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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Другие методич. материалы / Сборник игр для младших школьников. Развитие навыков чтения на начальном этапе обучения. Буквы и звуки английского алфавита.
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  • Иностранные языки

Сборник игр для младших школьников. Развитие навыков чтения на начальном этапе обучения. Буквы и звуки английского алфавита.





Источник: http://supersimplelearning.com/abcs/


Magnifying glasses are great for activities with young learners because they are fun to look through and they let children know without words that they will be searching for something.


  1. Print and cut some of the small images of the vocabulary items.

  2. Attach the images to the wall with tape or re-usable adhesive.

  3. Prepare a set of inexpensive magnifying glasses (available at discount shops) for the students in the class.


    1. Give the students magnifying glasses and let them walk around the room looking at the images.

    2. Ask the students, "Where is the apple/ball/cat/etc.?" Stress the first sound of the word. "Where is the aаааааааpple?"

    3. Ask the students, "What word starts with A? Aaaa... Aaaa...?" Encourage the students to find a word that starts with A.



      1. Print the alphabet fish. Print enough so that you have several of each letter.

      2. Cut the fish out and attach a paper clip to the mouth of each fish. (If possible, laminate the fish so they will last a long time.)

      3. Make a "fishing pole" for each student in the class using a magnet, a piece of string or yarn 30-40 cm long, and a wooden dowel. Tie and/or tape one end of the string to the the end of the dowel and the other end of the string to the magnet.


        1. Choose the letters you would like to practice/review and spread the alphabet fish on the desk. You can place some rope around them to make a small "pond".

        2. Give each student a fishing pole. Make sure the students are careful with the poles and don't swing them around!

        3. Tell the students, "Let's catch an A!" Demonstrate for the students first. When you catch the fish, say, "I got it!"

        4. Hold up the fish after you catch it and say the sound the letter makes. "A. Aaaa... Aaaa... Aaaa...."

        5. Ask the students, "What word starts with 4?"

        6. When cleaning up, the students should name all the letters as they hand them back to the teacher.

Use one set of 26 fish. Turn the fish over (letter side down) and have every student catch one fish each. Then, each student tells the rest of the class what letter they've caught!

For even more fun, add the "star" fish to the pond. The student who gets this fish stands up and sings the ABC song/wins a sticker/becomes teacher's helper for the day/etc.

Fish by colour. Tell the students to catch a fish of a certain colour. Students then tell the rest of the class what letter they've caught.


It can be time consuming to create multiple copies of all 26 fish for a large class. To save time and effort, use this fishing game as a review after every 6 letters. In this case, you would only have to cut 6 x the number of students in your class. For the next review, cut another set. Eventually by year's end you will have multiple sets!

If your magnets are strong, they may pull the paper clips off the fish. Solve this by placing some tape over the paper clips to keep them attached.


Sometimes the fastest way to check comprehension is to intentionally make mistakes and let the students correct you!


          1. Review the letter(s) you would like to practice.

          2. Tell the students you are going to write the letter on the board. For example, "I'm going to write a B, okay?"

          3. Write the letter backwards, sideways, or upside-down. Intentionally make silly mistakes!

          4. Look to the students for help, encouraging them to correct you. They shouldn't need much encouragement. They will probably shout out corrections as soon as you begin making mistakes.

Continue making mistakes until finally asking a student to come up to the board and write the letter. The other students can help with instructions.



            1. Students practice tracing the letters in their Super Simple Phonics books with their fingers.

            2. Everyone stand up! Trace the letter with your finger in the air! Write it really big! Now write it really small! Write it slowly! Write it quickly! Finished? Nooo! Now write the letter in the air using your toes! Or write with your elbow! Or write with your nose! Or write with your backside! Or write with almost any other body part you can think of!



              1. Print and cut the ABC mini-cards.

              2. Bring a large pot or bucket to class, along with a large wooden spoon or something to "stir" with.


                1. Place the pot in the middle of the classroom.

                2. Choose the letters you would like to practice/review and spread the mini-cards on the floor.

                3. Tell the students the class is going to make Alphabet Soup.

                4. With the students' help, begin adding letters to your Alphabet Soup. "What letter says A... A... A..? Let's put some in!"

Stir frequently, giving each student a chance to stir the pot. With each letter you add, ask the students what words start with that letter.

Yum! Soup!


Before you try this activity, practice asking the puppet, "Are you hungry?"


                  1. Print and cut the ABC mini-cards.

                  2. Prepare a puppet. You can purchase an inexpensive puppet from a discount shop, or make one from a sock or small paper bag.

Lay the puppet somewhere in the classroom so it looks as if it is sleeping.


Choose the letters you would like to practice/review and spread the mini-cards on the floor. (Alternatively, you can do this activity after finishing another mini-card activity such as Concentration or Slap!)

Notice the puppet sleeping. Tell the students, "Look, she's sleeping. Let's see if we can wake her up. Ready? 1, 2, 3, WAKE UP!"

After the puppet wakes up and says "Hello!" to all the students, she says, "I'm hungry! Oooh, look! ABCs!"

The puppet asks the students, "Can I have an A, please?" "I want a B!" "Mmmm...C, please!" The students find the cards and feed them to the puppet.

The puppet can also ask for the letters by the sounds they make, or by saying a word starting with that letter.


Choose your puppets carefully! Very young learners tend to enjoy friendly-looking animal puppets. Puppets such as dinosaurs and sharks can be a lot of fun for some children but scary for others. Try a few different puppets and decide which ones work best for your class.


Getting students to quickly make a circle can be a challenge sometimes.

Print and cut the ABC mini-cards or the ABC flashcards


        1. Prepare a microphone for class. You can purchase an inexpensive toy microphone at a discount store, or use another object such as a pencil as your "mic".


