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Государственное учреждение образования «Средняя школа №10 г.Витебска» Государственное учреждение образования «Средняя школа № 10 г. Витебска» Fast Food- it healthy or poisonous? Информационный проект Рукавицына Татьяна Николаевна 10 «А» класс Кицанюк Светлана Эдуардовна 10 «Б» класс Ревзина-Титова Александра Геннадьевна учитель английского языка II-й категории
Contents Introduction Part I. Theoretical foundations of fast food 1. History of the emergence of fast food 2. Representatives of fast food 2.1 Pop corn 2.2. Hot dog 2.3. Hamburger 2.4. Coca-Cola 3. Fast food restaurants. 3.1 The reasons of popularity 4. Impact of fast food on human health Part II. Practical part 1.Research 2. Experiments 3. Comparative analysis of the quick menu and balanced diet for one day Conclusion List of literature
Introduction Modern society relies heavily on fast food. However, we are not able to understand the fact that there are certain problems that are associated with the consumption of fast food. Based on the huge number of different opinions, we decided to investigate this issue and answer the question: fast-food-harm or benefit? The aim of my work is to prove that fast food has only cons. The tasks are to get and analyze information about history of fast food and popular fast food restaurants, to determine pros and cons of fast food, to find out why fast food is so popular. Hypothesis: fast food is so popular all over the world so it can’t be harmful for people. If it's true? Object: Fast food. Subject: Its influence of man’s health. Methods of research: - studying information - analysis - determination - classification
Part 1. Theoretical foundations of fast food 1. History of the emergence of fast food
In fact, pizza, Chinese food, and just about any type of food imaginable are now available for take-out at fast-food chains across the globe.
2. Representatives of fast food 2.1 Pop corn Popcorn, also known as popping corn, is a type of corn that expands from the kernel and puffs up when heated.
2.1.2 Health risks Popcorn is included on the list of foods that the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends not serving to children under four, because of the risk of choking.
2.2. Hot dog A hot dog is a cooked sausage, traditionally grilled.
2.2.2 Etymology The term dog has been used as a synonym for sausage since 1884 and accusations that sausage makers used dog meat date to at least1845.
2.2.4 Choking risk Hot dogs present a significant choking risk, especially for children. A study in the US found that 20% of food-related asphyxiations among children younger than 10 years of age were caused by hot dogs.
2.3. Hamburger A hamburger (also called a beef burger) is a sandwich consisting of one or more cooked patties ofground meat (usually beef) usually placed inside a sliced hamburger bun.
2.3.1 History The hamburger, a ground meat patty between two slices of bread, was first created in America in 1900 by Louis Lassen, a Danish immigrant.
2.3.2 Etymology The term hamburger originally derives from Hamburg, Germany's second largest city, from which many people emigrated to the United States.
2.3.3 Health effects Raw hamburger or eat the whole patty raw, the microorganisms in raw hamburger can be very dangerous to your health. Eating raw hamburger places you at high risk for food poisoning, which can cause unpleasant symptoms .
2.4. Coca-Cola Coca-Cola is a carbonated soft drink sold in stores, restaurants, and vending machines throughout the world.
2.4.1 History Colonel John Pemberton was wounded in the Civil War, became addicted to morphine, and began a quest to find a substitute to the dangerous opiate.The prototype Coca-Cola recipe was formulated at Pemberton's Eagle Drug and Chemical House, a drugstore in Columbus, Georgia, originally as a coca wine.
Origins of bottling
2.4.2 Health effects A common criticism of Coke based on its allegedly toxic acidity levels has been found to be baseless by researchers.
3. Fast food restaurants. Burger restaurants: McDonalds, Burger King, Wendy's, In and Out Burger Soup and sandwich shops: Panera Bread, Au Bon Pain, Subway. Southern cooking: KFC, Long John SilversT, Popeye's. Coffee shops: Dunkin' Donuts, Starbucks. Mexican chains: Taco Bell, Chipotle, Qdoba. Chinese and Asian restaurants: Panda Express. Pizzerias: Dominos, Papa Johns, Sbarro, Pizza Hut.
3.1 The reasons of popularity. 1. Fast food restaurants are popular because they propose breakfast, lunch and dinner meals that don't cost a lot of money. 2. It’s easy to find. 3. Fast food is easy to eat. You can even eat a burger while you are driving. Try to do that with a bowl of spaghetti. 4. Fast food looks nice and tasty.
