Географическое положение Объединённого Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии
Тема: Geography of Britain.
познавательный аспект – знакомство с географическим положением страны изучаемого языка, сбор информации о Британии;
учебный аспект – формирование навыков разговорной речи, развитие навыка поискового вида чтения, развитие умения отвечать на вопросы, рассказывать о Британии, выписывать из текста необходимую информацию;
развивающий аспект – создание условий для активного добывания информации, организации речемыслительного поиска, развития речевых способностей;
воспитательный аспект – воспитание положительного и толерантного отношения к культуре страны изучаемого языка.
Учебник, рабочая тетрадь.
3. Актуализация знаний.
You have known some information about Britain. Try to answer my questions.
What is the full name of the country?
Where is it situated?
What is the capital of the UK?
What countries does it consist of? (ИО)
Let’s learn some more information about the UK.
а) Begin with the words. (ИО).
Отработка техники чтения лексических единиц.
Listen and repeat after me. Read yourself.
б) Read this text. (ИО)
в) Answer the questions. (ИО)
Работая в парах, ответить на вопросы.
Using the maps complete the information about the British Isles, the UK and Great Britain. (ИО)
Учащиеся выполняют упражнение в рабочих тетрадях.
6. Контроль (первичный). Тест.
Complete the sentences:
The UK consists of …
The capital of the UK is …
The total area of the UK is …
The island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regions …
The highest mountain is …
The longest river is …
The deepest river is …
The best known lake is …
The population is …
The flag of the UK is …
Match the names of the countries with their emblems:
England a) shamrock
Scotland b) rose
Wales c) thistle
Northern Ireland d) daffodil
Домашнее задание: создать группы из 3 человек, найти дополнительную информацию о странах Объединённого Королевства.
Thank you for your work. You’ve worked very hard and known much more information about the UK. Your marks for lesson are …
The lesson is over. You may go. Goodbye.
1Where is the U К situated?
2What countries is the UK made of? What are their capitals?
3.Is the U К a large country?
4.What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent?
5.Can you prove that Great Britain has a variety of landscapes?
6.What is the highest mountain in the UK? ,
7.Are there many long and deep rivers in Great Britain?
8.What famous lakes in Britain do you know?
9.What is the Lake District known for?
10.What's the population of the UK?
11.What do you imagine when you think of Britain?
12.What British symbols do you know?
________ is the geographical name of the two large islands of _______ and ________ and a lot of small islands around them. _____________ consists of________and the Republic of __________ which is not part of the UK.
. (or the UK) is a short way of saying the United Kingdom of ___ and . It's the political name of the country which is made up of ____,_____, , and ______. The people of these countries are British.
___________ (GB) is the name of the island which is made up of _____,______ and ____. The name "Britain" comes from the word "Pretani", the Greco-Roman word for the people of Britain. The Romans mispronounced it and called the island "Britannia".
2) L®J A part of the British Isles doesn't belong to Britain. Which part?
to occupy — занимать
to consist of — состоять из
capital — столица
to be situated — располагаться
to be separated — отделяться
narrow — узкий
the Strait of Dover — Дуврский пролив
total area — общая площадь
to be made up of —состоять из
several — несколько
to be subdivided — подразделяться
Lowland Britain — низменная часть Великобритании
Highland Britain — гористая часть Великобритании
to comprise — включать (в себя)
southern — южный
eastern — восточный
mountain — гора
important — важный
famous — знаменитый
the Lake District — Озерный край
contain — содержать
population — население
western — западный
northern — северный
different - различный
part ~ часть
thistle — чертополох
daffodil - нарцисс
leek — лук-порей
shamrock — трилистник
cross — крест
patron saint — святой покровитель
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The UK is the official name of the British Kingdom. It occupies most of the territory of the British Isles and consists of four countries. They are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
The UK is situated off the west coast of Europe. It is separated from the European continent by the English Channel. The total area of Great Britain is over 244,000 square kilometers.
The UK is an island state: it is made up of two large islands and several much smaller ones. The two main islands are Great Britain and Lowland Ireland. The island of Great Britain is subdivided into two main regions: Britain and Highland Britain.
The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, the Thames is the deepest and the most important one. Great Britain has beautiful lakes. The best known of them is Loch Ness, legendary home of the famous monster. On the north-west of the Pennine system lies the Lake District, containing beautiful lakes.
The largest cities of Great Britain are London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Cardiff.
The population of the UK is over 59 million people. English is the official language.
The different parts of Britain have their own emblems: England – the red rose, Scotland – the thistle, Wales – the daffodil, Ireland – the shamrock.
