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What is it like to be British? Trying to explain what the British are like is the same as attempting to describe the difference between Europe and Asia in one sentence. But let’s try anyway.
is the name for Britain or Great Britain Scotland England Wales
Albion …is a word used in some poetic contexts to refer to England. It may come from Latin word albus, meaning “white”. It was the original Roman name for Britain. It may come from Latin word albus, meaning “white”. The white chalk cliffs around Dover on the south coast are the first part of England to be seen when crossing the sea from the European mainland.
Britain is the eighth largest island in the world.
is the name for The British Isles Scotland England The Channel Isles Wales both parts of Ireland Isle of Man
Britannia …is the name that the Romans gave to their southern British province (area of the present-day England). It is also the name given to the personification of Britain. The figure of Britannia has been on the reverse side of many British coins for more than 300 years.
is The United Kingdom (UK) Scotland England Wales Northern Ireland
Caledonia were the Romans names for… Cambria Hibernia Ireland Wales Scotland
Erin Wales is a poetic name for Ireland “the land of foreigners”. Ireland was called or “Weallas” means Emerald Island because of its green countryside. when raiders and settlers from Germany slowly pushed the Celtic tribes into the mountains in the far west, which the Saxons called “Wealas” – “the land of foreigners”.
The British government is the government of the UK. People who live in Britain are called British.
Many people think that “English” is the same as “British”. But England is the only one of the four nations in the UK. The Scots, Welsh and Northern Irish are British too. They sometimes get angry when they are called English. Кто сердится когда их называют агличанами?
How do we call the national flag of the UK? Union John Union Jack Union of all unions Это действительно странно по двум причинам: во-первых, британского короля 16 века, именем которого назвали флаг, звали James, то есть в названии флага используется уменьшительное имя короля. На русском языке его имя звучит вообще как Яков, потому что James происходит от латинского Iacobus; Во-вторых, сам флаг представляет собой два слившиеся воедино символа Шотландии и Англии. Уэльс в национальном символе Великобритании отсутствует вовсе. История такова: в 17 веке, после заключения союза между Англией и Шотландией, Яков захотел увековечить это знаковое событие на флаге. Шотландия к тому времени имела флаг с косым белым крестом на голубом фоне (крест покровителя Шотландии святого Эндрю (St. Andrew), а Англия — в красным крестом на белом фоне (крест покровителя Англии святого Георга, St. George). Они прекрасно накладывались друг на друга. Их и наложили, но по английским законам два креста не должны были соприкасаться друг с другом. Поэтому, немного подумав, решили обвести красный крест тонкой белой каймой. и получился вот такой вариант, который просуществовал до 1801 года. А в 1801 году к союзу Англия-Шотландия присоединилась Ирландия. У нее на флаге был свой крест — красный диагональный, крест покровителя Ирландии святого Патрика (St. Patrick). Теперь, два с лишним столетия спустя, Уэльс спохватился, что он тоже должен оставить свой след на национальном флаге. Так что вполне возможно, что к трем существующим на флаге крестам скоро добавится красный валлийский дракон.
It is a combination of the cross of St. George, the cross of St. Andrew and the cross of St. Patrick. The Union Jack the Union Jack The United Kingdom flag was officially adopted on January 1, 1801. 12. The flag of the UK is a combination of theflags of England (the cross of St. George),Scotland (the cross of St. Andrew), and Ireland (the cross of St. Patrick). 15. The flag of Scotland -St Andrew’s CrossDating to the 12th century, the historic cross of St.Andrew was first hoisted in 1512. Also known as theSaltire, it is one of the oldest country flags. TheSaltire is a flag with a diagonal cross whose armsextend to the corners of the flag 16. The flag of England -St George’s CrossThe flag of Ireland - St Patrick Cross
Dragon of Cadwallader Wales There are many legends and myths (мифы) about the Welsh flag. It is believed the red dragon represents ancient warriors. Green and white stripes were added (добавлены) by the House of Tudor, the Welsh dynasty (династия) that held (занимала) the English throne from 1485 to 1603.
Красный дракон или И-Драйг Гох (валл. Y Ddraig Goch) — валлийский символ, присутствующий на национальном флаге Уэльса. Красного дракона изображали на флагах бритты и шотландцы, белого – англы и саксы. Генри Тюдор ходил под знаменем, где красный дракон был изображен на зеленом холме на белом поле. Этот символ носил его далекий предок, король Уэльса Кадваладр ап Кадваллон, к которому Генрих возводил свой род. Именно такое изображение мы можем видеть на гербе Уэльса с 1807 года. Кстати об Уэльсе. На гербе изображен девиз Уэльса «Красный дракон вдохновляет действие». Так что принц Уэльский, будущий король Британии, отождествляется с нашим замечательным объектом изучения. Впрочем, после Генриха Тюдора дракон остается лишь на гербе Уэльса, а на монетах его изображение сменяется Георгием Победоносцем, повергающим его собрата.
