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Название документа Серебряный Алтай.ppt
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Starodubov Anton 6 kl. Logovskaja school Altai Region
Barnaul is one of the biggest town of the West Siberia. In 2010 it was 280. Barnaul was founded as a small village on the bank of the river Barnaulka by the capitalist Demidov.
Akinfy Demidov He found the way to skillfully use the Altai deposits. There was no way to stop him. discovered ore deposits in Altai. I n 1726 he was given the right to se t up plants and mines in Altai.
Very fast for those times (in less than two years) the firstling of Altai metal industry called Kolyvano-Voskresenski Plant was built on the Belaja River in 1729. Even by the European standards it was well-equipped enterprise.
In 1730 he begun to build a silver – smelting plant on the river Barnaulka and in 1840 the plant was built. So it was the beginning of Barnaul. The plant was growing and together with the plant grew the town. Plant nowadays
Demigod’s silver plants promised huge profit… In the first five years over 750 pounds of silver and more than 20 pounds of gold were produced. The Czar court noticed it and in May 1747 Demidov’s plats were taken in favor of Russian Emperors. By the end of the 1700s the silver smelting rates reached 1,150 pounds a year.
The 90 pound tomb of great Russian general Alexander Nevsky, made from Altai stone, is in Hermitage The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Barnaul was started in 1991
Besides silver, the richest stock of jasper, porphyry, marble, and granite were discovered in Altai. Under Catherine II a stone carving plant was set up in the village of Kolyvan. The “Queen of Vases” in Hermitage
The shield of Altai is divided in two parts. In the upper smaller against the green background there is a coat of arms of Tomsk Gubernia. The lower bigger part incorporates a smoking smelting furnace among the rocks against the blue background Confirmed by Emperor Nicolai I on May 8, 1846
Soon Kolyvano-Voskresenski Mountain (now Altai) region with the center in Barnaul was established. It was a vast territory comprising present Altai Region, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo Regions, parts of Tomsk and Eastern Kazakhstan. Its total area was more than 500 thousand square kilometers.
Altai was becoming fabulously rich and became one of the most beautiful town in Russia. It was compared with Venice. Barnaul ladies ordered their dresses from Paris. Mining engineers and officers were served foreign wines and fruit on their tables.
Barnaul in the middle of the 19th century was amazing. Some buildings (Mining Hospital, Mining School, museum) are well preserved and quite recognizable nowadays In those times lived and designed the inventor Polzunov, the constructor Frolov, the metallurgist Antonov, who disclosed the secret of domestic steel, word famous travelers Humbold, Ledebur, Brehm.
It is called Demidov Pole. This is how the people’s memory marks Ural manufacturer Akinfy Demidov in the development of Altai In 1893 the main plants were shut down. Glorious age of the “silver” Altai finished.
В. Садчиков «Барнаул» Алтайское книжное издательство 1994 В. Садчиков «Алтай» РИА «Импресс» г.Барнаул 1999 Барнаул. Летопись города. Барнаул, 1994. С. 15-25 Очерки истории Змеиногорска. Барнаул. 1999. С. 331-335 Энциклопедия для деловых людей Алтай, Барнаул, 21 век www.barnaul-altai.ru/info/barnaul/events/18vek.php http://www.barnaul-altai.ru/info/barnaul/altai/simv.php http://dmitriev-anatoly2010.narod.ru/data/barnaul.html http://vk.com/club54772512?z=photo http://barnaul-org.test.mitra.ru/gorod/history/280let/XVIII/ sources of information
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