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Выбранный для просмотра документ WillShakes.ppt
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Was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-Upon-Avon, England His father, John Shakespeare, owned a shop as a glove maker and also held several government positions, including Mayor of Stratford. His mother’s name was Mary Arden. He was the 3rd child of 8 children He received excellent education with heavy focus on grammar and literature at the King’s New School
W.SHAKESPEARE’S BIRTHPLACE HENLY STREET
AT THE AGE OF 7 WILLIAM WAS SENT TO GRAMMAR SCHOOL, WHERE HE STUDIED FOR 6 YEARS. AT THE AGE OF 14 HIS FATHER TOOK HIM FROM SCHOOL. WHAT HE DID BETWEEN 14-18 IS NOT KNOWN.
Married at age 18 to Anne Hathaway (she was 26) 1st child was a daughter, Susanna -born in 1583 Twins, Hamnet and Judith, born in 1585 Hamnet died at age 11
The period between 1585 and 1592 is known as the “Lost Years” because there are no documentary records of Shakespeare’s activities
Moved to London around 1591 and became an actor Worked with the Lord Chamberlin’s company of players, later known as the King’s Men
Returned to Stratford around 1610 where he lived as a country gentleman Wealthy - owned one of the largest homes in town
HERE W. SHAKESPEARE SPENT HIS LAST YEARS OF HIS LIFE. THE HOUSE WAS DESTROYED. THERE IS A GARDEN ON ITS PLACE.
wh Which is real? Nobody knows…
1610 46 YEARS OLD
Shakespeare died in 1616 at the age of 52 in Stratford. He was buried in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon. William Shakespeare
HOLY TRINITY CHURCH STRATFORD
AFTER WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE’S DEATH THERE WAS MUCH TALK ABOUT REMOVING HIS REMAINS FROM STRATFORD TO THE WESMINSTER ABBEY BUT THE IDEA WAS SOON ABANDONED.
Good friend for Jesus sake forbear, To dig the dust enclosed here. Blest be the man that spares thes stones, And curst be he that moves my bones. Друг, ради Господа, не рой Останков, взятых сей землёй; Нетронувший блажен в веках, И проклят — тронувший мой прах.
ONLY IN 1740, 124 YEARS AFTER HIS DEATH, MEMORIAL STATUE TO WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE WAS ERECTED IN POET’S CORNER IN WESMINSTER ABBY.
Along with acting, he also wrote some of the most renowned and studied literature written in the English language Wrote 154 sonnets Wrote 37 plays - comedies, tragedies, and historical dramas The first collected edition of Shakespeare’s plays was published in 1623.
All’s Well that Ends Well As You Like It Comedy of Errors Measure for Measure Midsummer Night’s Dream Taming of the Shrew Much Ado About Nothing Twelfth Night Merchant of Venice
Julius Caesar Hamlet Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet King Lear
King Henry V King John Richard II Richard III
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damasked, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound. I grant I never saw a goddess go; My mistress when she walks treads on the ground. And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare. Ее глаза на звезды не похожи Нельзя уста кораллами назвать, Не белоснежна плеч открытых кожа, И черной проволокой вьется прядь. С дамасской розой, алой или белой, Нельзя сравнить оттенок этих щек. А тело пахнет так, как пахнет тело, Не как фиалки нежный лепесток. Ты не найдешь в ней совершенных линий, Особенного света на челе. Не знаю я, как шествуют богини, Но милая ступает по земле. И все ж она уступит тем едва ли, Кого в сравненьях пышных оболгали. (Перевод С.Маршака)
His vocabulary was HUGE - somewhere between 17,000 and 34,000 words! The estimated vocabulary of an educated person today is around 15,000 words According to the Oxford English Dictionary Shakespeare introduced nearly 3,000 words into the English language.
He had an amazing influence on our English language
Shakespearianisms Author’s translation What is a piece of work is a man! (“Hamlet”) Что за мастерское создание – человек! (М.Лозинский) Brevity is the soul of wit. (“Hamlet”) Краткость – сестра таланта. (А.Чехов) Curiosity killed a cat. (“Macbeth”) Любопытство до добра не доведет. (Б.Пастернак) All is well that ends well. (“Macbeth”) Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается. (М.Лозинский) Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. (“Hamlet”) Не все в порядке в Датском королевстве. (Б.Пастернак) A fool’s paradise. (“Romeo and Juliet”) Мир фантазий. (Б.Пастернак) Salad days. (“Antonius and Cleopatra”) Молодо – зелено. (Б.Пастернак)
The beginning of the end Весь мир-театр.И всё мы в нем актёры. All is well that ends well Прекрасное-прекрасной Life is not all cakes and ale Любовь-слепа Brevity is the soul of wit Много шума из ничего Much ado about nothing Краткость-сестра таланта Sweets to the sweets Начало конца To win golden opinions Коня, коня! Полцарства за коня! A horse, a horse! My kingdom for a house! Из жалости я должен быть жесток There the rub Всё хорошо, что хорошо кончается All the world’s a stage Жизнь прожить – не поле перейти and all the men and women merely players Love’s blind Заслужить благоприятное мнение I must be cruel, only to be kind Вот в чём загвоздка
When and where did W.Shakespeare live? What did he do to earn his living? Did he have a family? Why did he become famous? What monarch reigned in the country in those times? How many plays, poems and sonnets did he write? When and where did W. Shakespeare die? Where was he buried?