Republic of Ireland Catholics Protestants Peace Впервые флаг был представлен ирландским националистом и революционером Томасом Френсисом Мегером в Париже в 1848 году. Зеленый цвет на флаге является традиционным цветом Ирландии и восходит к гэльской традиции, символизирует традиционное католическое общество Ирландии. Оранжевый, как цвет протестантов, происходит от Вильгельма Оранского, предводителя протестантов на Британских островах. Белая полоса - это мир между католиками и протестантами.
The Republic of Ireland Northern Ireland Легенда о «Красной руке Ольстера» на флаге Северной Ирландии
Flag of the UK
Floral badges of the UK Северная Ирландия Northern Ireland Шотландия Scotland Англия England Уэльс Wales The Tudor rose is the national floral emblem of England. It symbolizes the end of the Wars of the Roses.England 7. Scotland The national flower of Scotland is the thistle Thistle is a prickly-leaved purple flower which was first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence. The thistle has been a Scottish symbol for more than 500 years. It was found on ancient coins and coats of arms. 8. The national flower of Wales is the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on Wales St. David’s Day. 9. The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover. It isNorthern a symbol of trinityIreland
The Legend of Thistle Legend has it that an Army of King of Norway, intent on conquering the Scots landed at the Coast of Largs at night to surprise the sleeping Scottish Clansmen. In order to move more stealthily under the cover of darkness the Norsemen removed their footwear. Unfortunately for them one of Norsemen stood on a thistle and shrieked out in pain, alerting the Scots, who won the battle.
The Legend of Shamrock It is known as a symbol of Ireland, with St. Patrick having used it as a metaphor for the Christian Trinity, according to legend. The name shamrock is derived from Irish seamróg, which is the diminutive version of the Irish word for clover (seamair) meaning simply "little clover" or "young clover«. Четырёхлистный клевер является символом удачи, в то время как трехлистный клевер является символом Ирландии и ирландцев вообще и ирландского христианства в частности. Солдаты Королевского Ирландского полка Британской армии надевают украшение в виде трилистника в качестве своей эмблемы на день Святого Патрика, причем эти украшения всегда сопровождают полк в любую точку несения службы по всему миру. Королева Виктория постановила сто лет назад, что солдаты из Ирландии должны носить подобные украшения как знак признания заслуг ирландских солдат, отличившихся во время Англо-бурской войны. Эта традиция продолжается и по сей день солдатами как Ирландской Республики, так и Северной Ирландии, несмотря на разделение в 1921 году.
Who is the Patron saint of… Scotland England Wales Ireland St. George St. Andrew St. Patrik St. Dawid St Andrew Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland. St Andrews Day, the 30 November, is the national day with the St. Andrews Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007, designating the day to be an official bank holiday. 30. Saint George Saint George is the patron saint of England. 31. Saint Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland along with Saints Brigid and Columba. 32. Saint David is the patron saint of Wales.
