Олимпиадные задания по
Класс (№ и буква)______________________________________
Образовательное учреждение ___________________________
Название предмета ____________________________________
Дата проведения олимпиады ___________________________
Read the following passage. For Questions 1-7, choose the answer (A, B, C or D ) which you think fits best according to the text.
Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 1—7 on your answer sheet.
Many folk cures which have been around for centuries may be more therapeutic than previously suspected. A case in point is that of penicillin. Alexander Fleming did not just randomly choose cheese molds to study when he discovered this very important bacteria-killing substance. Moldy cheese was frequently given to patients as a remedy for illness at one time. Fleming just isolated what was about the cheese which cured the patients.
In parts of South America, a powder obtained from grinding sugar cane is used for healing infections in wounds and ulcers. This usage may date back to pre-Colombian times. Experiments carried out on several hundred patients indicate that ordinary sugar in high concentrations is lethal to bacteria. Its suction effect eliminates dead cells, and it generates a glasslike layer which protects the wound and ensures healing.
Another example of folk medicine which scientists are investigating is that of Arab fishermen who rub their wounds with a venomous catfish to quicken healing. This catfish excretes a gellike slime which scientists have found to contain antibiotics, a coagulant that helps close injured blood vessels, anti-inflammatory agents, and a chemical that directs production of a gluelike material that aids healing.
It is hoped that by documenting these folk remedies and experimenting to see if results are indeed beneficial, an analysis of the substances can be made, and synthetic substances can be developed for human consumption.
This passage is mainly about
A using folk medicines in place of modern medicines.
B antibiotics in the field of medicine.
C the validity of folk remedies and their use for advances in modern medicine.
D isolating antibiotics in cheese, sugar, and slime.
It can be inferred from the passage that Alexander Fleming
A discovered moldy cheese.
B isolated infectious patients.
C suspected medical properties of mold.
D enjoyed eating cheese.
According to the passage,
A bacteria feed on sugar.
B sugar kills unhealthy cells.
C glass is formed from sugar.
D sugar promotes healing.
The gellike substance which promotes healing comes from
A catfish bodies.
B Arab fishermen.
D catfish venom.
Which one of the following is NOT an important quality of the catfish slime?
A It prohibits inflammation.
B It fights bacteria.
C It stops bleeding.
D It produces mold.
According to the passage, why is it important to study folk medicine?
A to document cultural heritages
B to perpetuate superstitions
C to experiment with synthetic substances
D to advance modern medical practices
In what way are cheese molds, sugar, and catfish slime similar?
A They cause blood clots.
B They fight bacteria.
C They heal wounds.
D They eliminate dead cells.
For Questions 1-9, read the text below and decide which answer, A, B, C or D best fits each space.
1. Your annual … to the Book Club is now due.
2. We have been able to use these splendid premises this morning by kind … of the Director of the University Museum.
3. I had to be up early the next morning, so I … myself and left the party.
4. I’d like to … a warm welcome to our visitors from abroad.
C search out
5. People under 18 years old are not … to join this club.
6. The party was already in full … when they arrived.
7. One can become a member of this club only on paying the … fee.
8. Our new neighbour’s party went on into the … hours.
For Questions 9-17, read the text and then write the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.
Example: 0 __clearly__
PROBLEMS AT SCHOOL
Stephen Murray was (0) … going through a difficult CLEAR
(9) … . He had never managed ADOLESCENT
to gain the (10) … of his teachers at school. APPROVE
He ignored repeated (11) … to change his attitude or be expelled. WARN
He was widely considered to be an (12) … pupil INTELLIGENCE
who was wasting his (13) … by misbehaving in class. OPPORTUNE
His parents received regular (14) … about their son but in spite COMPLAIN
of their own experience of Stephen rebellious (15)… , it was BEHAVE
their (16) … that the school was as much BELIEVE
to blame as Stephen was for the (17) … that arose from time to time. UNDERSTAND
For Questions 18-26, match the words on the left with their collocations on the right.
19. be connected
A a file
C to the Internet
D a chat room
E the web
F a website
G an option
H the web address
I a message
For Questions 1-10, give Russian equivalents to:
The Mediterranean sea
The Faceted Palace (in Moscow)
The North Pole
The Strait of Dover
The Cape Verde Islands
Carthage (an ancient city)
Participant’s ID number
You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Write 200 – 250 words.
Use the following plan:
make an introduction (state the problem)
express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
give arguments for the other point of view
draw a conclusion