The flag of the UK is known as the Union Jack. It is made up of three crosses: the cross of St.George (the patron saint of England), the cross of St.Andrew (the patron saint of Scotland) and the cross of St.Patrick (the patron saint of Ireland).
THE BRITISH CLIMATE planes are late. People enjoy
Britain has a variable climate. discussing the snow,
The weather changes so complaining about the cold and
frequently that it is difficult to comparing the weather
forecast. It is not unusual for conditions with previous
people to complain that the winters!
weathermen were wrong. Contrary to popular opinion, it
Fortunately, as Britain does not does not rain all the time. There
experience extreme weather is certainly steady rainfall
conditions, it is never very cold throughout most of the year, but
or very hot. The temperature the months from September to
rarely rises above 32°C (90°F) in January are the wettest. Thanks
summer, or falls below -10°C to the rain, Britain has a richly
(14°F) in winter. fertile countryside which is
Summers are generally cool, famous for its deep green colour,
but due to global warming they Since the 1950s, most British
are starting to get drier and cities have introduced clean air
hotter. Newspapers during a hot zones. Factories and houses
spell talk of 'heatwaves' and an cannot burn coal and must use
'Indian summer' (dry, hot smokeless fuel. The dirt caused
weather in September or by smoke used to cause terrible
October). Hot weather causes fogs, particularly in London,
terrible congestion on the roads Londoners used to call their fogs
as Britons rush to the coastal 'London Particulars' or 'pea-
resorts, soupers' (as thick as pea soup)
Winters are generally mild, and you could not see your hand
with the most frequent and in front of you. Such fogs are
prolonged snowfalls in the now a thing of the past, but you
Scottish Highlands, where it is can still see them in old films
possible to go skiing. If it does where they add mystery and
snow heavily in other parts of atmosphere to murder stories
Britain, the country often comes and thrillers!
to a standstill. Trains, buses and
My Heart's in the Highlands
My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here; My heart's in the Highlands a-chasing l the deer2 A-chasing the wild 3 deer and foll'wing the roe 4; My heart's in the Highlands wherever I go.
Farewell5 to the Highlands, farewell to the North,
The birthplace of valour6, the country of worth7;
Wherever I wander 8, wherever I rove 9;
The hills of the Highlands forever I love. Farewell to the mountains high covered with snow; Farewell to the straths 10 and green valleys below; Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods; Farewell to the torrents u and loud pouring 12 floods 13.
My heart's in the Highlands, my heart is not here;
My heart's in the Highlands a-chasing the deer,
A-chasing the wild deer and foll'wing the roe;
My heart's in the Highlands wherever I go.
1 a-chasing = chasing — преследуя; 2 deer Idia] — олень; 3 wild fwaild] — дикий; 4 roe frou] — косуля; 5 farewell [fca'wel] — прощай(те)!; 6 valour I'vaelo] — доблесть;7 worth [w9:9] — достоинство; 8 wander ['wonda] — бродить; 9 rove [rouv] — скитаться; 10 strath [straeB] — широкая долина с рекой; "torrent ['torant)— стремительный поток; 12 pour [рэ:1—литься; 13 flood [fUd] —поток.
The climate of Great Britain is mild and temperate due to the influ-. ence of the Gulf Stream. That means that it is never too hot or too cold. Snow is a regular feature of the higher areas only. Occasionally, in lower-lying parts winter can be without snow at all.
Usually the temperature is between 5°C below zero and 23°C above zero. The driest period is from March to June and the wettest months are from October to January. It seldom snows heavily in winter, frost is rare. January and February are usually the coldest months, July and August are the warmest ones. Sometimes the wind brings whirlwinds or hurricanes. Droughts are rare.
The lack of extremes is the reason why, on the few occasions when it gets very hot or very frosty, the country seems to be totally unprepared for it. A bit of snow and a few days of frost and the trains stop working and the roads are blocked. If the temperature goes above 27°C, people behave as if they were in Sahara and the temperature makes front-page headlines. But these things happen so rarely that it is not worth organizing life to be ready for them.
The bad reputation of Britain's climate is due to its changeability. There is a saying that Britain doesn't have a climate, it only has weather. But English weather is never the same two days running. One day it rains, the next day it may be sunny and then it may be cold again. It may not rain very much altogether, but you can never be sure of a dry day. There can be cool days in July and some quite warm days in January.
So, we may say that the British climate has three main features: it is mild, humid, and changeable. This humid and mild climate is good for plants and flowers. That's why Great Britain is such a green country, with long rich grass for the cattle and sheep, and beautiful lawns in the gardens.
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