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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА УРОКА по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» специальность 5.06010101 «Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооружений» на тему: «Защита окружающей среды»

МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА УРОКА по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» специальность 5.06010101 «Строительство и эксплуатация зданий и сооружений» на тему: «Защита окружающей среды»

  • Иностранные языки

Поделитесь материалом с коллегами:

Государственное образовательное учреждение

среднего профессионального образования

Луганской Народной Республики

«Луганский строительный колледж»







МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА УРОКА

по дисциплине

«Иностранный язык»

специальность 5.06010101 «Строительство и эксплуатация

зданий и сооружений»

на тему: «Защита окружающей среды»



Разработал:

преподаватель иностранного языка

Ванюкова Е. О.


Рассмотрено и одобрено

на заседании цикловой комиссии

общественно-гуманитарных

дисциплин

Протокол от №6 от 09.02.2016


Председатель цикловой комиссии

Л. Н. Лапина




2015

МОДУЛЬ № 4

Занятие № 31


Вид занятия: практическое.
Тема: Защита окружающей среды.

Цель занятия:


обучающая: формирование иноязычной языковой компетенции; ознакомление с проблемами экологии и окружающей среды в локальном и глобальном контексте; формирование дискурсивной компетенции;

совершенствование навыков чтения и устной речи.


развивающая: развитие фонематического слуха и языковой догадки; развитие произвольного внимания и расширение объема оперативной памяти.


воспитательная: воспитание умения группового взаимодействия и уважения к партнерам по команде; создание положительной мотивации к изучению иностранного языка; формирование у студентов понимания сущности и социальной значимости их будущей профессии (строитель).


Приемы обучения: речевая зарядка, аудирование микрофильма по теме «Экология», фонетическая зарядка, чтение текста «Защита окружающей среды», выполнение лексических упражнений к тексту, лингвистическая физкультминутка, презентация по теме «Экология в строительстве», создание мини-проекта «Дерево добрых дел».


Средства обучения: микрофильмы по теме «Экология», текст «Защита окружающей среды», презентационный материал, кроссворд по экологии, раздаточный материал.

Оборудование: компьютер, проектор, экран.


Литература:

  1. Карпова Т.А. Английский для колледжей: учебник для колледжей. М. Дашков и Ко, 2010.

  2. Мусихина О.Н., Гисина O.F., Яськова В.Л. Английский язык для строителей: практикум. Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2004.

  3. Соколов Г.К. Технология и организация строительства: учебник для студентов сред. проф. образования. М. Академия, 2008.


Интернет – ресурсы:

  1. www.greenpeace.ru

  2. www.earth.yzoz.com

  3. www.spareworld.org.




СТРУКТУРА ЗАНЯТИЯ

1. Организационный этап.

2. Проверка домашнего задания.
3. Формулировка темы и цели занятия.

4. Мотивация учебной деятельности.

5. Актуализация знаний, умений и навыков.

6. Применение знаний, закрепление умений и навыков.

7. Контроль знаний, умений и навыков.

8. Итог занятия.

9. Домашнее задание.

10. Рефлексия.


Ход занятия
1. Организационный этап.

Преподаватель активизирует внимание студентов. Проверяет готовность группы к занятию.

Преподаватель. Good morning! I am glad to see you. I hope, you are well today and we’ll work productive and favorable. What date is it today? What day of the week is it today? Is it winter now? What’s the weather like today? Do you like the weather? Is anybody absent today? Why is he (she) absent? Does anybody know the reason? 

2. Проверка домашнего задания.

Написание письма другу по переписке с просьбой рассказать, что он/она делает для защиты окружающей среды.


Преподаватель. I do hope the problem of environmental protection concerns each student of your class. Look at the apple. Imagine it’s our Earth. I’m cutting it into 4 pieces. Three quarters of the Earth surface is water and only 1/4 is land. One half of it is habitable. The rest of the land is the deserts, mountains, frozen ice-caps and other places where people cannot live in. And now I’m cutting this half into four parts. It’s impossible to believe but only 1/32 gives us food and home. And it will be a catastrophe if we destroy it. I’d like you to think over this problem much more seriously and find out the ways to save our fragile planet.

Now we will listen to the stories you have prepared at home.


3. Формулировка темы и цели занятия.


Преподаватель. Today we shall watch the film and read the text about ecological problems, discuss and change our impressions. First we’ll review the grammar material – Decimal Fractions. On the second lesson we’ll see the presentation and listen to the repots prepared by you on the topic “ECO-house”.