Saint David “Aquatiqus” March 1st is St. Davids Day, the national day of Wales and has been celebrated as such since the 12th Century. Today the celebrations usually involve the singing of traditional songs followed by a Te Bach, a tea with bara brith (famous welsh fruited bread) and teisen bach (welsh cake). Young girls are encouraged to wear national costume and leeks or daffodils are worn, being the national symbols of Wales. So who was St. David (or Dewi Sant in Welsh)? Actually not too much is known about St David except from a biography written around 1090 by Rhygyfarch, son of the Bishop of St. Davids. David was reputedly born on a cliff top near Capel Non (Non's chapel) on the South-West Wales coast during a fierce storm. Both his parents were descended from Welsh royalty. He was the son of Sandde, Prince of Powys, and Non, daughter of a chieftain of Menevia (now the little cathedral town of St David's). The site of Davids birth is marked by the ruins of a tiny ancient chapel close to a holy well and the more recent 18th century chapel dedicated to his mother Non can still be seen near St. David's Cathedral. In medieval times it was believed that St David was the nephew of King Arthur. Legend has it that the patron saint of Ireland, St. Patrick - also said to have been born near the present day city of St. Davids - forsaw the birth of David in approximately 520AD. The young David grew up to be a priest, being educated at the monastery of Hen Fynyw under the tutorage of St. Paulinus. According to legend David performed several miracles during his life including restoring Paulinus' sight. It is also said that during a battle against the Saxons, David advised his soldiers to wear leeks in their hats so that they could easily be distinguished from their enemies, which is why the leek is one of the emblems of Wales! A vegetarian who ate only bread, herbs and vegetables and who drank only water, David became known as Aquaticus or Dewi Ddyfrwr (the water drinker) in Welsh. Sometimes, as a self-imposed penance, he would stand up to his neck in a lake of cold water, reciting Scripture! It is also said that milestones during his life were marked by the appearance of springs of water. Becoming a missionary David travelled throughout Wales and Britain and even made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem where he was consecrated bishop. He founded 12 monasteries including Glastonbury and one at Minevia (St. Davids) which he made his bishops seat. He was named Archbishop of Wales at the Synod of Brevi (Llandewi Brefi), Cardiganshire in 550. Monastery life was very strict, the brothers having to work very hard, cultivating the land and pulling the plough. Many crafts were followed - beekeeping, in particular, was very important. The monks had to keep themselves fed as well as provide food and lodging for travellers. They also looked after the poor. St David died on 1 March 589A.D., at Minevia, allegedly over 100 years old. His remains were buried in a shrine in the 6th century cathedral which was ransacked in the 11th century by Viking invaders, who plundered the site and murdered two Welsh bishops. After his death, his influence spread far and wide, first through Britain and then by sea to Cornwall and Brittany. In 1120, Pope Callactus II canonised David as a Saint. Following this he was declared Patron Saint of Wales. Such was Davids influence that many pilgrimages were made to St. David's, and the Pope decreed that two pilgrimages made to St. Davids equalled one to Rome while three were worth one to Jerusalem. Fifty churches in South Wales alone bear his name. It is not certain how much of the history of St. David is fact and how much is mere speculation. However in 1996 bones were found in St. David's Cathedral which, it is claimed, could be those of Dewi himself. Perhaps these bones can tell us more about St David: priest, bishop and patron saint of Wales.
Saint Patrick and snakes Канадский монреаль Легенда почему нет змей в ирландии
Symbol of Scotland Symbol of England The unicornis used as a heraldic symbolof Scotland. 34. National Animal of England – The Lion Because the lion is symbolic of bravery, it was frequently used to depict the courageous warriors of medieval England. Today, it remains the national animal of the country and is used extensively in sports’ team names, logos, icons, and so on.One of the great bronze lions at the base ofNelsons Column in Londons Trafalgar Square 35. The Red Dragon part of the national flag design, is also a popular Welsh symbol.
Characteristics There are certain stereotypes of national character which are well-known in Britain. For instance, the Irish are supposed to be great talkers, the Scots have a reputation for being careful with money, and the Welsh are renowned for their singing ability. This characteristics are, of course, only caricatures and are not reliable descriptions of individual people from these countries. Nevertheless, they indicate some slight differences in the value attached to certain kinds of behaviour in the countries concerned.
Musical Instruments The harp is an emblem of both Wales and Ireland. The bagpipes are regarded as distinctively Scottish (though a smaller type is also used in traditional Irish music). Арфа 12 век – ирландия, Арфа в чепчике - Уэльс О короле Джеймсе (Якове) IV известно, что он сам играл на арфе во время приёма, устроенного в честь его невесты, Маргариты Тюдор.
Clothes A Kilt, a skirt with a tartan pattern, worn by men, is a very well-known symbol of Scottishness. Welsh traditional dress Irish wear green English knights The warders of Tower are also known as “Beefeaters”. They guard the Tower of London and help visitors. The beautiful scarlet and gold uniform you see in the picture date back to 1552!
Guess who of these boys is English, Irish, or Scottish. This is John Smith This is Sean O’Brien This is Ian MacDonald
Amazing Facts Celts are tribes that lived on the territory of the British Isles before invasions. Celtic knot – always with animals. Celtic cross - .
Amazing Facts approximately
Amazing Facts British policemen still wear a uniform, introduced several centuries ago. Почему британцы называют полицейских Бобби. Name comes from Sir Robert Peel,Home Secretary, who established the Metropolitan Police in 1829.Also called Peeler.
Amazing Facts Rain picture
Amazing Facts In fact, you can choose any name you like. In the 1980’s, one person changed his surname to Oddsocks McWeirdo El Tutti Frutti Hello Hippopotamus Bum!