Выбранный для просмотра документ the globe.ppt
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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 1564 - 1616 “THE GLOBE THEATRE”
AII THE WORLD’S A STAGE, AND AII THE MEN AND WOMEN MERELY PLAYERS. W. SHAKESPEARE («AS YOU LIKE IT»)
ENGLAND MIDLANDS STRATFORD HAS ANGLO-SAXON ORIGINS STANDS ON THE RIVER AVON OVER 800 YEARS OLD
QUEEN ELIZABETH I (1533-1603) ARTS AND ESPECIALLY THEATRE WAS DEVELOPED
Shakespeare and the Lord Chamberlain’s Men performed at Burbage’s theatre until 1599, when they built their own playhouse, the Globe Shakespeare referred to the Globe as “this wooden O,” a term that led scholars to believe it was a circular building Globe Theatre
Attending Shakespeare’s theatre was quite different from attending theatre today, which is thought of as very quiet and austere In Elizabethan England it was a noisy, popular gathering place for people of all ages and from all walks of life Globe Theatre
The Globe Theatre. William Shakespeare wrote most of his plays for the Globe Theatre. In those days in the 16th and 17th centuries people had neither radio nor a newspaper, that’s why the theatre played an important part their lives. In those days the people of London, young and old, rich and poor, loved the Globe Theatre very much. The poor people could not pay much for the tickets and they stood or sat on the ground in the yard. Rich people and their wives sat on the balconies and aristocrats were allowed to sit on the stage.
A white flag indicates that there is a play today.
Plays were performed during the day. .
The groundlings stood by the stage.
The wealthy sat in the upper decks.
Young men dressed up to play the female roles.
Drinking and eating were permitted in the pit, which often became very noisy If a spectator did not like a particular character or scene, he or she would feel free to hiss or boo of throw anything he or she might have on hand Globe Theatre
The original theatre was destroyed by a fire in 1613 It was rebuilt in 1614, closed in 1642, and demolished in 1644 A modern reconstruction of the original Globe, named “Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre” opened in 1997 Globe Theatre
Globe Theatre Today, audiences of this “wooden O” can sit in the gallery or stand as informally as a groundling…
GLOBE THEATRE NOWADAYS
Globe Theatre …just as they would have done 400 years ago!
37 PLAYS AND 154 SONNETS Some of them
Mach the name of the party with the translation. 1. «Комедия ошибок» 2. «Виндзорские насмешницы» 3. «Венецианский купец» 4. «Лукреция» 5. «Все хорошо, что хорошо» 6. «Мера за меру» 7. «Сон в летнюю ночь» 1. “A Midsummer Night's Dream” 2. “Measure for Measure” 3. “The Rape of Lucrece” 4. “All’s well that Ends well” 5. “The Comedy of Errors” 6. “The Merry Wives of Windsor” 7. “The Merchant of Venice” YES NO
GREAT SHAKESPEARE’ S PLAYS 1593 «THE COMEDY OF ERRORS» 1595 «ROMEO AND JULIET» 1599 «JULIUS CAESAR» 1600 «AS YOU LIKE IT» 1600 «TWELFTH NIGHT» 1601 « HAMLET» 1604 «OTHELLO» 1606 «KING LEAR» and others
Looking back Shakespeare wrote: 37 plays 154 sonnets 2 poems
THOUGH WRITTEN MORE THAN 400 YEARS AGO, HIS PLAYS CONTINUE TO BE READ AND PERFORMED.
ROMEO AND JULIET
“Romeo and Juliet”- an optimistic tragedy. Staged in all kinds of theatres. This wonderful love stores is about two lovers Romeo and Juliet. Unfortunately, they died, but they didn’t stop loving each other. They stayed young forever!
“Hamlet” is a great philosophical tragedy. It is the story of a man who loved good and hated evil who loved truth and hated lies. The character of Hamlet is one of the most difficult in world literature. This role was played by the best actors of all times and peoples. John Gielgud was the best in the role of Hamlet in England. Russian poet and actor Vladimir Vysotsky was brilliant in our country.
“King Lear” is the story of a man who was so proud so egoistic that he could not understand a world around him. He heard only what he wanted to hear; he saw only what he wanted to see.
“Othello” is a play about love and jealousy, a play about a person who believed the lie and killed his wife whom he loved dearly.
1. “To be or not to be That is the question” 2. “All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players”. 3. “How sharper than a serpent’s tooth it is to have a thankless child…” 4. “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark”. 5. “One that loved not wisely but too well”. 6. “Every inch a king”. 7. “Lord, what fools these mortals be”. 1. «…острей зубов змеиных неблагодарность детища!» 2. «Король, король – от головы до ног!» 3. «Быть или не быть Вот в чем вопрос». 4. «Весь мир – театр. В нем женщины, мужчины – все актеры». 5. «Как безумен род людской!» 6. «Подгнило что-то в датском королевстве». 7. «…этот человек любил без меры и благоразумия». Quotations from Shakespeare There are some common phrases which the English own to William Shakespeare. They have now become part of the everyday language of Englishmen. YES NO