          1. The class sits in a circle.

          2. The teacher holds up one of the cards, names the letter, and says the sound the letter makes.

          3. The teacher passes the microphone to the next student and the student repeats the sound the letter makes

          4. The students continue passing the microphone around the circle, with each student saying the sound.


To make the activity more challenging, the students can say longer phrases, such as "A says aaa..." or say the sound and a word starting with the sound ("A...A...Alligator!").



  1. The students make a line (or several lines in a large class) with their backs to the teacher.

  2. The student(s) at the front of the line (closest to the teacher) turns to face the teacher. The teacher mouths a vocabulary word to the student(s). For example, the teacher says "ball", but without making any noise.

  3. The student(s) watches the teacher's mouth to try to understand the word. When ready, the student(s) taps the next student in line on the shoulder and then mouths the word to that student. Continue down the line until reaching the last student.

The last student in the line tries to guess what word the teacher was saying.



Variation 1

    1. The students make a line in front of the teacher.

    2. The first student in line turns his back to the teacher.

    3. "Write" a letter on the student's back using your finger.

    4. The student tries to guess the letter or write the letter on the whiteboard.

Variation 2

      1. The students make a line (or several lines in a large class) with their backs to the teacher.

      2. Show the first student (closest to the teacher) in each line a flashcard of a letter.

      3. The student "writes" that letter on the back of the next student in line. That student then writes the letter on the back of the next student in line. Continue until reaching the last student in the line.

      4. \

        The final student in the line tries to guess the letter or write the letter on the whiteboard.



            1. Prepare a relay course. It can be very simple. For example, you can put some tape or rope down on the floor to make a starting line, and place some chairs on the opposite end of the room for the students to run to.

            2. Place some plastic letters or mini alphabet cards on each of the chairs.

            3. Prepare some spoons or small plastic shovels.


              1. Have all the students line up in teams behind the starting line. Younger students will also enjoy this activity even if there is only one "team".

              2. Give the first student in each line a spoon or small shovel.

              3. When the teacher says go, the first student in each line must walk or run to the chair on the opposite side of the room, place a letter on the spoon, carry it back to the teacher, and name the letter (or say a word that starts with that letter).

              4. If the teacher says, "Okay!", the student hands the spoon to the next student in the line. Continue until all the plastic letters or cards are gone!



                1. The teacher writes part of a letter on the board.

                2. The students try to guess the letter.

                3. The teacher keeps writing more of the letter until a student guesses the letter.

                4. Follow up by asking, "What sound does A make? What word starts with A?


The teacher shows a student a letter and lets the student write the letter on the board while classmates guess the letter.

Draw a vocabulary item on the board (an apple or a dog, for example) while students try to guess what the word is, and then what letter it starts with.



Prepare some small hand-held mirrors for each student in the class or enough for students to share.

Prepare some flashcards of letters/vocabulary you would like to practice. Alternatively, you can write letters or draw pictures of vocabulary on the whiteboard.


  1. Hand out a mirror to each student.

  2. Show them the letter you would like to practice, and then demonstrate saying that sound as you look in the mirror at your mouth. For example, while looking at your mouth in the mirror, say, "B says 'B...B...B...'." Exaggerate the position of your mouth so students can really see how your mouth moves to make that sound.

  3. Encourage the students to imitate you and make the sound while looking into their mirrors.

Go around the classroom helping. It's okay if the students get a little carried away. This activity will teach them to think about how the sounds are made, and that many of the sounds of the English alphabet are different than their native language.


After practicing with the mirrors, have the students make pairs. One student becomes the "mirror" and copies everything his partner does



    1. Choose some fun, upbeat music for students to dance around to.

    2. Prepare some flashcards of letters/vocabulary you would like to practice.


      1. Play some music and encourage the students to dance.

      2. When the music stops, all the students must "freeze!" Any student that continues moving is "out".

(In order to encourage participation, try giving those students a playful tap on the head with a squeaky toy rather than having them sit out.)

      1. After all the students have stopped moving, hold up a flashcard that you would like to review. "What letter is this?" "D!!!" "What sound does D make?" "D...D...D...". "What words start with D?" "Dog! Duck! Dinosaur!"

Start the music again and encourage the students to continue dancing! Repeat!



            1. Put chairs in a circle facing outward. Make sure there is one chair for each student in the class. For very large classes, try making several smaller circles.

            2. Place alphabet flashcards or mini-cards under each of the chairs (limit to the letters you would like to practice/review).

            3. Prepare some fun music for marching and singing.


              1. When the music starts, students march around the chairs singing the song.

              2. Stop the music. The students should all sit down in the nearest chair as quickly as they can.

              3. After making sure all students have found a seat, ask, "What letter do you have?" Students should reach under their chairs, pick up the letter, and name it. "A!" "B!", etc.

              4. After all students have named their letters (with some help from the teacher and classmates if necessary), have the students put the letters back under the chairs.

              5. Start the music again! The students march and sing.

              6. Stop the music. Students once again sit down in the nearest chair and then name the letters under their chairs.

              7. Repeat until all the students have named several letters.

*Traditionally, musical chairs is a competitive game where one chair is removed after each round and players are eliminated one by one. This element of competition is not necessary with younger learners and can lead to altercations and hurt feelings. There is no need to remove a chair each time. Children will still enjoy marching, singing, and sitting down quickly!

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Хочу поделиться опытом работы с ресурсом Super Simple Learning, который стал для меня настоящим открытием, а его создатели - наставниками в обучении младших школьников. Предлагаю для работы разработанный ими сборник игр, которые разнообразят занятия с малышами. Все дополнительные материалы можно найти на их страничке, указанной в самом материале.

Дата добавления 22.05.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Другие методич. материалы
Номер материала ДБ-094677
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