4. Impact of fast food on human health Health problems caused by fast food include obesity , diabetes and hypertension.
Part II. Practical part. 1.Research Survey on the popularity of "Fast - food" among children and teenagers. The survey involved 20 teenagers aged 12 - 14 years of Vitebsk (school number 10). The survey aims : identify the level of knowledge among adolescents 12-14 years about the dangers of fast food, about healthy food.
TEST 1. Do you regularly eat? Yes / no 2 . Do you eat in school cafeteria ?Yes / no 3 . Does your mum has enough time to cook lunch and dinner?Yes / no 4 . Do you eat crisps? Yes / No / Rarely 5 . Do you like to eat hamburgers, hot dogs, sandwiches ? Yes / no 6. Which food is a "healthy food" ?Select or offer their own.(porridge, sandwich, Fanta, Pepsi, apples, pears , oranges, vegetables, salad, soup, fresh juice, Big Mac). 7. What does it mean for you junk / unhealthy food ?(list name products or dishes). 8. What measures should be taken to prevent children ate garbage / junk food?(offer ). 9. What food should eat children (teenagers ) to grow up healthy ?(list ). 10 . You are ready to change your eating habits to stay healthy ?Yes / No / Do not know.
6. Which food is a "healthy food" ?Select or offer their own (porridge, sandwich, Fanta, Pepsi,apples, pears , oranges, vegetables, salad, soup, fresh juice, Big Mac).
7. You are ready to change your eating habits to stay healthy ?
TEST( Step 2) We conducted a survey among 50 junior . All was set for 7 questions : 1. Do you like chips , coca-cola , crackers , etc. Yes - 30 people .No - 16 people. Not very - 4 pers. (Attachment № 8). 2 . Do you like to be in McDonalds ?Yes - 46 people .No - 4 pers. (Attachment № 9). The survey showed that more than 50 % of respondents - like "harmful food" and like to visit at McDonalds.
3 . How often do you eat crisps, crackers ? Rarely - 39 people .Often - 11 people. (Attachment №10). 4 . How often do you drink coca - cola and carbonated drinks ? Rarely - 35 people. Often - 13 people. Never - 2 pers. (Attachment №11). But , in turn, more than 50% rarely eat "harmful food ."
5 . Are you aware of the dangers of crisps and fizzy drinks ?Yes - 41 people. No - 9 . (Attachment №12). 6. Do you have a sore stomach after drinking carbonated drinks or chips ?Yes - 13 people. No - 37 persons . (Attachment № 13). 9 out of 50 did not know about the dangers of chips and a soda. I hope, after my report, they will be more aware .
7. Do you like vegetables? Yes - 42 people .No - 4. Not very - 4 pers. (Attachment № 14). Most children like healthy vegetables - and it pleases !
2.Experiments We often heard from their parents and doctors that drinking carbonated drinks are very harmful for our body. We decided to check it experimentally. We took a water sample 3 - plain water , Fanta and Coke. As test samples we took rusty nails , chicken meat and bones. All of these different samples we have filled with water.
Photo 2. Chicken Photo 3. Chicken's bone
Photo 4. Chicken Photo 5. Chicken's bone
Photo 6. Nail (left - out of the water, right - of soda) Photo 7. Sediment at the bottom of the cup after "Phantom"
Experiments with Coca-cola and humbug Just dip the mints into the bottle and see the fountain! And this reaction can occur in each stomach or in the mouth!
Experimants with crisps «Store» chips consist of preservatives. Thanks for that period of storage increases.
Conclusion Summing up the work , it should be emphasized that in recent years , physicians ascertain a significant deterioration in the health of children and adolescents. And such a high fatigue and depression so many children have not ever mentioned . It is important that the right attitude to nutrition and healthy lifestyles formed from early childhood in the family, at school. In preparing this research, we realized that we are responsible for their own health. We chose a healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle !
List of literature. http://www.allwomens.ru/ http://www.answers.com/topic/fast-food http://www.chudopredki.ru http://www.molomo.ru/ http://oagb.ru/ http://www.perfectlady.ru/ http://www.pravda.ru/ http://www.subway.ru/ http://www.stardogs.ru/ http://vkusnopoem.ru/ http://ru.wikipedia.org/ http://www.youngwomenshealth.org An unusual hamburger experiment is part of the University of Minnesota’s dietary research annals. Medical bulletin. University of Minnesota. Winter 2008. Bill Sass, «Tips for trimming calories, fat», The Record — Kitchener, Ont, Jun 13, 2005: «The fish burger, deep fried, could have more calories than a quarter-pound beef burger.» Mark Pendergrast For God, Country, and Coca-Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes It. — 2 ed. — Basic Books, 2000.