Сегодня на занятии мы просмотрим микрофильмы о различных проблемах окружающей среды, обсудим наши впечатления, предложим собственные пути решения экологических проблем. На следующем занятии мы просмотрим презентацию и прослушаем сообщения, которые вы подготовили по теме «Эко-дом» (опережающее домашнее задание).


4. Мотивация учебной деятельности.

Преподаватель. Вы должны научиться находить в тексте информацию на заданную тему, выделять и формулировать главные тезисы, составлять диалогические и монологические высказывания со зрительной опорой на видеоматериалы и ключевые слова по теме.


5. Актуализация знаний, умений и навыков.

Речевая зарядка (расширение языковой синтагмы).


Преподаватель. There are many consequences of damaging the environment. 

There are many consequences of damaging the environment, and one of them is acid rain. 

The second problem is water shortage caused by abuse of arable land in agriculture.

The third problem is the destruction of the Earth’s ozone layer caused by pollution from factories and plants. 

The fourth problem is damage of water and soil.

The fifth is damage to wildlife, numerous species of animals and plants may disappear. 
And finally the most serious danger is the result of the abovementioned consequences: danger for the life and health of the mankind.

Спонтанное речевое взаимодействие - студенты задают преподавателю вопросы на произвольные темы с целью активизации изученной лексики и грамматических структур.


6. Применение знаний, закрепление умений и навыков.

Аудирование. 

Просмотр фильма по теме «Защита окружающей среды»
 


How to Manage Public Land

As the human population grows and grows, natural resources are being used at a rapid rate, and large areas of forest are being converted for human use. How do you think public land should be managed to deal with these types of environmental issues?

Over the years, there have been many opinions on how to manage public lands. Two of the major points of view include conservation and preservation of the environment. People often use these two terms interchangeably, when in fact they are two very different views and methods for managing land. Let's explore these two terms and how they vary from one another.

Conservation of the Environment

Some people believe that public land should be managed by the method of conservation, meaning that the environment and its resources should be used by humans and managed in a responsible manner. These types of people see the value of the environment as the goods and services that it can provide to people.

This viewpoint requires that the environment be used in a way that is sustainable, and it ensures that the natural resources will be used in a manner that will meet the present day needs for the resource without jeopardizing the supply of the resource for future generations.

By using the environment sustainably, the environment and the natural resources it provides will not be depleted or destroyed permanently - and will be available for human use for a very long time. If people do not manage the land properly and the resources are not being used sustainably, then the environment can be destroyed, and the conservation method will have failed.

Gifford Pinchot, who lived from 1865 to 1946, was a leader in the conservation movement. As the United States expanded and more land was being converted for human use, Pinchot was bothered by the method used in transforming the land. At the time, most forests were being clear-cut, which is when all of the trees are removed at the same time. Pinchot did not like this method because he saw the forest as a valuable resource of timber. He thought that it should be managed in a way that enabled human development of the land but also ensured use of the natural resources.

He later founded the organization that would become the U.S. Forest Service and served as chief of the organization while Theodore Roosevelt was president. While Pinchot was in charge, the federal government adopted the conservationist method for managing land and drastically increased the amount of land managed by the government.

Preservation of the Environment

On the other side of the argument of how to effectively manage public land are the preservationists. The method of preservation is much stricter than the conservationist approach. Under preservation of the environment, lands and their natural resources should not be consumed by humans and should instead be maintained in their pristine form. Preservationists believe that humans can have access to the land, but they should only utilize it for its natural beauty and inspiration. They think that the value of the land is not what you can use from it, but instead that land has an intrinsic value, meaning that it is valuable in itself simply by existing.

One of the most famous preservationists in U.S. history is John Muir. John Muir was a Scottish immigrant who lived from 1838 to 1914 and had a large admiration for California's Yosemite Valley. Similar to Gifford Pinchot, Muir was motivated by the deforestation and destruction of land as the human population moved west across the country. Muir was a strong advocate for the complete protection of land and believed that people should only use the environment for enjoyment and not as a resource for goods.

Muir was involved in the creation of The Sierra Club in 1892, which is an environmental organization that advocates for the preservation and protection of public lands. The influence of John Muir is still evident today through the continuation of The Sierra Club and the establishment of the Muir Woods National Monument, a preservation area of land in Northern California that is home to an ancient redwood forest.


Установление уровня обратной связи (выяснение понимания просмотренного в форме вопросно-ответного взаимодействия).

Преподаватель. So answer me some questions, please:

How to manage public land?

What is the conservation of the Environment?

Who is Gifford Pinchot?

What is the preservation of the Environment?

Who is one of the most famous preservationists in history?