Private schools in the UK Harrow School Founded in 1572 There are 2 types of school in the UK: state schools where education is free and private schools where you have to pay. Private schools in Britain are called public. (public money for poor children) Until very recently public schools were either all-boys or all-girls. Public school can be full boarding (pupils live there all academic year except for holidays) and normal (pupils go home every day). Some public school charge up to ₤20,000 a year.
Amazing Facts Other countries have “citizens” (граждане). But in Britain people are described as “subjects” (подданые) – subjects of Her Majesty the Queen.
The Royal Family The First King of England Alfred the Great Royal Family. For more than a thousand years Britain has always had kings or queens. In the past, kings had great power and they really helped to make history. They started wars, made laws, and did things in their own way. But gradually more and more power went to Parliament. First king of England. Early kings of England include Athelstan (c.895-939) whose victories over the Vikings and the Scots meant he was crowned first king of a united England. However, to complicate matters, his grandfather, Alfred the Great (c.849–899; pictured above), was the first to be crowned King of the English.
Her Majesty the Queen Buckingham Palace The Queen is the official Head of State and a symbol of the unity of the nation. Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. When the flag is up it means that the Queen is in the palace. This is the Queen’s crown. She only wears it on special ceremonies, like the State Opening of Parliament. The diamond in front of the crown is the biggest diamond in the world.
Match the name with the Royal Person. This is Prince Harry This is Prince Charles This is Prince Phillip Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. He is the oldest-ever spouse of a reigning British monarch, and the oldest-ever male member of the British royal family.
Amazing Facts Lady Jane Grey Queen Victoria It’s well-known that Queen Victoria had the longest reign in British history, over sixty years, but poor young Lady Jane Grey had the shortest – just 9 days. She was put in prison by Mary I and later beheaded. It happened in 1553.
Nettle-eating Competition There’s a nettle-eating contest in Britain every year. The contestants try to eat as many nettles as they can.
Cheese-rolling Festival Once a year a group of young men roll a large cheese down a hill, and then run down after it.
Pancake Race Once a year it is a custom for women to cook flat cakes in a frying pan, and run down the street, throwing the pancakes into the air, and cathing them in the pans.
How the British relax Gardening As British people say, “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. Like everybody else, British people like doing things outside work. Gardening is a well-known favourite. As the weather in Britain is relatively mild, British people manage to do gardening almost all year round.
How the British relax Walking Walking is also very popular. Ask any British person if they have a pair of walking boots and the answer will probably be yes. Walking boots are called “wellies”. Walking has a long tradition in England. Travel walking.
How the British relax Cycling As British people say, “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”. Like everybody else, British people like doing things outside work. Gardening is a well-known favourite. As the weather in Britain is relatively mild, British people manage to do gardening almost all year round.
How the British relax Extreme Ironing Extreme ironing is a serious sport where people compete at who can do their ironing in the more extreme conditions. Now an international sport.
What is the Roman name for Britain? Why?
Enumerate all “parts” of the British Isles.
Enumerate as many names of Ireland as you remember.
How does the name Wales originated?
What is the name of the British flag?
What does the Red Dragon of Wales symbolize?
What stand for the colours of the Republic of Ireland’s flag?
What ate the floral badges of the UK? Why?
What does the “Luck of the Irish” mean?
What are the national stereotypes about the British people?
Which instrument did king James I of England play on his engagement with Margaret Tudor?
What are 2 types of school in the UK?
Who was the first king of England?
How do we call the official residence of the Queen?
Who of the British Queens had the longest and the shortest reign?
What strange British custom can you name?
Краткое описание документа:
Цикл лингвострановедческих викторин «Великобритания» включает в себя:
1) Вводное мероприятие “What is it like to be British?”, в ходе которого учащиеся познакомятся со странами входящими в Соединенное королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии; узнают, чем отличаются такие понятия как British, English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish; получат представление о культуре, истории и традициях стран изучаемого языка.
В разделы мероприятия входят такие темы как: Country and People, Signs of national Identity, Royal Family, etc.
Мероприятие подкреплено викториной по усвоенному материалу.
2) Лингвострановедческая викторина «Англия, страна туманов и вековых традиций».
3) Лингвострановедческая викторина «Шотландия, страна замков и приведений».
4) Лингвострановедческая викторина «Уэльс, страна песен и легенд».
5) Лингвострановедческая викторина «Ирландия, страна кельтов».
Цикл рассчитан на старших школьников (мероприятия написаны полностью на английском языке).