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Sights of London
Trafalgar Square It is the central square of London and traditional place for people to meet. All sorts of protest meetings are held there. The statue of national hero Admiral Nelson stands there.
The Houses of Parliament It is a place where the British Government sits. It consists of three parts: the Royal Apartments, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Big Ben It’s a clock in the tower and it is a big bell. You can hear it every hour. People are allowed to get inside the Tower so that they can see the work of the clock. There is no lift and there are three hundred and forty steps (340). It weighs 13.5 tons.
Tower Bridge It is the oldest and famous bridge across the Thames. Originally it was made of wood by the Romans, but it was often burnt down. Later it was made of stone. Finally it was rebuilt and made of concrete.
The Tower of London It has a long history. In the past it was a prison, a castle and a zoo. It was built to protect the city from the enemies. There are a lot of ravens at this place. There is a legend that without them the Tower will fall. Nowadays this building is a very popular museum.
Buckingham Palace It’s the London home of the Queen. Buckingham Palace was built for John, first Duke of Buckingham, between 1702 and 1705. Changing the guards takes place there. The palace is open to public.
Westminster Abbey It is a large, mainly Gothic, church in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is one of the most notable religious buildings in the United Kingdom and is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs.
St. Paul's Cathedral It is a Church of England cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London. The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognizable sights of London. Important services held at St Paul's have included the funerals of Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington, Sir Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher; Jubilee celebrations for Queen Victoria; peace services marking the end of the First and Second World Wars; the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer.
Oxford Street It is the biggest shopping street in London. There are 548 shops in Oxford Street. Each Christmas the street is decorated with festive lights. In mid- to late November a celebrity turns on the lights and they remain on until 6 January
Madame Tussaud’s It is a famous museum of wax figures. They have wax figures of all the famous people in the world.
The London Eye It’s the biggest observation wheel in the world. It is situated on the banks of the River Thames in Central London It’s height is 135 meters.
Choose the right variant: 1) The Tower of London is: a) a prison b) a museum c) a shop 2) Big Ben is the name of: a) the clock tower b) the palace c) the church 3) Which bridge is in London? a) Brooklyn Bridge b) Tower Bridge c) Boston Bridge 4) The Queen lives in: a) the Tower of London b) the Houses of Parliament c) Buckingham Palace
True or false: Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. Big Ben is a beautiful London museum. Parliament consists of two Houses. Nelson’s column is situated on Trafalgar Square. Changing the guard takes place near the Tower Bridge. The Tower of London used to be a palace, and a prison.