Фонетическая зарядка


Преподаватель. Repeat the following words:

сontradiction – противоречие

сontaminaton – загрязнение

achievement – достижение

сonquer – завоевывать

dump – свалка, груда мусора

waste – отходы

consequence -последствие 

shortage - недостаток 

abuse – злоупотребление

arable – пахотный




Чтение текста «Защита окружающей среды».

Environmental protection

Some hundreds of years ago people lived in harmony with nature, because industry wasn’t heavily developed. Today, however, the contradictions between man and nature are dramatic.


The twenty-first century is a century of scientific and technological progress. The achievements of mankind in mechanizing and automating industrial processes, in the chemical industry and conquering outer space, in building atomic power stations and ships are amazing. But at the same time this progress gave birth to a very serious problem – a problem of the environment.


Ecology and the contamination of environment are concerned with climate, over-population in certain areas, the death of plants and animals, chemical contamination of seas, lakes and rivers as well as atomic experiments and the dumping of atomic wastes from power stations. Floods, unexpected draughts and greenhouse effect are other problems. 


There are many consequences of damaging the environment, and one of them is acid rain. The second problem is water shortage caused by abuse of arable land in agriculture. The third problem is the destruction of the Earth’s ozone layer caused by pollution from factories and plants. The fourth problem is damage of water and soil. The fifth is damage to wildlife^ numerous species of animals and plants may disappear. And finally the most serious danger is the result of the abovementioned consequences: danger for the life and health of the mankind.
The protection of natural resources and wildlife is becoming a part of the political program in every country. Numerous anti-pollution acts passed in different countries led to considerable environmental improvement. In many countries, purifying systems for treatment of industrial waters have been installed and measures have been taken to protect environment.

Проверка понимания прочитанного.

Беседа по тексту 

Преподаватель.

  • What problems does the mankind face in the 21st century?

  • What are the consequences of damaging the environment?

  • What acts lead to considerable improvement of the environment?

  • What has been done to protect the environment?

  • Can a single country solve the world’s environment problems


Выполнение лексических упражнений к тексту.

1. Найти соответствие в тексте следующих слов (Find the equivalents in the text):

Перенаселение, парниковый эффект, открытый космос, очистные системы, озоновый слой, многочисленный, устанавливать, природные ресурсы


2. Fill in the blanks using words from the box: 
There large and small problems in ethics. We can think of problems that involve the whole world, and problems that involve a … person. We can think of problems, such as the depletion of the ozone layer, which is increasing, UV radiation that effects all … organisms. This problem can be solved by individual action to … using ozone-depleting chemicals if alternatives are … to consumers. However, global action was taken to control the problem. The … convention to stop … of many ozone depleting chemicals is one of the best examples yet of applying … environmental ethics. 




Лингвистическая физкультминутка.

Преподаватель. Repeat after me:


My hat it has three corners

Three corners has my hat

And if it had not three corners

It would be not my hat


Презентация по теме «Экология в строительстве». Просмотр презентации.


Преподаватель. Which conclusion can we come to after having watched that presentation? Which recommendations can we make for the future generation?



7. Контроль знаний, умений и навыков.


Создание мини-проекта «Дерево добрых дел».

Преподаватель. Well done! Now let’s relax a bit and play. Students, you will work in 2 groups. One group generates ideas that we should do and the other group that we shouldn’t do to keep our planet clean. Time is limited up to 3-5 minutes. You will write your ideas on the leaves and pin them to the tree. Don’t waste your time! Start!


8. Итог занятия.

Преподаватель. Let`s talk a little about the most important questions of our today`s lesson.

1. What important environmental problems endanger people’s lives nowadays?

2. What makes the seawater dangerous nowadays?

3. Where does air pollution in the cities come from?

4. What do you know about the greenhouse effect? How can the greenhouse effect influence the climate on the planet in future?

5. Why are a lot of species of plants and animals disappearing fast and can become extinct very soon?

6. What happens to rainforests? Why are they so important for the life on the Earth?

7. What can you personally do to help the environment nowadays?

8. Tell about one thing you do to help the environment.


9. Домашнее задание.

Преподаватель.

Домашним заданием будет подготовить сообщения в форме доклада или электронной презентации по темам:

1. Экологически чистые строительные материалы.

2. Экология в строительстве.

3. «Эко-дом».


10. Рефлексия.

Преподаватель. Today we’ve tried to summarize our knowledge on the topic “Environmental problems” and to find out some ways how to save our planet Earth. I believe you’ll never pollute the environment, the place where you live.

I’d like you to remember this saying “Nature pardons no errors to the rest of your life”. Thank you for your creative and active work. Good byе.







Автор
Дата добавления 27.06.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Просмотров29
Номер материала ДБ-133366
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