do the tasks.
People have always affected Nature. But during the last two centuries due to the development of industry human has transformed the environment radically. Satellite observations of the Earth have revealed that 60% of land surface is damaged by industrial agricultural and other human activities. The world has over 9 million square km of forests. This is a lot of trees, and also a lot of different species of trees. But they are disappearing fast. In many of our towns there are streets or areas where the names remind us that forests have been cleared to make place us to live. Every day we see paper and cardboard – both made from wood – being used up. We see different kinds of wood being used in furniture and other ways. Every year over 100 000 sq. km. of forest is so badly damaged that it is very hard for it to recover. Development of industries often means the destruction of the natural habitat of rare plants and insects. The power stations in the UK are responsible for causing acid rain not only in Britain but elsewhere in Europe. More than 450 mln of Britain’s trees are affected by acid rain. The world is also experiencing a permanent decline in water quality and water availability. In a lot of places water supplies are poisoned with toxic chemicals and nitrates. Waterborne diseases kill 10 million people a year. Can we presererve the life? Can we preserve the quality of life necessary for future generations? When we are sick we try to take care of ourselves. There is nobody but us, humans, to take care of the Earth that is sick because of our actions. Can we do something? YES,we can. And we are the only life form that is able to destroy our life support system. But we are sensible beings and we can maintain life on Earth for the many generations to come.
The environment is much spoiled because of __________ the mismanagement in industry and agriculture the people’s disability to make true observations the amount of satellites in space the industrial progess Forests are disappearing fast because __________ people damage them badly people prefer furniture made of wood there are very few species of trees we don’t know how to make paper and cardboard The reason for acid rain is __________ not in Britain but somewhere else in Europe Britain’s trees rare plants and seeds power plants Tasks
The quality of water __________ is getting better is getting worse doesn’t change doesn’t tell on people’s health People can preserve life on the Earth as ___________ they can look after themselves they have ruined their life support system they can act reasonably they are human Tasks
VII. Составить акростих по проблеме, затронутой в тексте. For example Технология «Акростих» Enjoying nature and wildlife Can’t you not forget Our planet needs your help, Love, care, great respect. Only you can save the Earth Gentle, clever, wise. Young people are in charge of the Earth. It’s not a great surprise.
VIII. Домашнее задание. Написать проблемное эссе по теме «Как спасти Землю».
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